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BAULKHAM HILLS HIGH SCHOOL

Half -Yearly 2013


YEAR 12 TASK 2

Mathematics Extension 1

Total marks - 70

Exam consists of 7 pages.

General Instructions
Reading time - 5 minutes
Working time - 2 hours
Write using black or blue pen
Board-approved calculators may be used
Show all necessary working in
Questions 11-14
Marks may be deducted for careless or
badly arranged work

This paper consists of TWO sections.

Section 1- Pages 2&3 (10 marks)

Questions 1-10

Attempt Questions 1-10

Section II - Pages 4-7 (60 marks)


Attempt questions 11-14
Table of Standard Integrals is on page 8

Section 1- 10 marks
Use the multiple choice answer sheet for question 1-10

1.

The graph of y = x 2 (3 (A)

X)3

is best represented by:


(B)

~--~--------~~--~x

(C)

~--.

2.

__~--------~--~X

The acute angle to the nearest degree between the lines 3x

+ 2y = 6

and x - 4y + 2

(A) 20
3.

(D) 70

The solution to the inequality


x
.
- - < 1 IS:
2+3x
-2

(A) x ~ -1 or x ~ "3

(C) X
4.

-2

+ 6y = 0

-2

-1 or x>"3

(D)3

(B) x

+ 6y -

X)3

-3

"2 or x

-1

< x <
-2
-

at the point where x

(C) 6x - y + 1 = 0

6= 0

-1

= 0 is:

(D) x + 3y - 3

=0

The point P(x,y) is on the interval AB such that 3AP = 4PB. If A has co-ordinates (-1, 2)
and B has co-ordinates (6, -5) what are the co-ordinates of P?
(A) (2,-1)

6.

(B) x

The equation of the normal to the curve y = (eX +


(A) x

5.

= 0 is:

(C) (-22,23)

(B) (3, -2)

(D) (-27,26)

How many different arrangements of all of the letters of the word POLYNOMIAL are there if
the L's are separated?

(A) 907200

(C) 725760

(B) 181440

(D) 1451520

7.

This inverse trigonometric graph has which of the


following equations?

3n

G)
(8) Y = 3 sin- G)

(A) Y = ;sin- 1

- 21
(D) Y = 3 sin- 1 (2x)

3n
2
8.

dx
9 +4xz

(A) ; In(9

+ 4xZ) + c

(C) ~tan-l

9.

e:) +

(D)

;tan-

c:) +

(~) + c

The area between the curve y = 2 + cosx ,the x axis, x =!E and x =
Z
x axis. The volume of the solid generated is :~
(A)~

10.

(8) ;tan- 1

(8)

1C

is rotated about the

9n
4

2 ZXH dx =

(A)

2 2X+4

-z-+c

Z2X+4

(8) In 2 . 2 2XH + C

(C)

-lnZ
+c

Z2X+4

(D) -+c
ln4

End of Section 1

- _........ _ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Section II - Extended Response

Attempt questions 11-14.

Answer each question on the appropriate page in your exam booklet.

All necessary working should be shown in every question.

Question 11

(15 marks)

Marks

a)

If P(x) = ax 3 - bx 2 + 6 is a monic polynomial and when divided by x - 4 the


remainder is - 2, find a and b.

b)

(i)
(ii)

c) Find
d)

e)

Express..[3 cos x + sin x in the form A cos(x - a).


Hence or otherwise solve ..[3 cos x + sin x = 1 for 0 ~ x < 360.

2
2

f cos x sin4 x dx.

= ~4 and

90 <
a<
180 and cos b
find the exact value of sin(a + b).

If sin a

= ~5

and 0 < b < 90

LT is a tangent to the circle at C.


Prove that this tangent is parallel
toAB.

Question 12
a)

(15 marks)

The cooling rate of a body is proportional to the difference between the temperature of a
body (T) and the temperature of the surrounding medium (M).
ie. :: = k(T M)

= M + Ae kt is a solution to the above differential equation.

(i)

Show that T

(ii)

A hot metal bar of 1000 0 e when immersed in cool water of 15e for 5 minutes
cools to 800 0 e. Find the temperature of the bar after a further 10 minutes.

b)

There are 4 teams of 8 players. The players of each team are numbered 1 to 8. A
group of 6 players is to be selected from these 4 teams.
What is the probability that the group of 6 players chosen will have 4 players with
the same number?

c)

(i)

What is the largest domain containing x


inverse function?

(ii)

Sketch y

= x2 -

=4

for y

=x2 -

4x to have an

4x for this domain and its inverse function on the same set of

1
2

1
2

axes.

= [-l(X)?

(iii)

What is the domain of the inverse function y

(iv)

Find the equation of the inverse function as a function of x.

(v)

Find the point of intersection of the two curves.

(vi)

Evaluate [-1([(1)).

1
3
2

Question 13

(15 marks)

Marks

a)

Prove by mathematical induction that 7n


integer.

b)

If a, p, yare the roots of x 3


(i)

+ 3n is a multiple of 10 if n is an odd positive

5x 2 + 4x - 2 = 0, find the values of:


1
1
1

a +p +y.

ap + ay+ py.
(iii) a2 + p2 + y2.

(ii)

c)

Show the Cartesian equation for the parabola above is x 2 = 4y.


Show that the equation of the tangent at P is given by:

y = px - p2.

(iii) The tangent cuts the x axis at T and a perpendicular to this tangent is drawn
from T to cut the y axis at R.
(i)
(ii)

(I)
(II)
(III)

Show that R is the focus of the parabola.

What is the locus of M, the midpoint of RT?

Find the area of the triangle TPR in terms of p.

Question 14

a)

b)

(15 marks)

l-cos28
1+cos28

for tane

(i)

Prove tan ()

(ii)

Hence find the exact value of tan in simplified form.

Show that [ex) = x 3

+ 2x -

4 has only 1 root.


T

c)

h
N

c
60

From a point A a person notes the elevation to the top of a tower CT due north is 60,
After walking to B on a bearing of 120 he notes the angle of elevation is then 30.
(i)

If the height of the tower is h, find AC and BC in terms of h in exact form.

(ii)

Find the ratio of the distance AB to the height of the tower h.


Give your answer in exact form.

4
Find 10gb(.JXY) in terms ofm and p.

End of Exam
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