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Name______________________

Study Guide Chapter 2 & 3


1. Who traveled through China and inspired Europeans to find a westward water
route to Asia?
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2. Who paid for Columbus voyage west and what did he discover? Where did
he think he was?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
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b. ___________________________________________________________________________
3. What is meant by the term Columbian Exchange?
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4. What part of the Columbian Exchange had the greatest impact on Native
Americans (**Hint: what followed the Europeans where ever they settled?)?
What are some of the things the New World gave to the Old World and vice
versa?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________________________________
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5. Why did African slaves come to the New World? What were Europeans
trading for the African Slaves? Where were they taken in the New World?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________________________________
c. ___________________________________________________________________________
6. Who conquered Mexico and what empire did he conquer?
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7. Who conquered Peru and what empire did he conquer?
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8. After the conquests of Peru and Mexico, Spain had taken control of Central
America and most of what?
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9. What does the term Spanish borderland refer to?
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10.Why did Ponce de Leon travel to Florida?
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11.Why did Coronado travel through Mexico and the greater Southwest?
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12.Which type of people settled in the borderlands? What type of settlements
did they build and what were they used for?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________

b. ___________________________________________________________________________
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13.Why did the French send Jacquez Cartier west? What did he claim once he
was there? What did he discover after he had claimed it?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________________________________
c. ___________________________________________________________________________
14.What settlement did Samuel de Champlain establish? Which type of people
mainly settled in the area?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________________________________
15.Describe the unique relationship between the Huron and the French.
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16.Which tribe did Champlain help the Huron to defeat?
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17.Which man claimed the Louisiana Territory for France and how did he do it?
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18.What was the first English colony in the Americas and what happened to it?
________________
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19.Who became the leader of the Jamestown colony and what happened to him
regarding the Natives?
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20.Who brought peace between the Powhatan tribe and the colonists at
Jamestown? __________
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21.Describe the Starving Time at the Jamestown colony.
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22.What 2 major developments saved Jamestown?
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23.Who made the first territorial claim for New Netherland and what was he
looking for? Where was the land that he claimed?
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24.How did the Dutch begin making money?
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25.With which powerful tribe did the Dutch prosper by trading guns for furs?
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26.How did New Netherland become New York?
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27.Describe what it is to be an indentured servant.
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28.What were some of the main reasons people came to the colonies?
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29.Which colonies were the New England colonies? What did they have in
common in terms of geography and economies?
a.____________________________________________________________________________
_
b. ____________________________________________________________________________
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30.Which colonies were the Middle Colonies? Which types of people were
represented in the Middle Colonies? What was their main reason for settling
there?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________________________________
c. ___________________________________________________________________________
31.Which colonies were the Southern Colonies? What was the southern
economy based on (give examples)? What is a plantation?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________________________________
c. ___________________________________________________________________________
32.Describe the four basic elements of colonial government? Who made the
laws in the colonies?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
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b. ___________________________________________________________________________
33.Which religious group settled in Massachusetts and why?
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34.Which group settled on Plymouth Rock and when? Who was their leader?
Who founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________________________________
c. ___________________________________________________________________________
35.What is the main significance of the Mayflower Compact? What do the
Mayflower Compact and the Fundamental Orders have in common?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________________________________
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36.Which religion tended to settle in Rhode Island?
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37.Describe the significance of the Fundamental Orders? Which type of citizen
was granted the right to vote?
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38.How was colonial government different in New York than from other colonies?
______________
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39.Who founded Pennsylvania? Which religious group did he belong to? Why
was this religious group unwelcome in England? Why was Pennsylvania
founded?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________________________________
c. ___________________________________________________________________________
d. ___________________________________________________________________________
40.Where was the first democracy in America?
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41.Describe the Act Concerning Religion.
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42.What was the Virginia colonys economy based on? Why did Virginia replace
indentured servants with African slaves?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
b. ___________________________________________________________________________
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43.Who founded the Georgia Colony and for what purpose? Which types of
people actually ended up settling there? What was the main reason the king
granted a charter for Georgia?
a. ___________________________________________________________________________
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b. ___________________________________________________________________________

c. ___________________________________________________________________________
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