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CHM 092

TUTORIAL 1
(Formula Stoichiometry/Isotopes)

1.

Determine the formula and formula mass for the following comopounds:
a)
b)
c)
d)

2.

Give the systematic names for the following compounds


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

3.

Ca(OCl)2
Mn(MnO4)2
NH4HCO3
Fe(ClO4)3
Sr(OH)2
NH4NO2

Balance the following equations:


a)
b)
c)
d)

4.

sodium sulphite
barium hydrogen phosphate
iron(III) perchlorate
copper(II) nitrate trihydrate

HCl + Fe2O3 FeCl3 + H2O


NH3 + O2 NO + H2O
Barium nitrate + Sodium sulphite Barium sulphite + sodium nitrate
Calsium hydroxide + phosphoric acid Calsium hydrogen phosphate + water

A sample of SO2 has a mass of 3.50 g. Calculate the number of molecules in the sample.
(3.3 x 1022)

5.

A sample of methane, CH4 contains 4.5 x 1024 H atoms. Calculate the mass methane.
(29.9 g)

6.

What is the mass of Mg(NO3)2 that contains 57.40 g of N ?


(303.86 g)

7.

When dry chlorine gas is passed over phosphorus, it is found that 1.24 g of phosphorus yield 5.50 g of a liquid
product. What is the empirical formula of the liquid product?

8.

a) Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) has the composition by mass of 40.92% C, 4.58% H, and 54.50% O. RMM = 176.
Calculate its molecular formula.
(C6H8O6)
b) Citric acid has the composition: 37.51% C, 4.20% H, and 58.29% O. Determine the empirical formula of citric
acid.

9.

An organic compound was found to have the composition of: 63.5% C, 31.6% O and 5.26% H. If the mass of one
mole of the compound is 300.5 g, what is its molecular formula?

10. A compound X consists of C, H and N. when 0.1156 g of the compound reacted with oxygen, 0.1638 g of CO 2
and 0.1676 g of H2O are collected. Calculate the percent compositions of C, H and N. Calculate the empirical
formula of X.
(CH5N)
11.

In each of the following, calculate the number of mole of the compound in the sample.
a)
b)
c)

12.

65 g of Cl2O7
1.2 x 1022 molecules of methane.
Na2CO310H2O which contains 90 g of water.

(0.02)
(0.50)

An adult requires an estimated daily allowance of 16 mg per kg of body weight of the amino acid leucine,
C6H13O2N. Calculate for a 50-kg person the daily requirement of leucine in terms of:
a)
b)
c)

the number of mole of leucine molecules


the number of molecules of leucine
the total number of atoms present
(6.1 x 10-3 ; 3.67 x 1021; 8.07 x 1022)

13.

Consider a 1.2 g sample of acetic acid C2H4O2,


a)
b)
c)
d)

How many mole of acetic acid molecules is present?


How many molecules of C2H4O2 ?
How many mole of oxygen atoms?
How many atoms?
(0.02; 1.2 x1022; 0.04; 9.6 x 1022)

14.

A mixture of H2 and He contains twice as many He atoms as of H 2 molecules. What is the mass of H 2 in 5 g of
the mixture?
(1 g)

15.

The % by mass of metal M in the metal chloride is 59.3%. What is its empirical formula, given that the relative
atomic mass of M=207?
(MCl4)
Write the isotopic symbols in the form

16.

X for each of the following isotope.


z
a) Copper isotope with 34 neutrons
b) Copper isotope with 36 neutrons
c) Argon isotope with 22 neutrons
17.

What is the isotopic (nuclear) symbol for an element Y which has 79 protons, 79 electrons and 117 neutrons?
What is its mass (nucleon) number?

18.

The element M has a mass number of 35, and atomic number 17.
a)
b)

19

What is its nuclear charge?


What is the number of electrons in the atom of M?

Which of the following has a mass number of 33?


74

35

As
33

20.

33

Cl

62

17

16

Cu
29

27

X is the complete isotopic symbol for:


13

A. Co
21.

B. Al

C. Mg

D. Cl

What are the numbers of electron, proton and neutron in the atoms of the following elements?
a)

Se : atomic 34, mass number 79

b)

27

Al
13

22.

The chemical symbols given below describe three elements X, Y and Z (not the actual symbols of the
elements).
14
7

272

X3

a)

92

Calculate the number of


i)
ii)
iii)
iv)

electrons in ion X
electrons in ion Z
nucleons in atom Y
neutrons in ion X

40
20

Z 2+

b)

Write a complete symbol to represent an isotope of Y which contains the number of neutrons twice the
number of protons.

23.

The isotopic masses of Li-6 and Li-7 are given as 6.01512 amu and 7.01601 amu respectively. If the atomic
mass of Li is 6.941 amu, calculate the % abundance of the two isotopes.
(Li-6 = 7.494%; Li-7 = 92.506%)

24.

Given that Ag-107 (51.839% abundance) , and the mass ratio : Ag-109 / Ag-107 = 1.0187. Calculate the mass
of Ag-107. (Atomic mass of Ag = 107.87 amu)
(106.91 amu)