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2

The diagram shows how a seed changes after it is planted in well-watered soil.

Which characteristics of living things are demonstrated by this sequence?

growth and reproduction

growth and sensitivity

nutrition and reproduction

nutrition and sensitivity

The diagram shows the body plan of an invertebrate animal.


front

rear

To which group does the animal belong?


A

annelid

crustacean

insect

nematode

UCLES 2014

0610/11/O/N/14

3
3

The diagram shows an animal.

Use the key to identify the animal.


1

front limbs with five fingers ....................... go to 2


front limbs with four fingers ...................... go to 3

skin with spots .......................................... A


skin without spots ..................................... B

tail with fins ............................................... C


tail without fins .......................................... D

The diagram shows some cells.


cilia
cytoplasm
nucleus

Where are these cells found?


A

alimentary canal

blood

bronchial wall

plant roots

UCLES 2014

0610/11/O/N/14

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4
5

Which features are possessed by all plant cells?


a cell wall

chloroplasts

For which process is a root hair cell adapted?


A

absorption of mineral ions

support of stem

translocation of sucrose

transport of oxygen

Which processes produce a continuous space for the flow of water in xylem vessels?
break down of the
cell walls between
adjacent cells

removal of the
cytoplasm in
each cell

yes

yes

yes

no

no

yes

no

no

Which characteristics are correct for both osmosis and diffusion?


require a partially
permeable membrane

require a
concentration gradient

are energy
consuming processes

UCLES 2014

0610/11/O/N/14

5
9

Which substance is transported by haemoglobin?


A

nitrogen

oxygen

urea

water

10 What happens to most enzymes above 60 C?


A

They are denatured.

They are destroyed by white blood cells.

They are digested.

They are made more active.

11 An experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of pH on enzyme action. The graph shows
the results.

y-axis

x-axis
What are the labels for the x-axis and the y-axis?
x-axis

y-axis

pH

rate of reaction

pH

time

rate of reaction

pH

time

pH

UCLES 2014

0610/11/O/N/14

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6
12 What is the function of the anus?
A

assimilation

digestion

egestion

excretion

13 Which simple molecules are the basic units of protein?


A

amino acids

fatty acids

sugars

vitamins

14 Some liquid is collected from the xylem in the stem of a plant.


What is present in the liquid?
A

cellulose

inorganic ions

starch

sugar

15 What is a function of phloem?


A

translocation

transpiration

storage of food

support

UCLES 2014

0610/11/O/N/14

7
16 The diagram shows human blood as seen through a light microscope.
A persons blood is unable to clot.
Which component of the blood is not functioning properly?
B
C

17 The diagram shows part of the trunk of a small tree with a ring of bark removed. Removing the
ring of bark takes away phloem but leaves the xylem intact.
upper
branch

xylem

ring of bark
removed here

phloem

lower
branch

What effect will removing the bark have on the two branches?
lower branch

upper branch

growth

leaves

growth

leaves

normal

normal

normal

wilted

normal

wilted

normal

normal

reduced

normal

normal

normal

reduced

wilted

reduced

wilted

UCLES 2014

0610/11/O/N/14

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8
18 What are the products of anaerobic respiration in muscles?
A

ethanol and carbon dioxide

ethanol only

lactic acid and carbon dioxide

lactic acid only

19 The oxygen carrying capacity of the blood of smokers is less than that of non-smokers.
Which component of cigarette smoke causes this?
A

carbon monoxide

nicotine

smoke particles

tar

20 Why is yeast used in bread-making?


A

to provide carbon dioxide

to provide ethanol

to provide lactic acid

to provide oxygen

UCLES 2014

0610/11/O/N/14

2
1

Why does the energy needed by a human increase during the first ten years of life?
A

Coordination and responses improve.

Energy is needed for gamete formation.

The body is growing.

The diet is more balanced.

Which feature is characteristic of both annelids and arthropods?


A

compound eyes

jointed limbs

segmented bodies

wings

Which features do animal cells share with plant cells?


chloroplast

cytoplasm

nucleus

The diagram shows an animal.

Use the key to identify the animal.


1

wings present ........................................ go to 2


wings absent ......................................... go to 3

one pair of wings visible ........................ A


two pairs of wings visible ....................... B

three pairs of legs .................................. C


four pairs of legs .................................... D

UCLES 2014

0610/11/M/J/14

3
5

Which pair of statements about a plant cell is correct?


outer surface of the cell

position of sap vacuole

cell membrane

outside the cytoplasm

cell membrane

surrounded by the cytoplasm

cell wall

outside the cytoplasm

cell wall

surrounded by the cytoplasm

The diagram shows a cell.

Which structure is not present?


A

cell membrane

cell wall

cytoplasm

nucleus

UCLES 2014

0610/11/M/J/14

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4
7

The diagram shows a section through a root.


P
Q

What are the levels of organisation of the labelled structures?

cell

organ

tissue

Which structures contain a cell nucleus?


red blood cell

root hair cell

xylem vessel

key

= nucleus

= no nucleus

UCLES 2014

0610/11/M/J/14

5
9

The diagram shows a cell.

Which type of cell does the diagram show?


A

an animal cell in a concentrated solution of salts

an animal cell in pure water

a plant cell in a concentrated solution of salts

a plant cell in pure water

10 Two identical cylinders, 40 mm long, are cut from a potato. One (W) is placed in water and the
other (X) is placed in a concentrated sugar solution.
What are the lengths of the cylinders after two hours?
length of cylinder / mm
W

38

40

38

42

40

42

42

38

11 What is a characteristic of all catalysts?


A

They are broken down in the reaction.

They are made of protein.

They are not changed by the reaction.

They do not change the rate of the reaction.

UCLES 2014

0610/11/M/J/14

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6
12 The bar chart shows the average number of chloroplasts in each of three different types of leaf
cell.

average number
of chloroplasts
in each cell

type of cell

What are the three types of cell?


1

guard cell

palisade mesophyll
cell

spongy mesophyll
cell

palisade mesophyll
cell

spongy mesophyll
cell

guard cell

spongy mesophyll
cell

guard cell

palisade mesophyll
cell

spongy mesophyll
cell

palisade mesophyll
cell

guard cell

UCLES 2014

0610/11/M/J/14

7
13 The diagram shows two food tests carried out on solution X.
test 1

test 2

biuret
solution

Benedicts
solution
red
colour

heat
solution X

purple
colour

solution X

Which nutrients are present in solution X?


A

protein and starch

protein and sugar

starch and fat

starch and sugar

14 A person has their gall bladder removed.


Which statement is correct?
A

They cannot eat carbohydrates.

They can eat fat only in small amounts.

They can eat only liquid food.

They must not eat more than one large meal a day.

15 Which blood vessel contains valves?


A

arteriole

capillary

renal artery

renal vein

UCLES 2014

0610/11/M/J/14

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8
16 When blood is flowing through a vena cava, which main blood vessel will it flow through next?
A

hepatic portal vein

hepatic vein

pulmonary artery

pulmonary vein

17 How does insulin move from the pancreas, where it is produced, to the cell where it acts?
A

along nerves

in the blood

through the digestive system

through the pancreatic duct

18 The graph shows the energy released by two animals through respiration as the external
temperature changes.
20
animal 2
15

rate of
energy released
/ arbitrary units

10
animal 1

0
0

10

20

30

40

external temperature / C

Which conclusion can be drawn from the graph?


A

Animals 1 and 2 release the least energy at 23 C.

Animal 2 always respires faster than animal 1.

As the temperature rises, respiration always increases.

The rate of respiration is the same for both animals at 23 C.

UCLES 2014

0610/11/M/J/14

50

60

9
19 The graph shows changes in the volume of air in the lungs of a person at rest, over a period of 30
seconds.
2
volume
of air in
lungs
/ dm3

1
0
0

30

time / s

Which graph shows changes in the volume of air in the lungs of the same person immediately
after they have done five minutes of vigorous exercise?

2
volume
of air in
lungs
/ dm3

2
volume
of air in
lungs
/ dm3

1
0

1
0

time / s

30

C
2
volume
of air in
lungs
/ dm3

1
0

1
0

UCLES 2014

30

2
volume
of air in
lungs
/ dm3

time / s

time / s

30

0610/11/M/J/14

time / s

30

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10
20 Four word equations are shown.
P

carbon dioxide + water glucose + oxygen

glucose + oxygen carbon dioxide + water

glucose lactic acid

glucose alcohol + carbon dioxide

What are the equations for anaerobic respiration in humans and anaerobic respiration in yeast?
anaerobic
respiration
in humans

anaerobic
respiration
in yeast

21 Which organs remove excretory products from the blood?


A

bladder and liver

bladder and lungs

kidneys and bladder

lungs and kidneys

UCLES 2014

0610/11/M/J/14