App note

© All Rights Reserved

35 tayangan

App note

© All Rights Reserved

- On-Demand Event Management Solutions
- OSN 9800 Product Overview
- SJ-20141230145702-001-Unitrans ZXONE 9700 (V3.00R1) Product Description
- 02 ZXONE 9700 Product Introduction_20170510_EN
- eng TELE-audiovision 1505
- PL-2000 - Packet Light Networks
- Indoor Repeater Doc
- IIS Introduction
- Performance Monitoring of Optical Network Using Optical Signal to Noise Ratio
- ECE 271 Introduction to Telecommunication Networks_LECTURE (1)
- LSA
- ngPON_AccessNet20
- Isilon Technical Overview
- DigitalandOptical_E1300-1194929079_2
- Redfern Cw Dm
- 96085%2C1
- 5-te-10-16-2009
- lab5
- Gpon
- 6893 Alcatel Lucent Enterprise Data Center Connect

Anda di halaman 1dari 7

19/01/09

12:21

Page 1

APPLICATION NOTE

BUILDING

A COST EFFECTIVE,

AFFORDABLE,

AND SCALABLE

ROADM

BASED OPTICAL

NETWORK

flexibility that can be achieved?

expensive than fixed filters for a very long time, the answer to

available (like Planar Lightwave Circuit, PLC ROADMs for

instance) but these solutions have often fallen short in

scalability or functionality to the extent that newer WSS (Wave

Degree 4 ROADM

many of the PLC based ROADMs had limitations in the number

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Degree 3

40Gig wavelengths.

Degree 2 ROADM

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

Local

Add/Drop

Degree 2

Local

Add/Drop

PM1005

Degree

gree 1

PM1005

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Degree 2

Degree 4

Degree 1

PMOA

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOM4

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOSC

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PM1005

Figure 1. Examples of 2 and 4 Degree ROADM Network Elements with local add-drop traffic

In the figure 1 above, a 2 degree ROADM network element is a network node that can add and drop traffic locally to or from 2 directions

in the network (right and left in the diagram above). A four degree ROADM network element is a network node that can add and drop

traffic locally to or from 4 directions in the network (right, left, up, and down in the diagram above). In the industry, it is now generally

accepted that any ROADM network element should be able to scale to 8 degrees and drop any channel from any degree locally with

no limitation.

EKINOPS_WP_ROADM:Mise en page 1

19/01/09

12:23

Page 2

APPLICATION NOTE

BUILDING

A COST EFFECTIVE,

AFFORDABLE,

AND SCALABLE

ROADM

BASED OPTICAL

NETWORK

The key in scaling cost lies in the ROADM components used

produce the 2 ROADM examples above. ROADM components

are classified by the number of degrees that they support.

For instance, a ROADM component that can support up to

Degree 2 ROADM

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Degree 1

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOM4

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOSC

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Degree 2

Local

Add/Drop

West Channels

East Channels

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

1 x 2 WSS

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PM1005

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

1 x 2 WSS

PMOA

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Local

Add/Drop

local add drop of any channels coming from or going to any of

Local

Add/Drop

Using 1x2 WSS ROADM Components

ROADM components have ports that allow for this optical inter-

number of ports that a ROADM component has determines

Degree 2 ROADM

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Degree 1

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOSC

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

above, the 1x2 ROADM component has 2 ports, one for local

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Degree 2

Local

Add/Drop

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

East Channels

1 x 4 WSS

PM1005

Local

Add/Drop

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

West Channels

1 x 4 WSS

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Local

Add/Drop

higher degree ROADM components. In order to allow for future

expansion, the above ROADM network element can be built

Using 1x4 WSS ROADM Components

each . This would allow for the addition of 2 more ROADM

components in the ROADM network element and upgrade the

EKINOPS_WP_ROADM:Mise en page 1

19/01/09

12:24

Page 3

APPLICATION NOTE

BUILDING

A COST EFFECTIVE,

AFFORDABLE,

AND SCALABLE

ROADM

BASED OPTICAL

NETWORK

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Degree 4 ROADM

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Local

Add/Drop

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PMOSC

PM253

PM1008

PMOM4

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

elements. This means that lower degree ROADM network

elements are more expensive than they need to be as most

PM1005

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

West Channels

East Channels

1 x 4 WSS

1 x 4 WSS

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PM1004

PMOA

PM1005

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PM1001

PMOA

Degree 2

Degree 4

gree 1

Degree

North Channels

PMOM4

1 x 4 WSS

PMOSC

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Local

Add/Drop

Local

Add/Drop

pick from a number of different ROADM network element

Local

Add/Drop

1 x 4 WSS

South Channels

allowing the customer to choose his own price vs. scalability

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Using 1x4 WSS ROADM Components

ROADM component uses all 4 of its ports. One port for local

add drop and the other 3 ports to interconnect with the other

initially used does not have any remaining ports. What an optical

onto another fiber that can then be used to transfer all channels

built with 1x2 ROADM components than it is when built with

Degree 2 ROADM

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Degree 1

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOM4

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOSC

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Degree 2

Local

Add/Drop

West Channels

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

East Channels

1 x 2 WSS

1 x 2 WSS

Local

Add/Drop

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

Coupler

Coupler

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

Local

Add/Drop

Degree 3

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Local

Add/Drop

Figure 5, A 2 Degree ROADM Network Element Built

Using 1x2 WSS ROADM Components with a Splitter/Coupler

for future expansion

requirement for a ROADM network element is to allow for

EKINOPS_WP_ROADM:Mise en page 1

19/01/09

12:26

Page 4

APPLICATION NOTE

BUILDING

A COST EFFECTIVE,

AFFORDABLE,

AND SCALABLE

ROADM

BASED OPTICAL

NETWORK

The figure below shows how additional 1x2 ROADM components

And finally, the figure below shows how the additional 1x2

EKINOPS

PM Series

Degree 4 ROADM

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

EKINOPS

PM Series

Degree 1

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

PM1005

PM1005

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

West Channels

East Channels

1 x 2 WSS

1 x 2 WSS

1 x 2 WSS

1 x 2 WSS

Local

Add/Drop

Local

Add/Drop

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

1 x 2 WSS

1 x 2 WSS

Local

Add/Drop

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Local

Add/Drop

Local

Add/Drop

1 x 2 WSS

1 x 2 WSS

PM1005

PM1008

PM1001

1 x 2 WSS

PM1008

PM253

PMOM4

South Channels

PM253

Coupler

PM1004

PM1004

PM1004

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOM4

PMOM4

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOSC

PMOSC

East Channels

1 x 2 WSS

PMOA

PMOA

EKINOPS

PM Series

West Channels

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

Degree 2

Local

Add/Drop

PM1001

Coupler

PM1005

PMOA

Coupler

PM1008

Coupler

PM253

PM1001

Coupler

PM1004

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

PMOA

Degree 2

Degree 4

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

PMOM4

Coupler

PM1005

Local

Add/Drop

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOM4

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOSC

PMOSC

1 x 2 WSS

PM1001

gree 1

Degree

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PMOA

1 x 2 WSS

PMOM4

North Channels

PMOSC

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

Degree 2 ROADM

PMOA

PMOA

PM1005

Degree 3

PM1008

Local

Add/Drop

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

Using 1x2 WSS ROADM Components with additional 1x2 ROAD

components coupled in for future expansion

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Using 1x2 WSS ROADM Components

works quite well but there is a point where the number of smaller

But in most cases the benefits of being able to scale cost far

their ROADM capability and cost as necessary to accommodate

revenue bearing traffic.

Modules

needed at

2 degrees

Modules

needed at

3 degrees

Modules

needed at

4 degrees

Modules

needed at

5 degrees

Modules

needed at

6 degrees

Modules

needed at

7 degrees

Modules

needed at

8 degrees

ROADM 1x2

15

18

28

32

ROADM 1x4

10

12

14

16

ROADM 1x8

Build

Using

Figure 8, Scalability of ROADM, Number of components necessary to construct various size ROADM network elements

EKINOPS_WP_ROADM:Mise en page 1

21/01/09

14:56

Page 5

APPLICATION NOTE

BUILDING

A COST EFFECTIVE,

AFFORDABLE,

AND SCALABLE

ROADM

BASED OPTICAL

NETWORK

ROADM component and scale it using 1x2 ROADM components

ROADM 1x2

ROADM 1x4

ROADM 1x8

component to build with. The following chart shows how different

distributions of ROADM network elements of different degrees

effect cost of ROADM components in the network:

8

Cost of ROADM Components

Degrees

Figure 9, Relative cost of ROADM components

in different degree ROADM network elements

when using various ROADM components to build them

as depicted in the chart above, one might deduce that it is best

to always use 1x2 ROADM components to build a network. It

scales the most incrementally and only presents risk if the

Components

Using 1x4 ROADM

Components

Using 1x8 ROADM

Components

5% at 8 degrees,

25% at 4 degrees,

70% at 2 degrees,

different ROADM components can be mixed. So for instance,

15% at 8 degrees,

45% at 4 degrees,

40% at 2 degrees,

40% at 8 degrees,

50% at 4 degrees,

10% at 2 degrees,

based on the data above, one might want to start with a 1x4

based on distribution of ROADM Network Elements

One can see from the figure 10 that if the network leans heavily

the bank and earn interest. One can see that the 1x2 and 1x4

risk that the network will in the end have a larger distribution of

off (i.e. to get to the size where having utilized the larger

EKINOPS_WP_ROADM:Mise en page 1

19/01/09

12:30

Page 6

APPLICATION NOTE

BUILDING

A COST EFFECTIVE,

AFFORDABLE,

AND SCALABLE

ROADM

BASED OPTICAL

NETWORK

And finally, the splitter/coupler technique can also be optimized

future proofing fixed filter and fixed OADM drop sites so that

them in the future, perhaps when the price comes down. The

figure below shows a fixed filter site and that same fixed filter

site upgraded to a ROADM network element utilizing our

splitter/coupler design.

2 degree Fixed Filter Site

Upgraded to ROADM network element

Degree 2 ROADM

Degree 2 ROADM

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

Degree 1

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

PM1005

Local

Add/Drop

Local

Add/Drop

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

PM1005

Figure 11, Add Drop Site using fixed filters with Splitter/Couplers

in place for future ROADM upgrade

1 x 2 WSS

diverted to 1 x 2 ROADM components

Coupler

PM1008

Coupler

PM253

PM1001

Local

Add/Drop

Local

Add/Drop

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1004

PMOM4

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

East Channels

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOM4

PMOSC

East Channels

1 x 2 WSS

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOSC

Coupler

West Channels

PMOA

PMOA

Degree 2

Local

Add/Drop

West Channels

PMOA

PMOA

Degree 2

Local

Add/Drop

PM1005

Coupler

PM1004

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

PM1001

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOM4

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOSC

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

EKINOPS

PM Series

PMOA

Degree 1

PMOA

PMOA

PMOA

PMOSC

PMOM4

PM1001

PM1001

PM1001

PM1004

PM253

PM1008

PM1005

to 2 degree ROADM using Splitter/Couplers

The above figure 12 provides a service provider the option to upgrade to a ROADM network element at a later date deferring the cost of

installing the expensive ROADM components. This upgrade is not service-disruptive and is particularly useful if the route is not protected.

In this example, 1x2 ROADM components are utilized to upgrade a fixed filter to a 2 Degree ROADM. Higher degree ROADM components

could have been utilized to make this a higher degree ROADM network element if desired. Just like in the previous examples, ROADM

components can also be built with splitters/couplers in order to allow this ROADM network element to be upgraded to a higher number of

degrees in the future.

EKINOPS_WP_ROADM:Mise en page 1

19/01/09

12:31

Page 7

APPLICATION NOTE

BUILDING

A COST EFFECTIVE,

AFFORDABLE,

AND SCALABLE

ROADM

BASED OPTICAL

NETWORK

IN CONCLUSION

ROADM technology is extremely flexible and offers a number of values such as eliminating up front complex planning and the

future promise for true optical mesh protection. But while it offers these benefits, ROADM technology is still relatively expensive

compared to traditional add drop technology. It is important for Service Providers to be able to scale their investment in technology

as revenue bearing traffic pays for it. In addition, by implementing the splitter/combiner technique, Service Providers can easily

maintain the option to deploy and benefit from ROADMs even if they choose not to deploy them initially. This technique offers a

remarkable balance of cost vs. flexibility with virtually no limit on scalability

About Ekinops

Ekinops is a leading designer and supplier of next generation

innovative, programmable Ekinops T-Chip (TRANSPORT ON

service delivery for building high speed optical networks.

Ekinops APAC

+65 6829 2156

sales.asia@ekinops.net

Ekinops Americas

+1 (310) 494 0032

sales.us@ekinops.net

Ekinops EMEA

+33 (0) 149 970 404

sales.eu@ekinops.net

- On-Demand Event Management SolutionsDiunggah olehMahindra Satyam
- OSN 9800 Product OverviewDiunggah olehKnowledge Of ALL
- SJ-20141230145702-001-Unitrans ZXONE 9700 (V3.00R1) Product DescriptionDiunggah olehkmad
- 02 ZXONE 9700 Product Introduction_20170510_ENDiunggah olehAbel Saduwa
- eng TELE-audiovision 1505Diunggah olehAlexander Wiese
- PL-2000 - Packet Light NetworksDiunggah olehIsrael Exporter
- Indoor Repeater DocDiunggah olehLee Cote
- IIS IntroductionDiunggah olehMohd Tausif Husain
- Performance Monitoring of Optical Network Using Optical Signal to Noise RatioDiunggah olehEditor IJRITCC
- ECE 271 Introduction to Telecommunication Networks_LECTURE (1)Diunggah olehBhagaban Das
- LSADiunggah olehhappy_2006
- ngPON_AccessNet20Diunggah olehmesuge2
- Isilon Technical OverviewDiunggah olehmohanb1900
- DigitalandOptical_E1300-1194929079_2Diunggah olehheliper
- Redfern Cw DmDiunggah olehRasto Maniak
- 96085%2C1Diunggah olehmirkofedor
- 5-te-10-16-2009Diunggah olehTrai Phù Đổng
- lab5Diunggah olehPaul Shine
- GponDiunggah olehghsajedy
- 6893 Alcatel Lucent Enterprise Data Center ConnectDiunggah olehraduldel
- Whitepaper Tableau Server9.0scalability Eng 2Diunggah olehnomuse
- 01 - DWDM BasicsDiunggah olehmutungwa
- Antenna InstallationDiunggah olehbmasec02
- What Kind of Single-mode Fiber Should You ChooseDiunggah olehRajeev Mohan Verma
- Distributed Splitting for Rural FTTHDiunggah olehSergio Sanchez
- Hadoop What You Need to KnowDiunggah olehJohny Doe
- 13 NewSQL DatabasesDiunggah olehVenkatraman Krishnamoorthy
- Kathrein Edition 1Diunggah olehMuhammad Mulia Maulana
- Wideband Monopulse Proc97Diunggah olehOktay Eldem
- NEXTECH LINE CARDDiunggah olehk.saikumar

- 2016ihsm_optical_encryption_first_line__of_defense_for_network_services.pdfDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- 1830-photonic-vr70-eval-eng.pdfDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- 1830 Photonic Vr70 Cert EngDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- 1830-photonic-vr70-sec-eng.pdfDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- INFN Investor Deck May 2016Diunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Validated FIPS 140-1 and FIPS 140-2 Cryptographic ModulesDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Optical Communications Market Research Company, News & ReportsDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- LTE World Summit-OrangeDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Adtran_Packet Optical 2.0 - Supporting Video and Gigabit ServicesDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- 5098-WSSADiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- 15h10m-100gseminarpresentation3-150601151713-lva1-app6891Diunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Reference Guide OTNDiunggah olehjoaquic
- Certes VCEP DatasheetDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Ciena High Capacity Wire Speed Encryption Modules DSDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Adva Gmpls and SdnDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- ECOCOpenFlowV3Diunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Tnc15 Slides SDNPresoForTerena -FinalDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- 4x10G OTR WEncryption DSDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Pl 1000tecryptoletterapril15Diunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Ciena Encryptor ManualDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Framework for GMPLS and PCE Control of Wavelength Switched Optical Networks (WSON)Diunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Chapter9 Wavelength Routing Optical NetworksDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- ASON GMPLS Optical Control Plane TutorialDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- ADVA RayControlDiunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Cisco Defcom22oct2011suhasmansingh 111110035241 Phpapp02Diunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Cisco CPT Cnsf2011 Foundationfornext Generationtransport Rameshpillutla 110526140533 Phpapp01Diunggah olehsrotenstein3114
- Cisco the Future of OT - March 2012Diunggah olehsrotenstein3114

- Power Boiler - Sample Tube Analysis for Low Temperature Section and High Temp SectionDiunggah olehASHIL PRABHAKAR
- Assignment 1Diunggah olehSiddharth Shah
- As 1006-1995 Solid-Stem General Purpose ThermometersDiunggah olehSAI Global - APAC
- CE2409 L2 Fortran BasicsDiunggah olehbetty
- Multiband GSM Network Radio OptimizationDiunggah olehKhandoker Faisal
- Contoh CRC Parity dan ChecksumDiunggah olehAgung Rahmansyah
- MBATech Lab Mannual 2012-13Diunggah olehSamarth Bharal
- B.E & B.Tech. Syllabs for Electrical Engineering 4 SemesterDiunggah olehShashi Shekhar Sharma
- mathsDiunggah oleh1012804201
- Micrologix 1400 Introduction(1)Diunggah olehsayedmh
- Metallurgical Changes in SteelsDiunggah olehVivek Kumar
- Pointers in CDiunggah olehDinesh Kumar P
- Scheduling in Job Shop Process IndustryDiunggah olehmac2022
- 218-MBBR vs SBR ComparisonDiunggah olehsleimanshokr
- ABB_Transformers.pdfDiunggah olehMostafa Ali
- TND00488601000000000000DAE01101.pdfDiunggah olehDinesh Dinu
- print2Diunggah olehvenkatrh
- t-10 sensusDiunggah olehAlam Garcia Rodriguez
- A Brief Introduction to Hydrocode Modeling of Impact CrateringDiunggah olehRichard Hilson
- LntDiunggah olehshubham
- Harp_Concerto_Scoring_Guide.pdfDiunggah olehiamceh
- 1-1Diunggah oleheuryjose
- FifoDiunggah olehmaartenkruizenga
- Seismology1Diunggah olehyyamid
- Prepking EE0-071 Exam QuestionsDiunggah olehpeniani800
- Ch2 Basic LawsDiunggah olehSriBala
- C and K systemDiunggah olehKamal Alkurdi
- Wild Well Control Technical Data Book 2011Diunggah olehmanuelperdomot
- Carlson X PortDiunggah olehAlejandro De Jesus Martinez Hernandez
- Contador 4040Diunggah olehEfren Montiel

## Lebih dari sekadar dokumen.

Temukan segala yang ditawarkan Scribd, termasuk buku dan buku audio dari penerbit-penerbit terkemuka.

Batalkan kapan saja.