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# ASHOK LEYLAND PAPER :

## Part 1: Engineering Aptitude (50 Questions 25 Minutes)

Physics
Maths
Mechanical Engineering

Electrical Basics
Part 2: Mechanical Comprehension (50 Questions 30 Minutes)
Basic Production Engineering
Mechanical Figurative Questions
Part 3: General Aptitude (60 Questions, 30 Minutes)
Analogy
Analytical Reasoning
Verbal
Quantitative Aptitude
Figurative Puzzles
Alphabetical Puzzles
Part-1: BASED ON 11& 12 FUNDA.
Electrical circuit
Effect of addition of salt on water (related to solutions)Over turning of vehicle in circular
track (conditions of skidding, etc)
Effect of pressure on boiling
Buoyancy effect

Effect of rubbing glass with silk & rubber with_________ (nature of charge produced)
Forces on charges
Time period of pendulum
Body temperature in f, temperature common on both c &f scale
Graphite crystal structure
Part-2: BASED ON ENGINEERING FUNDA

If v=220V, I=25A, power factor=0.8, frequency=400Hz. If the motor runs for 3 hours,
what is the power consumed?
Symbol of capacitor?
Boiling point of mercury?
When salt is added to water, what happens to its freezing point?
What motor do they use in railway engines for traction?
DC Shunt motor b. DC Series motor
What motor is used for running lathe spindle?
Type of magnetic material used for small motors.
Diamagnetic

b. paramagnetic c. ferromagnetic

## What types of images do concave and convex lenses produce?

What is the speed of 3-phase induction motor?
Which gear type does not have axial thrust? Ans: Herringbone
Determinant value? Ans: 0
Which of the following is not a thermal radiation law? Ans: Lamberts law

## In which units sound is measured? Ans:Decibels

Velocity of sound at sea level?
Which of the following is formed due to the attraction between moon and earth?
Ans:Tides
Instrument used for measurement of high temperatures? Ans:Pyrometer
If water is air, air is dust, dust is light, light is sound, and sound is water, where does fish
live?
If the barometer shows 300mm Hg, what is the absolute pressure?
What is the 4-1 process in otto cycle?
Power stroke in diesel cycle is what process? Ans:Adiabatic process
Which of the following does not form a real image?
Concave b. Convex c. telescope d. microscope
At what temperature C and K are the same?
What is the material used in permanent magnet?
An object weighs 3kg in air, 2.5kg in water, what is its density?
Which material has the highest Cp value?
air

b. water c. copper

steel b. SS

c. Bronze

d. copper

## The crystalline structure of graphite is

a. Simple cubic b. FCC c. BCC

d. HCP

## forging b. Rolling c. milling

d. turning

The axial stress on a member which is subjected to a sudden load when compared to load
a. same

b. double

c. half

## Silencer reduces noise. It also

gives balance to engine b. increases fuel consumption c. Decreases fuel consumption
reduces vibrations

d.

## Unit of kinematic viscosity.

Unit of surface tension.
Meaning of overdrive
Wankel engine
Meaning general drill bit angle.
Reason of using regenerator & condenser.
Cycle used in gas cycles, dual cycle& diesel cycle diagram.
Normal value of voltage in spark plug & distributor function.
In which case turning will be easy (front wheel driven back wheel steered/__/___/___).
Viscous fluid passing through duct of varying cross section & pressure remains
unchanged-reason?
The test consisted of 3 sections 50 or 30 questions each. all were objective questions havin 4

Differential function
Pitch circle diameter &Pressure angle
Gear hobbler
Gear system in which axial thrust is absent.

Force applied on pin joint of truss (connecting 3 bars, middle straight side slant at equal
angle)-tension/compression in middle bar?
Element added to steel for corrosion resistance.(Ans: Cr)
Which has lowest specific heat- water, steam, copper?
Which has lowest thermal conductivity-stainless steel, steel, and bronze?
Diamond pin function.
Relation between stress-gradually applied & suddenly applied.
Increasing of water density in range?(0-4 degree)
1 litre, 4 stroke engine, 1600 rpm, mean thermal effective pressure=5 bar, power of
engine?
Finding rpm of single phase alternator from list of rpm's.
Efficiency of carnot engine.
Temperature measurement based on which law.
Size of lathe(parameters)
Thread can be formed by all process except
Forging b. rolling c. Milling d. Turning
Which is not related to thermal radiation
planck law b. steffan boltzmann law dc. fourier law
Definitions of normalizing, tempering, quenching, etc.
Normal hardness value of cast iron used in lathe bed.(in BHN)
Definitions-straddle milling, slab milling, gang milling etc.

Questions based on getting final 3-D shape, from sheet showing details where it can be
folded.
Getting front view, top view, side view of given isometric view.
Material is not removed in which process
punching b. coining c. tapping d. embossing

## Part 3: General aptitude (60 Questions: 30 Minutes)

Question Types: Figurative questions (from Edgar Thorpe), Analogy, ratios and
proportions, time and work, time and distance, Implicit statement reasoning
1.
If the average of the 10 of the 11 player is 30.if the 11th player score is added the
average decreases by 2.what is the score of the 11th player.
2.

Exonerate meaning

3.

Analogy

## Peaceful: resistance then

a)

litigation: lawlessness

b)

coherent: inconsistency

c)

dumb: follow

d)

diligent: reliability

e)

rough: forceful

Ans :b
4.

Cut is to feline,

vulpane is to---------------.

5.

a.
b.

## if AGPSV IS BHQTW, then DKNUY

CEGIK then choose the same pattern ans: moqsu

6.
Diagram of one block was given. It contains three or four sections. we were asked
to find the
a.

## c. Back side view.

7. A contestant won an election by 15% more votes than the combined votes by his
two rivals. If he had got 4500 votes more then he would have attracted 4/5th of total
8.
Men and women went for a party; which ratio is impossible if 252 people are
present:1:7
9.

## Find the odd one out

a. truck b. auto
a. cloud
a. Flavor

c. car.

b. lake

d .jeep
c. snow d. stream e. sky

b. Fragrance

c. Perfume

## 10. Which no is wrong from the following sequence

1, 5, 5, 25,625,900,975625
316, 156, 76, 32, 16, 6
11. Max value of sin2x+cos2x
12. xy dx dy

ans: 400

13. A statement has been given, which is followed by 2 conclusions, marked I&II, mark
if only the I conclusion is true
if only the II conclusion is true

if both r required
none of them is true
e.g.

## 14. Complete the series

1. 15 15 _ 16 24 24 3 3
2.

_n_mn_mm_nmnm_mm_

3. 316

156

76

31

16

## 4. Given numbers in squares and asked to find the missing numbers

5. 16, 16, 24, _____, 36, 36, 54
15. 1 foot is 31 paise how much would have it cost for 20 yards
16. A man has 8.5 cm string pieces. However string in available only in lengths of
meters. What is the min length he should buy so that he loses less?
17. 3 numbers are in the ratio 2:4: 5 the 2nd number is so greater than the diff between
1st and 3rd find the second number. ans 40
18. If f=2sinex+y*2, f/x=?
19. 2x+3y=5, 6x+9y=k. These equations are not possible when,
a. k=15

b. k not equal to 15

c. k=0

d. k=1

20. If a plane cuts a circular cone along the axis of the cone then the curve of intersection
is
a. Circle

b. ellipse

c. parabola

d. hyperbola

## 21. x*2-2x=6 has change of sign between?

22. A plot has its breadth thrice that of its length. If a square field has an area of 675 m*2.
If the plot has 1/4th area of the field, what is its length?
23. What is the partial differentiation of 2sinex+y*3?

## 24. 42:56:: 110:?

25. Which of the follwing no. cant be divided in the ratio of 1:7? Ans: 258
26. Is positive?
Statements given: 7=56, -=negative
27. If z and zbar are two complex nos. like 3+2i and 2-3i, what is the value of z*zbar?

## Interview questions: On an average interview was for 20-25 minutes.

TECHINICAL:
1. Difference between forming and casting?
2. Difference between counter boring and counter sinking?
3. Difference between drilling and reaming?
4. Difference between turret lathe and capstan lathe?
5. How will you manufacture a cricket ball (cork)?
6. How will you manufacture thermocol glass (used to drink water)?
7. Nomenclature of single point cutting tool
8. Tell some metal forming process used recently.
9. Different types of molding process
10. How will you manufacture a plastic glass?
11. When u open a cricket ball, how will its appearance be?
12. Dual cycle and diesel cycle
13. Camshaft/crankshaft ratio
14. External thread cannot be machined by forging

## 15. Operations of condenser

16. Gas turbine works on
17. What are the melt testing procedures
18. Casting defects
19. Customers of NFD.
20. How to cast statues
21. Types of casting techniques
22. Draw the various cycles used in IC engines
23. What are the four strokes in engines
24. How to manufacture crank shaft
25. Difference between forged and cast components
26. What is SG
27. Then explanation about the project.
HR

## 1. Selection procedure for B.E.

2. Cut off marks.
3. Rank (overall rank in the counseling).
4. Entrance marks
5. Do you know Hindi?
6. Do you know who sharukhan is?

## 7. Who won Wimbledon series mens and mens?

8. Which Indian woman won grand slam recently?
9. Do you hear Hindi music?
11. Why do you want to join Leyland?<!--[endif]-->
general paper:
section 1 - basic maths (30 min)
questions are easy. the paper is basically a test of fundamentals & speed.
consisted of questions on basic maths that you learn in 12th n first year of engineering.
just know the basics of functions, sets & relations well.
definitions of stuff like order of ordinary differential equation bcoz u r asked to identify a given
differential equation.
know basics of geometry well and funda of folds i.e. a given piece of paper if folded along
given lines will give wat shape.
fundas of equation solving, determinants & matrices. the determinant usually is zero
magnitude.
section 2 - basic mechanical & general Engineering 40 min
this section separates the best from the rest. questions are only concept based.
all subjects are covered in one way or other.
know the fundas of pulleys n other basic mechanics stuff.
if u havent studied automobile engineering then just go thru functions of fundamental stuff
like differential, overdrive, gears, clutch.
know wat type motors are used in machines like Lathe etc.
one question was on crystal structure of graphite( Ans: HCP)
section 3 - reasoning 30min
this was the toughest in terms of time management.
its virtually impossible to solve even 100% questions even if ur CAT preps are at peak. i put
blind guesses the last minute for abt 15-20 questions.
the questions were basically finding pattern, breaking codes n the fundas of assumptions,
conclusions .. the one u have in CAT.
I am not sure if they have a section wise cutoff or overall cutoff. but all ppl above the
minimum cutoff are shortlisted for interview.
It was raining heavily so none of were in either formals or wid our files. but the HR was cool.
he said dont bother for dresses.
As for the files he said they are not needed if u can explain ur project or training well.
so there i was wearing a tight T-shirt n faded jeans facin my biggest interview till date.
interviews were Tech+HR combined 20-40mins duration each.
stress was on how much you have learnty frm ur summer project n how much can u relate it
to the real stuff.
I was the last person in.
First the HR tried to corner me. He told me why i was not angry since they made me wait for
so long. (i turn came at 2:30pm whereas the time given by them was 1:00pm)
He asked me if my time was so worthless that i can be made to wait any amt of time by
anytime. but i countered him by saying that waitin for the Interview by your company is
worth the wait.
He seemed very impressed. They then asked me a few tech questions which i answered well.
then came my masterstroke. i told them i hadnt learnt Automobile engineering as it was in the
final yeat.
I told the surprisded lot that I had learnt by myself thru internet. then they asked me a lot of
questions regarding Automobile engineering n i just kept surprising them wid my answers.

Then a few out of syllabus questions frm Manufacturing processes which i answered n pointed
that the they were not in my syllabus but i had read abt them in the books. they were again
surprised
n commented that i was way ahead of my course. Then asked abt wat n where did i do my
summer projects. i gave a brief introduction abt both of them. I told them i knew FLUENT- a
CFD software which surprised them again.them again.
Then they asked me my first choice i.e. R&D or Production or Marketing. I answered even b4
he finished R&D. Then he asked me the second choice: No second option. Then they
adviced me for abt 5mins on that. In the end i told that i was open for the first two but not
marketing.
Then they asked few HR questions like family background n other usual stuff. In the end they
I asked them abt the performance appraisal in their company. its very important that u ask
them a good question. use the Internet n find out good qs.
The HR was specially very impressed by me. He told me i was the best n it was a great
performance.
Your Opinion (What do you think about the Expereince ? Any tips/suggestions ?):

## My Ashok Leyland Interview experience:

Submitted by Anonymous on Tue, 2008-06-03 17:12.

## My Ashok Leyland Interview experience:

Hi guys... I am Srihari from PSG Tech Coimbatore. Ashok Leyland is the first company that
comes to our campus for recruitment So it was really a tough battle to get thru.
The selection process is as follows
A written test consisting of 3 rounds
Aptitude 60 questions 30 mins
Technical 50 Qs 25 mins
Mech comprehension 50 Qs 30 mins
After these rounds they shortlisted 66 people from 150
Then was my interview. They called us in rank wise... I was the first person on the second day.
There were 3 HRs in the panel. Before I went into the panel the HR came outside and asked
me to come in soon. I went inside and gave the application form that they had given to us. It
was the only thing they got from us... NO resumes, no certificates or no reports ? They want
you to be urself.
First I explained about my RC car project. So they asked many questions from it... Like the
engine power, torque, capacity, bore, stroke etc... Then they asked me Ackerman steering and
steering error (I dint know abt it).
They also asked me to explain my whole summer training and I did. They asked me the % of
C in CI and gear material. They also asked about my extra curricular activities. I am a