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Pt-2a

LIQUID PENETRANT TESTING LEVEL - I


GENERAL
NAME :

DATE :

Note : Encircle correct answer.


1. Which of the following is a commonly used classification for penetrant ?
a. non-ferrous penetrant.
b. Post-emulsifiable penetrant.
c. Chemical etch penetrant.
d. Non-aqueous penetrant.
2. Which one of the following conditions will affect the rate and the extent a liquid
penetrant will enter cracks, fissures and other small openings ?
a.
b.
c.
d.

the hardness of specimen being tested.


The surface condition of the specimen being tested.
The colour of the penetrant.
The conductivity of the specimen being tested.

3. The first step in conducting a PT on a surface that has been painted is to :


a.
b.
c.
d.

carefully apply the penetrant over the surface.


Completely remove the paint.
Thoroughly wash the surface with a detergent.
Wire brush the surface to roughen the smooth surface coating of paint.

4. The term used to define the period of time in which test part is covered with
penetrant is :
a. waiting time.
b. Soak time ( drain time ).
c. Penetration time ( dwell time ).
d. Bleed-in-time.
5. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic that applies to liquid penetrant
testing ?
a. this method can accurately measure the depth of the discontinuity.
b. this method can be used for on-site testing of large parts.
c. this method can be used to find shallow surface discontinuities.

d. this method can be made more or less sensitive by using different


penetrant materials.
6. Black light equipment is required when penetrant testing by the :
a.
b.
c.
d.

visible dye penetrant method.


Fluorescent penetrant method.
Non-fluorescent penetrant method.
All of the above.

7. The term used to define the tendency of certain liquids to penetrate into small
openings such as cracks or fissures is :
a.
b.
c.
d.

saturation.
Capillary action.
Blotting.
Wetting agent.

8. Excess penetrant is removed from the specimen surface :


a.
b.
c.
d.

before the application of an emulsifier.


By means of a steam cleaner.
After the required dwell time has elapsed ( passed ).
Only when water washable penetrants are used.

9. Which of the following statements below best states the danger of sand blasting
for cleaning surfaces to be penetrant tested ?
a. the discontinuities may be peened over and closed.
b. Oil contaminants may be sealed in the discontinuities.
c. The sand used in sand blasting operation may be forced into the
discontinuity.
d. The sand blasting operation may introduce discontinuities.
10. The penetrant applied to the surface of a test specimen :
a.
b.
c.
d.

seeps into discontinuities.


Is absorbed by discontinuities.
Is drawn into discontinuities by capillary action.
Is drawn into discontinuities by gravity.

11. Which of the following is an advantage of visible dye penetrant over fluorescent
penetrant ?
a. visible dye penetrants are more sensitive than fluorescent penetrants.
b. visible dye penetrants are superior in penetrating characteristics.

c. visible dye penetrants do not require black light.


d. visible dye penetrants are not toxic while fluorescent penetrants are toxic.
12. Which of the following is a true statement concerning the application of a
standard temperature penetrant to test specimen while the specimen is hot ?
a. the penetrant is likely to become entrapped in the specimen as it cools.
b. The test will be less sensitive than when the penetrant is applied on a cool
specimen.
c. There is no difference in applying penetrant to a heated specimen and a
cool specimen.
d. The penetrant may be heated to the point where some of the penetrants
constituents are driven off, causing volatile fumes and leaving a residue on
the surface.
13. When conducting a penetrant test using a fluorescent penetrant black light
equipment is required to :
a.
b.
c.
d.

aid the normal capillary action characteristics of penetrant.


Cause the penetrant to glow brilliantly.
Neutralise the excess penetrant on the surface.
Decrease the surface tension.

14. When penetrant testing the temperature of the parts should be near room
temperature. If the part is at low temperature when tested :
a.
b.
c.
d.

the penetrant may become viscous.


The penetrant may evaporate very rapidly.
The colour intensity of the penetrant may decrease.
The penetrant will tend to adhere to the surface of the part.

15. If a part to be penetrant tested is first heated to a high temperature :


a.
b.
c.
d.

the penetrant may become viscous.


the penetrant may flash or evaporate very rapidly.
the penetrant may lose some of its colour brilliance.
the penetrant will better show discontinuities.

16. Penetrants may be classified or subdivided by the method used to remove excess
penetrant. Which of the following is a proper classification in accordance with
this statement ?
a.
b.
c.
d.

non-solvent removable.
Vapour degreased.
Brush removed.
Water-washable.

17. Which of the following statement is NOT true ?


a. sand blasting is not recommended method for preparing for a penetrant
test.
b. It is not necessary to remove a film of oil from a part prior to penetrant
testing because a penetrant is basically an oil.
c. Vapour degreasing is a very good method for removing oil from the
surface of the part to be penetrant tested.
d. A voltage regulator should be used with a black light if the line voltage
fluctuates.
18. A red against white background discontinuity image is most likely to be seen
when :
a.
b.
c.
d.

dry developers are used.


Visible dye penetrant are used.
Fluorescent post-emulsification penetrants are used.
Wet developers are used.

19. Which of the following penetrant method does NOT normally require a source of
electricity to properly conduct a test ?
a.
b.
c.
d.

water-washable fluorescent penetrant method.


Post-emulsification fluorescent penetrant method.
Visible dye penetrant method.
None of the require source of electricity.

20. When using a fluorescent penetrant the actual inspection must be performed :
a.
b.
c.
d.

in brightly lighted room.


In a darkened area under a black light.
With a part at temperature between 125 deg F and 175 deg F.
Immediately after developer has been applied.