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34310 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No.

113 / Tuesday, June 14, 2005 / Rules and Regulations

For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Service, Federal Aviation airplane, as listed on Type Data Sheet
Annette L. Vietti-Cook, Administration, 901 Locust, Room 301, A16EA, the additional certification
Secretary of the Commission. Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone requirements added for the Garmin
[FR Doc. 05–11714 Filed 6–13–05; 8:45 am] (816) 329–4127. 1000, exemptions, if any; and the
BILLING CODE 7590–01–P SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The FAA special conditions adopted by this
has determined that notice and rulemaking action. The regulations that
opportunity for prior public comment were applied at a later amendment than
hereon are impracticable because these the original certification basis for the
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
procedures would significantly delay AG–5B to accommodate the Garmin
Federal Aviation Administration issuance of the design approval and G1000 EFIS include 23.1301 at
thus delivery of the affected aircraft. In amendment 20, 23.1309 at amendment
14 CFR Part 23 addition, the substance of these special 49, 23.1311 at amendment 49, 23.1322
conditions has been subject to the at amendment 43, and 23.1353 at
[Docket No. CE226, Special Condition 23– public comment process in several prior amendment 49. Further details of the
166–SC] certification basis for the installation of
instances with no substantive comments
received. The FAA, therefore, finds that the G1000 EFIS are available on request.
Special Conditions; Tiger Aircraft, EFIS
on the AG–5B; Protection of Systems good cause exists for making these Discussion
for High Intensity Radiated Fields special conditions effective upon
issuance. If the Administrator finds that the
(HIRF) applicable airworthiness standards do
Comments Invited not contain adequate or appropriate
AGENCY: Federal Aviation
Administration (FAA), DOT. Interested persons are invited to safety standards because of novel or
ACTION: Final special conditions; request submit such written data, views, or unusual design features of an airplane,
for comments. arguments, as they may desire. special conditions are prescribed under
Communications should identify the the provisions of § 21.16.
SUMMARY: These special conditions are regulatory docket or notice number and Special conditions, as appropriate, as
issued to Tiger Aircraft, 266 Pilot Way, be submitted in duplicate to the address defined in § 11.19, are issued in
Martinsburg, WV, 25401, for a change to specified above. All communications accordance with § 11.38 after public
the Type Design of the Tiger AG–5B. received on or before the closing date notice and become part of the type
This airplane will have novel and for comments will be considered by the certification basis in accordance with
unusual design features when compared Administrator. The special conditions § 21.101.
to the state of technology envisaged in may be changed in light of the Special conditions are initially
the applicable airworthiness standards. comments received. All comments applicable to the model for which they
These novel and unusual design received will be available in the Rules are issued. Should the applicant apply
features include the installation of an Docket for examination by interested for a supplemental type certificate to
electronic flight instrument system persons, both before and after the modify any other model already
(EFIS) in the form of a Garmin G1000 closing date for comments. A report included on the same type certificate to
integrated avionics system. The current summarizing each substantive public incorporate the same novel or unusual
applicable regulations do not contain contact with FAA personnel concerning design feature, the special conditions
adequate or appropriate airworthiness this rulemaking will be filed in the would also apply to the other model
standards for the protection of the docket. Commenters wishing the FAA to under the provisions of § 21.101.
systems from the effects of high acknowledge receipt of their comments Novel or Unusual Design Features
intensity radiated fields (HIRF). These submitted in response to this notice
special conditions contain the must include a self-addressed, stamped Tiger Aircraft plans to incorporate
additional safety standards that the postcard on which the following certain novel and unusual design
Administrator considers necessary to statement is made: ‘‘Comments to features into the AG–5B airplane for
establish a level of safety equivalent to Docket No. CE226.’’ The postcard will which the airworthiness standards do
the airworthiness standards applicable be date stamped and returned to the not contain adequate or appropriate
to these airplanes. commenter. safety standards for protection from the
effects of HIRF. These features include
DATES: The effective date of these Background an EFIS, which may be susceptible to
special conditions is June 3, 2005. the HIRF environment, that was not
Tiger Aircraft made application to the
Comments must be received on or envisaged by the existing regulations for
FAA for a change to the Type Design for
before July 14, 2005. this type of airplane.
the Tiger AG–5B. The AG–5B is
ADDRESSES: Comments may be mailed currently approved under TC No. Protection of Systems from High
in duplicate to: Federal Aviation A16EA. It is a single engine airplane Intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF): Recent
Administration, Regional Counsel, originally added to TC No. A16EA on advances in technology have given rise
ACE–7, Attention: Rules Docket Clerk, September 21, 1990. The proposed to the application in aircraft designs of
Docket No. CE226, Room 506, 901 modification to the AG–5B incorporates advanced electrical and electronic
Locust, Kansas City, Missouri 64106. All a novel or unusual design feature, or the systems that perform functions required
comments must be marked: Docket No. Garmin G1000 EFIS display system that for continued safe flight and landing.
CE226. Comments may be inspected in may be vulnerable to HIRF external to Due to the use of sensitive solid-state
the Rules Docket weekdays, except the airplane. advanced components in analog and
Federal holidays, between 7:30 a.m. and digital electronics circuits, these
4 p.m. Type Certification Basis advanced systems are readily responsive
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Wes Under the provisions of 14 CFR part to the transient effects of induced
Ryan, Aerospace Engineer, Standards 21, § 21.101, Tiger Aircraft must show electrical current and voltage caused by
Office (ACE–110), Small Airplane that the Tiger AG–5B aircraft meets the the HIRF. The HIRF can degrade
Directorate, Aircraft Certification original certification basis for the electronic systems performance by

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Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 113 / Tuesday, June 14, 2005 / Rules and Regulations 34311

damaging components or upsetting Field strength incorporate the same novel or unusual
system functions. Frequency (volts per meter) design feature, the special conditions
Furthermore, the HIRF environment would apply to that model as well
Peak Average
has undergone a transformation that was under the provisions of § 21.101.
not foreseen when the current 700 MHz–1 GHz ........... 700 100 Conclusion
requirements were developed. Higher 1 GHz–2 GHz ............... 2000 200
energy levels are radiated from 2 GHz–4 GHz ............... 3000 200 This action affects only certain novel
transmitters that are used for radar, 4 GHz–6 GHz ............... 3000 200 or unusual design features on one model
radio, and television. Also, the number 6 GHz–8 GHz ............... 1000 200 of airplane. It is not a rule of general
of transmitters has increased 8 GHz–12 GHz ............. 3000 300 applicability and affects only the
significantly. There is also uncertainty 12 GHz–18 GHz ........... 2000 200 applicant who applied to the FAA for
concerning the effectiveness of airframe 18 GHz–40 GHz ........... 600 200 approval of these features on the
shielding for HIRF. Furthermore, The field strengths are expressed in terms airplane.
coupling to cockpit-installed equipment of peak root-mean-square (rms) values. The substance of these special
through the cockpit window apertures is conditions has been subjected to the
or, notice and comment period in several
undefined. (2) The applicant may demonstrate by
The combined effect of the prior instances and has been derived
a system test and analysis that the without substantive change from those
technological advances in airplane electrical and electronic systems that
design and the changing environment previously issued. It is unlikely that
perform critical functions can withstand prior public comment would result in a
has resulted in an increased level of a minimum threat of 100 volts per
vulnerability of electrical and electronic significant change from the substance
meter, electrical field strength, from 10 contained herein. For this reason, and
systems required for the continued safe kHz to 18 GHz. When using this test to
flight and landing of the airplane. because a delay would significantly
show compliance with the HIRF affect the certification of the airplane,
Effective measures against the effects of requirements, no credit is given for
exposure to HIRF must be provided by which is imminent, the FAA has
signal attenuation due to installation. determined that prior public notice and
the design and installation of these A preliminary hazard analysis must
systems. The accepted maximum energy comment are unnecessary and
be performed by the applicant for impracticable, and good cause exists for
levels in which civilian airplane system approval by the FAA to identify either
installations must be capable of adopting these special conditions upon
electrical or electronic systems that issuance. The FAA is requesting
operating safely are based on surveys perform critical functions. The term
and analysis of existing radio frequency comments to allow interested persons to
‘‘critical’’ means those functions, whose submit views that may not have been
emitters. These special conditions failure would contribute to, or cause, a
require that the airplane be evaluated submitted in response to the prior
failure condition that would prevent the opportunities for comment described
under these energy levels for the continued safe flight and landing of the
protection of the electronic system and above.
airplane. The systems identified by the
its associated wiring harness. These hazard analysis that perform critical List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 23
external threat levels, which are lower functions are candidates for the
than previous required values, are Aircraft, Aviation safety, Signs and
application of HIRF requirements. A symbols.
believed to represent the worst case to system may perform both critical and
which an airplane would be exposed in non-critical functions. Primary Citation The authority citation for these
the operating environment. electronic flight display systems, and special conditions is as follows:
These special conditions require their associated components, perform
qualification of systems that perform Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113 and
critical functions such as attitude, 44701; 14 CFR 21.16 and 21.101; and 14 CFR
critical functions, as installed in aircraft, altitude, and airspeed indication. The
to the defined HIRF environment in 11.38 and 11.19.
HIRF requirements apply only to critical
paragraph 1 or, as an option to a fixed functions. The Special Conditions
value using laboratory tests, in Compliance with HIRF requirements Accordingly, pursuant to the
paragraph 2, as follows: may be demonstrated by tests, analysis, authority delegated to me by the
(1) The applicant may demonstrate models, similarity with existing Administrator, the following special
that the operation and operational systems, or any combination of these. conditions are issued as part of the type
capability of the installed electrical and Service experience alone is not certification basis for the AG–5B
electronic systems that perform critical acceptable since normal flight airplane modified by Tiger Aircraft, LLC
functions are not adversely affected operations may not include an exposure to add the Garmin G1000 EFIS system.
when the aircraft is exposed to the HIRF to the HIRF environment. Reliance on a 1. Protection of Electrical and
environment defined below: system with similar design features for Electronic Systems from High Intensity
redundancy as a means of protection Radiated Fields (HIRF). Each system
Field strength
(volts per meter) against the effects of external HIRF is that performs critical functions must be
Frequency generally insufficient since all elements designed and installed to ensure that the
Peak Average of a redundant system are likely to be operations, and operational capabilities
exposed to the fields concurrently. of these systems to perform critical
10 kHz–100 kHz ........... 50 50 functions, are not adversely affected
100 kHz–500 kHz ......... 50 50 Applicability
when the airplane is exposed to high
500 kHz–2 MHz ............ 50 50 As discussed above, these special
2 MHz–30 MHz ............. 100 100 intensity radiated electromagnetic fields
30 MHz–70 MHz ........... 50 50
conditions are applicable to the Tiger external to the airplane.
70 MHz–100 MHz ......... 50 50 Aircraft AG–5B. Should Tiger Aircraft 2. For the purpose of these special
100 MHz–200 MHz ....... 100 100 apply at a later date for a supplemental conditions, the following definition
200 MHz–400 MHz ....... 100 100 type certificate to modify any other applies: Critical Functions: Functions
400 MHz–700 MHz ....... 700 50 model on the same type certificate to whose failure would contribute to, or

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34312 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 113 / Tuesday, June 14, 2005 / Rules and Regulations

cause, a failure condition that would • Government-wide Rulemaking Web drives, or planetary gear to sun gear
prevent the continued safe flight and site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov tooth mesh failure, resulting in loss of
landing of the airplane. and follow the instructions for sending power to the rotor system and
Issued in Kansas City, Missouri on June 3, your comments electronically; subsequent loss of control of the
2005. • Mail: Docket Management Facility; helicopter.
Kim Smith, U.S. Department of Transportation, 400 We have reviewed Sikorsky Aircraft
Seventh Street SW., Nassif Building, Corporation Alert Service Bulletin
Acting Manager, Small Airplane Directorate,
Aircraft Certification Service. Room PL–401, Washington, DC 20590; (ASB) No. 92–63–001, dated April 1,
[FR Doc. 05–11669 Filed 6–13–05; 8:45 am]
• Fax: (202) 493–2251; or 2005, which describes procedures for
• Hand Delivery: Room PL–401 on removing and replacing the vespel spine
BILLING CODE 4910–13–P
the plaza level of the Nassif Building, adapter. This AD differs from the
400 Seventh Street SW., Washington, manufacturer’s ASB in that we are
DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday incorporating only the necessary portion
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
through Friday, except Federal holidays. of the Accomplishment Instructions of
Federal Aviation Administration You may get the service information the ASB and do not require returning
identified in this AD from Sikorsky the replaced parts to the manufacturer,
14 CFR Part 39 Aircraft Corporation, Attn: Manager, nor do we require providing a report to
Commercial Tech Support, 6900 Main the manufacturer.
[Docket No. FAA–2005–21373; Directorate Street, Stratford, Connecticut 06614, This unsafe condition is likely to exist
Identifier 2005–SW–13–AD; Amendment 39– phone (203) 386–3001, fax (203) 386– or develop on other helicopters of the
14119; AD 2005–12–03] 5983. same type design. Therefore, this AD is
being issued to prevent loss of
RIN 2120–AA64 Examining the Docket lubrication to the MGB, which could
Airworthiness Directives; Sikorsky You may examine the docket that cause failure of one or both engine input
contains the AD, any comments, and drives, or planetary gear to sun gear
Aircraft Corporation Model S–92A
other information on the Internet at tooth mesh failure, resulting in loss of
Helicopters
http://dms.dot.gov, or in person at the power to the rotor system and
AGENCY: Federal Aviation Docket Management System (DMS) subsequent loss of control of the
Administration, DOT. Docket Offices between 9 a.m. and 5 helicopter. This AD requires removing
ACTION: Final rule; request for p.m., Monday through Friday, except the left-hand and right-hand main
comments. Federal holidays. The Docket Office lubrication/scavenge pumps to access
(telephone (800) 647–5227) is located on the vespel spline adapters and removing
SUMMARY: This amendment adopts a the plaza level of the Department of and replacing the vespel spline adapters
new airworthiness directive (AD) for Transportation Nassif Building at the before further flight and thereafter, at
Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation (Sikorsky) street address stated in the ADDRESSES intervals not to exceed 50 hours TIS.
Model S–92A helicopters. This action section. Comments will be available in Accomplish the actions in accordance
requires replacing the main gearbox the AD docket shortly after the DMS with the ASB described previously.
(MGB) lubrication/scavenge pump receives them. The short compliance time involved
vespel spline adapters (vespel spline is required because the previously
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
adapters) before further flight, and described critical unsafe condition can
Wayne Gaulzetti, Aviation Safety adversely affect the controllability of the
thereafter, replacing them at certain Engineer, FAA, Boston Aircraft
intervals. This amendment is prompted helicopter. Therefore, the initial
Certification Office, 12 New England replacement is required before further
by a reported incident of an in-flight Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803,
loss of oil pressure. The actions flight, and the repetitive replacements
telephone (781) 238–7156, fax (781) are required at intervals not to exceed
specified in this AD are intended to 238–7170.
prevent loss of lubrication to the MGB, 50 hours TIS, both of which are very
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This short time periods, and this AD must be
which could cause failure of one or both
engine input drives, or planetary gear to amendment adopts a new AD for issued immediately.
sun gear tooth mesh failure, resulting in Sikorsky Model S–92A helicopters that Since a situation exists that requires
loss of power to the rotor system and have MGB lubrication/scavenge pump, the immediate adoption of this
subsequent loss of control of the part number (P/N) 92351–15800–101, regulation, it is found that notice and
helicopter. with vespel spline adapter, P/N opportunity for prior public comment
1584000–1, installed. This action hereon are impracticable, and that good
DATES: Effective June 29, 2005. requires, before further flight, removing cause exists for making this amendment
The incorporation by reference of the two vespel spline adapters and effective in less than 30 days.
certain publications listed in the replacing them with airworthy vespel We estimate that this AD will affect 4
regulations is approved by the Director spline adapters, and thereafter, helicopters of U.S. registry. Replacing
of the Federal Register as of June 29, replacing them at intervals not to exceed both vespel spline adapters will take
2005. 50 hours time-in-service (TIS). This approximately 3 work hours to
Comments for inclusion in the Rules amendment is prompted by a report of accomplish at an average labor rate of
Docket must be received on or before a loss of oil pressure during a flight to $65 per work hour. Required parts will
August 15, 2005. an offshore oil rig. Subsequent cost approximately $350 for each of the
ADDRESSES: Use one of the following investigation, which is continuing, two adapters, however, the
addresses to submit comments on this reveals that the vespel spline adapter manufacturer has stated that they will
AD: installed on the helicopter failed due to provide the replacement parts at no
• DOT Docket Web site: Go to excessive wear. The actions specified in charge until the end of the warranty
http://dms.dot.gov and follow the this AD are intended to prevent loss of period for the vespel spline adapter.
instructions for sending your comments lubrication to the MGB, which could Based on these figures, we estimate the
electronically; cause failure of one or both engine input total cost impact of the AD on U.S.

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