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Current Transformer

- Purpose
Transform the high
primary current to a
lower secondary
current
(metering protection)
used to isolate the
circuit (secondary
winding & primary
winding (cable/busbar)

Current Transformer
- Core Design CT
Common used CT
Bar Primary Type
Wound type

Current Transformer
- Core Design CT

Current Transformer
- Common Ratings
o

Primary rating

: base on maximum demand expected

Secondary

: 1A or 5A
( 5A for indoor & 1A for outdoor (longer distance)

Burden (in VA)

: 15VA to 20VA

Accuracy Class : Measuring C T , Protection CT & class X

Metering CT
Accuracy Class and application
Class

Application

0.1

High precision and calibration measurement

0.2

Special tariff meter requirement ( precision metering)

0.5

Normal tariff metering measurements (general)

Wattmeter and power relay

Ammeter (general industrial measurements)

Regulator, maximum current meters & thermal relay

Protection
CT
Has rating for Accuracy class &
accuracy limit factor (ALF).
Perform correctly for fault currents.
Standard value class 5P, class 10P
& class X

Protection CT
Accuracy class

Current error at
rated primary
current %

Composite error at
rated ALF

Std, accuracy
limit factor

5P

5%

10P

10%

5, 10, 15,
20, 30

Protection CT
Primary Current Ip

300/5

Secondary Current Is

Accuracy class,
5% error at 3000A

5P10
Accuracy limit factor
i.e 10 x Ip = 3000A

15VA
Rated Burden.
In ohms = 0.6
(Z = P/I2) = 15/52
= 0.6)

At 3000A the secondary current is 50A 5%

Protection CT
CT

Accuracy limit factor (ALF)


Measure of the primary current up to which the
CT will maintain its accuracy.
Standard value are : 5 10 15 20 30

Protection CT
Example : 1200A/1A CT 15VA 5P 10
This CT can read within the tolerance up to 10
times rated current.
1200A x 10 on primary side and 1A x 10 on
secondary side.

Core balance CT (ZCT)

All phase and neutral


conductors pass through
this ring CT

Used for earth fault


protection

Specification (BS 3938)

Classs : Class 5P, 10P, Class X


Aaccuracy limit factor ALF
- (5, 10,15, 20, 30 time)
Rated primary current
- 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 400, 500, 600,
800, 1200A, 3200A
Rated secondary current
- 5A and 1A (in Malaysia)

Specification (BS 3938)


600/1A

1A (+/- 1%)
[0.99A 1.01A]
-1
+1
Between this range: OK
relay

Specification (BS 3938)


600/1A
Ifault
6000A

10A (+/- 5%)


[9.5A 10.5A]
-5
+5

relay