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Present Simple Tense

REMEMBER BOX
Affirmative
SUBJECT + VERB
SUBJECT + VERB (-s,-es)-pentru persoana a 3- singular
E.g.I read.
She reads.
Interogative
DO+ SUBIECT + VERB 1?
DOES + SUBIECT + VERB 1?
E.g.Do I read?
Does she read?
Negative
SUBIECT + DO + NOT + VERB 1
SUBIECT + DOES + NOT + VERB 1
E.g.I de not read.(dont)
He does not read.(doesnt)
Interrogative/Negative
DONT + SUBIECT + VERB 1?
DOESNT + SUBIECT + VERB 1?
E.g.Dont I read?
Doesnt he read?

I. FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH S OR ES:


1. The girls watch _ TV.
2. The bus stop _ at the traffic lights.
3. She drink _ a glass of milk in the morning. 4. We stop _ in front of the
house.
5. You go _ to bed early.
6. My sister read _ an interesting book.
7. John write _ many letters.
8. The pupils live _ in a village.
9. Mother like _ spring.
10. Mary wash _ her hands every morning.
II. TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES INTO THE NEGATIVE FORM:
1. I play the piano very well. / ...
2. She likes her job. / ..
3. He tells me good jokes. / ...
4. My cat catches many mice. / .
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5. They go shopping at this supermarket. / ...


III. TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES INTO THE INTERROGATIVE
1. The hare runs faster than the bear./ ...
2. I live with my parents./ .
3. The sun rises in the East./ .
4. They go to school by bus./
5. The Mures flows into the Olt./...
IV. TRANSLATE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES INTO ENGLISH :
1. El vorbeste engleza la scoal............................................................................................
2. Ea pune multe ntrebri......................................................................................................
3. Ei ntotdeauna se uit la televizor seara.............................................................................
4. Voi veni la petrecere dac m vei invita............................................................................
5. Ea ascult muzic n fiecare zi...........................................................................................
6. Te voi suna cnd voi avea timp..........................................................................................
7. El joac fotbal cu prietenii lui............................................................................................
8. Mama gtete n fiecare zi.................................................................................................
9. Ele mnnc ciocolat seara..............................................................................................
10. Sora mea citete multe scrisori .......................................................................................

Present Simple Tense


Afirmative
SUBIECT + VERB
SUBIECT +VERB(-s,-es)-pentru persoana a 3- singular
E.g.I read.
She reads.

Interogative
DO+ SUBIECT + VERB 1?
DOES + SUBIECT + VERB 1?
E.g.Do I read?
Does she read?

Negative
SUBIECT + DO + NOT + VERB 1
SUBIECT + DOES + NOT + VERB 1
E.g.I de not read.(dont)
He does not read.(doesnt)

Interogative/Negative
DONT + SUBIECT + VERB 1?
DOESNT + SUBIECT + VERB 1?
E.g.Dont I read?
Doesnt he read?

REGULI DE FOLOSIRE

1. Pentru a descrie actiuni obisnuite,regulate care au loc zi de zi ,luna de


luna,etc.(E.g. I go to school every day.)

2. Pentru a descrie reguli fizice,matematice,biologice.(E.g.Water freezes


at 0 deggrees Celsius.)
3. Pentru a descrie activitatea dintr-o profesie.(E.g.Mr. Brown trains
football players.)
4. In transmisii si comentarii sportive radio si TV.(E.g.He passes the ball
to Hagi.)
5. Pentru a descrie sentimente si opinii.(E.g. She loves animals.)
6. Pentru a descrie actiuni ale unor carti sau filme.(E.g.Rambo shoots at
the enemies.)
7. Pentru a descrie instructiuni de folosire ale unor obiecte noi,dar si
instructiuni in retete culinare,medicamentoase.(E.g. Push the start
button.)

ADAUGAREA TERMINATIEI S-ESPENTRU PERSOANA A 3-a


SINGULAR

1. Majoritatea verbelor adauga terminatia s.(E.g.listen-listens,singsings)


2. Verbele terminate in e adauga doar s.(E.gwrite-writes,love-loves) .
3.Verbele terminate in:
s,ss-miss,cross,pass
z,zz-buzz
x-fix,mix
ch-watch
sh-wash
4.Verbele terminate in o adaugaes insa acestea vor fi citite putin mai
diferit.
E.g.do-does
go-goes
5.Exista ce le 2 verbe simple ale limbii engleze(to be,to have)care nu
adauga nici o terminatie dar au propria lor forma pentru persoana a3-a
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singular.
E.g.to be-is
to have-has
6)Verbe terminate in y tin cont de urmatoarele:
a)Daca y este precedat de o consoana ,yse transforma in i si adauga
es.
E.g.to party-parties
to-fly-buterflies
b)Daca yeste precedat de o vocala,yse pastreaza neschimbat si
adauga terminatias.
E.g. to play-plays
to buy-buys

ADVERBE DE RECUNOASTERE A PRESENTULUI SIMPLU

Every
Always
Often
Usually
Sometimes
Ever
Never
Rarely
Seldome
Generally
Etc.
ORDINEA IN PROPOZITIE

1. Majoritatea adverbelor se asaza astfel:


AFFIRMATIVE
SUBIECT + ADVERB+VERB
E.g. I always clean the room.
S. Adv. Vb.

INTEROGATIVE
DO(DOES)+SUBIECT + ADVERB + VERB 1?
E.g.Do I always clean my room?
NEGATIVE
SUBIECT+DO(DOES)+NOT+ADVERB+VERB1
E.g.I di not always clean my room.
INTEROGATIVE/NEGATIVE
DO(DOES)+NOT+SUBIECT+ADVERB+VERB1?
E.g.Dont I always clean my room?
2.Unele adverbe(sometimes,rarely,every)se asaza ori la inceputul ori la
sfarsitul propozitiei.
E.g.Sometimes,I pick up flowers.
EXERCISES
1.Adaugati terminatii urmatoarelor verbe:
Speak-speaks
Read-reads
Hurry-hurries
Brush-brushes
Write-writes
Try-tries
Be-is
Buy-buys
Go-goes
Have-has
Eat-eats
Watch-watches
Play-plays
Do-does
Miss-misses
See-sees
2.Complete.
Mary and I work(work) in the same office,were completely
different.She likes(like) coffee but I like (like) tea.She washes (wash) her
car every weekend,but I never clean(clean) mine.She smiles (smile) all
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the time at work,but I feel (feel) miserable.I complain(complain) about


the boss all the time,but Mary thinks(think) is a nice person.When I
finish(finish) work I like to drink beer with my friends but Mary
studies(study) at night school.The boss thinks(think) Mary is perfect, but
she drives (drive) me nuts.
3.Translate into English.
1. Iarna ninge.
It snows in (during)winter.
2.Duminica el nu se trezeste devreme.
He doesnt wake up early on Sunday.
3.Eu nu studies seara.
I dont study in the evening.
4.Merge la cumparaturi in fiecare sambata.
He goes shopping every Saturday.
5.Imi fac temele la matematica dupa masa taziu.
I do my Maths homework late in the afternoon(at noon)
6.Nu-mi place cafeaua.prefer ceaiul.
I dont like coffee,I prefer tea.
7.La ce ora isi mananca John micul dejun?
What time does John eat his breakfast in the morning?
8.Ce faci tu in zilele tale libere?
What do you do in your free(spare) days?
9.Ea nu merge la scoala cu metroul ,ci merge pe jos.
She doesnt go to school by mettro(tube),but she goes on foot.
10.Adesea citesc carti in alte limbi straine.
I often read other foreign languages books.
11.Isi face bagajul si se preface ca pleaca de fiecare data cand se cearta.
She packs and acts she leaves every time they fight.
12.Cat de des le scrii parintilor tai?
How often do you write to your parents?
13.Cand merg la mare imi place sa inot mult.
When I go to the seaside I like to swim o lot.
14.Consider ca moda este mult prea importanta in zilele noastre.
I consider that fashion is much too important nowadays.
15.Nu deschideti cutia folosind foarfeca!
Dont open the box using scissors.

ADVERBE DE TIMP
A)
A.m.-ante meridian
P.m-post meridian
B)
In the morning-dimineata
In the afternoon-dupa masa(at noon-la amiaza)
In the evening-seara
At night-noaptea,seara tarziu
At midnight-miezul noptii
C)
At breakfast-la micul dejun
Breakfast time-ora micului dejun
At brunch-la gustare
Brunch time- ora gustarii
At lunch la pranz
Lunch time-ora pranzului
At tea-la ceai
Tea time-ora ceaiului
At dinner-la cina
Dinner tine-ora cinei
At soupper-supeu
Soupper time-ora supeului

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

AFFIRMATIVE
SUBIECT + TO BE + VERB +ING
E.g. I am reading
INTERROGATIVE
TO BE + SUBIECT + VERB + ING?
E.g. Am I reading?
NEGATIVE
SUBIECT + TO BE +NOT + VERB+ING
E.g. I am not reading
INTERROGATIVE/NEGATIVE
*TO BE + SUBIECT+ NOT+ VERB + ING?
E.g. Am I not reading?
*TO BE + NOT + SUBIECT +VERB + ING?(exclusive pentru persoana a
3-a singular si se va avea in vedere folosirea apostrofului in momentul unirii
TO BE cu negatia.)
E.g. Isnt he reading?
REGULI DE FOLOSIRE
1)Pentru actiuni care se desfasoara exact in momentul vorbirii.(ACUM)
E.g. I am writing now.
2)Pentru a decrie pozitiile corpului omenesc.
E.g. He is standing
3)Pentru a descrie o actiune viitoare dar deja planificata in prezent.

!!!ATENTIE!Pentru a descrie o INTENTIE viitoare se va folosi


TO BE GOING TO + VERB 1.
E.g.I am leaving to Paris now.
Intentionez sa citesc cartea in doar o zi.
I am going to read the book in just one day.
4)Pentru a descrie o actiune repetata in mod frecvent dar care tinde sa irite.In
acest caz se vor folosi adverbe ca:
Always
All the time
Forever
Very often
E.g. He is always loosing his keys.
5)Pentru a descrie o actiune aflata in desfasurare(PRESENT
CONTINUU)si intrerupta de o alta actiune(PRESENT SIMPLU)
E.g. She is listening to music and her brother comes in.
6)Doua sau mai mult actiuni simultane aflate in desfasurare.
E.g.We are cleaning the house and you are painting your new gate.
7)Actiune obisnuita si care momentan si care momentan pe o perioada
scurta este inlocuita de o alta actiune.

ADAUGAREA TERMINATIEI ING


1)Majoritatea verbelor adauga terminatia ing fara a face schimbari.
E.g. Rain-raining
Wear-wearing
Paint-painting
2)Verbele terminate in e il elimina si adauga ing.
E.g .Write -writing
Hope -hoping
Close closing
EXCEPTII
TO BE-BEING
TO SEE- SEEING
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TO AGREE- AGREEING
3)Verbele monosilabice terminate intr-o con soana si precedata de o vocala
scurta ,dubleaza consoana finala ;a adaugarea terminatieiing.
E.g. To stop-stopping
To sit-sitting
To swim-swimming
To dig-digging]
4)Verbele terminate in y respecta urmatoarele:
a)Daca y este precedat de o consoana se pastreaza y si se adauga ing.
E.g. To try-trying
To fly-flying
To cry-crying
b)Daca y este precedat de o vocala y ramane neschimbat si adauga ing.
E.g.To play-playing
To say-saying

!!!Pentru verbele terminate in ie,acestea se transforma in y.


E.g. die-dying
5)Verbele terminate in l(doar pentru engleza britanica) precedate de o
vocala,dubleaza l si adauga terminatia ing.
E.g .To travel-travelling
To control-controlling

ATENTIE!!!Exista verbe care foarte rar adauga terminatia ing


a)Verbe care exprima o activitate mintala sau emotie:
To believe
To imagine
To know
To like
To love
To hate
To prefer
To recognize
To remember
To understand
To want

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To wish
b)Verbe care exprima perceptii senzoriale:
To appear
To smell
To sound
To hear
To taste
To seem
To see
c)Verbe care genereaza reactii:
To agree
To please
To surprise
To deny
To satisfy
To mean
To impress
To promise
d)Alte verbe:
To be
To belong
To contain
To depend
To deserve
To fit
To need
To possess
To complain
ADVERBE ALE PRESENTULUI CONTINUU
Now

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Right now
At the moment
At this moment

EXERCISES

Translate into English.


1)Intodeauna joc tennis vinerea.
I always play tennis on Friday.
2)El va termina raportul si il va aduce la birou cand va fi complet.
He is finishing the rport and he is bringging it at the office whwn its
complete.
3)Parintii mei ma suna in fiaecare dimineata;se distreaa de minune in
Alpi.De fapt cred ca nu vor sa mai plece de acolo.
My parents call me every morning they are enjoying themselves a great
deal.in fact they dont want to leave from there anymore.
4)Preferam san e bine dispunem oaspetii mai bine itr-un restaurant decat
intr-o cantina.Desi este foarte scump in restaurant ne putem si auzi.
We prefer to entertain our guests in a restaurant rather than in a
cantine.Its very expensive in the restaurant but we can also hear
ourselves.
5)Stiu raspunsul la intrebarea ta:Cumpara-ti un calculator nou.
I know the answer to your question:buy yourself a new computer.
6)Unde este John?In birou asteptand un telefon important.
Where is John?In the office,waiting for an important call.
7)Nu pot sa tin intalnirea maine,iau interviu aplicantilor pentru functia de
director de vanzari.
I cant make the meeting tomorrow.I am interviewing the applicants for
the sales managers job.
8)Fratele meu lucreaza pentru o companie care produce instalatii pentru
baie.
My brother works for a company which makes bedroom fittings.

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9)Cine este aceea care vorbeste cu Bill?Este noua noastra secretara?


Who is that talking to Bill?Is she our new secretary?
10)Noul contract mi se pare ok.
The new contract seems ok to me.

The Adjective
Se divide in adjective scurte si adjective lungi.
Are 3 grade de comparative:
1) Gradul pozitiv(apare doar adjectivul)-e.g.nice,interesting
2) Gradul comparative(compara 2 sau mai multe obiecte,fiinte)
Comparativ de egalitate(AS+ADJECTIV+AS=la fel deca
si)-e.g.This book is as interesting as the movie.
Comparativ de inegalitate(NOT SO +ADJECTIV+AS = nu
la fel de ca si)-e.gHe is not so nice as his brother.
Comparativ de inferioritate(LESS
+ADJECTIV+THAN=mai putindecat)-e.g.The lesson is
less interesting than the book
OBSERVATIE:Daca dorim sa comparam 2 sau mai multe
lucruri,tinem seama daca adjectivul este scurt sau lung.
Adjective scurte:ADJECTIV +ER+THAN=maidecat
Adjective lungi:MORE +ADJECTIV+THAN=maidecat
E.g.Nicer than.
More interesting than.
3)Gradul superlative
OBSERVATIE:Daca dorim sa ridicam la cel mai inalt grad
vom tine seama de adjective scurte sau lungi :
Adjective scurte :THE+ADJECTIV+EST=cel mai
Adjective lungi :THE MOST + ADJECTIV = cel mai
E.g.The nicest.

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The most interesting.

4) Gradul superlativ absolut se foloseste de adverbele


Extremely
Very
Too
Highly
E.g.very nice
-interesting

Adaugarea terminatiei ER si EST


1. Adjective terminate in e,aduga doar r si st(wide-wider ;the
widest)
2. Adjective monosilabice,terminate intr-o consoana si care este
precedata de vocala scurta,dubleaza dubleaza consoana finala la
adaugarea terminatiei ersi est.(E,g big-bigger-the biggest)
3. Adjective terminate in ytin cont de urmatoarele:
Daca yeste precedat de o consoana yse transforma in isi
adauga terminatia er si est(E.g.happy-happier-the happiest).
Daca y este precedat de o vocala,y ramane neschimbat si
adauga terminatia er si est .(gay-gayer-the gayest)

Adjective neregulate
Adjectiv
Good
Fine
Well

Grad Comparativ
Better

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Grad Superlativ
The Best

Bad
Ill

Worse

The worst

Much
Many

More

The Most

Little

Less

The least

Farther
Further

The Farthest
The Furthest

Far

Constructii ale gradului comparativ

1. MUCH FAR + ADJECTIV C.=de departe,mult mai.


ADJECTIVE C. + BY FAR= de departe,mult mai
E.g.-much nicer,far nicer,nicer by far=de departe mai dragut.
2.THE + ADJECTIVE C.+.,THE + ADJECTIVE C.(pentru adjective
scurte)=cu cat maicu atat mai.
E.g.Cu cat este mai frig,cu ata este mai rau.
The colder,the worse.

!!! In acest tip de constructie poate lipsi verbul.


3)ADJECTIVE C. + AND +ADJECTIVE C.(acelasi adjective si
scurt)=din ce in ce mai,tot mai.
E.g.Nicer and nicer.
4)MORE + AND + MORE + ADJECTIVE(adjective lungi)= din ce in
ce, tot mai.
E.g.More and more interesting.
5)LESS + AND + :LESS+ ADJECTIVE(adjective lungi)=din ce in ce
mai putin.tot mai putin.
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E.g. Less and less interesting.

TERMINATII ALE ADJECTIVELOR

Y-HAPPY
OUS-VARIOUS
FUL-GRATEFUL
NT-IMPORTANT
OS-FAMOS
ISH-YELOWISH,SWEDISH,SPANISH
EN-WODDEN
ILE-FERTILE
IVE-SENSITIVE
IBLE-SENSIBLE
ING-INTERESTING
ED-WORKED

!!! Forma a 3-a a verbelor neregulate poate sa denumeasca un


adjectiv:begun(inceput)
E.g.A begun book.

Ordinea adjectivelor in propozitie


Observatie:Adjectivele se aseaza intotdeauna in fata substantivelor.
In cazul in care un substantive este precedat de un adjective scurtsi unul
lung,ordinea va fi:SCURT + LUNG+ SUBSTANTIV.
E.g A nice and an interesting table.
Insusire de Dimensiune Forma
Varsta Culoare Natiune Origine Material Scop Substantivtiv
baza
Nice
Nice

So and so
Little

Rectangular
Rectangular

Old
1 year

Brown
Blue

Romanian
Romanian

Chinese
Italy

wodden
Card board

Performant
Beautiful
Sweet
Nice
Nice

Little
Medium
Small
So and so
Big

Rectangular
Oval
Square
Rectangular
Rectangular

3months
30 years
8months
1 month
New

Grey
Green
Golden
Grey
Brown

France
Romanian
Romanian
Romanian
Romanian

France
Romanian
Japan
Turkye
Polish

Plastic
Limestone
Metal
Plastic
Wodden

Nice

So and so

Square

2years

Blue

Romanian

Romanian

Wodden

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Eating
To hold
pencils
and pen
Speaking
Embelish
Leading
Watching
Staying
in the
room
Sleeping

Table
Pencil box
Mobile phone
Painting
Watch
Tv
Furniture
Bed

Beautiful

Little

Square

Old

Orange

Romanian

Chinese

Card board

Performant

So and so

Square

New

Grey

Romanian

France

Plastic

To have
pictures
knowing
many
things

Exercises
1)Transforma la comparativ si superlative:
Cheap-cheapper,the cheapest
Wide-widder,the widdest
Small-smaller,the smallest
Expensive-more expensive,the most expensive
Sad-sadder,the saddest
Bad-worse,the worst
Useful-more useful,the most useful
Sufficient-more sufficient,the most sufficient
Cool-cooler,the coolest
Vital-more vital,the most vital
Little-less,the least
2)Translate:
-Programele de televiziune sunt din ce in ce mai interesante.
*TV programs are more and more interesting.
-Este din ce in ce mai cald si zilele din ce in ce mai lungi.
*It is warmer and warmer and the days are longer and longer.
-Este de departe mai frumoasa decat sora ei.
*She is much more beautiful than her sister.
-Cu cat suntem mai multi cu atat mai bine.
*The more,the better.

1.Cartea aceasta este de departe mult mai interesanta decat cea pe care am
citit-o saptamana trecuta.
This book is more interesting by far than the one I read it last week.
2.Cu cat mai repede, cu atat mai bine.
The faster, the better.
3.Pe masura ce creste, fratele ei este din ce in ce mai destept.
As he grows up, her brother is smarter and smarter.

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Photo Album
Computer

4.Este din ce in ce mai periculos sa te plimbi noaptea pe strada singur.


It is more and more dangerous to walk alone on the streets by night.
5.Cititul este din ce in ce mai putin interesant pentru adolescentii de astazi.
Reading is less and less interesting for nowadays teenagers.

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