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In a cooking contest, the participants are required to choose any model of pans that she/he wants to
use. The time required for the contest is 40 minutes.
Dalam satu pertandingan masakan, peserta dikehendaki memilih sendiri model kuali yang ingin digunakan.
Masa yang diperlukan dalam pertandingan ini ialah 40 minit.

Model A

Model B

Shiny surface / Permukaan berkilat

Dark surface / Permukaan gelap

Kamil will participate in the cooking contest and he wants to investigate the ability of a shiny surface
and dark surface to absorb heat before choosing the pans which will be used.
Kamil akan menyertai pertandingan masakan itu dan dia ingin menyiasat keupayaan menyerap haba bagi
permukaan berkilat dan permukaan gelap sebelum memilih kuali mana yang akan digunakan.

The following are the procedures of the investigation.


Berikut adalah prosedur bagi penyiasatan itu.

(i) The apparatus is set up as shown in the diagram.


Radas disediakan seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam rajah.

(ii) The Bunsen burner is lighted and left for 5 minutes.


Penunu Bunsen dinyalakan dan dibiarkan selama 5 minit.

(iii) Readings of the two thermometers are taken at the end of the investigation.
Bacaan pada kedua-dua termometer diambil pada akhir penyiasatan ini.
Aluminium paint / Cat aluminium
Dull black paint / Cat hitam pudar
Conical flask A / Kelalang kon A

Thermometer A / Termometer A

Conical flask B / Kelalang kon B

Thermometer B / Termometer B

Retort stand / Kaki retort


Bunsen burner / Penunu Bunsen

(a) (i) From the investigation, predict which thermometer will have a higher temperature after 5
minutes. Give your reason.

Daripada penyiasatan, ramalkan termometer yang manakah akan mempunyai suhu yang lebih tinggi
selepas 5 minit. Berikan alasan anda.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) What will happen if the conical flask A is not painted black?
Apakah yang akan berlaku sekiranya kelalang kon A tidak dicat dengan warna hitam?

___________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(iii) How does heat from the Bunsen burner flame reach the thermometers? Explain your answer.
Bagaimanakah haba daripada nyalaan penunu Bunsen sampai ke termometer? Terangkan jawapan
anda.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b) The graph below shows the temperature reading of both thermometer against time.
Graf di bawah menunjukkan bacaan suhu kedua-dua termometer melawan masa.
Temperature (C)

Suhu (C)

Dull black paint


Cat hitam pudar

40
Aluminium paint
Cat aluminium

30

20

10

4
6
Time (minutes) / Masa (minit)

If the dull black painted conical flask is replaced with a dark black painted conical flask, predict
the temparature reading of the thermometer.
Sketch a line for the expected result on the graph above.

Jika kelalang kon yang bercat hitam pudar digantikan dengan kelalang kon yang bercat hitam
gelap, ramalkan bacaan suhu termometer.
Lakarkan satu garisan bagi keputusan yang dijangkakan pada graf di atas.

______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(c) Predict the model of pans that will be chosen by Kamil. Why?
Ramalkan model kuali yang akan dipilih oleh Kamil. Mengapa?

______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

Jawapan:
14 (a) (i) Thermometer A because dull black paint surfaces are good heat absorber.
Termometer A kerana permukaan yang bercat hitam pudar adalah penyerap haba yang lebih baik.

(ii) The reading of thermometer A will be lower.


Bacaan termometer A lebih rendah.

(iii) Through radiation. Heat reaches the thermometers without any medium and causes the
reading of the thermometers to increase.
Melalui sinaran. Haba telah bergerak ke termometer tanpa melalui sebarang medium dan
menyebabkan bacaan suhu pada termometer meningkat.

(b) The temperature reading is higher than the dull black paint conical flask.
Bacaan suhu lebih tinggi daripada kelalang kon yang bercat hitam pudar.

(Refer the answer on the graph paper below)


(Rujuk jawapan pada kertas graf di bawah)
Temperature (C)

Suhu (C)

Answer / Jawapan :
Dark black paint
Cat hitam gelap

Dull black paint


Cat hitam pudar

40

Aluminium paint
Cat aluminium

30

20

10

4
6
Time (minutes) /Masa (minit)

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