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TYPES OF FLUID SYSTEM :

HUMAN SYSTEM
ENVIRONMENT SYSTEM
INDUSTRIES SYSTEM

RESPIRATOTY SYSTEM

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
The respiratory system or ventilatory system
a biological system consisting of :
Specific organs
Structures (used for the process of
respiration in an organism)
The respiratory system is involved in the
intake and exchange of oxygen and carbon
dioxide between an organism and the
environment.

In air-breathing vertebrates like human


respiration takes place in the respiratory organs called
lungs.
The passage of air into the lungs to supply the body with
oxygen is known as inhalation
the passage of air out of the lungs to expel carbon dioxide
is known as exhalation
this process is collectively called breathing or ventilation
In humans and other mammals , the anatomical features of the
respiratory system include :
Trachea
bronchi
bronchioles
lungs
Diaphragm
Molecules of oxygen and carbon dioxide are passively
exchanged, by diffusion
between the gaseous external environment and the blood
This exchange process occurs in the alveoli air sacs in the lungs

TORNADOES

BERNOULLIS PRINCIPLES
the speed of a moving fluid (liquid or gas) increases,
the pressure within the fluid decreases.

TORNADOES
Tornadoes and hurricanes blow the roofs off houses and
blow out windows :

Bernoullis Principle
Fast moving air outside has very low pressure
Faster the air , the lower the pressure
Air inside has higher relative pressure

To prevent the tornadoes is by opening up the windows

Examples
paper goes up when you blow over it
fast air over the top
still air on the bottom
lower pressure on the top

Wind blowing over a peaked roof illustrates


Bernoullis principle

COMPRESSION REFRIGERATION
SYSTEM

BOYLES LAW
It is the principle that , for relatively low pressures , the
absolute pressure of an ideal gas kept at constant
temperature varies inversely with the volume of gas

Main functional requirement


Remove heat from an enclosed region

Refrigerant flows through the compressor

which raises the pressure of the refrigerant

the refrigerant flows through the condenser

where it condenses from vapor form to liquid form


giving off heat in the process.

The heat given off is what makes the condenser "hot to the touch.

After the condenser, the refrigerant goes through the


expansion valve where it experiences a pressure drop

Finally, the refrigerant goes to the evaporator.

The refrigerant draws heat from the evaporator which


causes the refrigerant to vaporize.
The evaporator draws heat from the region that is to be
cooled.
The vaporized refrigerant goes back to the compressor to
restart the cycle

Shematic of Compression Refrigeration System

Components of
Compression
Refrigeration In
A Dorm
Refrigerator