Anda di halaman 1dari 16

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and

Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)
7.5

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

85 of 217

Auxiliary Boiler
Various designs, models and maker of boilers are being used on ships. Boilers are
pressured vessel used to generate steam for various purposes such as steam
heating for fuel oil, hot water, etc.
Boilers are mainly classified into two, namely:
a. Fire Tube Boiler
Fire tube boiler designs are that the exhaust gases are passes thru the tubes.
The tubes are surrounded of water and are arranged inside the drum. The heat
passes through the tubes, heated the water in the drum that cause to generate
steam. This type of boiler is mainly applicable to all ships that do not require a
large amount of steam.
Fig. 7.5-1 Fire Tube Boiler

TO
CHIMNEY

FIRE TUBES
STEAM & WATER
DRUM

BURNER SET
PLATE
FURNACE

MUDHOLE

REFRACTORY
MATERIALS

b. Water Tube Boiler


Water tube boilers are waters passes thru the tubes and heat passes to row of
tubes to produce steam. Mainly apply to large ships that require fast and efficient

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

86 of 217

steam generation. These boilers can generate high steam pressure at less
double the time of fire tube boilers.
Fig.7.5-2 Water Tube Boiler

STEAM & WATER


DRUM

STAY BAR

WATER TUBES

TO
CHIMNEY

DOWN COMER
TUBES

MANHOLE

BURNER SET
PLATE
FURNACE

MUDHOLE

REFRACTORY
MATERIALS

7.5.1. Oil Burner and Accessories


a. Rotary Cup Burner
For low pressure boilers that are commonly used onboard, the burners are
consists of rotary cup, wind-box, ignitions system and safety devices for
combustion.
The operating principle of the rotary cup burners is that the fuel oil is supplied
through a central tube, and discharges onto the inside surface of a rapidly
rotating cone. As the fuel oil moves along the cup (due to the absence of a
centripetal force) the oil film becomes progressively thinner as the circumference
of the cap increases. High speed air from primary air nozzle rotates opposite
direction of rotary cup collides into thin film oil and oil atomization is produced.
Secondary air is distributed equally by wind-box and it is supplied from the
outside of primary air nozzle for easy mixing of oil particles.

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

87 of 217

Fuel oil atomization in the main burner is done by the rotary cup and ignition of
atomized fuel and air is made by diesel oil pilot burner.
The oil pressure is relatively low and low load combustion with excess air rate
can be done.
Fig.7.5.1-1 Rotary Cup Burner Operating Principle

PRIMARY AIR FAN


A
T
O
M
I
Z
E
D

MOTOR
PRIMARY AIR

SECONDARY AIR

ROTARY CUP

FUEL OIL IN

PRIMARY AIR

PRIMARY AIR
CONTROL
REGISTER

F
U
E
L
&

SECONDARY AIR

A
I
R

AIR SUPPLY
FROM WINDBOX

b. Burner Control System


Burner control is basically controlled in two points, on/off control. In the on/off
automatic control, the ignition of the burner is based on the high/low set point of
steam pressure in the steam drum.
When at preset point of low steam pressure is detected by a pressure switch, the
signal will be given to run the burner control system, ignite the burner and
generates steam. When the steam pressure increases at preset point, a signal
from pressure switch will be given to the control system and fired off the burner.
Hence, in most of burner management control system for auxiliary boiler the
on/off with proportional control is being applied. In proportional control system, it
can vary the oil flow rate depending on the steam pressure. Two solenoid control
valves (high and low) for fuel oil line is attached and the fuel oil flow rate is
controlled by opening and closing of each valve while in operation.

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

88 of 217

Fig.7.5.1-2 On/Off Control

STOP FIRE

IGNITION
OIL FLOW

BOILER PRESSURE

Fig.7.5.1-3 On/Off with Proportional Control


IGNITION
HIGH
OIL RATE
LOW
ON

PROP. CONTROL

OFF

BOILER PRESSURE

c. Control Devices
The following are the control devices included with the burner managements
system:
i.

Flame-eye
Used to monitor the burner combustion inside the furnace and shuts-off the
system if abnormality is detected.

ii. Thermostat
Thermostat control is used to recirculate the fuel oil in the pipe line to maintain
constant temperature for combustion.
During stand-by, when the fuel oil low temperature is detected by the thermostat,
it will send signal to the control system to start the pump for fuel oil recirculation
and operate the heater to maintain the temperature at the preset setting.
The minimum temperature of fuel oil for boiler combustion is 80oC and the preset
maximum temperature for the heater to heat up and increase the temperature is
135oC.

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

89 of 217

iii. Burner Motor


Burner motor rotates the rotary cup burner in a high speed rotation to produced
atomization of the fuel oil.
iv. Oil/Air Flow Control Motor
Oil/air flow control motor is used to control the feed of the fuel oil and air into the
burner by operating a linkage to maximum rotation of the motor to 80 degrees.
Oil flow control valve and secondary air damper are connected with control motor
and it is stopped at certain position of boiler steam pressure (High or Low
combustion).
v. Main F.O. Solenoid valve
It is used to open/closed the fuel oil line to the rotary cup burner and for shutdown
of combustion into furnace when abnormality is detected.
vi. F.O. Flow Regulator
The F.O. flow regulator is used to regulate the amount of fuel oil entering into the
rotary cup burner by means of a linkage that is controlled by the oil/air flow
control motor.
vii. Air Damper
The supply of air in the furnace from the secondary fan is controlled by the oil/air
flow control motor. At initial start up, air damper opening is adjusted to a minimum
level to facilitate easy start up of flame introduced by the burner igniter to rotary
cup burner.
When combustion rate is increases, the air damper opening is also increases as
well as the supply of the fuel oil.
viii. Ignition Burner
The ignition burner is used for igniting the rotary cup burner. The diesel oil is feed
to the ignition burner, ignited by an igniter rod and when flame has introduced,
the supply of fuel oil to the rotary cup burner will be ignited.
When ignition of the ignition burner has failed, the flame eye will detect the
condition and will send signal to the main control system to shut down the whole
burner and an alarm signal to the control room.
ix. Ignition Burner Solenoid Valve
Ignition burner solenoid valve is used to open/closed the diesel oil line to the
ignition burner during flame starting.

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

90 of 217

x. Force Draft Fans


Two fans are used for this system, the primary fan which is used to the rotary cup
burner and the secondary fan for low/high combustion air.
Fig.7.5.1-4 Outline of Burner & Accessories
JUNCTION BOX
FLAME
EYE

IGNITOR BURNER
SOLENOID VALVE

IGNITOR
BURNER

BURNER MOTOR

DIESEL OIL
ROTARY CUP
BURNER
MAIN F.O.
SOLENOID VALVE

FUEL OIL

SECONDARY
VANES

F.O. FLOW
REGULATOR

OIL/AIR
CONTROL
MOTOR

AIR DAMPER
CONTROL

SECONDARY
FAN

FORCE DRAFT
FANS

PRIMARY FAN

7.5.2 Burner Operation


a. Preparation for Operation
The following items are to be inspected prior to burner operation:
i.

Inspect feed water line for boiler drum and ensure the proper supply of water with
all the control equipments are working properly.

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

91 of 217

ii. Inspect the water level of the drum and ensure that water level is within the
required minimum level.
iii. Inspect oil line and other related equipments such as supply and return line, relief
valves, etc and ensure that they are working properly.
b. Initial Operation
When the Boiler is stopped for a long period of time, the following items should
be done:
i.

ii.
iii.
iv.
v.

In case that the F.O. service tank cannot be heated, operation should be done
using diesel oil. In case the boiler is to be stopped and not to be used for a long
period of interval, the fuel line should be flushed with diesel oil while in operation
before stopping.
Take out air from fuel oil line and make sure that the tank level is reached to the
suction pipe of the fuel oil pump.
Inspect all wiring for control panel and all junction box.
Inspect and confirm the rotating direction of all the motors.
While the boiler is in cold condition, burner must be operated at low combustion.
After the boiler has warmed up (Boiler pressure is over 1kgf/cm2), then the burner
control will be switched over to high combustion.

c. Operating Procedures and Caution Items


Cautions have to be applied when the following has been observed:
i.

Burner operation is generally in automatic operation but it can also be operated


manually. Flame eye detects the flame condition during combustion and oil
burner is cut off when low water level is detected in the boiler drum, but when the
burner control is selected to Manu operation and boiler steam pressure
increases to high steam pressure burner will not be cut off, precaution shall be
applied.
ii. When ignition is done, solenoid valve switch must be on after confirmation of pilot
burner flame.
iii. In case High/Low combustion control system is used, oil control is done by
change over regardless of automatic or manual combustion control.
iv. In case of proportional control, the oil rate can be varied by turning the F.O. Flow
Control Valve by adjusting regardless of Auto or Manu operating control.
a. On Auto control, the rate is varied by steam pressure controller.
b. On Manu control, the rate is varied manually within the range of the volume
control.
v. in case of two fuel pump is attached into the system, select either no. 1 or no.2
and confirm the valves open/close in the piping system.
vi. Before putting power source to On, make sure that all switches in the control
panel is in Off position.
vii. Open all valves for oil piping so that it can be suitable to the operation. If fuel oil is
to be used, the selector switch should be F.O. and the thermostat bypass switch

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

92 of 217

should be to On position. Hence, if diesel oil is used, the selector switch should
be D.O. and the thermostat bypass switch should be to Off position.
d. Manual Operation
i.

Main source is turned On after all preparation and inspection items were
confirmed.
ii. Confirm F.O. or D.O. is used. In case diesel oil is used, oil heater switch is
Off position (F.O. Low temperature switch is cancel) and thermostat bypass
switch is On position.
iii. In case burner is High/Low combustion control, oil flow control switch is operated
at combustion position after firing at low combustion. When burner is at cold start,
oil flow control switch should be set to Manual Low position.
iv. Burner operation switch is set to Manual position and press the ignition manual
switch after lighting of ignition ready lamp (normally takes about 3 seconds for
ignition). In case of ignition fails for 5 seconds, switch of the switch and
investigate the cause.
v. After firing the ignition burner, press oil solenoid valve manual switch together
with pressing of the ignition manual switch. Release pressing of both switch after
firing the main burner.
vi. After stable combustion, select operating control for Manu. High/Manu,
Low/Auto change over made by oil flow control switch for changing load. In
case the burner is On/Off combustion control only, oil capacity is fixed.
vii. Change over from diesel oil to heavy oil is made by valve operation during oil
burning. Whenever the fuel oil is reaches more than half in the pipe line, oil
heater switch must be On position. In case oil temperature exceeds the setting
temperature value, thermostat bypass lamp will starts blinking and thermostat
bypass switch can be Off position. In change over to diesel oil, follow the
reverse procedure.
viii. For stopping of High/Low combustion control burner, the oil flow control switch is
set at Manual Low position and oil solenoid valve manual switch is pressed to
Off.
Precaution:
Make sure that the furnace is sufficiently purges with fresh air before firing (prepurge) and after firing (post purge) of the boiler to prevent backfire during manual
operation of the burner.
e. Automatic Operation
i.

initial operation procedures are same as paragraph i~ii above (manual operation).
In case fuel oil is used, oil heater switch is set to On position and burner
automatic switch is set to On position. Whenever the operating condition is met,
the burner is operated automatically by progress control.
ii. Burner automatic switch is Off position for burner stop and the burner will
stopped after completion of post purge operation. Do not cut off the main source
until completion of post purge.

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

93 of 217

iii. The sequence and timing of burner operation in automatic mode is shown in
Fig.7.5.2-1 Burner Automatic Control Operation Sequence.
.Fig.7.5.2-1 Burner Automatic Control Operation Sequence
STOP

PRE-PURGE

AUTO. COMBUSTION CONTROL

STOP FIRE

PRE-PURGE
18

STOP

STOP SIGNAL

START SIGNAL

0 3

POST PURGE

IG. TIMING
45

35 40

55

POST PURGE

NOR. RUN
55

0
T1

TIME (sec.)

10

15

30

TIME (sec.)

BURNER (F.D. FAN/F.O. PUMP/BNR. MOTOR)


AIR DAMPER OPEN SIGNAL
IGNITOR
SOLENOID VALVE
D.O. PUMP & D.O. PURGE SOLENOID VALVE

#1

T1=31 sec.
D.O. Purge tim e

FLAME-MONITOR
FLAME EYE ABNORMAL

7.5.3 Feed Water Control System


When the boiler is in operation, constant supply of feed water in relation to the rate of
steam consumption is one of the most important operations that shall be attended.
Feed water control system is consists of the feed/filter tank, feed water pump/s, and
the control valves. Commonly, there are two sets of feed waters valves attached to
the boiler water drums:
a. Main Feed Water Check Valve and Main Feed Water Stop Valve
Main feed water to the boiler water drum is supplied from the main feed water
line, from the suction of the feed water pumps up to the main feed water stop
valve. In normal condition this line is being used in supplying feed water to the
boiler water drum.
In maintaining the boiler water level, an automatic control system is commonly
used and attached to the main feed water supply line.
An automatic control system is consists of level measuring device, a controller
and a control valve, aside from the feed filter tank, pumps and valves which is
also being used in manual supply of feed water to the boiler water drum.

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

94 of 217

In automatic control system, the measuring device such as level transmitter is


used to measure the actual boiler drum water level and send feedback signal to
the controller. The signal that is receives by the controller is processed by
comparing of the feedback signal and the desired value set on the controller. The
controller after comparing the feedback signal and the desired value will make
judgment and will send command signal for opening (increasing of feed water
supply) or closing (decreasing of feed water supply) to the control valve.
The action of the control valve relies to the command signal from the controller. In
that way, the water level in the boiler water drum is maintained automatically.
When the automatic feed water control system of the boiler water drum is not
capable to maintain the water level, an alarm signal (High water Level, Low water
Level and Lowest Water Level) which is a separate devices (but sometimes
incorporated to the automatic feed control system and precautions is advised) will
be given to warn the engine room personnel of the abnormality.
b. Auxiliary Feed Water Check Valve and Auxiliary Feed Stop Valve
When abnormalities exists to the automatic feed water control system or to the
main feed water line, feed water supply can be achieved through by passing the
automatic feed control system and by opening of the auxiliary feed check valve
and feed water stop valve.
Fig.7.5.3-1 Feed Water Control System

BOILER WATER
DRUM

LEVEL TRANSMITTER
LEVEL CONTROLLER
CONTROL VALVE
FEED/FILTER TK.

MAIN FEED
VALVES

AUX. FEED
VALVES

P
FEED WATER PUMPS

7.5.4 Important Maintenance and Adjustments:


a. Rotary Cup Burner and Primary Air Nozzle Distance
In case the distance become more than 0.5 mm, atomized particles becomes
larger size and will cause carbon stick. In case the distance becomes less than 0,
fuel oil collide into the air nozzle and cause oil leakage.

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

95 of 217

Fig.7.5.4-1 Rotary Cup Burner and Primary Air Nozzle Clearance


0.5 mm 0mm

b. Ignition Burner
Adjustment of burner tip and ignition rod distance should follow the makers
standard recommended measurements.
Fig.7.5.4-2 Ignition Burner & Ignition Rod Distance

7 mm
10 mm

3~4 mm

c. Oil Flow and Air Flow Control


This system is consists of oil/air control motor, oil control valve and secondary air
damper.
The oil flow and air flow control adjustments are normally factory adjusted, but it
must be re-adjusted depend on the oil characteristics and furnace pressure
required.

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

96 of 217

Fig.7.5.4-3 F.O. and Air Flow Adjustments


(AA) LOW COMBUSTION
(BB) HIGH COMBUSTION
AIR FLOW
DAMPER
o
a
A

80o

90o

F.O. FLOW
AIR/OIL FLOW
REGULATOR CONTROL MOTOR

Ao
o

FULLY CLOSED
AT MIN. COMBUSTION

MAX. COMBUSTION

When carrying out adjustment of this device, the oil pressure and temperature
must be confirmed as per specification sheet of the maker. The specification
sheet describes the required parameters in proper combustion adjustments.
When the oil pressure and temperature becomes in normal condition, boiler
should be fired at low combustion. Air damper adjustment can be carried out by
measuring the oxygen content of the flue gases in the smoke stack and the flame
condition in the furnace.
When air adjustments is to be carried out based on the exhaust gas condition, air
damper is adjusted 2 or 3 degrees opening interval. In case that the supply of air
to the burner is excessive, white smokes will comes out from the boiler funnel.
Hence, when less air supply to the burner black smoke will be observed.
Oil flow adjustments at high combustion must be confirmed by gradual increasing
of the burner load and air damper adjustment should also be carried out and
recorded.
When oil/air flow adjustments have completed while the burner is in combustion,
the burner shall be stopped temporarily and adjustments in the oil/air flow control
motor should be carried out.
Linkages for oil and air control valve shall be adjusted in relation to motor rotation
from opening angle of low combustion to high combustion.
When the movement is too large, rod end (b) must be moved to A side. When the
movement is to small, rod end must be moved to B side. This adjustment is

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

97 of 217

carried out by turning the turnbuckle of (a) and rod end of (b) and when
completed, the burner must be fired again and confirm the proper adjustment.
Oil flow is adjusted from low to high combustion by the performance of the air
damper.
d. Boiler Water and Feed Water Sampling, Analysis and Treatment
With the boiler in service, it is recommended that water sampling and analysis for
feed water and boiler should be carried out at least once a day. Appropriate
measures for qualitative control must be taken thoroughly.
When sampling of boiler water, care is to be exercised so as to take sample that
truly represents the boiler water. For example; cleaning the sample bottle of boiler
water twice or thrice before collecting the sample boiler water.
Feed water and boiler water are thoroughly and carefully analyzed using
appropriate analysis equipment and in accordance to the procedures stated on it.
Every effort is to be made to control the feed water and boiler water qualities in
accordance to its parameter (oxygen, ph, chloride, etc.) by chemical treatments.
The following are the common requirements for ships boiler as regards to the
control of feed water and boiler water impurities:
i.

Feed Water

a. Oxygen : The oxygen of feed water is to be controlled to below 0.1 ppm.


b. pH
: The recommended pH value is 7.0 to 9.0. For the pH control purpose,
however, it is recommended that the target be set to 10.5 to 11.0.
ii. Boiler Water
a. pH
: pH required to be controlled to 10.5 to 11.0.
b. Salt
:The salt content of the boiler water (as Chloride) requires to be
controlled to 100 ppm as far as below possible, preferably below 50 ppm.
c. Dissolved Solids : Dissolved solids in boiler water require to be controlled to 700
ppm and as far as below.
d. Phosphoric acid : Phosphoric acid of boiler water (as P043-) requires to be
controlled to 5~15 ppm.
iii. Limits of Chemical Concentration
The limit of chemical concentration (Fig.7.5.4-4 Boiler & Feed Water Criteria
(Makers Recommendations)) is based on makers recommendation for ships boiler
(below 10 kgf/cm2 (1.0 MPa)).

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

98 of 217

The company has set its own standard criterias for the control limits of feed water
and boiler water which can be found in Safety Management System manual and
Chapter 10 of this hand-outs.
Fig.7.5.4-4 Boiler & Feed Water Criteria (Makers Recommendations)
Item
pH (at 25oC)
Phenolphthalein
(CaCO3)
ppm
Total
(CaCO3)

Alkalinity
Alkalinity

ppm
-

Boiler Water

Feed Water to Boiler

10.5~11.0

7.0~9.0

Max. 120

Max. 150

Chloride (Cl )

ppm

Max. 100

Total Solid

ppm

Max. 700

Excess Phosphate(PO43-)

ppm

5~15

Max. 0
Max. 0.1

Hardness (CaCO3)

ppm

Oxygen

mg/l

Hydrazine

mg/l

Note:
a. Feed water in this table means the mixture of condense and distilled water
supply into the boiler.
b. When only the exhaust gas economizer in the operation, perform the boiler
water treatment based on the results of the circulating water analysis.
c. Estimate the pH value from alkalinity tends to give pH readings varying with
silica, Ca, Mg, and other salt contents of boiler water hence is not necessarily
deemed appropriate: resort to this method only as means to obtain a rough
guide (alkalinity serves only as an auxiliary means the pH level). Also be sure
to control pH to target value while on the other hand, keeping alkalinity at the
minimum necessary level.
Limiting the P-alkalinity to within a certain range would make it possible to
inhibit the alkali corrosion even if the boiler water concentration should take
palace on the heating surface, etc.
iv. Boiler Water Analysis
Boiler water analysis should be carried out at a regular interval to measure the
chemical concentration of the boiler water and to ascertain the treatment
required.
There are different chemicals manufacturers and analysis test kit is provided to
the ships. It is better to refer to each ship analysis test kit and follow the
procedures thoroughly to get good results.

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

99 of 217

v. Boiler Water Blowdown


Blowing down boiler water by operating the blowdown valve and replenishing the
amount of water blowdown with fresh water is vital importance of reducing
concentration of boiler water to satisfactory level for operation. Also, the boiler
blowdown is just as important to discharge sludge, oily substance, and other
impurities accumulated in the boiler.
The amount of boiler water blowdown and how often the blowdown are to be
decided based on factual data, such as the results of boiler water analysis,
turbidity of sampled boiler water, etc. so that the parameter requirements of the
boiler water quality can be satisfied.
Fig.7.5.4-5 Boiler Water Level and Blowdown Valves

SURFACE
BLOWDOWN
VALVE

HIGH WATER LEVEL


NORMAL WATER LEVEL
LOW WATER LEVEL

BOTTOM
BLOWDOWN
VALVE

LOWEST WATER LEVEL

B/W BLOWDOWN
NON-RETURN VALVE
B/W BLOWDOWN
STOP VALVE

How to carry out boiler water blowdown?


a. Carry out water blows when the boiler is operating at low load condition.
b. Bring the water level up to around the HWL (high water level) before
carrying out blowdown.
c. Carry out boiler water blowdown on the surface so that the amount of water
may be reduced about 150mm in terms of height measured by the water level
gauge.
d. Bring the water level to up to around HWL again.
e. Give the water another blow at the bottom so that the amount of water maybe
reduced by about 150mm in terms of height measure by the water level
gauge.

Chapter 7 Machineries Structure and


Operating Principle
(7.5 Auxiliary Boiler)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

100 of 217

f. Make sure that the water level does not dropped to below LWL (low water
level).
Operation of the boiler blowdown valve:
a. Open the surface blowdown or bottom blowdown valve first before opening
the boiler blowdown non-return valve and overboard stop valve when carrying
out blow and vice versa when closing the valves.
b. Make sure to close all the valve when completing boiler water blows.
Note:
Use the blowdown non-return valve in regulating the rate of water blow in the
boiler drum.