Anda di halaman 1dari 3

Article Title:

Breast Surgery and Plastic Surgeons


Summary:
Say the words breast surgery and many people will think either plastic surgery o
r breast cancer. These are the two most prominent reasons for breast surgery. Ho
wever, breast care is also another part of the breast surgery field that many pe
ople forget. The prevention of breast problems, breast cancer in particular, is
something that many surgeons advocate.
Keywords:
Breast Surgery, Plastic Surgeons
Article Text:
Breast Surgery and Plastic Surgeons
Co-Editor-in-Chief, Tracy E. Austin, MD
WEDNESDAY, march 10, 2010 - 07:01 PM
Breast Cancer in Younger Patients
Say the words breast surgery and many people will think either plastic surgery o
r breast cancer. These are the two most prominent reasons for breast surgery. Ho
wever, breast care is also another part of the breast surgery field that many pe
ople forget. The prevention of breast problems, breast cancer in particular, is
something that many surgeons advocate.
Recently, however, there has been more and more cases of breast cancer in younge
r women—even young girls and boys! There are a few reasons for the phenomenon, o
f which have breast surgeons and the breast care field pushing prevention and de
tection methods.
Early Detection
Although age 40 opens the breast awareness, women as young as 20 are being encou
raged to begin self-examination to help in early breast cancer detection. This
is because breast cancer was found to be one of the top killers of women under a
ge 40. Many people dispute these numbers because only 10 percent of the 250,000
women diagnosed annually with breast cancer are under age 45.
The problem is that the cancer is not detected in younger women before the tumor
s reach the critical stages.
Risk Factors
One of the most important indicators for early onset of breast cancer is:
The presence of breast cancer in the young woman’s health or family history.
A defect in the genes, a BRCA1/BRCA2 gene mutation actually increases a young
women’s chance of getting cancer.
The number of biopsies performed on the breast.
The age of the woman at her first period.
The woman’s age at which she had her first child
If a doctor determines that, the young woman’s risk factors for early onset of b
reast cancer, then screening can start at any age. Others are encouraged to perf
orm self-exams and get regular screenings starting at age 40.
Other Complications
Younger women also have denser breast tissue, which makes detection more difficu
lt, even using a mammogram. Child bearing accelerates the growth of breast cance
r tumors. Thus, small lump can become aggressive and spread quickly while the wo
man is pregnant.
Awareness
Breast care professionals agree that the number one hindrances to early detectio
n are awareness. Many young women do not know that their family history can put
them at risk for early breast cancer.
Others do not know to check for lumps through self-examination. Thus, breast can
cer awareness is very important in detecting the cancer before it spreads to oth
er parts of the body. It is estimated that cancer detected early gives 90 percen
t of all women the chance of survival.
Treatment
Breast cancer treatment is the same no matter the age of the woman. A lump is u
sually removed during surgery. During the lumpectomy, tissue around that lump is
also taken to ensure complete removal of the cancer. A mastectomy is also used.
The breast is removed to prevent the spread of the cancer to other parts of the
body. The breast surgeon will also examine the nearby lymph nodes, removing tho
se that may have been affected by the cancer.
Radiation therapy is used after a lumpectomy to kill any remaining cancer cells.
After a mastectomy, chemotherapy follows. Hormone therapy may also be needed to
ensure that the cancer will not return.
Breast Cancer in Children
Although breast cancer largely affects adult women, cases of breast cancer in ch
ildren and even men are not unheard of. It seems that the reports of breast canc
er in children draw more attention. A case reported in May 2009 of a 10 year old
girl with breast cancer did just that.
The girl was said to have invasive secretory carcinoma, which is rare in childre
n. She reportedly underwent a mastectomy and then chemotherapy to rid her body o
f the disease. In fact, breast cancer in males of all ages is extremely rare. S
ecretory carcinoma is form of cancer was also found in a boy age 17, which is sa
id to be even rarer than findings in girls. The average age of diagnosis for se
cretory carcinoma is 25. However, it is still called juvenile breast cancer.
Despite the moniker, any breast cancer in children is very rare. Secretory carci
noma makes up one percent of all breast cancer case for all sexes and ages. In a
ddition, the age of the patient does not change the course of action for eradica
ting the cancer. Other than genetic mutation, there is no evidence that breast c
ancer in children is caused by the food, the environment, pesticides, etc.
Plastic Surgery after Mastectomy
Another area of breast surgery is plastic surgery after mastectomy. Many mastect
omy patients elect to have implants placed after the removal of the breast to fi
ght cancer. It restores the breast to a natural look. This is done to not only b
oost the mental well-being of the patient but also to provide a return to one’s
physical appearance. It also helps patients to avoid the use of breast prosthesi
s. For referenced resourced information, go to http://www.smilemd.com/breast-sur
geon/breast-surgery-and-plastic-surgeons.aspx
Resources:
SmileMD Inc global publishing headquarters - Midtown Manhattan, New York. Nevill
e Coward, Chairman & CEO. http://www.smilemd.com instantly schedules nationwide
online medical and dental appointments for <a href="http://www.smilemd.com/blog/
article.aspx">breast surgery plastic surgeons new york</a>. Patient versions of
medical & dental articles are library referenced for online publication by co-ed
itors-in-chief Judy J. Johnson DDS and Tracy E. Austin, MD. Dr. Johnson is a mem
ber of The New York Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry. Dr. Austin is a member of the
A.M.A., American Medical Writers Association and the Association of Health Care
Journalists.