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NAMA; IHSAN NURHIDAYAH

KELAS ; XTGB 1

Passive Voice dan Contoh dalam Bahasa Inggris


Post On: 23 August 2014 | By: admin
Satu lagi ketika belajar bahasa Inggris khususnya grammar, asti tidak asing dengan
pembahasan rumus passive voice dan cara merubahnya dari kalimat aktive )active
voice. Apakah kalimat passive voice bahasa Inggris itu?
Passive voice adalah bentuk kalimat dalam bahasa Ingris yang lebih menekankan
terlaksananya kegiatan atau peristiwa. Dalam pelajaran grammar and structure
passive voice dibentuk dengan cara memindah posisi SUBJECT menempati
OBJECT dan begitu sebaliknya. Namun pengertian semantiknya, OBJECT yang
awalnya adalah SUBJECT tetaplah pihak yang melaksanakan atau melakukan
kegiatan tersebut.
Pola Passive voice ini dipakai karena beberapa alasan dan yang paling umum
adalah writer atau speaker lebih ingin lebih menekankan pada kegiatanya dari pada
siapa yag melakukan kegiatan tersebut. Model kalimat passive voice ini lebih
sering kita jumpai dalam penulisan news item text, berita-berita dalam bahasa
Inggris.

Pada screeshot diatas, jelas dinyatakan bahwa rumus passive voice itu terbentuk
dengan keharusan menggunakan verb 3. Style kalimat passive ini sering digunakan
dalam interaksi dan penulisan kalimat sehari-hari. Coba lihat beberapa contoh news
item text, rata-rata sang wartawan menggunaka kalimat passive.
Rumus Passive Voice Dasar

Passive voice dalam bahasa Inggris dibentuk dengan rumus dasar sebagai berikut
Peristiwa/benda + TO BE + VERB 3 + Pelaku
Rice is eaten by me = Nasi dimakan oleh saya
Book are read by students = Buku dibaca oleh murid-murid
I am asked by strangers = Saya ditanya oleh oleh beberapa orang asing
Rumus dasar passive voice seperti diatas akan selalu menyesuaikan dengan tenses
yang dipakai.
Rumus Passive Voice Dalam 16 Tenses
Berikut adalah rumus passive voice dalam 16 tenses lengkap disertai dengan asal
kalimat active voice nya

N
o

Tenses

Present Simple
Tense

Present
Continuous
Tense

Present Perfect
Tense

Present Perfect
Continuous
Tense

Active Voice

Passive Voice

S + V1 + O

S + to be (am, are, is) + V3


+ by + O

Many people speak


English

English is spoken by many


people

S + to be (am, are, is) +


V1-ing + O

S + to be (am, are, is) +


being + V3 + by + O

Many people are speaking


English

English is being spoken by


many people

S + to be (am, are, is) +


being + V3 + by + O

S + have/has + been + V3 +
by + O

Many people have spoken


English

English has been spoken by


many people

S + have/has + been + V1ing + O

S + have/has + been +
being + V3 + by + O

Many people have been


speaking English

English has been being


spoken by many people

10

11

12

Past Simple
Tense

Past Continuous
Tense

Past Perfect
Tense

Past Perfect
Continuous
Tense

Future Simple
Tense

Future
Continuous
Tense

Future Perfect
Tense

Future Perfect
Continuous
Tense

S + V2 + O

S + to be (was, were) + V3
+ by + O

Many people spoke


English

English was spoken by


many people

S + to be (was, were) + V1ing + O

S + to be (was, were) +
being + V3 + by + O

Many people were


speaking English

English was being spoken


by many people

S + had not + V3 + O

S + had + been + V3 + by +
O

Many people had spoken


English

English had been spoken by


many people

S + had + been + V1-ing +


O

S + had + been + being +


V3 + by + O

Many people had been


speaking English

English had been being


spoken by many people

S + will not + V1 + O

S + will be + V3 + by + O

Many people will speak


English

English will be spoken by


many people

S + will + be + V1-ing + O

S + will + be + being + V3 +
by + O

Many people will be


speaking English

English will be being spoken


by many people

S + will + have + V3 + O

S + will + have + been + V3


+ by + O

Many people will have


spoken English

English will have been


spoken by many people

S + will + have + been +


V1-ing + O

S + will + have + been + V1ing + O

Many people will have


been speaking English

English will have been being


spoken by Many people

S + would + V1 + O

S + would + be + V3 + by +
O

13

Past Future
Simple Tense

Many people would speak


English

English would be spoken by


many people

14

Past Future
Continuous
Tense

S + would + be + V1-ing +
O

S + would + be + being + V3
+ by + O

Many people would be

English would be being

15

16

Past Future
Perfect Tense

Past Future
Perfect
Continuous
Tense

speaking English

spoken by many people

S + would + have + V3 + O

S + would + have + been +


V3 + by + O

Many people would have


spoken English

English would have been


spoken by many people

S + would + have + been +


V1-ing + O

S + would + have + been


+being + V3 + by + O

Many people would have


been speaking English

English would have been


being spoken by many
people

Beberapa rumus passive voice yang dibentuk dari kalimat active memang terdengar
aneh, gak umum atau tekesan terlalu bertele-tele. Dan memang tidak semua 16
tense bahasa Inggris tersebut ditemui dalam pemakaian sehari-hari. Namun begitu,
dalam artikel ini tetap dituliskan rumus passive voice untuk semua lengkap 16
tenses bahasa Inggris dalam rangkah mengantarkan pemahaman bagaimana
merubah active voice (kalimat aktif) menjadi passive