6 tayangan

Diunggah oleh mghgol

impeller

impeller

© All Rights Reserved

- Armfield
- Aerodynamics of Solar Cars
- Overcome Oversizing of Centrifugal Pumps _ Chemical Processing.pdf
- Reference
- CFD modelling of flow
- BianchiniCosimo_PhDThesis
- Http###Maintenanceengineering.in#CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
- paraviewguide-5.3.0
- Centrifugal Pdgljwewgeffbwe;jfwe;ewfbwejfwump
- Part5 Q a Marine Engineer
- MEng Presentation-M Vd Hoven
- Classification of Centrifugal Pumps
- Internal Flow Analysis of a Dump Diffuser Using CFD
- CFD Pro 14.5 L07 Mesh Quality
- BHAR
- CV
- weerasekara2014.pdf
- j Fen Um Accuracy
- wahba_etal_2015_GTP
- Propane-Air Mixture Combustion

Anda di halaman 1dari 6

Vol. 72, June 2013, pp. 373-378

373

Sujoy Chakraborty1, Kishan Choudhuri2, Prasenjit Dutta3, Bishop Debbarma4

1,2,3,4

Centrifugal pumps are used extensively for hydraulic transportation of liquids over short to medium distance through

pipelines where the requirements of head and discharge are moderate. At present, the influence of blade number on inner flow field

and the characteristics of centrifugal pump have not been understood completely. The use of numerical analysis tools allow us to

obtain data in inaccessible positions for the experimentations. In this paper, a two dimensional numerical study of steady, static

pressure distribution and incompressible flow characteristics inside the passage with different numbers of blades of centrifugal

pump impeller has been carried out. The investigation focuses mainly on the efficiency of the pump. Centrifugal pumps with

impeller blades 5, 6 and 7 have been modeled and its efficiency at 3000 rpm is evaluated by FLUENT 6.3 software. The numerical

analysis displays that with the increase of blade number, the head and static pressure of the model increases, but the efficiency of

centrifugal pump varies with number of blades and shows maximum for 7 number of blade.

Keywords: Centrifugal pump, Blade number, CFD, Numerical analysis, Performance prediction.

Introduction

From such literature, it was found that most previous

research, especially research based on numerical

approaches, had focused on the design or near-design

state of pumps. Few efforts were made to study the offdesign performance of pumps. Centrifugal pumps are

widely used in many applications, so the pump system

may be required to operate over a wide flow range in

some special applications. Thus, knowledge about offdesign pump performance is a necessity. On the other

hand, it was found that few researchers had compared

flow and pressure fields among different types of pumps.

Therefore, there is still a lot of work to be done in these

fields. A centrifugal pump delivers useful energy to the

fluid on pump age largely through velocity changes that

occur as this fluid flows through the impeller and the

associated fixed passage ways of the pump. It is

converting of mechanical energy to hydraulic energy of

the handling fluid to get it to a required place or height by

the centrifugal force of the impeller blade. The input

power of centrifugal pump is the mechanical energy and

such as electrical motor of the drive shaft driven by the

prime mover or small engine. The output energy is

*Author for correspondence

E-mail: ersujoymech05@gmail.com

centrifugal pump, the liquid is forced by atmospheric or

other pressure into a set of rotating vanes. A centrifugal

pump consists of a set of rotation vanes enclosed within

a housing or casing that is used to impart energy to a

fluid through centrifugal force 1.

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is the analysis

of systems involving fluid flow, heat transfer and

associated phenomena such as chemical reactions by

means of computer-based simulation. The heat and mass

transfer, fluid flow, chemical reaction, and other related

processes that occur in engineering equipment, in the

natural environment, and in living organisms play a vital

role in a great variety of practical situations. Nearly all

methods of power production involve fluid flow and heat

transfer as essential processes. The same processes

govern the heating and air conditioning of buildings. Major

segments of the chemical and metallurgical industries

use components such as furnaces, heat exchangers,

condensers, and reactors, where thermo-fluid processes

are at work. Aircraft and rockets owe their functioning

to fluid flow, heat transfer, and chemical reaction. CFD

constitute a new third approach in the philosophical study

and development of the whole discipline of fluid

mechanics. In the seventeenth century, the foundations

of experimental fluid dynamics were laid in France and

374

the gradual development of theoretical fluid dynamics,

again primarily in Europe. As a result, throughout most

of the twentieth century the study and practice of fluid

dynamics involved the use of pure theory on the one

hand and pure experiment on the other hand. However

the advantage of high speed digital computers combined

with the development of accurate numerical algorithms

for solving physical problems on these computers as

revolutionized the way we study practical fluid dynamics

today. It has introduced a fundamentally important new

third approach in fluid dynamics i.e. the approach of

computational fluid dynamics.

CFD analysis is very useful for predicting pump

performance at various mass-flow rates. For designers,

prediction of operating characteristics curve is most

important. All theoretical methods for prediction of

efficiency merely give a value; but one is unable to

determine the root cause for the poor performance. Due

to the development of CFD code, one can get the

efficiency value as well as observe actual. The prediction

of behavior in a given physical situation consists of the

values of the relevant variables governing the processes

of interest. Let us consider a particular example. In a

combustion chamber of a certain description, a complete

prediction should give us the values of velocity, pressure,

temperature, concentrations of the relevant cherI1ical

species, etc., throughout the domain of interest; it should

also provide the shear stresses, heat fluxes, and mass

flow rates at the confining walls of the combustion

chamber. The prediction should state how any of these

quantities would change in response to proposed changes

in geometry, flow rates, fluid properties, etc.

Computational Fluid Dynamics is now an established

industrial design tool, helping to reduce design time scales

and improve processes throughout the engineering world.

CFD provides a cost-effective and accurate alternative

to scale model testing with variations on the simulation

being performed quickly offering obvious advantages.

The CFD occupies today a very significant place in the

disciplines of fluid mechanics and turbo machinery due

to the great progress in the development of numerical

methods and computing power. However, the initially use

of CFD tools to design a new machine represents a non

realistic procedure (Ar none, 1999) 2. The design of a

new machine (or upgrading an existing machine) would

require a great investment of time without guarantee of

success. Along with the introduction of CFD tools, its

has speeded up the design process because of a faster

geometry and grid generation (Asuaje, 2002) 3 .

Nevertheless, the problem always reduces down to the

selection of reasonable values for a number of geometric

parameters. At this point, the know-how, skills and

talent of the designer remain the principal ingredients

for designing and optimizing a machine. This study

assesses a two-dimensional numerical analysis of steady,

static pressure distribution and incompressible flow

characteristics inside the passage between 5, 6 and 7

number of blades of centrifugal pump impeller at 3000 rpm.

Methodology

CFD code of commercial software Fluent 6.3 is used

to simulate the inner flow field under steady condition.

The standard k-e turbulence model and SIMPLEC

algorithm applied to solve the RANS equations. The

standard k-e model is a semi-empirical model based on

model transport equations for the turbulence kinetic (k)

and its dissipation rate (e). The model transport equation

for k is derived from the exact equation, while the model

transport equation for e is obtained using physical

reasoning and bears little resemblance to its

mathematically exact counterpart. In the derivation of

the k-e model, it is assumed that the flow is fully turbulent,

and the effects of molecular viscosity are negligible. The

simulation is steady and moving reference frame is

applied to take into account the impeller-volute interaction

due to convergence precision of residuals 10-5 . For

modeling of centrifugal pumps with impeller blade from

5 to 7, GAMBIT, a preprocessor of CFD code of

commercial software Fluent 6.3 has been used.

Mathematical Formulation

combination of dependent and independent variables and

relative parameters in the form of a set of differential

equations which defines and governs the physical

phenomenon. In the following subsections differential

form of the governing equation are provided according

to the computational model and their corresponding

approximation and idealizations.

Governing Equations

equations in two dimensional form for the incompressible

flow of a constant viscosity fluid are as follows:

Continuity.

375

U V

+

C U = 0

(1)

X- momentum:

2

2

R

(U U) (V U)

+

= - n + 1 ( U + U ) (2)

C

U

C R C2 U 2

e

Y- momentum:

R

( U V) ( V V )

2 V 2V

+

=- n + 1 (

+

)

C

U

C R C2 U 2

e

u D

y

X = x , Y = , P = P 2 ,U = u , V = v , R =

e

m

u

u

D

D n u

Velocity along X, Y co-ordinate; Pn represents Pressure

in global co-ordinate; u, v represents velocity along x, y

co-ordinate; p represents pressure in local co-ordinate;

Re = Reynolds number.

Transport Equation for the Standard k- model

turbulence model is the standard k- model that solves

two separate transport equations to allow the turbulent

kinetic energy and its dissipation rate to be independently

determined. The transport equations for k and in the

standard k- e model are:

(4)

m

De = [(m + t ) e ] + C e (+G + C Gb) - C 2

1e k

k

3

2 k

Dt x

x

i

i

(5)

Where turbulent viscosity,

mt = cm ke

Value

5,6,7

25

33

Circular arc

80 mm

168 mm

Value

80 mm

52 mm

(3)

Where,

m

DK = [(m + t ) k ] + G + G - e - U

k

b

M

x

Dt x

i

k

i

Impeller

Description

Blade number

Inlet blade angle

Outlet blade angle

Shape blade

Impeller inlet diameter

Impeller outlet diameter

Volute casing

Description

Inlet diameter

Volute tongue radius

turbulence kinetic energy due to the mean velocity

gradients. Gb is the generation of turbulence kinetic

energy due to buoyancy. k and s are the turbulent

Prandtl numbers for k and , respectively. represents

density. YM represents the contribution of the fluctuating

dilatation in compressible turbulence to the overall

dissipation rate. C1 , C2 , C3 , C are constants. All

the variables including turbulent kinetic energy k, its

dissipation rate are shared by the fluid and the volume

fraction of each fluid in each computational volume is

tracked throughout the domain.

Pumps Geometry

presented in Table 1.

Boundary Conditions

conditions. As to wall boundary condition, no slip

condition is enforced on wall surface and

standard wall function is applied to adjacent region.

Grid Independent Test

and 7 bladed impeller centrifugal pump at 3000 (rpm)

rotational speed. In the grid independence test, maximum

total pressure has been taken as a criterion for

independence. Based on the different grids, analysis has

been made and it was observed that after refining the

grid from nodes 316798 for every blade at 3000 rpm,

results are not varying significantly. So, nodes 316798

have been used for further analysis.

376

Blade no. 5

Blade no. 6

Fig.1Static pressure distribution at the mid span for different impellers

Blade no. 5

Blade no. 6

Blade no. 7

Blade no. 7

Fig. 2Total pressure distribution at the mid span for different impellers

Numerical simulation

The CFD analysis of the centrifugal pump with 5, 6

and 7 bladed impeller at 3000 rpm has been shown below.

Simulation and analysis of inner flow field

Static pressure (Bar) distribution at 3000 rpm

the pump is shown in Fig.1 From Fig.1,

it can be seen clearly that for different blade number, the

static pressure gradually increase from impeller inlet to

outlet, the static pressure on pressure side is evidently

larger than that on suction side at the same impeller

radius. With the increase of blade number, the static

pressure at volute outlet grows all the time and the

uniformity of static pressure distribution at screw section

become worse and worse, but at diffusion section become

better and better. The impellers with different blade

number all have an obvious low pressure area at the

number, the area flow pressure r egion grows

continuously, which indicates that the blade number has

significant effects of pumps characteristics.

Total pressure (Bar) distribution at 3000 rpm

the pump is shown in Fig.2 In Fig.2 total pressure

distribution of centrifugal pump with different

blade number s has been shown. From that

it can be seen clearly that for different blade number, the

total pressure gradually increases. It is also seen that

the pressure is less in the impeller inlet side whereas

pressure is more in the impeller outlet side.

Velocity vectors

in the fig.3. The flow rate is lower than the nominal one

and we could see the trend the separation on the suction

377

visible the flow direction of the impeller. Fig 3. The

absolute velocity vectors near the tongue for a flow rate

greater than the nominal are represented in the fig.5.

Here is clearly visible the separation on the outlet side

and the blockage between the tongue and the impeller.

Fig.4

Curve characteristics

the space between blades. The x- axis of the plot denotes

the distance along the circumference between the blades.

The lower part of the figure is towards the impeller inlet

and upper part of the figure is towards the impeller outlet

of the pump. As it is seen from the figure the pressure is

less in the impeller inlet side whereas pressure is more

in the impeller outlet side.

(near the blade region)

Parameter

Head H/m

Efficiency h/%

as follows 4:

P

P

H = out - in

g

(6)

pin is the total pressure of impeller inlet, r is density of

the fluid, d, and g is the gravity acceleration.

Total efficiency h is calculated as follows:

DP

h = ( 1 + d + 0.03)

P

h v hh

e

-1

(7)

Blade

number 5

30.93

72.60

Blade

number 6

31.05

72.16

Blade

number 7

32.20

73.71

the disk friction loss, calculation method is described in

Ref.5. hh is the hydraulic efficiency and hv is the volume

efficiency.

Results and discussion

Rotational speed and total pressure is an important

parameter to calculate head as well as the total

efficiency. The head and efficiency of pump model with

different blade number under design condition are shown

in Table.2. From Table 2, its easily visible that with the

increase of blade number the head increases. But the

378

blades. Here at 7 numbers of blades, the efficiency is of

maximum. So the optimum blade number of the model

pump in this paper for efficiency is 7 respectively. It is

observed that with the increase of blade number, the

static pressure is gradually increasing. With the increase

of blade number the static pressure at volute outlet grows

all the time.

Conclusion

The numerical studies on performance of centrifugal

pump were investigated by using the FLUENT 6.3

software. It has been observed that with the increase of

the blade number, the limitation between blade and flow

stream gets more, and also the area of low pressure

region at the suction of the blade inlet grows continuously

and the static pressure is gradually increasing .The

uniformity of static pressure distribution at screw section

become worse and worse, while at diffuser section, it

becomes better and better. With the increase of blade

number, the head of centrifugal pump grows all the time

and pressure too, but the change regulations of efficiency

is little bit complex. It varies with number of blades. Here

the optimum blade number of the model pump in this

paper for efficiency is 7 respectively.

Acknowledgements

Authors are very much grateful to the reviewers for

their valuable advice for significant modification and

better presentation of the paper.

References

1

Simulation in a Centrifugal Pump, Int Renew Energy Cong,

November, (2010) 5-7.

Arnone P, Boncinelli A, Munari & Spano E., Application of

CFD techniques to the design of the Ariane 5 turbopump, in

Proc. 14th AIAA Comp Fluid Dyn Conf, Norfolk, USA,(1999)

1087-1097.

Asuaje M, Bakir F, Kouidri S, Noguera R, & Rey R, Validation

dune demarche de dimensionnement optimise des roues

centrifuges 2D par comparaison avec les outils de la simulation

nuerique (CFD), in 10eme Conf Annu de la Soci Canadienne

de la CFD, Windsor, Ontario, Canada, June (2002) 560565.

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

performance prediction for centrifugal pumps[J]. Chin J of

Mech Eng, 23(1) (2010) 21-26.

TAN M, Prediction research on energy characteristics for

centrifugal pumps[D]. Zhenjiang: Jian Univ, (2008).

Houlin L, WANG Y, YUAN S, Minggao T, & WANG K,

Effects of BladeNumber onCharacteristics of Centrifugal

Pumps, Chin J of Mech Eng, 23 (2010).

Tuzson J, Centrifugal pump design, Joh Wil & So, ISBN 0-47136100-3, (2000).

Stepano A. J, Centrifugal and Axial Flow Pumps, Joh Wil &

So, New York, (1957).

Ferziger J. H. & Eric M. P, Computational Methods for Fluid

Dynamics, Sprin, Berl, Germany, (1996).

Parrondo-Gayo J. L., Erez J, & Francos J, The eect of the

operating point on the pressure uctuations at the blade passage

frequency in the volute of a centrifugal pump, Trans of the

ASME, J of Fluids Eng, 124 (2002) 784790.

Gonz alez J, Fern andez-Francos J, Blanco E, & SantolariaMorros C, Numerical simulation of the dynamic eects due to

impeller-volute interaction in a centrifugal pump, Trans of the

ASME, J of Fluids Eng, 124 (2002) 348355.

Blanco-Marigorta E, Fern andez-Francos J, Parrondo-Gayo J.

L, & Santolaria-Morros C, Numerical simulation of centrifugal

pumps, in Proc. ASME Fluids Eng Summ Conf (FEDSM 00),

Boston, Mass, USA, June (2000).

Yedidiah S, Science in the design of uid machines, in Proc.

ASME Fluids Eng Div Summ Meeting (FEDSM 02), Montreal,

Quebec, Canada, (2002).

Sloteman D, Saad A & Cooper P, Design of custom pump

hydraulics using traditional methods, in Proc. ASME Fluids

Eng Div Summ Meeting (FEDSM 01),New Or-leans, La, USA,

May (2001).

Japikse, D, Marscher, W. D, & Furst, R. D, Centrifugal Pump

Design and Performance, Conc ETI, Inc., Whit Riv Junc, VT, (1997).

Coutier-Delgosha, O, Fortes-Patella, R, Reboud, J.L & Hakimi,

N, Numerical simulation of cavitating flow in an inducer

geometry, 4th Euro Conf Turbo, Firenze, Italy, 20-23 march (2001).

Lohrberg H, Stoffel B, Fortes-Patella R & Reboud JL, Numerical

and Experimental Investigations on the Cavitating Flow in a

Cascade of Hydrofoils, Proc of the 4th Int. Symp. Cavi, Pasadena,

California, June (2001).

Stewart, W. L., Analysis of Two-Dimensional CompressibleFlow Loss Characteristics Downstream of Turbomachine Blade

Rows in Terms of Basic Boundary-Layer Characteristics, NACA

TN-3515, July (1955).

Gulich, J. F, Centrifugal Pumps, Sprin Verl, Berlin, Germany,

(2008).

- ArmfieldDiunggah olehVamshi Krishna
- Aerodynamics of Solar CarsDiunggah olehNeil Wu
- Overcome Oversizing of Centrifugal Pumps _ Chemical Processing.pdfDiunggah olehSONU
- ReferenceDiunggah olehTarmidzi Mohd Zailani
- CFD modelling of flowDiunggah olehVignesh Meganathan
- BianchiniCosimo_PhDThesisDiunggah olehcosimobianchini
- Http###Maintenanceengineering.in#CENTRIFUGAL PUMPSDiunggah olehManatchai Battōsai
- paraviewguide-5.3.0Diunggah olehRuud
- Centrifugal Pdgljwewgeffbwe;jfwe;ewfbwejfwumpDiunggah olehGaurav Vaibhav
- Part5 Q a Marine EngineerDiunggah oleh12345
- MEng Presentation-M Vd HovenDiunggah olehashoku2
- Classification of Centrifugal PumpsDiunggah olehrnp246000
- Internal Flow Analysis of a Dump Diffuser Using CFDDiunggah olehIJRASETPublications
- CFD Pro 14.5 L07 Mesh QualityDiunggah olehMahir Soyer
- BHARDiunggah olehJagadesh Kumar
- CVDiunggah olehMuhammad Shujan
- weerasekara2014.pdfDiunggah olehAnonymous XVh6mpT
- j Fen Um AccuracyDiunggah olehHaardikGarg
- wahba_etal_2015_GTPDiunggah olehEhab Attia Selim
- Propane-Air Mixture CombustionDiunggah olehjandresb23
- CFD Analyzing to Optimize Tangential-Inlet Swirl NozzleDiunggah olehChristis Savva
- Airloads_WkshpFinalDiunggah olehEmily Barnett
- 2015 Jweia Jip Tvh Rr Bb Bl Sawtooth Roof Geom PreprintDiunggah olehViancahossen
- 6.ISCA-RJRS-2012-148 DoneDiunggah olehharun_lee
- t JunctionDiunggah olehNa Jango
- 524-356-1-PBDiunggah olehsirak
- @@@@R- The Indication of Two-Phase Flow Pattern and Slug Characteristics in a Pipeline Using CFD Method.,Gas Processing Journal,Vol. 1 No. 1, January 2013Diunggah olehramihey
- Lesson 1425692354Diunggah olehsanthi saranya
- Rotary-Pump-Pump-ImpellerTypes (1).pptxDiunggah olehRyan Lincay
- ubc_2007-0071a (2)Diunggah olehviktorija bezhovska

- Surface Coating Operations MetalsDiunggah olehRaj Patel
- Full 64256 Ok OkDiunggah olehmghgol
- 1_design and Analysis of Impeller Blade for Axial Flow PumpsDiunggah olehmghgol
- Divan Iraj Mirza.pdfDiunggah olehmeysamshabnavaa
- CM Lecture 4Diunggah olehmghgol
- Rtiwari Rd Book 05bDiunggah olehmghgol
- 1001-shab-1Diunggah olehozmera
- Atmospheric Corrosion MechanismDiunggah olehmghgol
- Rtiwari Rd Book 08Diunggah olehmghgol
- Rtiwari Rd Book 09Diunggah olehmghgol
- Introduction to Pump Rotor Dynamics.pdfDiunggah olehJose Prado
- Suri Rotor BalancingDiunggah olehDhaval Bhayani
- 19790014348Diunggah olehmghgol
- p0155Diunggah olehmghgol
- Jp c Purdue Pump PaperDiunggah olehgunjandpatel05
- AIAA-2011-5932Diunggah olehmghgol
- AIAA-2011-1938 (1)Diunggah olehmghgol
- 126Elamy (1)Diunggah olehmghgol
- Acoustics Based Condition MonitoringDiunggah olehDeniz Yazgaç
- Rtiwari Rd Book 11cDiunggah olehmghgol
- Rtiwari Rd Book 12Diunggah olehmghgol
- Rtiwari Rd Book 11aDiunggah olehmghgol
- Rtiwari Rd Book 10Diunggah olehmghgol
- Rtiwari Rd Book 05aDiunggah olehmghgol
- Rtiwari Rd Book 06cDiunggah olehmghgol
- Rtiwari Rd Book 06bDiunggah olehmghgol
- Rtiwari Rd Book 03cDiunggah olehmghgol
- Rtiwari Rd Book 03bDiunggah olehmghgol

- Floview PsDiunggah olehhamed1725
- Pam Cpf 50 Sp 004 8 Piping ClassDiunggah olehTefa Martinez
- Greenhouse Gas Production a Comparison Between AerobicDiunggah olehfuongzung
- IRJET-Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer Study in Rectangle Type Straight and Oblique Finned Microchannel Heat Sink with NanofluidsDiunggah olehIRJET Journal
- Stability of Gas Pressure Regulators - ScienceDirectDiunggah olehDat Vu
- Lectures on Wind TunnelDiunggah olehnd1977
- EMD00099EN_JWP26CDiunggah olehLupu Ane Marie
- Application of Boundary Layer TheoryDiunggah olehridzuwan rahimi
- Adv 885 Ro Pac m QuickrefguideDiunggah olehAlejandroOdioCastillo
- C MP 100(Original)Diunggah olehTeenteenbmw Teentumteen
- White Paper Piston Spool Valves and Poppet ValvesDiunggah olehGiovanni Pugliesi Pinho
- Adsorption.pdfDiunggah olehKhantilBuch
- Presentation ProblemsDiunggah olehARFarry
- MM302 4 Lecture Note 4Diunggah olehEmre
- National Conference on Advances in Armament TechnologyDiunggah olehLuptonga
- Rock PermeabilityDiunggah olehShaho Abdulqader Mohamedali
- Restriction Orifice Plate Calculator GasDiunggah oleheshraghian
- Effects of Initial Pressure on the Flammability Limit of OX-Air.pdfDiunggah oleh1mmahoney
- JTUDiunggah olehapi-3824966
- Ccmt 2016 Gate Scores Round1Diunggah olehArohi Aarush
- Diffusion and ReactionDiunggah olehAfrica Meryll
- R410a PT ChartDiunggah olehRefrigerant Guys
- Re-Definiton of the Discharge Coeficient of Throat-tapped Flox Nozzle and Investigations on the Influence of Geometric ParametersDiunggah olehMiguel Mendez
- Production - CHEN515Diunggah olehLevi Inuwa
- Assignment OneDiunggah olehManjunath Bhairappanavar
- 1018092- Manual- Autotrol Magnum CVDiunggah olehGreg Reyneke
- Comparing Friction Loss in Steel, Copper and Plastic PipesDiunggah olehpitigoi
- SPE-169652-MSDiunggah olehHussain Haidari
- 48_basic_principles.pdfDiunggah olehAhmed Qomaruddin
- EGR TechnologyDiunggah olehSangeeta Das