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4000 Most Used Words and

Expressions in Spanish and their


translation into English
a ver!

lets see!

anda!

come on!

a qu hora?

when? what time?

a causa de

because of

a continuacin

next

a dedo

hitchhiking

a escala mundial
a escote

worldwide
to divide up the bill

a finales
a la espaola

at the end (of)


Spanish style

a lo lejos

from far away

a lo mejor

perhaps

a mediados

in the middle

a menudo

often

a pie

walking

a principios

in the beginning

a travs de

via, through

a veces
baco

sometimes
m

abajo

abacus
downstairs, down

abandonar

abandon

abdomen

abdomen

abdominales

abdominal muscles

abierto

open

abogado
abonado

m
m

lawyer
member

abono

voucher, season ticket

abrazar
abrazo

to hug
embrace, hug

abrigo

coat

abril

April

abrir

to open

abrir de par en par


absentismo

to open wide
m

abstemio

absenteeism

abstenerse

abstemious
to refrain from

absurdo

absurd

abuela

grandmother

abuelo

grandfather

abuelos

grandparents

abundante

abundant

aburrido
aburrimiento

boring
m

aburrirse
abuso
acabado

to be bored
m

acabar + de

just + have + past participle


f

acadmico
acampada

abuse
finished
to have just + verb

acabar de + inf.
academia

boredom

academy
academic

acceder

camping
to get into

accidente

accident

accin
aceite

f
m

action
oil

aceituna

olive

acelerar

to accelerate

acento

accent

acepcin

meaning, sense

aceptacin

acceptance

aceptar
acera

to accept
pavement

acercar

to come closer

acertar

to get right

aciago
aclaracin

fateful, doomed
f

explanation

aclarar

to clear up

acogedor

cosy

acogerse
acogida

to take refuge
f

acompaar

to join someone
to have a complex

acomplejado
acondicionado
aconsejar
acontecimiento

reception

equipped
to advise
m

event

acordarse

to remember

acortar

to cut short

acostar

to put to bed

acostarse

to go to bed

activamente

actively

actividad

activity

acto

act

actor

actor

actuar
acudir

to act
to go to

acuerdo

agreement

adaptacin

adaptation

adecuado

adequate

adems

besides, apart from that

adicto

addict

adis

good-bye

adivinanza

guess

adivinar

to guess

adjetivo

adjective

administrativo

administrative assistant

admirar
adolescente

to admire
m/f adolescent

adoptado

adopted

adorar

to adore

adorno

decoration

adosado

detached (house)

adquirir

to acquire

aduana

customs, border

adulterio

adultery

adulto

adult

adverbio

advertencia

adverb
warning

advertir
aeropuerto

to warn
m

afectar

to affect
to shave

afeitarse
afianzamiento

airport

afianzarse

consolidation
to establish oneself

aficin

hobby

aficionado

fan

afiliado

affiliate

afincado
afirmacin

to be based in/at
f

afirmar

affirmation
affirm

frica
africano

Africa
African

afueras

surroundings

agarrado
agarrados del brazo

stingy, tight-fisted
arm in arm

agarrar

to grasp

agencia

agency

agencia de viajes

travel agency

agenda

address book, diary

agenda apretada

tight schedule

agitar

to mix, shake

agobio

stress

agosto

August

agotado

exhausted

agradable
agradecer

enjoyable
to thank

agradecimiento
agresin

m
f

agrupar

thanks
attack
to put in groups

agua

water

aguafiestas

party-pooper

agujero

hole

ahora

now

ahorcar

to hang

ahorrar

to save

ahorro

saving

aire acondicionado

air conditioning

ajedrez

chess

ajedrez

chess

ajeno

detached, beyond one's control

ajo
al aire libre

garlic
open air, outside

al cabo de

after

al contado

in cash

al lado de

beside

al parecer

apparently

al poco tiempo

soon after

al principio

in the beginning

al revs

on the contrary, back to front

albergue

hostel

albergue juvenil

youth hostel

alcachofa

artichoke

alcalde

mayor

alcance

reach

alcanzar

to reach

alcohol

alcohol

aldea

township, small village

alegre
alegra

happy
f

alejarse

happiness
to move away

alemn

German

Alemania

alergia

Germany
allergy

alfabeto

alphabet

alfombra

carpet

algo
algodn

something
m

cotton

alguien

someone

alguna vez

sometimes

algunas veces
alimento

sometimes
m

alinear

food
align

aliviar

to relieve

alma

soul

almacn

store, warehouse

almendro

almond tree

almohada

pillow

almorzar

to have lunch

almuerzo

snack, lunch

alojamiento

accommodation

alojarse

to stay

alquilar

to rent

alrededor de

about, around

altar

altar

altavoz

speaker

alto

high

altura

height

alubia

kidney bean

alucinacin

hallucination

alucinante

amazing

alucinar

to hallucinate

aludir

to allude to

alumbrar
alumno

to enlighten
m

pupil

ama

landlady

ama de casa

housewife

amabilidad

kindness

amable

friendly

amanecer

amante

m/f lover

amar

dawn
to love

amarillo
ambiente

yellow
ambience, atmosphere

mbito

field

amenazar

to threaten

Amrica

America

amigo

friend

amistad

friendship

amor

love

amoroso
ampliar

loving
to amplify

amplio

roomy, with space

amplitud

extent, space

anacronismo

anachronism

to add
analysis

aadir
anlisis
ancho
anciano
Andaluca

wide
m
f

old man
Andalusia

andaluz

from Andalusia

andando

on foot

andante

walking

andar
andn

to walk
platform

ancdota

anecdote

anestesista

m/f anaesthetist

anfitrin

host

angustia

anxiety

angustioso

worrying

anhelo

longing, yearning

anillo

ring

animado

animated

animadora

animation team, cheerleader

animal

animal

nimo

to encourage, cheer up
state of mind, cheer

ao

year

Ao Nuevo

New Year

animar

anoche
anonimato

last night
m

anotar

anonymous
write down

ansia

worry, anxiety

ansioltica

anxiolytic drug

anteanoche

the night before last

anteayer

the day before yesterday

antecedente

police record

antelacin

with advance notice

antepasados

predecessors

anterior

earlier, previous

antes
antibitico

before
m

anticuado
antigedad

antiquated
f

antiguo

antiquity
old, former

antiptico
antnimo

antibiotics

unfriendly
m

anunciar

antonym
to announce

anuncio
anuncio de publicidad

m
m

advertisement
spot, advertisement

anverso

front, obverse

apagar
aparcamiento

to switch off
m

aparcar

parking
to park

aparecer

to appear

aparicin

appearance

apariencia

appearance

apartado
apartamento

section
m

apasionado
aptico

passionate
apathetic

apegar
apellido

apartment

to get attached to
m

apenas

surname
hardly

aperitivo

aperitif

apertura

opening

apetecer
aplauso

to feel like it
m

aplazar

applause
to delay, put off

apcope

apocope, apocopation

aportacin
aportar

contribution
to contribute

apostar
apoyo

to bet
m

aprender
aprendizaje

to learn
m

apretar

quickly
f

aprobar
aprovechar
apuesta

learning
to tighten, hug

aprisa
aprobacin

support

approval
to approve
to take advantage of

bet

apualar

to stab

apuntar

to aim at

apuntarse
apuntes

to sign up for
m

notes

aquel

that

aqu

here

rabe

Arabian, Arab

rbol

tree

arbol genealgico

family tree

archivar
archivo

to file
m

file

arder
rea

to burn
f

Argel
Argentina

area
Algiers

argumentar

Argentina
to argue

argumento

argument

arma

weapon

armado

armed

armadura

armour

armario

wardrobe

armonioso

harmonious

arquitecto

architect

arquitectura

architecture

arraigarse

to take root, establish

arrancar
arreglar

to start
to repair

arrepentirse

to regret something

arriba
arroba

up(stairs)
f

arrojarse

at
to throw oneself

arrollar

to roll over, run over

arroz

rice

arruga

wrinkle

arte

m/f art

artesana

crafts

artesano

artisan

artculo determinado

definite article

artculo indeterminado

indefinite article

artritis

arthritis

as

ace

asado

roasted

asaltar

to rob

ascender
ascensor

to rise
m

lift

asegurar

to insure, to assure

asegurarse

to make sure

asentimiento

asesinar
asesino

assent
to murder

murderer

asesorar

to advise

as
as que

like this
so

Asia

asitico

Asia
Asian

asiento

seat

asignatura

subject

asimismo
asistencia

thus, so
f

asistir

assistance
to attend

asociar

to associate

aspecto

aspect

aspecto fsico

aspiradora

physical trait
hoover, vacuum cleaner

aspirina

aspirin

asqueroso

disgusting

astilla

splinter, chip

astronauta

astronaut

asturiano

from Asturias

asumir
asustar

to assume, take on
to frighten

atacar
atardecer

to attack
m

atascarse

evening, dusk
to get blocked

atasco

traffic jam

atencin

attention

atencin al usuario
atender

customer care
to attend

atentado terrorista

terrorist attack

atentamente

sincerely

atento
aterrizar

polite, attentive
to land

atmsfera

atmosfrico

atmospheric

tono
atraco

atmosphere
atonic, unstressed

armed robbery

atractivo

attractive

atraer
atrapado

to attract
caught

atravesar

to go across

atreverse

to dare

atributo

attribute, quality

atn

tuna

audicin
audiencia

f
f

listening comprehension
audience

augurio

omen, augury

aula

classroom

aumento

rise

an

yet

an no
aunque

not yet
although

auricular

headphones

ausencia

absence

Australia

Australia

autobiografa

autobiography

autobs

bus

autocar

bus, coach

autoestima

self-esteem

autoestop

hitch-hiking

autoevaluacin

self-evaluation

autgrafo

autograph

automvil
autor

m
m

car
author

avance

advance

avanzar

to advance

avaro

mean

ave

bird

avenida

avenue

aventura

adventure

aventurero

adventurer

averiguar

to guess, find out

avinagrarse

to turn sour, embitter

avin

avisar

to warn, to inform

ayer
ayuda

airplane
yesterday

help

ayudar

to help

ayunas

on an empty stomach

ayuntamiento

town hall

azafata

flight attendant

azotar

whip, flog

azteca

Aztec

azcar

sugar

azcar de caa

sugar cane

azul

blue

bacalao

cod

bachillerato

sixth form exam

bailar

to dance

bailarn

dancer

baile

dance

bajar

get off

bajo cero

below zero

balcn

balcony

ballet

ballet

balneario

spa

baln

ball

baloncesto

basketball

baarse

to go for a swim

banco

bank

baera

baista

bath (tub)
bather

bao de sol

sunbathe

bar

bar

baraja

deck (of cards)

barato

cheap

barba

beard

barbilla

chin

barco

boat

barco de vapor

steam boat

barquillo

wafer, cornet

barrer

to sweep

barriga

belly

barrio

quarter/suburb

basarse

to be based on

bsico

basic

bastante

enough, quite a bit

bastar

to be enough

basto

coarse

bastn

stick

basura

rubbish

batalla

batera
batidora

f
f

battle
battery
liquidizer

bautizar

to baptize, christen

beber

to drink

bebida

drink

beicon

bacon

Blgica

Belgium

blico

warlike

Belladurmiente

Sleeping Beauty

Bellas Artes

Fine Arts

belleza

beauty

bendecir
beneficiar

to bless
to benefit from

besar

to kiss

beso

kiss

biblia

bible

biblioteca

library

bicicleta

bicycle

bien

well, good

bigote

bikini

bilinge

moustache
bikini
bilingual

billar

billiards

billete

ticket

biografa

biography

biombo

(folding) screen

biosfera

biosphere

bisagra

hinge

bisnieto

great-grandson

Blancanieves

Snow White

blanco

white
soft

blando
blusa

bobo

blouse
stupid

boca

mouth

boca del metro

metro entrance

bocacalle

side street

bocadillo

sandwich

boda

wedding

boina

beret

boletn

bulletin

bolgrafo

pen

Bolivia

Bolivia

bollo

roll

bolsa

bolsa de aseo
bolsillo

f
m

bag
wash bag

bolso

handbag

bombero

fireman

bombn

sweet, candy

bonito

pocket

pretty, nice

bono

voucher

borrador

rubber, eraser

borrar

erase

bosque

forest

bota

boots

botella

bottle

botijo

earthenware jar

botiqun

first-aid kit

botn

button

brasa

coal oven

Brasil

Brazil

brazo

arm

breve
bricolaje

short
m

brillar

do-it-yourself
to shine

brindar
brocha

to raise one's glass


brush

broma

joke

bronceado

brown
to get a suntan

broncearse
bronquitis

bronchitis

brote

outbreak

bruja

witch

brjula

compass

brusco
buen provecho

rude, rough
have a nice meal

buenas noches

good night

buenas tardes

good afternoon, evening

bueno

good

buenos das

good morning

bufanda

scarf

bullicioso

loud

bulto

lump

buque

ship, vessel

Burdeos

Bordeaux

burro

donkey

buscar

to search

butaca

seat (e.g. cinema)

buzn

post-box

cabalgata

cavalcade, procession

caballera

cavalry

caballero

Sir

caballete

table bracket, stool

caballo

horse

caber

to fit

cabeza

head

cabina

phonebox

cable

cacharros

cable
crockery, junk

cachas

strong, muscled

cada
cadena

every
chain

cadera

hips

caer

to fall

caer simptico

to be liked

caf

coffee

caf con leche

white coffee

caf solo

cafetera

espresso
coffee machine

cagada

bad mistake, (literally excrement)

cada

fall

cada del muro

fall of the (Berlin) wall

caja
cajera

f
f

box
check out girl, cashier

cajero automtico

cajn

cash-point
drawer

cajonera

chest of drawers

calabacn

courgette

calabaza

pumpkin

calamar

calamari/squid

calcetin

sock

calcular

to calculate

calefaccin

heating

calendario
calidad

m
f

calendar
quality

clido

warm

caliente

hot

calificar

to rate, qualify

California

California

caligrafa

calligraphy

callado

quiet

callarse

to shut up, stop talking

calle

street

calma

calm

calmante

calor

tranquilliser
heat

caluroso

hot

calvo

bald

calzado

footwear

calzoncillos

underwear

cama

bed

cmara
cmara de video

f
f

camera
video camera

camarero

waiter

cambiar

to change

cambiar de aires

to have a change (of scene)

cambiarse

to get changed, to change

cambio

change

camilla

stretcher

camino

way

camino de Santiago

pilgrim's trail (St James)

camin

lorry

camisa

shirt

camiseta

t-shirt

camisn

nightdress, night-shirt

campeonato

championship

campesino

peasant

camping

camping ground

campo

caa

(sports) ground
draft beer

Canad

Canada

canal

channel, canal

canap

canap

cancin

song

candidato

candidate

candil

candle

canguro

m/f babysitter

caniche

poodle

canoso

(to have) grey hair

cansado

tiring, tired

cntabro

from Cantabria

cantar

to sing

cantautor
cantidad

m
f

singer-songwriter
amount

canto

song, singing

capa

layer

capacidad

capacity

capaz

capable

Caperucita Roja

Little Red Riding Hood

capilla

chapel

capital

capricho

capital
craving, treat

caprichoso

capricious, spoilt

captar la atencin

to grab someone's attention

captura

capture

cara

face

cara (moneda)

heads (coin)

caracol

snail

carcter

character

caractersticas

characteristics

caramelo

cargador

sweetie, candy
charger
to charge up

cargar
cargo

job, responsibility

Caribe

Caribbean

carioso

affectionate

carnaval

carnival

carne

meat

carn de conducir
carnicera

m
f

driving licence
butchers

caro

expensive

carpa

tent, marquee

carpeta

carrera

file
studies, degree

carretera

road

carril

lane

carro

trolley, carriage

carroza

carriage

carta

letter

cartas

cards

cartel

poster

cartera

wallet, satchel

cartero

postman

cartn

cardboard box, cardboard

cartulina

cardboard

casa

house

casado

married

casamentero

matchmaker

casamiento

wedding, marriage

casarse

to get married

cascarrabias

m/f grumpy person

casco

helmet

casi

nearly

casi nunca

almost never

casi siempre

almost always

castellano-leons

from Castile-Leon

castigo

punishment

castillo

castle

castizo
casualidad

pure, authentic
f

cataln

coincidence
Catalan

catlogo

brochure

catedral

cathedral

categora

category

catolicismo

catholisicm

catlico

catholic

caudillo

leader

causa

reason

caverna

cave

cayo

quay/key (small island)

cazador

hunter

CC.00

Spanish union

cebolla

onion

CEE

EC

celador

attendant, monitor

celebrar

celebrate

celo

jealousy

cena

dinner

cenar
Cenicienta

to have dinner
f

centenar

Cinderella
centenary, hundred

cntimo

cent

centro

centre

centro educativo
cepillo de dientes

m
m

school
tooth brush

cerca

close to

cercano

nearby

cerda

bristle

cerdo

pig, pork

ceremonia

ceremony

cero

zero

cerrado

closed

cerrar

to close, to shut

cerro

hill

certamen

contest, exam

cerveza

beer

cesar

to stop

cesta

cesto de ropa sucia

basket
laundry basket

chal

chalet, villa

chaleco salvavidas

lifejacket

champ

shampoo

chaqueta
charcutera

f
f

jacket
cold cuts

young girl (slang)

charlar
chata

to chat

chatear
checo

to chat
Czech

chica

girl

chico

boy

chileno

from Chile

chimenea

fireplace, chimney

China

China

chino

Chinese

chocolate

chollo

chocolate
bargain, doddle

chorizo

paprika sausage

chuleta

chop

churro

long, thin waffle

cibercaf

internet caf

ciclo

cycle

ciego

blind

cielo

sky

ciencia ficcin

science fiction

Ciencias Polticas

Politics

cientfico

scientific

cierto
cierzo

certain
m

cifrar

north wind
to value

cigarro

cigar

cine

cinema

cinematografa

cinematography

cinta

tape

cintura

waist

cinturn

belt

circular

to circulate

crculo

circle

circunstancia
cirujano

f
m

circumstance
surgeon

cita

date, appointment

cita a ciegas

blind date

ciudad

city

ciudadano

citizen

civil

civil

civilizacin

claridad

claro
clase

civilization
clarity
clear

clsico

class
classic

clasificar

to classify

clausurar

to close

clavar

to stab

clave

key

clavo

nail, clove

clich

clich

cliente

client

clima

climate

climatologa

climatology

clonacin

cloning

club nutico

sailing club

cobrar

to charge, to earn

cobre

copper

coche

car

coche cama

sleeping car

cocido

stew

cocina

kitchen

cocinar

to cook

cdigo postal

postal code

codo

elbow

coger
cogidos de la mano

to take
holding hands

coherencia

coherence

cohesin

cohesion

coincidir

to coincide

cojo

lame

cola

coleccin

colectivo
colega

m collective
m/f colleague

colegiado

collegiate

colegio

school

coleta

ponytail

colgante

pendant

colgar
coliflor

queue
collection

to hang up
m

colocar

cauliflower
to place

Colombia

Columbia

colonel
colonia

m
f

colonel
perfume

color

colour

columna
coma

f
f

column
comma

combate

combat, fight

combatir

to fight

combinar

to combine

combustible

fuel

comedor

dining room

comensal

m/f diner

comentario

comment

comenzar

to start

comer

to eat

comercial
comercio

commercial
m

cometer

commerce
to commit

comida
comillas

f
f

food
inverted commas

comiln

big eater

comisara

police station

como

as, like

cmoda

chest of drawers

comodidad

comfort

cmodo

comfortable

compaginar

to juggle (jobs, lifestyles)

compaero

classmate, colleague

compaa area

airline
to compare

comparativo

comparative

comparecencia

appearance

to share
competition

comparar

compartir
competencia
complacer
complementos

to please
m

accessories

completamente

completely

completar

to complete, fill in

complicado
cmplice

complicated
m/f accomplice

componer

to compose

componerse

to compose

comportamiento

comportarse
compra

to behave
f

comprar

to understand
f

comprobar

understanding
to check

comprometerse
compromiso

shopping
to buy

comprender
comprensin

behaviour

to commit to
commitment

compulsivo

compulsive

comunicar

to reveal, to communicate

comunicativo

communicative

comunidad

community

Comunidad Autnoma

autonomous region

comunista

communist

con

with

coac

cognac

conceder

to concede

concejal

m/f councillor

concentracin

concentration

concentrarse
concepto

to concentrate
concept

concierto

concert

concluir

to conclude, end up

conclusin

conclusion

concordancia

agreement

concurso

to agree
contest

concurso de belleza

beauty contest

condesa

countess

condicin

condition

concordar

conducir

to drive

conducta

behaviour

conductor

driver
to connect

conectar

conector

connector

confeccionado

made

confeccionar
conferencia

to make
presentation, conference

Conferencia Episcopal

Episcopal Chapter

confesin

confianza

confession
trust, confidence

confirmacin

confirmation

confirmar

to confirm

conflictivo

conflictive

conflicto

conflict

conformidad
confuso

agreement
confusing

congelar

to freeze

congreso

conference

conjetura

conjugacin

conjecture
conjugation

conjuncin

conjunction

conjunto

set, joint (adj), whole

conocer

to know

conocido
conocimiento

consagrar

well known
knowledge
to establish oneself

conseguir
consejero matrimonial

to obtain, to get
marriage counsellor

consejo

advice

consentimiento

consent

conservacin

preservation, conservation

conservar

to preserve

considerar

to consider
to be about

consistir en
consolar
consorcio

to console
m

consortium

constantemente

constantly

constar

to figure, be recorded

constatar

to verify, to confirm

constipado

to have a cold

constitucin

constitution

construccin

construction

consuelo

to construct
consolation

cnsul

consul

consulta

practice

consultorio

to consult
surgery, consultancy

consumicin

beverage

construir

consultar

to consume

consumir
consumista

m/f consumerist

consumo

consumption

contabilidad

accounting

contacto

contact

contaminacin

contamination

contaminante

polluting

contar

to count

contemporneo
contenedor

contemporary
m

contener
contenido

to contain
m

contento
contestador

rubbish bin, container


content
happy

contestar

answering machine
to answer

contexto

context

continuacin

continuation

continuar

to continue

contorno

outline

contraccin

contraction

contractura

contracture

contraer

to contract

contraer matrimonio

to get married

contraer una enfermedad


contrario

to catch a disease, get ill


m

contrastar
contraste

opponent, rival
to compare, to contrast with

contratar

contrast
to hire

contratiempo

set-back, incident

control

control

controlar
convalecencia

to control
f

convencer
convencionalismo

convalescence
to convince

conveniente

traditionalism
convenient, good idea

convenir

to suit

convento

monastery

conversacin

conversation

convertir

to convert

convertirse
convivencia

to become
f

co-existence

convivir

to live together

convocar

to call together

convocatoria

coordinar

examination, call to a meeting


to coordinate

copa

drink

copeo

copia

to go out for a drink


copy

corazn

heart

corbata

tie

corcho

cork

cordero

lamb

coro

choir

corona

crown

coronel

colonel

corporal
correccin

corporal
f

correction

correcto

correct

corregir

to correct

correo

post office

correo electrnico

email

correr

to run

corresponder

to correspond

correspondiente
corrida de toros

corresponding
f

corrupto
cortar

bullfight
corrupt
to cut

cortarse
cortesa

to cut oneself, to be embarrassed


courtesy

cortijo

country estate

cortina

curtain

corto

short

cosa

thing

cosecha

harvest

costa

coast

costar
costumbre

to cost
f

cotidiano

custom
everyday

cotilla

n/f

gossip(y)

cotilleo

gossip

creacin

creation

creador

creator

crear

to create

crecer

to grow

creciente
crdito

growing
m

crdulo

credit
gullible

creer

to think, believe

crepsculo

dawn

cretino

cretin

crimen

crime

criminalidad

crime

crisis

crisis

cristal

glass

crnico

chronic

cronolgicamente

chronologically

crucifijo

crucifix

crucigrama

crossword

crudo
cruz (moneda)

crude, raw
f

cruzar
cuaderno

tails (coin)
to cross

cuadrangular

notebook
quadrangular

cuadro

scheme

cualidad

quality, skill

cualificado

qualified

cualquier

any

cuando

when

cuartel

cuarto

barracks
fourth

cuarto

quarter

cuarto de bao

bathroom

cuarto de estar

living room

Cuba

Cuba

cubano
cubata

Cuban
f

long drink

cubertera

cutlery

cubrir
cucharada

to cover
spoonful

cuchillo

knife

cuello

neck

cuentacuentos

story-teller

cuentas

sums, account

cuentista

exaggerator

cuento

story

cuerda

string

cuero

leather

cuerpo

body

cuerpo celeste

celestial body

cuervo

crow

cuestin

question

cuestionario

questionnaire

cueva

cave

cuidadano

citizen

cuidado

care

cuidador

carer, keeper

cuidar

to look after

cuidarse
culo

to look after oneself


m

behind, bottom

culpable

guilty

cultivar

to grow

culto
cultura

cultured
f

cultural

culture
cultural

culturalmente

culturally

cumpleaos

birthday

cumplido

compliment
to carry out, fulfil

cumplir
cumplir aos

it is someone's birthday

cuado

brother-in-law

cuneta

verge, ditch

cura

priest, remedy

curiosidad

curiosity

curioso

strange

curriculum vitae

CV

curro

work (slang)

cursar

to study

cursi

affected, twee

curso

course

cutis

skin (face)

D.N.I.

ID card

dama

lady

dama de honor

bridesmaid

dans

Danish

dao

harm

danza del vientre

belly dancing

dar

to give

dar importancia a

to give importance to

dar instrucciones

to give instructions

dar las gracias

to thank someone

dar una vuelta

to go for a walk, drive

darse cuenta

to realise, to notice

darse un homenaje

to give oneself a treat

drsena

dock, basin

dato

date, fact

de cine

great!

de habla hispana
de maravilla

Spanish speaking
marvellous(ly)

de miedo
de pena

great!
very ill, bad(ly)

de repente

suddenly

de vicio

wicked! (ie: great!)

debajo

underneath

deber

should
homework

deberes

debido a

because, due to

dbil

weak

debut

debut

dcada

decade

decenas
decepcin

dozens (of)
f

disappointment

decidir

to decide

decir

to say

decir
decisin

to say
f

declarar
decorado

to declare
m

decorar

stage setting
to decorate

dedicar
dedo

decision

to dedicate
m

finger

deducir

to deduce

defectuoso

defective

defender
definir

to defend
to define

degustar

to taste, try

dejar

to leave

dejar en paz

to leave alone

dejar paso
delantal

to let someone by
apron

delante

in front of

deletrear

to spell

delgado
delito

thin, slim
m

demasiado

misdemeanour, offence
too much

democrticamente

democratically

demonio

devil

demostrativo

demonstrative pronoun

denegar
dentista

to reject
m

dentro

dentist
inside

denuncia

denunciante

m/f accuser

departamento

depender

police report
department
to depend

to depend on something

depender de algo
dependiente

shop assistant

deporte

sport

deportista

m/f sportsman/sportswoman

deportivo
depsito
deprimido

sporty
m

deposit
depressed

deprisa

fast

derecha

right

derecho

right, law

derecho a voto

right to vote

derivar
derrame

to derive from
m

derrochador

spendthrift, wasteful

desabrocharse el cinturn
desacuerdo

haemorrhage
to unfasten your seatbelt

disagreement

desagradable

unpleasant

desaparecer

to disappear

desaparecido

disappeared, missing

desarollar
desastre

to develop
m

desastroso

disastrous

desayunar
desayuno

to have breakfast
m

descalzar

breakfast
to take off someone's shoes

descansar
descapotable

disaster

descolgar

to relax
convertible (car)

desconectar

to take the phone off the hook


to disconnect

desconocer

to not know

desconocido

unknown

descorts

rude, discourteous

describir

to describe

descripcin

description

descubrimiento

discovery

descubrir
descuento

to discover
m

desde aqu

discount

desde luego

from here
well, of course

desde...hasta
desear

fromto
to wish

desechar

to discard, throw away

desempear
desempeo

to play (a role)
m

desenvolverse

carrying out, fulfilment


to manage, cope

deseo
desesperado

wish
desperate

desfile

desgracia

parade, fashion show


misfortune

desgraciado

unfortunate

deshacer

to un-do

desierto

desierto
desigualdad

desert
desert

inequality

desilusin

let down
to disinfect

lack of interest

desinfectar
desinters
deslumbrar

to overwhelm

desmentir

to deny

desnudarse

to remove ones clothes

desordenado

untidy

desorganizado

disorganized

despachar

to sell, serve

despacho

despacio

slowly

despectivo
despedida de soltero

negative
f

despedirse

unclouded
m

despertar

alarm clock
to wake up

despertarse
despido

bachelor party
to say good-bye

despejado
despertador

office

to wake up
m

dismissal (from work)

despreciar

to dislike, disrespect

despus

later

despus

afterwards

destacar
destinatario

to highlight
receiver

destino

destination

destituir

to demote someone

destruir

to destroy

desvalorizarse

to be, get de-valued

desventaja

disadvantage

desventura

misfortune, bad luck

detalladamente
detalle

in detail
detail

detective

m/f detective

detener
deterioro

detain
m

deterioration

determinado

specific, certain

detrs

behind
to return

devolver
da

da y noche

day
night and day

dial

dial

dilogo

diario

dialogue
diary

dibujar

to draw

dibujar

to paint, to draw

dibujo

drawing

diccionario

dictionary

diciembre

December

dictado

dictation

dictadura

dictatorship

dictar

dictate

dieta
diettica

f
f

diet
dietetics

diferencia

difference

diferenciarse

to be different from

diferente

different

difcil

difficult

dificultad

difficulty

difunta
dgame

deceased
Hello?

dignidad

dignity

diminutivo

diminutive

diminuto

diminutive, tiny

dimisin

resignation

Dinamarca

Denmark

dinero

money

dios

God

diplomtico

diplomat

diplomatura

diploma (in)

diptongo

diphthong

diputado

member of parliament

diputado/a

m/f representative

direccin

directo

address
direct

director

director

director de cine

film director

dirigente

m/f leader, manager

disciplina

discipline

discpulo

disciple

disco

record

discoteca

discotheque

discreto

discreet

disculparse
discurso

to apologize
m

discutir
diseador

speech
to discuss

designer

disfrazarse

to dress up

disfrutar
disgustar

enjoy
to dislike

disparar

to shoot

disponibilidad
distancia

f
f

availability
distance

distincin

distinction
different

distinto
distribucin

distribution

distribuidor

distributor

distribuir

to distribute

diversidad

diversin

diversity
fun

divertido

funny, enjoyable

divertirse

to have fun

dividir
divisin

to divide
f

division

divorciado

divorced

divorciarse

to get divorced

divorciarse
divorcio
doblar

to get divorced
m

divorce
to fold, bend (over)

doble

double

doctorado

PHD (in)

documentacin

documental

identification
documentary

documento

document

dlar

dollar

doler
dolor

to hurt
m

domstico

pain
domestic

domingo

Sunday

dominio

domain, command

don de gentes

to be good with people

dormir
dormitorio

to sleep
m

dos
dos puntos

bedroom
two
two points

dosis

dose

drama

droga
ducha

f
f

drama
drug

ducharse
duda

dudar

shower
to have a shower
doubt
to doubt

dueo

owner

dulce

sweet

duracin

duration

durante

for, during

durar

to last

duro
echar

hard
to put, to add

echar un vistazo

to take a look at

echarse la siesta

to have a nap, siesta

ecolgico

ecological

ecologista

m/f ecologist

economa

econmicamente
Econmicas

economy
economically

econmico

Economics
economical

economista

m/f economist

edad

age

edificio

building

educacin

education

educar
educativo

to educate
educational

educativo

educational

efectivo
efervescente

effective
effervescent, sparkling

eficaz

efficient

Egipto

Egypt

egocntrico

egocentric

ejecutivo

selfish
executive

ejemplo

example

egosta

ejercer

to practise

ejercer de

to work as

ejercicio

exercise

elaboracin

fabrication, making

elaborar

to develop, to make

elecciones

elections

elector

voter

electricidad
elctrico

electricity
electric

electrodomstico

home appliance
elegant

elegante
elegir
elemento

to choose
m

element
to emancipate oneself, be
emancipated

embajada

embassy

embajador

ambassador

embalse

reservoir

embarazo

pregnancy

embarcacin

boat

emanciparse

emborracharse

to get drunk
to blot, scribble on, smudge

emborronar
embotellado

bottled

embutido

emigrante

m/f emigrant

emigrar

cold cuts (pork derivatives)

emisin

emigrate
broadcast

emisora

radio station

emisora de radio

radio station

emocin

emotion

emocionado

excited, touched

emocionante

exciting
soaked

empapado
empeorar
emperador

to get worse
m

empezar

emperor
to begin
empirical

emprico
emplear

to use

empleo

empresa

Empresariales

job
company
business studies

empresario

businessman

empujn

push, shove

en busca de
en cambio

looking for, in search of


by contrast

en comn

in common

en concierto

in concert

en conclusin

in conclusion

en cuanto a
en definitiva

regarding
to sum up

en doble fila

double parked

en espaol

in Spanish

en gran medida

largely

en la actualidad

today

en la vida

never in (my) whole life

en negrita

in bold

en primer lugar

firstly

en principio

generally, basically

en pblico

in public

en punto

on the dot

en realidad
en resumen

actually
to sum up

en trminos generales

generally

en total
en tu lugar

in total
in your shoes

enamorado

in love

enamorarse
enano

to fall in love
m

dwarf

encabezar

to head, to lead

encantado

delighted

encantar

to love, adore

encanto

charm

encargada

manager

encargarse

to take responsibility of/for

encender

to switch on

enchufado
enchufe

have friends in high places


plug

encima

over, above

encontrar

to find

encontrarse de frente

come face to face

encuentro

meeting

encuesta

survey

encuestador

pollster/interviewer

endemoniado

possessed

endurecer

to harden

energa solar

solar energy

enero

January

ensima vez

for the umpteenth time

enfadado
enfadarse

angry
to get angry

enfticamente

emphatically

enftico
enfermedad

emphatic
f

illness, sickness

enfermo

ill, sick

enfrentar

to bring face to face, confront

enfrente

opposite

engaar

to cheat

engredo

vain

engrosar

to thicken, to grow, to put on weight

enhorabuena
enigma

congratulation
m

enjabonar
enlace

to lather (soap)
m

enloquecer

wedding
to drive someone crazy

enorme
enredadera

mystery

enormous
f

creeper
to enrich

enriquecimiento

enrichment

ensalada

salad

enriquecer

enseguida

immediately

enseanza

ensear
ensoacin
ensuciar

teaching
to show, to teach

day dream
to get something dirty

entender

to understand

enterarse

to find out

entero

full, whole

entierro

burial, funeral

entonacin

intonation

entonar

to get in tune

entonces

so, then

entorno

surroundings

entorno social

social circle

entrada

ticket

entrar

to enter

entre

between

entre amigos
entre semana

between friends
during the week

entrega de premios

prize-giving

entregar

to hand in, over


to mix up, to mingle with

entremezclarse
entrenar
entretanto

to train
meanwhile

entretenido

entertaining

entrever

to glimpse, catch sight of

entrevista

interview

entrevista de trabajo

entrevistadora

job interview
interviewer

entusiasmo

enthusiasm

entusiasta

enthusiastic

enumeracin

numbering

envase

container, packaging

envejecer
enviar

to grow old
to send

envidiar
envo

to envy
sending
to wrap up

envolver
epgrafe

epigraph

poca

epoch

equipaje

luggage

equipo

team

equivaler

to be equivalent

era virtual

virtual age

erase una vez

once upon a time

erguido

erect, upright

errneo
error

erroneous
m

es que
es su turno

error
you see, well
it is your turn

escalar

to climb

escalera

stairs

escalope

escalope

escapar
escaparate
escayolado

to escape
m

shop window
to be in plaster

escena

scene

escepticismo

sceptisism

escptico
esclavo

sceptic
m

slave

escoger

to choose

escolar

school

esconder
escopeta

to hide
f

escribir

shotgun
to write

escritor

writer

escritorio

desk

escuchar

to listen

escuela

school

escuela pblica

state school

eslovaca

Slovakian

esnob

m/f snob

espaciador

space-bar (on a keyboard)

espacio

space

espada

spade

espalda

back

Espaa

Spain

Espaol

Ingls

espaol

Spaniard

esprrago

asparagus

especial
especialista

special
m/f specialist

especializacin

specialisation

especie

species

especificar

to specify

espectculo

show

espejo

mirror

esperanza

hope

esperanza

hope

esperanzado

encouraging

esperar

to wait

espiar

to spy

espinaca

spinach

espritu

spirit

espiritualidad

spirituality

esponja

sponge

esposa

wife

esposas

espuma de afeitar

handcuffs
shaving foam

esquema

scheme

esqu

skiing

esquiar
esquina

to ski
f

establecer

corner
to establish

establecimiento

establishment

estacin

season

estacin

ski resort

estacin de tren

train station

estadio

stadium

estado

state

estado civil

marital status

Estados Unidos

United States

estadounidense

US-American

estallar

to explode

estancia

stay

estanco

tobacco-shop

estao

tin

estanque

estantera

pond, reservoir
shelf

estar

to be

estar + gerundio

to be + ...ing

estar a ... grados

it is ... degrees

estar callado
estar de

to remain quiet
be a (temporary profession)

estar de acuerdo

to agree

estar de mal humor

to be in a bad mood

estar de moda

to be in fashion

estar en desacuerdo

to disagree

estar equivocado

to be wrong

estar harto
estar hecho polvo

to be fed up
to be exhausted

estar mal visto

not to be approved of

este

east

estereotipo

stereotype

esttico

aesthetic

estilo

style, way

estilo indirecto

indirect speech

estimar

to guess, esteem

estirar

to stretch, flex

Estocolmo

Stockholm

estmago

estornudar

stomach
to sneeze

estornudo

sneeze

estrago

havoc, ruin

estrecho
estrella

narrow
star

estresado

stressed

estresante

stressful
to lie, to have their root in

estribar
estribo

estricto

stirrup, step
strict

estrofa
estropeado

stanza, verse
broken

estructura

structure

estudiante

m/f student

estudiar

to study

estudio

studio

estudios

studies

estupefaciente

stupefying, anaesthetic, drug

estupor

stupor

etapa

period, stage

estupendo

marvellous

eterno
etiqueta

eternal
f

label

etrusco

Etruscan

euro

euro

Europa

Europe

europeo oriental

eutanasia

East European
euthanasia

evaluar
evento
evidente

to evaluate
m

event
evident

evitar

to avoid

evocar

to evoke

evolucionar

to develop

exactamente
exacto

exactly
exact

exagerado

exaggerated

exagerar

to exaggerate

exaltacin

exaltation

examen

exam

examinarse

to take an examination

excelente

excellent

excntrico

eccentric

excepto

except

exceso

excess

excitante
exclamacin

exciting
exclamation

exclusivamente

exclusively

excursin

excursion

excusa

excuse

exiliarse

to go into exile

existir
xito

to exist
m

extico
experiencia

exotic
f

explicar

experience
to explain

exponer
exposicin

success

show
f

exhibition

expresar
expresivo

to express
expressive

exquisito

exquisite

extendido
extensin

extended
f

extenso

extension
extensive

extirpado

to be removed (tumour etc)

extraeza

strangeness

extranjero

foreigner

extrao

strange

extraordinario

extraordinary

extraterrestre

m/f extra-terrestrial

extravio

extremeo

disappearance
from Extremadura

extrovertido

extrovert

fbrica

fabric

fabricacin

production, making of

fabuloso
fachada

fabulous
f

faade

fcil

easy

factura

bill

facturacin

facultad

check-in
faculty

faenar
falda

to fish
f

skirt

flico

phallic

fallecer

to die

faltar

to be missing

familia

family

familia real

royal family

familiar

family member

famoso

famous

fantasa

fantasma

fantstico

fantasy
ghost
fantastic

faran

farmacutico

farmacia

pharmacy
to mess up, annoy

annoyance, pain

fastidiar
fastidio
fatal
fauna

pharaoh
chemist

awful, horrendous
f

favorito

fauna
favourite

febrero

February

fecha

date

felicidad

happiness

felicidades

congratulations

felicitar

to congratulate

feliz

happy

fenomenal

fantastic

fenmeno
feo

phenomenon
ugly

feria

fair, market

feroz

ferocious

fertilidad

fertility

fervor

fervour

festival

festival

festivo

national holiday

fiambre

cold cut

fibra

fibre

ficha

form

fidelidad

fidelity

fiebre

fever

fiel

faithful

fiesta

fiesta familiar

party
family reunion, party

figura

figure

fijar

to fix

fijarse

pay attention

fila

file

filsofo

philosopher

fin

end

fin de semana

weekend

final

final

finalizar

finish

finalmente

finally

finanzas

finances, accounts

finca

estate, farm

fino
firma

fine
f

firmar
firme
fsica nuclear

signature
to sign

fsicamente

firm
nuclear physics
physically

fsico

physical

flamenca

flamenco dancer

flexo

angle-poise lamp

flipar

to be amazed (colloquial)

flor

flower

flora

flora

Florencia
flujo

Florence
m

fofo
fontanera

flow
flabby

forastero

plumbing
foreigner, outsider

forma de gobierno

forma de pago

type of government
method of payment

forma de vida

way of life

formal

formal

formar
frmula

to form
formula

foro

forum

forofo

fan

forrarse

to get rich

fortalecer
fortuna

to strengthen
f

forzar

luck, fortune
to force

foto

photo

fotocopiadora

photocopier

fotografa

photograph

fractura

fracture

fragmento

fragment

francs

French

Francia

France

franja

band, timetable

franquista

of Franco

frase

sentence

frecuencia

frequency

frecuente

often

fregar
fregona

to wash up
f

frer

mop
to fry

freno

brake

fresa

strawberry

fresco

fresh

frigorfico

refrigerator

frijol

kidney bean

fro
frontera

cold
f

frotar

border
to rub

fruta
frutera

f
f

fruit
greengrocers

fuego

fire

fuegos artificiales

fireworks

fuente

fountain, spring

fuera de

outside

fuera de casa

away from home

fuerte

strong

fuerzas armadas

armed forces

fumador

smoker

fumar

to smoke

funcin

function

funcionamiento

operation
to work

funcionario

state worker

fundacin

foundation

funcionar

fundamental

fundamental

fusilamiento

execution, shooting

ftbol

football

futbolista

m/f footballer

futuro

future

gafas

glasses

gafas de sol

sunglasses

galera de arte

art gallery

Galicia

Galicia

gallego

Galician

galleta

biscuit

gallina

hen

gallo

cock, rooster

gamba

prawn

ganado

cattle

ganador

winner

ganar

to win

ganarse la vida

to earn one's living

garaje

garage

garganta

throat

gas

gas

gasolina

petrol

gasolinera

petrol station
to spend

gastronoma

gastronomy

gato
gazpacho

m
m

cat
cold tomato soup

gel

liquid soap

gemelos

twins, calves

generalidad

generalisation

gastar

generalmente
gnero

generally
m

generoso
genial
gente

gender
generous
great

people

genuino
gerencia

genuine
f

gestar
gesto

to gestate, develop
m

gestual
gimnasio

management
gesture
using gestures

girar

fitness studio
to turn

gitano

gypsy

globo

globe

glteos

buttocks

gobierno

government

gobierno popular

popular government

golosina

sweetie, candy

golpe

blow, punch

golpe de estado

coup d'etat

goma

rubber

gndola

gondola

gordo

fat

goyesco

in the style of Goya

gozo

pleasure

grabacin

recording

grabar

to tape

gracias

thank you

gracioso

funny

grado

grade, level

grfico

graphic

gramtica

grammar

gramatical
gramfono

grammar
m

gran

record player
great, large

grande

big

grandes almacenes

grandes exitos

department store
greatest hits

grano

spot, pimple

grasa

grease

gratificante
gratitud

gratifying
f

gratuito

free

grave
Grecia

serious
f

griego
gripe

Greece
Greek

gris

flu
grey

gritar
grito

thankfulness

to scream
m

grueso

shout
thick

grupo

group

guante
guapo

gloves
good-looking
to keep

guardar
guardia civil

m/f civil guard

guardin

guatemalteco
guay

guardian
Guatemalan
great

gubernamental

governmental

guerra

war

Guerra Civil

Civil War

Guerra Mundial

world war

guia

guidebook

guiarse
guin

to be guided
dash

guisante

pea

guitarra

guitar

gustar

to please, be liked

gusto

pleasure

habitacin

room

habitacin

room

habitante

inhabitant

habitar
hbito

to live
m

habitual

habitual

hablador
hablante

habit
talkative

m/f speaker

hablar

to speak

hace

ago

hace aire

there's a breeze

hace color

it is hot

hace fro

it is cold

hace mucho viento

it is very windy

hace sol

the sun is shining

hacer

to do

hacer dao

to cause pain, hurt someone

hacer falta

to need

hacer gimnasia

to work out

hacer memoria

to think hard, try to remember

hacer preguntas
hacer seas

to ask questions
to make signs

hacer transbordo
hacer turismo

to transit
to go on (to be) on holiday

hala

right, come on!

hallar
hambre

to find
m

hunger

hambriento

hungry

hasta

until

hasta ahora
hasta la vista!

until now
see you around!

hasta las tantas

until very late

hasta luego

see you later

hasta pronto

see you soon

hay que

(you) have to

hechicero

sorcerer, bewitching

hecho

fact

helado

ice cream

helicptero

helicopter

herencia

herida

inheritance
wound

hermana

sister

hermanos

brothers

hermoso
hroe

beautiful, great-looking
m

hervir
hidalgo

hero
to boil

hidratante

gentry, feudal lord


moisturizer

hidrgeno

hydrogen

hierro

iron

higiene

hygiene

hija

daughter

hijo

son

hipcrita

m/f hypocrite

hiptesis

hypothesis
Hispano-American

hysteria
hysterical

history, story

hispanoamericano
histeria
histrico
historia
histrico
hogar

historic
m

home
home-body

hoguera

bonfire

hoja

sheet

hogareo

hola

hallo

Holanda

Holland

hombre
hombro

m
m

man
shoulder

homenaje

tribute
homosexual

homosexual
honesto
honra

honest
f

honrado

dignity
honoured

hora

time

horario

time table

horno

oven

horscopo

horoscope

horrible

horrible

horror

horror

hortelano
hospital

m
m

vegetable grower
hospital

hospitalario

welcoming, hospitable

hostelera

hotel management, catering

hotel

hotel

hoy

today

hueco

gap

huelga

strike

hueso

bone

huevo

egg

huir
humanidad

to run away from


f

hmedo

humanity, mankind
humid

humildad

humility, modesty

humo

smoke

humor

humour

hundimiento

sinking

hngaro

Hungarian

I.V.A.

VAT

ida

one way

ida y vuelta
idea

return trip
f

ideal

ideal

idear
identidad

idea
to run an idea by someone

identificarse

identity
to introduce oneself

ideologa

ideology

idioma

foreign language

idiota

m/f idiot

iglesia
ignorancia

f
f

igual
igualdad

same as
f

igualmente

equality
similarly, as

ilegal
ilusin

church
ignorance

illegal
f

ilusionado

excitement
excited

ilustracin

illustration

imagen

image

imaginacin

imagination

imaginar

to imagine

imaginario

imaginary

imaginativo

imaginative

imbcil

stupid

impaciente

impatient

impactante

striking

impar

odd (number)

impartir

to teach

impecable

impeccable

imperativo

imperative

imperio

empire

implacable

relentless

implantacin

implantation

implante

implant

imponer

to impose

importante

important

importar

to mind

imposibilitar

to make impossible

imposible

impossible

imprenta

printers

impresin
impresionar

impression
to impress

impresionista
impresora

impressionist
f

imprimir
impuesto

printer
to print

impulsar

tax
impel, drive forward

impunidad

impunity

inauguracin

inauguration

inaugurar

to inaugurate

incendio

fire

incertidumbre

uncertainty

incluido

included

incluir

to include

incluso

even

incompatible

incompatible

incompleto

incomplete

inconsciente

unconscious

inconveniente

disadvantage

incorporacin

inclusion, joining

incorporarse

to join (workplace)

increble

incredible

incrementar
indecisin

indeciso

to increase
indecision
undecided

indemnizacin

compensation

independencia

independency
independent

independiente
indicar

to show

indicativo

indicative

ndice

rate

indiferente

indifferent

indiscreto

indiscreet

indispensable
indisposicin

essential
f

indisposition

individual

individual

individual

individual

industrializar
inestabilidad

to industrialize
f

inexcusable
inexperto
infancia

inexcusable
novice
f

infantil
inferioridad

instability

childhood
child-like

infernal

inferiority
infernal

infestado

infested

infierno

hell

infinitivo

infinitive

infinite
influence

infinito
influencia
influir
informacin

to influence
f

informal

information
informal

informar

to inform

informtica

IT (information technology)

informtico

informativo

IT consultant/computer expert
news

infraestructura

infrastructure

ingeniero

engineer

ingenioso

ingenious

ingenuo

naive

Inglaterra

England

ingls

English

ingrato
ingrediente

ungrateful, unpleasant
ingredient

ingresar

to go into, matriculate

ingreso
inherente

inicial

entrance
inherent
initial

iniciales

initials

iniciar
inicio

to begin
start

inmaduro

immature

inmediatamente

immediately

inmediato

sudden

inmenso

enormous

inmidiatez

immediacy

inmigracin

immigration

inmigrante

m/f immigrant

inmortalizar

to be immortalized

inocencia

innocence

inodoro

toilet, loo

inolvidable
inquietud

unforgettable
f

inseguro

worry
insecure, unsafe

inslito

unusual, one-of-a-kind

insomnio

insomnia

inspeccin

inspection

inspirar

to inspire

instalacin

installation

instante

instant

instinto

instinct

instruccin

instruction

integracin

integration

inteligente
intencin

intelligent
f

intensamente
intensidad

intention
intensely

intenso

intensity
intense

intentar

to try

intento

attempt

interaccin

interaction

intercambio

exchange

inters

interest

interesante

interesting

interior

inland

interlocutor

speaker

internacional

international

internet

internet

interpretar
interrogacin

to play (a character)
interrogation

interrogativo

interrogative

interruptor

switch

intervencin

operation

intransferible

non-transferable

intriga

intrigue

introduccin
introvertido

introduction
introverted

intrusismo

quackery

intruso

intruder

inundacin

flooding

inundarse

to be flooded with

invadir

to invade

invariable

invariable

inventar

to invent

invento

invention

inventor

inventor

invernal

winter

inverosmil

unlikely, unbelievable

investidura

swearing in, investiture

investigacin

investigation

invierno

winter

invitacin

invitation

invitado

guest

to invite
injection

invitar
inyeccin
ir

to go

ir

to go
to go from one bar to another

ir de bar en bar
ir de compras

to go shopping
to go out for a few drinks

ir de copeo
iran
Irlanda

Iranian
f

irnico

ironic
irregular

irregular
irregularidad

Ireland

irregularity
to go out to bars (a club)

irse de marcha
isla

island

Islas Canarias

Canary Islands

istmo

isthmus

Italia

Italy

italiano
itinerario

Italian
m

itinerary

jabn

left
soap

jacuzzi

jacuzzi

izquierda

jams

never

jamn

ham

jamn serrano

cured ham

Japn

Japan

jarabe

Japanese
syrup

jardn

garden

jefe

boss

Jefe del Estado

jerga

Head of State
slang

jeringuilla

syringe

jeroglfico

hieroglyphics

jersey

jumper

jornalero

day labourer

japons

joven
jubilacin

young
f

retirement

jubilado

retired

jubilarse

to retire

juerga

rave up

jueves

Thursday

jugar
juguete

to play
m

juguetear

toy
to play

julio

July

junco

junk, reed

junio

June

junta militar

military junta

juntos
jurado

together
m

sworn jury

jurar

to swear

justificar

to justify

justo

right
juvenile

juvenil
juventud

youth

juzgado

registry office

kilo

kilo

kilmetro

kilometre

La Habana

Havana

laberinto

maze

labio

lip

labor

labour, job

laboratorio

laboratory

ladrador

barking
to bark

ladrar
ladrn

lgrima

thief
tear

lamentable

lamentable

lamentarse

to complain

lamentarse

to complain, to regret

lmpara

lamp

lanzamiento

launch

lpiz

pencil
long

lata

can

laureado

award-winning

lavabo

wash-basin

lavadora

washing machine

largo

lavar

to wash

lavarse los dientes

to brush ones teeth

lazo

ribbon, bow

leccin

lesson

leche

milk

lechuga

lettuce

lectura

reading

leer

to read

legal

legal

legalmente
legumbre

legally
m

lejano

pulse (vegetable group)


far off

lejos

far from

lema

slogan

lea

firewood

lengua

language

lengua extranjera

foreign language

lenguaje

language, slang

lenteja

lentil

lento

slow

leso

injured

letra

letter

letra mayscula

capital letter

letras

text

letrero

sign, notice

levantamiento

uprising

levantar

to lift, to get up

levantarse

to get up

levantino

from the Levante

leve

slight

lxico

vocabulary

ley

law

ley

law

ley seca
liado

prohibition
busy, stressed

liarse

to get caught up, in trouble

libertad

liberty

libertinaje

free-living

librera

library

libro

book

licenciarse

to get a degree in

licenciatura

degree (in)

licenciatura

honours degree (university)

lcito

licit, lawful

licor

liqueur

lder

leader

liga

league

ligar

to pull (a girl/boy)

ligero
lign

light
m

limitado

limited

limpiar
limpieza

flirt
to clean

limpio

cleanliness
clean

lindo

lovely

linea

line

lnea area

airline

linterna

lo

lantern
mess, affair

liposuccin

liposuction

liquidacin

clearance sale
liquid

lquido
liso

flat, smooth

lista

list

lista de boda
lista de la compra

f
f

wedding list
shopping-list

litera

couchette

literario
literatura

literary
f

literature

litografa

lithography

llama

flame

llamada

phone call

llamar

to call

llamarse

to be called

llave

key

llegada

arrival

llegar

to arrive

lleno

full

llevar

to wear

llevar a cabo
llevarse

to carry out
to get on with

llorar

to cry

llover

to rain

llovizna

drizzle

lluvia

lo menos posible

rain
as little as possible

lo mismo

the same

lo siento

I am sorry

lobo

local

wolf
bar

locin

lotion

loco

crazy

locucin

expression

locura

craziness

locutor

announcer, newsreader

lgica

logic

longevo

long living

los dems

lotera

the others
lottery

lucha

fight

luchar

to fight

lucir

to wear

ldico

recreational

luego

later

lufa

loofah

lugar

place

lujo

luxury

lumbago

lumbago/back

luminoso

light

luna

moon

luna de miel

honeymoon

lunes
luz

m
f

Monday
light

luz solar

sunlight

macizo

solid

madera

wood

madre

mother

madrileo

from Madrid

madrugada

dawn

madrugar

to get up early

maestro

teacher, master

magia

magic

magnolio

magnolia

magreb
maz

from the Magreb


m

corn

majo

nice

mal

badly

maleducado

rude

malentendido

misunderstanding

maleta

suitcase

malcia

malice

maltratar
malvado

to mistreat
m

mamario

villain, wicked person


mammary, breast

maana

tomorrow, morning

mancha

manchar

stain
to stain

manchego

from Castile- La Mancha

manco

one-armed

mandar
mando a distancia

send
remote control

manera

way

manga

sleeve

mana

mania

manifestacin
manifestar

demonstration
to show

mano

hand

manta

blanket

mantener

to keep

mantener correspondencia

to correspond with

manual

manual

manualidades

handicrafts

manzana

apple

manzanilla

dry sherry, camomile

mapa

map

mapamundi

world map

maqueta

pattern, draft

maquillaje

make-up

maquillarse

to put one's make up on

maquinista

m/f engine driver, engineer

mar

m/f sea

marcagoles

marcar
marco

goal-getter, striker
to mark

mareado

frame
dizzy

marido

husband

mariposa

butterfly

marisco

seafood

marketing

marketing

marrn

brown

marroquinera

leather industry, leather goods

martes

Tuesday

maruja

gossip, house-proud

marzo

March

ms

plus

ms alto

louder

ms despacio

slower

ms que

more than

masaje

massage

mascota

mascot, pet

masificado

overcrowded, oversubsribed

matar
Matemticas

to kill
Mathematics

materia

subject, material

material

material

materno

maternal
morning

matinal
matorral

bushes, thicket

matrcula

enrolment, licence plate

matricularse
matrimonio

to enroll, to register
m

Matusaln
maya

married couple
Methuselah
Maya

mayo

May

mayor

the oldest

mayordomo

butler

mayores

older people

mayora

majority

mayoritariamente

the majority (of)

mecnico

mechanic

mecha
mechero

f
m

highlight (hair)
lighter

media
medianoche

half
f

mediante

midnight
by means of

medicina

medicine

medicina

medicine

mdico

doctor

medio de transporte

means of transport

medioda

medios

noon
means

medios de comunicacin

media

medir

to measure

Mediterrneo

Mediterranean

mdium

medium

mejilln

mussel

mejor
mejorar
meln

better
m

to improve
melon

mencionar

to mention

menor

younger

menos

minus/less

menos que

less than

mensaje

mensual

message
monthly

mensualidad

monthly payment

menta

mint

mentalmente

mentally

mentir

to lie

mentira

lie

men

menu

mercado

merendar

market
to have a snack

merluza

hake

mes

month

mesa

table

mesilla de noche

bedside table

mesn
meta

m
f

inn, typical restaurant


finishing line

meter

to put in
to get involved

meterse
mtodo

method

metro

metro

mexicano

Mexican

Mxico

Mexico

mezclar

to mix

mezquita

mosque

microondas

microwave

miedo

fear

miembro

member

mientras

meanwhile

mircoles
mil

Wednesday
thousand

militancia
milln

f
m

militancy
million

mimar

to spoil so.

mmica

ministro/a

m/f minister

minuto

mirar

mimic
minute
to watch

mirn

person staring

misa

mass

mismo
misgino
misterio

same
m
m

misterioso
mitad

misogynist
mystery
mysterious

mixto

half
mixed

mobiliario

furniture

mochila

backpack

modelo

model

moderado

moderate

modernista

modernist

moderno

modern

modesto
mdulo

modest
m

molar

module
to appeal to so.

molestar

to disturb, annoy

momento

moment

monarca

monarch

monarqua

monarchy

moneda

coin

monje

monk

mono

monkey

monolinge

monolingual

montaa

montar
monumento

mountain
to set up, create

monument

moraleja

violet
moral

morcilla

blood sausage

morado

moreno
morfologa

dark-haired, brown
f

morir

morphology
to die

mostrador

counter

mota

speck, spot

mote

nickname

motivo

reason

moto

motorcycle

mvil

to move
mobile

movilidad

mobility

movimiento

movement

muchacho

lad, boy

mover

muchas veces

often

muchsimo

very much

mucho

much

mucho gusto

nice to meet you

mudo

dumb

mueble

furniture

muela

molar (tooth)

muerte
muerto

death
dead

mujer

wife, woman

mujeriego

womaniser

multiplicar

multiply

mundial

world-wide

mundo

world

mundo laboral

working world

mueca

puppet

municipio

municipality

muro

wall

musculoso

muscular

museo

museum

msica

music

msica pop

pop-music

msico

musician

muslo

thigh

musulmn

Muslim

mutuo

mutual

muy

very

nacer

to be born

nacimiento

birth

nacin

nation

nacionalidad
nada

nationality
nothing

nadar
nadie
naipes

to swim
no one
m

pack of cards

Npoles

Naples

naranja

orange

nariz

nose

narracin

narration

narrar
natacin

to narrate
f

swimming

natal

birth

nativo

native

natural de

from

naturaleza
nutico

navarro

nature
nautical
from Navarre

navegar

to surf

Navidad

Christmas

navo

boat, ship

necesario
necesidad

necessary
f

necesitar
negacin

to need
f

negar
negativa

negative
negative

negro
nervios

negation, refusal
to deny, to refuse

negativo
negociar
negocio

need

to negotiate
business
black

nerves

nervioso

nervous

neutro

neutral

nevar
nevera

to snow
fridge

nexo

nexus

ni fu ni fa

so so

ni hablar!

no way!

niebla

fog

nieto

grandson

nieve

snow

niez

childhood

ninguna vez

never

nio

child

nquel

nickel

nivel

level

no fumador

non smoker

no parar de ...

to not stop + verb

no te importa

you don't mind

noche

night

Nochebuena

Christmas Eve

Nochevieja

New Years Eve

nocin

idea

noctmbulo

sleep-walker

nocturno

night time

nombrar

to name

nombre

name

norma

rule

normalmente

normally

norte

North

nostalgia

nota

nostalgia
note, mark

notable

notable

notas

noticia de actualidad

notes
latest (breaking) news

noticias

news

novela

novel

novia

bride, girlfriend

noviazgo

engagement, relationship

noviembre

November

nube

cloud

nublado

cloudy

nuca

neck

nuevas tecnologas

new technologies

nuevo

new

numerado
nmero
nmero cardinal

numbered
m
m

nunca

number
cardinal number
never

obeso

obese

obispo

bishop

objetivo

objective

objeto

object

objeto indirecto

indirect object

obligacion

obligation

obligacin

obligation

obligar

to force, oblige

obligatorio

obligatory

obligatorio

obligatory

obra

work

obra cumbre

masterpiece

obra de teatro

play

obra maestra

masterpiece

obras

building works

obrero

workman

observar

to observe

obsesionarse
obstruccin

to be obsessed
f

obtener

obstacle
to obtain

ocasin

opportunity

Oceana

Oceania

ocio

free time, leisure

octubre

October

ocultar

to hide

ocupar

to occupy

ocuparse

to take care of something

ocurrir

to happen

odiar
oeste
oferta

to hate
m
f

oficial
oficina
ofrecer

West
offer
official

office
to offer

ofrenda sagrada

religious offence

oido

hearing

oir

to hear

or

to hear

ojal
ojo

I hope so, hopefully


m

ojo!

eye
watch out! take note!
to smell

oler
oliva

olive

olor

smell

olvidar

to forget

onrica

dream-

ONU

UN

opcin

option

pera

opera

operacin

operation

operar

to operate

opinar

to think

opinion

opinion

opinin

opinion

oportunidad

opportunity

oposicin

opposition
to decide to

optar
optimista

m/f optimist

opuesto

opposite

oracin

oracin de relativo

phrase
relative clause

orca

killer whale

orden

order

ordenador

computer

ordenador porttil

laptop

ordenar

organize

oreja

ear

organillo

barrel organ

organizar
orgullo

to organize
m

orgulloso

pride
proud

orientacin

orientation

origen

origin

original

original

oro

gold

ortografa

writing

oscuro

dark

oso

otoo

bear

oyente

autumn, fall
m/f listener

paciencia

paciente

m/f patient

padre

father

paella

typical Spanish rice dish

pagar

patience

pagar a medias

to pay
to go halves

pagar a plazos

to pay in stages

pago

payment

pas

country

pas

country

Pas Vasco

Basque Country

paisaje

countryside

paisano

countryman

pjaro

bird

paje

page

palabra

word

palacio

palace

paladar

palate

palanca

lever, handle

plido

pale

palillo

toothpick

paliza
palmadita

f
f

beating, thrashing
clap

palmas

clapping

palo
pan

m
m

stick, club
bread

pan tostado

toast

panadera

bakery

pandilla

gang

panel

board

pantalla

screen

pantalones

trousers

pantalones vaqueros
pauelo

m
m

jeans
handkerchief

Papa Noel

Father Christmas

papel

papel higinico

paper, sheet
toilet paper

papelera

waste paper basket

papelera

stationers

paperas

mumps

paquete

packet

par

even (number)

parada

stop

paradero

location, whereabouts

paradigma

paradigm

paradisaco
paraguas

paradisiacal
umbrella

paraiso

paradise

parapente
parar

paragliding
to stop

parcialmente

partly

parece que

it seems like

parecer
parecido

to seem
similar

pared

wall

pareja
parntesis

f
m

couple
brackets

pariente

m/f relative

parlamento

paro

parliament
unemployment

parque

park

parque acutico

water park

parranda

spree

prroco

parish

parte

part

parte

report, record

participar

to participate in

participio

participant

partida

game

partida de ajedrez

chess match

partido

match

pasado

past

pasado maana

the day after tomorrow

pasadoble

Spanish dance

pasaje

passage

pasajero

passenger

pasaporte

passport

pasar

to happen

pasar miedo

to be scared

pasarlo bomba

to have a great time

pasear

to go for a walk

paseo

walk

pasillo

aisle

pasin

paso

passion
step

paso del tiempo

as time goes by

pasta

cash (slang)

pastel
pastelera

m
f

pastry, cake
patisserie, bakery

pastilla

pill, tablet

pastor

shepherd

pata

leg

patas arriba

very untidy

patata

potato

patatas fritas

French fries

patinete

scooter

patio

patio

patria

mother land

payaso

clown

payo

non-gypsy

paz

peace

peatn

pedestrian

pecera

fish bowl

pecho

breast

pectorales

pectoral muscles (pecs)

peculiar
pedazo

strange
m

piece, bit

pedir

to ask for

pegar
pegarse

to stick
to fight

peinarse
peine

peladilla
pelar

pelear
pelcula

to comb
comb
sugared almond
to peel
to fight

film, movie

pelcula de vaqueros

cowboy movie

pelicula del Oeste

peligro

western movie
danger

peligroso

dangerous

pelo

pelota

hair
ball

peluca

wig

peludo

hairy

peluquera

hairdresser

peluquero

hairdresser

pena

pity

pea

fan club

pendiente

earring

Pennsula

Peninsula

pensar

to think
pensive, thoughtful

pensativo
pensin

pension

peonza

spinning top

peor
pepino

worse
cucumber

pepona

doll (paper-mch)

pequeo

small/little

pera

pear

percepcin

percha

perception
clothes hanger

perdedor

loser

perder

to lose

perdicin

ruin

prdida

prdida de tiempo

loss
waste of time

perdiz

partridge

perezoso

lazy

perfectamente

perfectly

perfecto
perfume

perfect
perfume

periferia

periphery

perfrasis

paraphrase

peridico

newspaper

periodismo

journalism

periodista

m/f journalist

permanecer
permiso

permitir

to stay
permit
to permit

pero

but

perplejidad

perplexity

perro

dog

persecucin

persecution

perseguir

to pursue, chase

persiana

window blind

persona

person

personaje

character

personal

personal

persuadir

to persuade

pertenecer

to belong to

pertenencia

belonging

perturbacin

worry, disturbed

Per

Peru

pesa

weight

pesadilla
pesado

nightmare
annoying

pesar
pescadera

to weight
fish mongers

pescado

fish

pescar

to fish

peso

weight

peticin

request

petrleo

crude oil

pez

fish

piano

piano

picarda

craftiness, naughtiness

pie

foot

pie

foot

piedra

stone

piel

skin

pierna

leg

pijama

pyjamas

pila

kitchen sink

pila

battery

piloto

pilot, driver

pimiento

pepper

pinchito

to click
snack, tapa

pintalabios

lipstick

pinchar

pintar
pintor

to paint
m

pintoresco

painter
picturesque

pintura

painting

pinza

forceps, tweezers

pirmide

pyramid

pirata

pirate

Pirineo
piropo

m
m

Pyrenees
compliment

pisar

step

piscina

swimming-pool

piso

flat, apartment

pista

slope

pisto

ratatouille

pistola

pistol

pizarra

blackboard

pizza

pizza

placer

pleasure

plan

plan

plan

plancha

plan
iron

plano

map

planta

plant

planta del pie

sole of the foot

plantear

to raise (a question), suggest

plantilla

stencil

plstico

plastic

plata

silver

pltano

banana

plato

plate

playa

beach

plaza

square

plaza de toros

bullfight ring

plazo

deadline

pleistoceno

Pleistocene era (Pre-Historic)

plenamente

totally, completely

pluma

feather

plural

plural

plusmarquista

m/f record holder

poblacin

population

pobre

poor

pocas veces

rarely

poco

few, not many

poco a poco

little by little

poder

can

poderes mgicos

magic powers

poesa

poetry

poeta

poet

polmica

polemic, scandal

polica

police

poltico

politician

polivalente

versatile, multipurpose

pollo

chicken

Polo Norte

polvo

North Pole
dust

poner

to put

poner en remojo

to soak

poner fin a
poner la mesa

to end, put an end to


to lay the table

ponerse a

to start, put one's mind to

ponerse en contacto con

to contact someone

popular
popularidad

popular
f

popularity

por

multiplied by

por anticipado
por esta razn

in advance
that is why

por favor

please

por lo tanto
por mi cuenta

so, therefore
on my own

por otro parte

also

por separado
por supuesto

separately
sure

por tanto

so, therefore

por ltimo

lastly, finally

por un lado
pormenor

on one hand
m

porque
portal
portarse

detail
because

doorway, portal
to behave

portable, laptop

porttil

portavoz

m/f spokesman, spokeswoman

portera

porters lodge

Portugal

Portugal

portuges

Portuguese

poseedor

owner

posesin

possession

posesivo

possessive (quality)

posguerra

post-war

posibilidad

possibility

positivo
postal

positive
f

postcard

posterior

afterwards, a posteriori

posteriormente

later

postre

pudding, dessert

postura

posture

pozo

pool

practicar

to practise

prctico

practical

precario
precaucin
preceder

precarious
f

preceder
precepto

to precede
m

preciarse
precio

precaution
to precede

precept
to appreciate

price

precioso

beautiful, lovely

precisamente

precisely

precisar

need

preciso

exact

predecir

to predict

prediccin

prediction

preferencia

preference

prefijo

to prefer
prefix

pregunta

question

preferir

preguntar

to ask

preguntn

inquisitive, nosy

prejuicio

premio

prejudice
prize

Premio Nobel

Nobel Prize

premonitorio

premonitory

prenda de vestir

item of clothing

prensa

press

preocupacin

worry

preocuparse

to be worried

preparar

to prepare

preparar la comida

make lunch/dinner

preparativo

preparation

preparativos

preparations

preposicin

preposition

presagio

omen

presencia

presence

presenciar

to witness

presentar

to present, to introduce

presentarse

to introduce oneself

presente

presidente

m/f president

preso

prisoner
to lend

prestige

prestar
prestigio
presumir

present tense

to boast, show off

presupuesto

estimate, pro forma invoice

pretender
prima

to intend, to pretend
cousin

primavera

spring

primer plato

first course

primero
primo

first
m

principal

cousin
main

prncipe

prince

prisin

prison
private

f
m

probability
changing room

privado
probabilidad
probador
probar

to try

probar fortuna

to try one's luck

problema

problem

procedente
proceso

from
process

proceso

process

proclamar

to proclaim

producir
producto

to produce
product

producto lcteo

dairy product

profesin

profession

profesional

professional

profesor

teacher

profesora de espaol

Spanish teacher
deeply

profundamente
profundo
programa

deep
program

prohibicin

prohibition

prohibir

to prohibit

prolongado

prolonged, lengthy

prolongar
promesa

to extend
f

prometedor

promising

prometer
promocin

to promise
f

pronto
pronunciacin

promise

promotion
soon

pronunciar

pronunciation
to pronounce

propiedad

property

propina

tip

propio
proporcin
proporcionar

own
f

proportion
to bring

propuesta

protagonista

m/f protagonist

proteccin

proteger
provincia

proposal
protection
to protect

province

provisto

provided, planned

provocar

to provoke

prximo

next

proyectar

to project

proyecto
proyector

m
m

project
projector

prueba

proof, trial

prueba de amor

proof of love, love challenge

Pscologa

Psychology

psiclogo

psychologist

publicacin

publication

publicar
publicidad

to publish
f

publicity

pblico oyente

public
audience

pudor

modesty, shame

pueblo

village

puente

long weekend

puerta

door

puerta de embarque

boarding gate

puerto

moutain pass

puerto

harbour

pblico

pues

so

puesto de mando

control position

puesto de trabajo

job, post

puetazo

punch

puntilloso

perfectionist

punto cardinal

cardinal point

punto de venta
punto y coma

m
m

outlet
semi-colon

puntual

punctual

puntuar

to punctuate, mark

pupitre

desk

pureza

purity

purgatorio

purgatory

puro

cigar

que lstima

what a shame

qu pena

what a pity

qu tal est
qu tal?

how are you


how are you?

quedar

to suit (clothes)

quedar bien

to cause a good impression

quedar con alguien


quedarse

to arrange to meet someone


to stay

quedarse a la zaga

to lag behind

quejarse

to complain

quejica

whiney, moaner

quemado

burnt

quemarse

to get burnt

querer
queso

to want
m

quieto

stopped, quiet

quinto
quiosco

fifth
m

quitar

kiosk
to take away

quizs
racin

cheese

maybe
f

racional

portion
rational

radio

radio

radiocasete

raz

tape-recorder
root

rama

branch

ramo

branch

rancho

ranch

ranura

groove, slot

rapidez

speed

rpido

fast

raptar

to kidnap

raro

strange

rascacielos

skyscraper

rasgo

characteristic

rastro

flea market

rata

rat

rato

moment

ratn

mouse

rayo

lightning

razn

reason

razonable
razonamiento

reasonable
m

razonar
reaccin

reasoning
to reason

reaccionar

reaction
to react

reajustar

to readjust

realidad

reality

realizacin

making (of)

realizar

to do

rebajas

sales

recaudador de impuestos

tax collector

recepcin
receta

f
f

reception
recipe

rechazar
rechazo

to reject
m

recibir
reciclaje

rejection
to receive

recycling

reciclarse(trabajo)

to re-train

reciente

recent

recientemente

recently

recinto

recipiente

area
container, bowl

recital

concert

reclamacon

complaint

recoger
recogida

to pick up
f

the pick up

recomendacin

recommendation

recomendar

to recommend

reconducir

to re-direct

reconstruccin

reconstruir

to reconstruct

recordar
recorrido

reconstruction
to remember

rectificar

route
to rectify

recuadro

frame

recuerdo

memory

recurso

resource

red

net

redaccin

writing

redactar

to write

reducido

reduced

reducir
referndum

to reduce
m

referendum

referirse

to refer to

reflejar

to reflect

reflexin

reflexionar
reforma

reflection
to think over

reforzar

reform
to reinforce

refrn

saying

refresco

soft drink

refugiarse en el extranjero
refugio
regalo

to go into exile
m
m

refuge
present

regaar

to scold, tell off

regar

to water

regatear
regin

to bargain
f

regirse

to be guided (by rules)

registrarse
regla

to register
f

regresar
regreso

region

rule
to come back

return

regular

regular

rehacer

to re-do

rehusar
reina

to reject
f

reincidente

queen
relapsing

Reino Unido

United Kingdom

reinstauracin

reinstate

reirse
relacin

to laugh
f

relacionar

relation
to relate

relaciones pblicas

m/f public relations

relajacin

relaxation

relajado

relaxed

relajante

relaxing

relajar

to relax

relajarse
relato

to relax
m

story, tale

relevante
religin

relevant
f

religion

religioso

religious

rellenar

to fill in

relleno

stuffed, filled

reloj

clock, watch

reloj de arena

hour-glass, egg-timer
to round off the night

remedio

remedy

remitente

sender

remolino

whirlwind, crowd

remordimiento

regret

rendimiento

performance, yield

rematar la noche

rendir

to defeat, give up

rendirse

to give up

renovable

renewable

renovar

to extend, to renovate

renunciar

to give up, relinquish

repartir

to hand out, share

repentino
repeticin

sudden
f

repetidamente

repetition
repeatedly

repetir

to repeat

repollo

reportero

representante

m/f representative

representar

cabbage
reporter

to represent

representativo

representative

reproduccin

reproduction

repblica

republic

repulsivo

repulsive

resaltado

highlighted

resaltar

to make stand out

rescatar

to rescue

resentirse

to suffer, feel the effects

reserva

reservar

to reserve

resfriado
residencia

reservation, booking
have a cold

residence

residir

to live

residual

residual

resignacin
resistir

resignation
to resist

resolver

to resolve

respectivo

respective

respecto a

regarding
to respect

respetar
respeto

respect

respiracin

breathing

respirar

to breathe

responder

to answer

responder

to answer

respuesta

answer

restaurante

restaurant

restaurar
resto

to restore
m

rest
restricted

result

restringido
resultado
resultar (fcil)
resumen

to be easy
m

resumir
retirada de efectivo

to resume
f

retirar

to retire
m

retornable
retorno

cash withdrawal
to take out

retirarse
reto

summary

challenge
returnable, reusable

retrasar

return
to delay

retrasarse

to get delayed

retraso

delay

retrato

portrait

reunin

meeting

revalorizar

to revalue

revelacin

revelation

reverencia

reverence, bow

reverso

reverse, back

revisin

revision, inspection

revisin

revision, inspection

revisor
revista

m
f

ticket inspector
magazine

revolucionario

revolutionary

rey

king

Reyes Magos

the Three Kings

rezar
rico

to pray
rich

ridculo

ridiculous

riesgo

risk

rincn

corner

rion

kidney

rinoplastia

nose job

ro

river

riojano

from La Rioja

riqueza

richness

ritmo

rhythm

ritmo de vida

lifestyle

rito

rite

ritual

ritual

rizado

curly

robar

to rob

robo

robbery

rococ

rococo

rodaje

shooting (movie)

rodear
rodilla

to be surrounded by
f

rogar

to ask

rojo
rollo
romano

knee

red
bore
Roman

romntico

romantic

romper
ron

to break
m

ronco

rum
hoarse

ropa

clothes

ropa interior

underwear

rosa

rose

rotacin

rotation

roto
rotulador

broken
m

rubio

felt tip pen


blond

rueda

wheel

ruido

noise

ruidoso

noisy

rumano

Rumanian

ruptura

break-up

ruso

Russian

ruta

route

sbado

sbana

Saturday
sheet

saber
sabor

to know
taste, flavour

sabroso

tasty

sacar

to get out from

sacar el carn de conducir

to take your driving licence

sacar una entrada

to buy a ticket

saco de dormir

sleeping bag

safari

safari

sagrado

sacred

sal

salt

sala

(conference) room

sala de espera

waiting room

salario

salary

salida

exit

salir
salmn

to leave
m

salpicado

salmon
splashed

saltar
salto

to jump
jump

salud

health

saludar
saludo

to greet
m

salvaje
salvar

greeting
wild
to save

sandalias
sanda

f
f

sandals
watermelon

Sanfermines

Fiesta in Pamplona

sangre

blood

sangra

sangria

sangunea

blood(y)

sano

healthy

saqueador

pillager

sardina

sartn

sardine
frying pan

satisfaccin

satisfaction

satisfacer

to satisfy

satisfactorio

satisfactory

sauna

sauna

secador de pelo

hair-dryer

seco

dry

secretaria

secretary

secta

sect

sector

sector

secuencia

sequence

secuestrar

to kidnap

sed

thirst

seda

silk

sede

headquarters

seducir

to seduce

seguir

to continue

seguir + gerundio

to keep on/continue + ...ing

segn

depending on

segundo

second

seguro

secure

seleccionar

to select

sello

stamp

selva

jungle

semforos

traffic light

semana

week

Semana Santa

Easter
weekly

semestre

semester

semilla

seed

seal

sign, indication

semanal

sealar
seas de identidad

to point out
f

sencillo

character traits
simple

senderismo

hiking, walking

seor

mister

seorita

miss

sensacin

sensation

sensato

sensible

sentarse
sentido

to sit down
m

sentimental
sentimiento

sentimental
m

sentir
f

separar

to separate
m

sepultar
sequa

drought
to be

sereno
serie

September
to bury

ser
ser humano

to feel
separation
to separate

separarse
septiembre

feeling
to regret

sentir
separacin

sense

human being
calm

series

seriedad

serio
serpiente

seriousness
serious

serrar

snake
to saw

servicio domstico

domestic help

servicio militar

military service

servicios

toilet

sesin

to be used for, to serve


session

sevillana

Andalusian dance

sexo

sex

shock

shock

servir

si

if

siempre

always

sierra

mountains

sierra

mountains, saw

siesta

siesta, nap

siglo

century

significado

meaning

significar

to signify

significativo
signo

significant
m

siguiente
silencio

sign
following

silencioso

silence
silent

silla

chair

silln

armchair

smbolo

symbol

similar

similar

similar

similar

simio

simptico
simultaneidad

simian
nice, friendly

synchronicity

simultneo

simultaneously

sin

without

sin blanca

penniless, broke

sin embargo

nevertheless

sin parar

without stopping

sincero

sincere

sincronizar
sindicato

synchronize
m

(trade) union

singular
total write-off

singular
siniestro total
sinnimo

synonym

sntoma

symptom

sintona

tuning

sistema

sitio

system
place

situacin

situation

situar

to place, locate

sobrar

be left over, to be too many

sobre

sobrenatural
sobrenombre

envelope
super-natural

name and origin

sobresalto

consternation

sobrina

niece

sobrino

nephew

sociable

sociable

socialista
sociedad

socialist
f

sociocultural

society
socio-cultural

sof

sofa

sol

sun

soldado

soldier

soleado
soledad

sunny
f

solemne
solemnidad

solemn
f

soler

seriousness, solemnity
to be in the habit of, usually

solicitar
solicitud

solitude

to apply for
f

application

solidario

supportive

solitario

solo

sollozo

slo

sob
only

slo

only

soltero

single

soltern

confirmed bachelor

solucin

solution
to sort out

sombra

shadow

sombrero

hat

sonmbulo

sleep-walker

solucionar

sonar

to sound

soar

to dream

soar
sonido

to dream
m

sound
to smile

soup
to blow

sonreir
sopa
soplar

to put up with

soportar
sordo
sorpresa

deaf
f

soso
sota

boring
f

suave
submarinismo

surprise

jack
soft

scuba-diving

subrayar

to underline

subterrneo

underground

subyacer

to underlie

suceder

to happen

sucesivamente

successively

sucesivo
suceso

sucio
Sudfrica

successive
event, occurrence
dirty

sudamericano

South Africa
South American

sudar

to sweat

Suecia

Sweden

suegra

Swedish
mother-in-law

suegros

parents-in-law

suelo

floor

sueo

dream

suerte

luck, fortune

sueco

suficiente

enough

sufrir

to suffer

sugerencia

sugerir

to suggest

suicidarse
Suiza

suggestion
to commit suicide

Switzerland

sumar

to add up

superar

to get over, surpass

superdotado

exceptionally gifted, genius

superior

superior

superioridad

superiority

superlativo

superlative

supermercado

supermarket

supersticin

superstition

supervivencia

survival

suponer

to suppose

suposicin

supositorio

supposition
suppository

sur

South

suspender

to fail

suspiro

sigh

sustantivo

noun

susto

shock

tabaco

tobacco

taberna

inn, bar

tabla

table

tablero

panel, board

tabln

board

tacao

mean, tight-fisted

tachar

to cross out, reject

tacn

heel

tacos

typical Mexican dish

tal

such

tal vez

maybe

talla

taller

size
where somethng gets repaired

taln

heel

tamao

size

tambin
tambor

also
m

drum

tampoco

neither

tan

so

tan como
tango

as
m

tanto, tanta
tapa
tapar

tango
so much

snack
to cover

to have tapas

tapear
tapiz

tapestry

tapn

plug, jam

taquilla

ticket office

tarntula

tarantula

tardanza

delay

tarde

late

tarea

tarifa

task
tariff

tarima

platform

tarjeta

card

tarjeta de crdito

credit card

tarta

cake

tasca

small bar

taxi

taxi

taxista

m/f taxi driver

tea

teatro

theatre

tebeo

comic

techo

ceiling

teclado

keyboard

teclear

to type

tcnica

technique

tejido

material

tela

teleadicto

material
TV addict

telebasura

trashy television shows

teledirigido

operate by remote control

telfono

telephone

telfono mvil

telenovela

mobile pone
soap opera

telespectador

TV viewer

televisin

television

televisin en color

colour TV

televisor

television

teln

theatre curtain

tema

theme

temblor

tremor, shudder

temor

fear

temperatura

temperature

templado
temporada

lukewarm
f

season

temporal

temporary

temprano

early

tender
tender la ropa

to hang up
to hang out the washing

tener

to have

tener calor

to be hot

tener cuidado
tener en cuenta

to be careful, take care


to take into consideration

tener ganas

to want to do something

tener hambre
tener mala cara

to be hungry
to not look well

tener pinta

to look as if

tener que

to have to, must

tener razn

to be right

tener sed

to be thirsty

tener sueo
teniente

to be tired
m

teirse

lieutenant
to dye

tenis

tennis

tensin

terapia

tension, pressure
therapy

tercera edad

old age

tercero
terciopelo

third
m

terco
terminacin

velvet
stubborn

terminado

ending
finished

terminar

to end

termostato

thermostat

ternera

beef

terraza

terrace

terrible

terrible

territorio

territory

terror

terror

terso

smooth, glossy

tertulia

get-together, reading group

tesis

thesis

testigo

witness

texto

text

ticket de compra

receipt

tiempo

time

tiempo libre

free-time

tienda

shop

tienda de campaa
tienda de ropa

f
f

tent
boutique, clothes shop

tierno

tender

tierra

tijeras

tmido

ground, earth
scissors
shy

tinta

dye

tinte

ink

tintero

inkwell

to

uncle
typical

tipo

kind

tiquismiquis

m/f fussy person, fuss

tpico

tirado
tirando

dead easy, dirt cheap


get(ting) along

tirar
tirita

to throw
plaster

titulacin

degree, academic qualifications

titulado
titular
toalla

m
f

with the title


title
towel

tocar

to touch

toda mi vida

all my life

todava

still

todava no

not yet

todo recto

straight on

todo, toda

all

todos, -as

all

tolerante

tolerant

tomar

to take

tomar el sol

to sunbathe

tomar notas

to take notes

tomate

tomato

tonalidad

tone

tono

tone

tontera

stupid thing

tonto

stupid

tpico

stereotype

torero

bullfighter

tormenta

storm

tornillo

screwdriver

toro

bull

torre

tower

tortilla

tortilla

tortuga

tortoise

tos

cough

tos ferina

whooping cough

toser

to cough

tostada

toast

traba

bond, hindrance

trabajador

worker

trabajar

to work

trabajo

work

tradicin

tradition

tradicional
traduccin

traditional
f

translation

traducir

to translate

traer

to bring

trfico

traffic

tragedia

tragedy

traje

suit

tramitar

to deal with, process

trampa

trap, ambush

tranquilidad

tranquillity

tranquilizar

to calm down

tranquilo
transcripcin

quiet
f

transcription

transcurrir

to happen, to pass

transformar

to transform

transicin

transition

trnsito

transit

transmisin

transmission

transmitir

to transmit

transparente

transparent

transporte

transport

trapo

cloth

tras

after

trasladar

to move

trasladarse

to move (house)

trasplantar
trastero

to transplant
junk room

trasto

piece of junk, domestic appliance

tratamiento

treatment

tratante de esclavos

slave-trader
to treat

tratar
tratarse
trato

to be about
relationship

traumatismo

traumatism

trayecto

route

trayectoria

career

trazar

draft, sketch

tren

train

tren de cercanas

local network train

tringulo

triangle

trimestre

trimester

tripa

belly, stomach

triste
tristeza

sad
f

triunfar

sadness
to triumph

triunfo

trofeo

triumph
trophy

trono

throne

tropezar

to trip

tropical

tropical

trovador
trozo

m
m

minstrel
piece

trucha

trout

trueno

thunder

tubo de escape

exhaust pipe

tuerca

nut (like a screw!)

tuerto

one-eyed
to lie down

tumbarse
tumor

tumour

tnica

tunic, robe

turco

Turkish

turismo

turno

Turqua

Turkey
to be on familiar terms (

tutor

tutear
tutor

tourism
shift

ubicar

to place

ltimamente

recently

ltimo

last

unicamente

only
unique

nico
unidad

unit

unin

union

Unin Europea

European Union
to bring together

universidad

university

universitario

university student

unir

urbe

urgente
Uruguay

city
urgent

usar

Uruguay
to use

uso

use

usuario

user

utensilio

utensil

til

useful

utilizar

to use

uva

grape

vaca

cow

vacaciones

holidays

vaco

empty

vago

lazy

vaguear

to idle, loaf around

vajilla

vale

dinner service
o.k

valenta

bravery

valer
validez

to be worth
f

valiente

validity
brave

valioso

worthy

valle

valley

valor

value

valoracin
valorar

evaluation
to value, to evaluate

variado

varied

variar

to vary

varias veces
variedad

several times
variety

variz

varicose veins

vaso

manly, virile
glass

Vaticano

Vatican

vecino

oh my god!
neighbour

vehculo

vehicle

varonil

vaya por Dios!

velar

to mourn someone

vencer
venda

Venecia

to beat, defeat
bandage
Venice

veneno

poison, venom

Venezuela

Venezuela

venir

to come

ventaja

advantage

ventana

window

ventanilla

window seat

ventas

sales

ver

to see

ver

to see

ver la tele

to watch TV

verano

summer

verbena

open air party with a band

verbo

verb

verbo reflexivo

reflexive verb

verdad

truth

verde

green

verdugo

tyrant, executioner

verdura

vegetable

vergenza

shame, disgrace

verificar

verify, check

versin

version

vertido

dump

vestido

dress

vestirse

to get dressed

Veterinaria

Veterinary Science

vez

time

va

railway line

viaducto

very long weekend

viajar

to travel

viaje

trip

viaje de ensueo

dream holiday

viaje de negocios

business trip

viajero

traveller

victima

victim

victoria

victory

vida

life

vida nocturna
video

f
m

nightlife
video

video musical

music videos

videoclub

video club

viejo

old

viento

wind

viernes

Friday

viga

beam, rafter

vigilar
vinagre

to watch
vinegar

vino

wine

violencia

violence

violento

violent

virginidad

virginity

visado

visa

visin

vision

visita
visitar

visit
to visit

vista panormica

panoramic view

vistazo

glance

viuda

widow

vivienda

house, dwelling

vivir
vocal

to live
m

volar

vocal, vowel
to fly

volcn

volcano

volumen

volume

volver

go/come back

volver a + infinitivo

to do something again

volverse loco
vmito

to go mad
m

to be sick, vomit

votacin

votar

voting
to vote

voto

vote

voz

voice

vuelo

flight

xenfobo

xenophobic

and

ya

already

yerno

son-in-law

yoga

yoga

yogur

yoghurt

zanahoria

carrot

zapatero

cobbler, shoemaker

zapato

zapping

shoe
channel-hopping

zarpar

to set sail

zoco

souk

zona

zone

zona

zone

zona central

zona peatonal

centre
pedestrian zone

zoolgico

zoo

zorro

fox

zueco

clog

zumo de frutas

fruit juice

zurdo

left-handed