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Assignment #1

The Parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems are essentials in
emotion regulation. The sympathetic system helps stimulate the fight or
flight response in people. On the contrary the parasympathetic system helps
with calming one down. These nervous systems are what allow people to act
properly under different conditions. For example they are especially used
during different social situations. However, with patients suffering from
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) their parasympathetic and sympathetic systems
are damaged. This can cause them to have trouble with adapting to social
situations. One of the most common examples of this would be frustrations.
It is easily noted that many Traumatic Brain Injury patients are shown to
easily be frustrated.
While it known that Traumatic Brain Injury patients are devoid from a fully
functional sympathetic and parasympathetic system, the true mechanisms of
the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems are not fully
understood. The purpose of this study is to have a better understanding of
these mechanisms in Traumatic Brain Injury patients.


For this study about 30 subjects will be used. These subjects will all have
mild to moderate TBI. The severity of their Traumatic Brain Injury will be
measured using the Glasgov Coma Scale (GCS). The subjects will all be over
the age of 65(seniors). Other exclusion criterias will also be in use. For
example none of the subjects can have scars on their forehead. However,
this is because the subjects of this study will all be part of one larger study
and it will have little bearing on this part of the study.

Prior studies have shown that the best method to elicit emotional responses
is for the subject to watch film clips. For the sake of comparison with C.Uy et
al, 2013 the same video clips will be used. These video clips will be between
one to five minutes long. The clips will be used to target multiple emotions,
including, amusement, sadness, sexual amusement, fear and disgust. There
will also be a clips that shall target no emotion. While the subjects are
watching the clips electrocardiograph and repertory signals will be looked.
This data is what will be than looked at and analyzed.



The subjects
30 subjects
will be picked
will watch a
series of
They will be
moderate TBI watching data
will be
collected on
their repitory

The data will
be compared
with prior
studies and
will also
compare the