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THE PASSIVE VOICE

A; Pembentukan
1; Mengubah sebuah kalimat aktif menjadi pasif yakni dgn menempatkan kata kerja bantu

(be) kedalam kata kerja aktif yang sama hanya dalam bentuk Past participle ( V3).
Rumus : be + V3
Example : active
: they cook the food
Passive
: the food is cooked by them
Active
: someone gave me a book
Passive
: I was given a book
Penjelasan :
Kalimat aktif dalam bentuk continuous tense kelihatannya sukar untuk dirubah menjadi
bentuk pasif karena yang dikehendaki adalah bentuk present continuous dari to be. Dalam
hal ini tak ada cara lain yang digunakan. Perhatikan contoh berikut :
a; Active
: Theyre painting the bridge today
Passive
: The bridge is being painted today
b; Active
: the farmer was milking the cows when he arrived
Passive
; the cows were being milked when he arrived
2; Dalam kalimat pasif jarang digunakan bentuk waktu continuous tense seperti contoh
berikut ini :
They have/had been reading the book / they will/would be reading the book
Dari contoh di atas terlihat bahwa kalimat tersebut tidak cock bila dibuat dalam bentuk
pasif.
3; Kalimat pasif dalam bahasa Inggris lebih banyak dipakai dan inipun lebih ditekankan
atau yang diperhatikan adalah hal-hal yang dilakukan daripada pelakuna,atau pelakunya
sama sekali tidak diketahui.
Contoh
: My car was stolen atau thieves stole my car
Keterangan
- Kalau kita perhatikan kedua kalimat di atas maka akan lebih cocok menggunakan
kalimat pertama
- Ungkapan /kata by dalam bentuk pasif tidak disebutkan karena tidak terlalu penting
- Tida diketahui siapa pencurinya
- Fokus pikiran pembaca dari kalimat di atas adalah kepada peristiwa kapan terjadinya
atau kapan arang itu hilang.
4; Kalimat yang mengandung obyek langsung dan obyek tak langsung dapat dibuat dalam
2 bentuk pasif
Contoh :
active : the teacher gave the boy a pen
Menjadi;
Passive I
: the boy was given a pen (by the teacher)
Passive II
: A pen was given to the boy
Bentuk pertama lebih banyak digunakan yakni objek tak langsung (the boy) berubah
menjadi subjek yaitu sebagai kata kerja pasif
B; Membuat kalimat pasif dalam bentuk affirmative, negative dan introgative
1;

2;

3;

Simple present tense


Active
(+) John teaches English
(-) John doesnt teach English
(?) Does John teach English?
Present Continous tense
Active
(+) John is teaching English
(-) John is not teaching English
(?) is John teaching English?
Simple Past tense
Active

Passive :
(+) Englih is taught by John
(-) Engish is not taught by John
(?) is English taught by John?
Passive ;
(+)Englih is being taught by John
(-) Engish is not being taught by John
(?) is English being taught by John?
Passive:
1

(+) John taught English


(-) John didnt raech English
(?) did John teach English?
4;

5;

6;

Past continous tense


Active
(+) John was teaching English
(-) John was not teaching English
(?) Was John teaching English?

Passive:
(+) English was being taught by John
(-) English was not being taught by John
(?) Was English being taught by John?

Simple Future Tense


Active

Passive:

(+) John will teach English


(-) John will not teach English
(?) Will John teach English?

(+) English will be taught by John


(-) English will not be taught by John
(?) Will English be taught by John?

Bentuk progressive : Going to


Active

Passive:

(+) John is going to teach English


(-) John is not going to teach English
(?) is John going to teach English?

(+) English is going to be taught by John


(-) English is not going to be taught by John
(?) Is English going to be taught by John?

Present perfect tense


Active
(+) John has taught English
(-) John has not taught English
(?) Has John teach English?

7;

Passive:
(+) English has been taught by John
(-) English has not been taught by John
(?) Has English been taught by John?

Future perfect tense


Active
(+) John will taught English
(-) John will not taught English
(?) Will John taught English?

8;

(+) English was taught by John


(-) English was not taught by John
(?) Was English taught by John?

Passive:
(+) English will have been taught by John
(-) English will not have been taught by John
(?) Will English have been taught by John?

Past perfect tense


Active
(+) John had taught English
(-) John had not taught English
(?) Had John teach English?

Passive:
(+) English had been taught by John
(-) English had not been taught by John
(?) Had English been taught by John?

Name
:
Class / Number
: .................... / ..........................
I; CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER
1;
2;
3;
4;
5;
6;
7;
8;
9;
10;
11;
12;
13;
14;
15;

A large naumber of people speak English. Englsh ...... by a large number of people
a; Is spoken
b. is spoke
c. Been spoken
d. is speak
Much fishing ........ of the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia
a; Is done
b. Is doing
c. Did
d. have done
Rubber ......... on hill slopes
a; Growed
b. Is grown
c. Was grown
d. is growing
He said that several plans ....... to the united states
a; Is sent
b. Have been sent
c. Has been sent
d. are sending
Many student are .....to receive the visitors at the airport
a; Making
b. Been made
c. Being made
d. to make
Crocodiles ....... in some rivers in Borneo
a; Can find
b. Can been found
c. Can be found
d. can found
Many terrorist ........ by security forces
a; Has been shoot
b. Are shooting
c. Are shooted
d. have been shot
Millions of cans are ... to England for further studies.
a; Been sent
b. Been sending
c. Been send
d. been sent
The fire destroyed seventeen houses in the village. Seventeen houses in the village... by the fire
a; Were destroyedb. Destroyed
c. Has destroyed
d. destroy
Many people say that strange noises..... is that house last night
a; Were hearing
b. Were heard
c. Is heard
d. have heard
Many tourist are .... sightseeing in air contitioned buses
a; Take
b. Tooked
c. Taken
d. took
Many interesting films can be ..... in our cinemas
a; See
b. Seeing
c. Saw
d. seen
The food ..... several hours before the quests arrived
a; Was cooked
b. Had cooking
c. Has cook
d. were cooking
Ian Flemming wrote all the James Bond stories. All the James Bond stories ... by Ian Flemming
a; Were write
b. Were wrote
c. Were written
d. are wrote
The office boy posts the letters every afternoon.Every afternoon the letters... by the office boy
a; Are posted
b. Are post
c. Posted
d. posted

B; Change the following sentences into passive voice


1;

2;

3;

4;

a. The bridges parents invite the guests to the wedding


................................................................................................................
...................
b; The bridge and bridgeroom are going to cut the cake
...............................................................................................................
....................
a. Jannete will close the office
................................................................................................................
...................
b; Mr. And Mrs. John have sent her a record player
...............................................................................................................
....................
a. Mr. Hendra will make a short speech
................................................................................................................
...................
b; She was not telling a short story
...............................................................................................................
..................
a. Many people saw the thief running into the backyard
3

5;

.................................................................................................................................
b; the tiger dragged a wounded deer into the bushes
...............................................................................................................
..................
a. Mr. Thomas built that large house in 1958
................................................................................................................
..................
b; the textile company employs 400 workers
...............................................................................................................
..................