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THE FOLLOWING PROJECT COVERS THE DESIGN

OF ROUNDABOUT ALONG THE RIVERSIDE;


WESTLANDS-KILELESHWA INTERSECT AS WELL AS
TRAFFIC STUDIES ALONG UHURU HIGHWAY

FCE 446: TRANSPORTATION


ENGINEERING PROJECT
F16/40425/2011
OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI
COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE AND ENGINEERING
SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND CONSTRUCTION
ENGINEERING

SPEED AND VOLUME COUNTS ON A STRETCH OF 200M


ALONG UHURU HIGHWAY
Objective
To gather data of traffic flow on a stretch of Uhuru Highway between the University Way roundabout and the
Kenyatta avenue roundabout for the speed surveys and the volume counts. The length under consideration is
200m

Introduction.
Traffic studies entail the collection and analysis of road data so as to establish flow patterns which can be
used to examine a transportation system. As a sub branch of traffic engineering, it describes the relationship
among various measurable characteristics of road traffic flow such as

Speed
Flow rate and volume
Density and concentration of traffic

Transportation studies serve to quantify the extent of a transportation problem or to provide an analysis of a
proposed transportation solution

Speed
Speed is the rate of movement of traffic or various components of traffic and is usually expressed in K.P.H
(kilometers per hour). Some of the terms associated with speed are;

Speed (v) =

The inverse of speed (1/speed) is usually referred to as the rate of flow


Other forms of speed include

Spot speed- instantaneous speed of a vehicle at a specified location


Journey speed- effective speed of a vehicle between two points
Space mean speed- average of speed measurements at an instant of time over space.
Time mean speed- average speed measurements at one point I space over a period of time.
Space headway or Headway (h) - is a measure of the temporal space between two vehicles,
measured in seconds.

Flow rate and volume


Describes the number of vehicles (per unit time) passing in a section of a road network. It is usually expressed
in vehicles per hour. On the other hand, volume (also referred to as volume count) describes the number of
vehicles counted in a specified interval. Volume counts can be analyzed at various levels;

Average daily traffic (ADT)

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

ADT= {(total number of vehicles)/}


Average annual daily traffic (AADT)=

AADT= {

Peak hourly volumes- volumes collected during rush hours (peak hours) on busy urban roads. It gives
an indication of maximum hourly flow
Design hourly volume (DHV) the hourly traffic volume expected to use a certain road in the design
year

365

Density (concentration of traffic)


Refers to the number of vehicles per unit distance occupying a section of roadway at a given instance of time.
It is expressed in vehicles per kilometer.
It the follows that flow rate (Q) = average travel speed (u) x average density (K)
Q =

Green shields macroscopic stream model


Macroscopic stream models represent how the behavior of one parameter of traffic flow changes with
respect to another. Most important among them is the relation between speed and density.
The first and most simple relation between them is proposed by Green shield. Green shield assumed a linear
speed-density relationship as illustrated in figure 3:1 to derive the model. The equation for this relationship is
shown below.
Consider the road section of length, l, shown below, with traffic flow made up of various mixed streams:

Length, l

Let Q be the flow,


Then,
(I)
Where:
= number of vehicles per unit time through the section under consideration.
= number of vehicles passing
Mean time
Length of section
Concentration in vehicles per unit length
Space mean speed
As concentration, K increases the speed, V, decreases:

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

Average speed
Km/hr (v)

Concentration K
(ii)
Where a and b are positive constants.
Maximum speed occurs when K tends to zero i.e. when there is one vehicle on the road

Hence
(iii)

Or

Therefore, Q = kVm bK2


For maximum flow,

(IV)
,

Therefore,

(v)

(vi)
Where ko is the optimum concentration
(vi) {From (iii) and (v)}
Optimum speed Vo is given by:

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

At optimum concentration Ko
(viii)

Hence
Vo2/b

(ix) from equations (iii) and (IV)

Q = KVm bk2

. (xi)

= Vo2 (V-Vo) 2

(xii)

Therefore;
Q = QM (V-Vo) 2/b

(xiii)

Equation (xiii) can be represented as shown below:


Vm

Normal
Conditions

VO

Unstable flow

Flow in (vph)

Data collection
The methodology of speed measurement was by taking the time each vehicle took within the 200m for the
Uhuru Highway section, however, due to the large number of vehicles and limited personnel our speed study
was limited to white cars only. The flow was determined by the use of counting materials where only
motorized traffic was counted.

Apparatus

Synchronized watches
Odometer
Writing materials

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

Methodology
Volume count
This was done in for roughly 15 minutes on the uhuru highway for the period between 11.00 am and 1.00
pm. All vehicles were tallied for each of the three lanes and recorded on the data sheets.

Speed survey
This was done by recording the entry and exit times of vehicles on the selected section. The difference
between the two gave the time taken for a vehicle to travel between the two points. The vehicles registration
numbers were used.

RESULTS
LANE 1
Column1
Vehicle No
384V
154F
817N
216Y
156Z
375V
181X
901P
508V
318C
493P
369K
338R
216H
170X
158Z
289K
014Z
238Z
999Z
524G
294L

Column2
time at entry
A(SEC)

Column3
time at exit
B(SEC)
1812
1891
1914
1942
1946
1949
1969
2086
2089
2101
2104
2151
2168
2212
2240
2249
2252
2278
2393
2411
2434
2441

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

Column4

1871
1896
1917
1949
1967
1969
2070
2089
2090
2117
2121
2154
2171
2218
2245
2255
2259
2294
2401
2416
2447
2456

59
5
3
7
21
20
101
3
1
16
17
3
3
6
5
6
7
16
8
5
13
15

Column5

Column6

speed

MEAN
SPEED
3.389

3.38983051
40
66.6666667
28.5714286
9.52380952
10
1.98019802
66.6666667
200
12.5
11.7647059
66.6666667
66.6666667
33.3333333
40
33.3333333
28.5714286
12.5
25
40
15.3846154
13.3333333

182Y
159S
974E
014N
605X
643R
819S
534L
155P
490D
827J
830J
047K
218Z
509T
699N
164K
724Q
560S
152V
202Y
483G
A239B
113M
620S
916T
377K
182E
451Y
243X
655J
324X
206L
256X
984T
241P
619K
430W
131F
177K
607X

2444
2505
2508
2521
2627
2638
2652
2663
2671
2676
2815
2824
2861
2931
2989
3001
3012
3041
3052
3058
3076
3088
3117
3123
3143
3216
3226
3292
3364
3392
3428
3430
3461
3491
3518
3591
3619
3641
3682
3757
3765

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

2459
2514
2511
2534
2630
2639
2654
2677
2689
2693
2823
2834
2874
2935
3000
3020
3024
3043
3059
3067
3094
3102
3125
3127
3209
3233
3242
3293
3366
3393
3427
3446
3473
3503
3519
3592
3626
3655
3686
3760
3768

15
9
3
13
3
1
2
14
18
17
8
10
13
4
11
19
12
2
7
9
18
14
8
4
66
17
16
1
2
1
-1
16
12
12
1
1
7
14
4
3
3

13.3333333
22.2222222
66.6666667
15.3846154
66.6666667
200
100
14.2857143
11.1111111
11.7647059
25
20
15.3846154
50
18.1818182
10.5263158
16.6666667
100
28.5714286
22.2222222
11.1111111
14.2857143
25
50
3.03030303
11.7647059
12.5
200
100
200
-200
12.5
16.6666667
16.6666667
200
200
28.5714286
14.2857143
50
66.6666667
66.6666667

43.0813875

44.7648023

357Z
375K
904H
647Z
893T
531K
701Z
419A
104U
599V
437R
471M
619D
096U
744W
048S
917G
180F
914W
434Z
502P
402L
062B
650B
642S
236B
954W
554U
542P
708S
456L
615K
550E
907E
438E
055D
813U
172Z
687Y
027K
721D

3768
3772
3785
3792
3801
3815
3928
3938
3943
3961
3968
3977
4027
4058
4067
4085
4108
4138
4155
4197
4225
4257
4279
4286
4294
4304
4308
4373
4375
4395
4405
4419
4428
4453
4557
4578
4584
5088
5094
5216
5221

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

3771
3775
3798
3809
3814
3826
3929
3942
3948
3974
3978
3987
4031
4061
4071
4093
4119
4142
4157
4201
4227
4273
4300
4304
4306
4323
4326
4380
4384
4397
4409
4433
4439
4471
4560
4584
4599
5103
5105
5221
5226

3
3
13
17
13
11
1
4
5
13
10
10
4
3
4
8
11
4
2
4
2
16
21
18
12
19
18
7
9
2
4
14
11
18
3
6
15
15
11
5
5

66.6666667
66.6666667
15.3846154
11.7647059
15.3846154
18.1818182
200
50
40
15.3846154
20
20
50
66.6666667
50
25
18.1818182
50
100
50
100
12.5
9.52380952
11.1111111
16.6666667
10.5263158
11.1111111
28.5714286
22.2222222
100
50
14.2857143
18.1818182
11.1111111
66.6666667
33.3333333
13.3333333
13.3333333
18.1818182
40
40

41.7789541

331N
242F
285U
170V
943G
299C
405X
822Z
424A
474A
287U
394K
127V
163Z
764G
916H
162S
160L
532Q
339S
476T
144B
961S
412E
724F
684H
827X
395E
685E
175U
742N
380Y
187W
129K
722E
191Z
978U
909Z
912L
950E
951T

5226
5230
5234
5243
5287
5365
5384
5388
5510
5582
5687
5694
5702
5722
5760
5860
5870
6012
6029
6036
6057
6173
6177
6198
6281
6299
6313
6326
6335
6342
6353
6367
6373
6481
6486
6493
6510
6521
6524
6631
6657

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

5233
5236
5241
5257
5291
5380
5399
5406
5511
5585
5697
5700
5706
5726
5822
5872
5885
6014
6042
6051
6073
6178
6183
6205
6288
6306
6314
6328
6338
6349
6356
6380
6392
6482
6490
6494
6520
6531
6609
6637
6665

7
6
7
14
4
15
15
18
1
3
10
6
4
4
62
12
15
2
13
15
16
5
6
7
7
7
1
2
3
7
3
13
19
1
4
1
10
10
85
6
8

28.5714286
33.3333333
28.5714286
14.2857143
50
13.3333333
13.3333333
11.1111111
200
66.6666667
20
33.3333333
50
50
3.22580645
16.6666667
13.3333333
100
15.3846154
13.3333333
12.5
40
33.3333333
28.5714286
28.5714286
28.5714286
200
100
66.6666667
28.5714286
66.6666667
15.3846154
10.5263158
200
50
200
20
20
2.35294118
33.3333333
25

25.0515358

41.8606319

195X
206G
207A
363A
875H
885U
673X
239B
614A
971K
270U
639A
600C
422T
201R
391Z
035Z
317Q
319K
156S
378X
561Y
246T
339L
670A
483N
320V
713K
619M
115U
443L
720W
027E
364X
124X
896D
227Q
135D
882N

6668
6687
6698
6813
6851
6859
6875
6887
6918
6961
7095
7116
7131
7142
7152
7160
7173
7183
7204
7230
7359
7376
7403
7429
7496
7515
7534
7544
7550
7557
7563
7579
7620
7683
7716
7726
7734
7750
7759

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

6675
6701
6711
6817
6852
6881
6887
6910
6930
6965
7108
7124
7140
7151
7163
7182
7204
7218
7329
7335
7362
7394
7423
7459
7501
7520
7539
7550
7562
7577
7594
7608
7625
7692
7743
7750
7755
7772
7783

7
14
13
4
1
22
12
23
12
4
13
8
9
9
11
22
31
35
125
105
3
18
20
30
5
5
5
6
12
20
31
29
5
9
27
24
21
22
24

28.5714286
14.2857143
15.3846154
50
200
9.09090909
16.6666667
8.69565217
16.6666667
50
15.3846154
25
22.2222222
22.2222222
18.1818182
9.09090909
6.4516129
5.71428571
1.6
1.9047619
66.6666667
11.1111111
10
6.66666667
40
40
40
33.3333333
16.6666667
10
6.4516129
6.89655172
40
22.2222222
7.40740741
8.33333333
9.52380952
9.09090909
8.33333333

48.9505319

18.2692123

LANE 2
Vehicle
Registration No

Entry
Time

KBL 782L
KBS 327Y
KBX 613C
KBQ 736E
KBX 734Q
KBK 089V
KBS 532L
KBW 739Q
KBH 080J
KBR 624Y
KBJ 067U
KCB 053B
KAW 206B
KAY 527Y
KCB 012N
KBD 300K
KBY 341L
KCA 761L
KBC 323S
KBX 265P
KBV 571M
KBX 925P
KCC 960D
KAT 410F
KCA 313Z
KAY 782S
KBM 622B
KAA 673C
KBX 891R
KBY 974B
KBU 889M
KBY 247A
KBA 229T
KBM 737M
KAN 165R
KAX 702W

0:14:38
0:15:06
0:15:17
0:19:36
0:19:55
0:20:01
0:20:27
0:20:42
0:20:45
0:20:57
0:22:06
0:22:09
0:22:30
0:22:45
0:22:55
0:23:00
0:23:10
0:23:25
0:23:32
0:23:41
0:23:59
0:24:21
0:25:47
0:25:58
0:26:08
0:26:39
0:26:41
0:26:50
0:26:51
0:26:58
0:27:00
0:27:03
0:27:32
0:29:00
0:29:04
0:29:21

Actual
Exit
Time
0:15:10
0:15:46
0:15:48
0:20:08
0:20:37
0:20:45
0:21:17
0:21:20
0:22:46
0:22:56
0:22:59
0:23:02
0:23:14
0:23:23
0:23:47
0:23:57
0:24:04
0:24:16
0:24:20
0:24:22
0:24:54
0:25:20
0:26:40
0:26:50
0:26:54
0:27:07
0:27:08
0:27:14
0:27:17
0:27:23
0:27:29
0:27:32
0:27:58
0:29:26
0:29:38
0:29:55

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

Time
taken in
Sec
32.00
40.00
31.00
32.00
42.00
44.00
50.00
38.00
121.00
119.00
53.00
53.00
44.00
38.00
52.00
57.00
54.00
51.00
48.00
41.00
55.00
59.00
53.00
52.00
46.00
28.00
27.00
24.00
26.00
25.00
29.00
29.00
26.00
26.00
34.00
34.00

Speed
(m/s)
6.250
5.000
6.452
6.250
4.762
4.545
4.000
5.263
1.653
1.681
3.774
3.774
4.545
5.263
3.846
3.509
3.704
3.922
4.167
4.878
3.636
3.390
3.774
3.846
4.348
7.143
7.407
8.333
7.692
8.000
6.897
6.897
7.692
7.692
5.882
5.882

Mean
speed

KBR 183R
KBR 792B
KAU 288A
KAW 678R
KBY 852Q
KBJ 363M
KBR 017M
KBP 245J
KBM 923R
KBP 401G
KAY 113F
KBR 843E
KAV 955R
KBU 310H
KAL 076D
GKB 772C
KBY 974H
KAX 136W
KAH 125C
KBQ 674L
KBD 095J
KCA 087Q
KAV 215J
KBY 148R
KBS 390X
KBV 198M
KAU 412W
KAT 836L
KCB 924M
KBL 365X
KBX 567K
KBY 729Y
KBV 125S
KBW 758S
KCB 931G
KBX 906Z
KBN 219X
KBV 536E
KCB 248S

0:29:32
0:29:42
0:29:44
0:30:19
0:30:24
0:31:07
0:31:19
0:31:32
0:31:38
0:31:40
0:31:43
0:31:46
0:32:05
0:32:11
0:32:15
0:32:18
0:32:24
0:32:27
0:32:53
0:33:34
0:34:10
0:34:23
0:34:26
0:34:29
0:34:51
0:35:31
0:35:37
0:35:44
0:36:34
0:36:46
0:37:06
0:37:10
0:37:21
0:37:24
0:37:37
0:38:07
0:38:11
0:39:19
0:39:45

0:30:07
0:30:44
0:31:18
0:31:44
0:31:49
0:31:56
0:31:59
0:32:06
0:32:12
0:32:22
0:32:36
0:32:45
0:32:50
0:32:52
0:32:57
0:33:16
0:33:46
0:33:50
0:33:57
0:34:47
0:34:52
0:35:22
0:35:56
0:35:58
0:36:51
0:36:58
0:37:17
0:37:22
0:37:25
0:37:36
0:37:37
0:37:57
0:38:23
0:39:05
0:39:13
0:39:36
0:40:02
0:40:24
0:40:29

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

35.00
62.00
94.00
85.00
85.00
49.00
40.00
34.00
34.00
42.00
53.00
59.00
45.00
41.00
42.00
58.00
82.00
83.00
64.00
73.00
42.00
59.00
90.00
89.00
120.00
87.00
100.00
98.00
51.00
50.00
31.00
47.00
62.00
101.00
96.00
89.00
111.00
65.00
44.00

5.714
3.226
2.128
2.353
2.353
4.082
5.000
5.882
5.882
4.762
3.774
3.390
4.444
4.878
4.762
3.448
2.439
2.410
3.125
2.740
4.762
3.390
2.222
2.247
1.667
2.299
2.000
2.041
3.922
4.000
6.452
4.255
3.226
1.980
2.083
2.247
1.802
3.077
4.545

4.979

KAT 460X
KAW 095U
KBV 893N
KBL 768C
KAQ 072A
KBW 628Q
KAH 490W
KBN 023H
GKA 217H
KBM 505B
KBP 050A
KBJ 930W
KAR 481P
KBX 561K
KBW 158B
KBZ 730E
KBX 846D
KBV 758U
KBR 294W
KAW 495D
KCB 566T
KBT 714C
KAS 948X
KBH 574S
KCB 413X
KBJ 765F
KAW 165C
KBU 117M
KBS 009B
KBW 613A
KBP 382B
KBZ 748Z
KAV 219B
KBV 736S
KBJ 619K
KAY 129D
KCA 069D
KBU 867X
KAC 203E

0:39:58
0:40:10
0:40:18
0:40:23
0:41:11
0:41:14
0:41:23
0:41:35
0:41:48
0:41:56
0:42:05
0:42:24
0:43:35
0:44:04
0:44:06
0:44:13
0:44:25
0:44:52
0:45:40
0:46:10
0:46:25
0:46:30
0:46:34
0:46:38
0:46:45
0:46:48
0:46:52
0:47:00
0:48:14
0:48:26
0:48:35
0:48:53
0:49:12
0:49:15
0:49:20
0:49:24
0:49:33
0:49:40
0:49:44

0:40:45
0:41:29
0:41:32
0:41:38
0:41:43
0:41:48
0:42:15
0:42:24
0:42:39
0:43:47
0:44:32
0:44:36
0:44:47
0:45:09
0:45:10
0:45:54
0:46:28
0:46:32
0:46:40
0:46:47
0:47:04
0:47:11
0:47:15
0:47:21
0:47:29
0:47:44
0:47:55
0:49:06
0:49:21
0:49:27
0:49:34
0:49:40
0:49:49
0:49:50
0:49:58
0:50:03
0:50:21
0:50:27
0:50:28

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

47.00
79.00
74.00
75.00
32.00
34.00
52.00
49.00
51.00
111.00
147.00
132.00
72.00
65.00
64.00
101.00
123.00
100.00
60.00
37.00
39.00
41.00
41.00
43.00
44.00
56.00
63.00
126.00
67.00
61.00
59.00
47.00
37.00
35.00
38.00
39.00
48.00
47.00
44.00

4.255
2.532
2.703
2.667
6.250
5.882
3.846
4.082
3.922
1.802
1.361
1.515
2.778
3.077
3.125
1.980
1.626
2.000
3.333
5.405
5.128
4.878
4.878
4.651
4.545
3.571
3.175
1.587
2.985
3.279
3.390
4.255
5.405
5.714
5.263
5.128
4.167
4.255
4.545

3.339

KBB 824W
KBG 854L
KBX 288D
KBT 949V
KBT 782V
KZB 754W
KBD 376K
KBU 005B
KBS 265Z
KBM 988M
KCC 407B
KBZ 625C
KCB 006C
KAS 034Z
KBR 588H
KBL 332B
KCA 062C
KBJ 606R
KBX 665E
KBT 386A
KBU 189G
KBX 532U
KBX 550L
KCB 548T
KBV 121B
KBY 360Q
KBH 541 Z
KBH 527V
KBQ 827R
KBH 161L
KBL 470A
KCB 747B
KAT 229Y
KBS 498H
KCA 688T
KBL 194C
KAP 109L
KBG 535K
KAZ 409L

0:50:01
0:50:05
0:50:10
0:50:23
0:50:30
0:50:39
0:50:46
0:50:58
0:51:02
0:51:05
0:51:10
0:51:21
0:53:25
0:53:27
0:53:30
0:53:54
0:54:04
0:54:32
0:54:37
0:54:49
0:55:47
0:55:50
0:56:07
0:56:13
0:56:52
0:56:56
0:57:00
0:57:03
0:57:11
0:57:24
0:57:29
0:57:31
0:57:47
0:57:50
0:57:55
0:58:10
0:58:18
0:59:07
0:59:14

0:50:38
0:50:41
0:50:45
0:50:56
0:51:12
0:51:24
0:51:29
0:51:32
0:51:42
0:51:49
0:51:51
0:51:56
0:53:58
0:54:10
0:54:20
0:54:51
0:54:56
0:55:04
0:55:57
0:56:06
0:56:32
0:57:05
0:57:12
0:57:13
0:57:19
0:57:30
0:57:32
0:57:52
0:57:58
0:58:13
0:58:32
0:58:37
0:59:22
0:59:27
0:59:33
0:59:46
0:59:56
1:00:05
1:00:17

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

37.00
36.00
35.00
33.00
42.00
45.00
43.00
34.00
40.00
44.00
41.00
35.00
33.00
43.00
50.00
57.00
52.00
32.00
80.00
77.00
45.00
75.00
65.00
60.00
27.00
34.00
32.00
49.00
47.00
49.00
63.00
66.00
95.00
97.00
98.00
96.00
98.00
58.00
63.00

5.405
5.556
5.714
6.061
4.762
4.444
4.651
5.882
5.000
4.545
4.878
5.714
6.061
4.651
4.000
3.509
3.846
6.250
2.500
2.597
4.444
2.667
3.077
3.333
7.407
5.882
6.250
4.082
4.255
4.082
3.175
3.030
2.105
2.062
2.041
2.083
2.041
3.448
3.175

KBU 788S
KCC 805E
KBB 828M
BS 237X
KBA 909V
KAR 735Q
KBG 714F
KBS 134Z
KBC 266Q
KBK 386N
KAH 862C
KAY 736X
KCA 047U
KBZ 744D
KBN 765U
KAV 632U
KBY 568P
KAM 169B
KBX 849W
KBX 424G
KBX 366D
KBK 933L
KBT 578G
KAM 487Z
KBR 961Z
KBP 412C
KBE 231M
KBV 674M
KCC 004G
KBY 335F
KAN 389H
KBM 110M
KAU 837Z
KCB 262F
KBF 128N
KAW 908L
KBT184A
KBL302J
KAY 284D

0:59:19
0:59:30
0:59:46
0:59:58
1:00:01
1:00:06
1:00:17
1:00:23
1:00:27
1:01:45
1:01:57
1:02:13
1:02:20
1:02:30
1:02:42
1:02:50
1:02:56
1:03:05
1:03:22
1:03:27
1:03:31
1:04:02
1:05:10
1:05:16
1:05:24
1:05:26
1:05:42
1:05:50
1:05:58
1:06:10
1:06:59
1:07:12
1:07:24
1:07:30
1:07:48
1:07:53
1:08:07
1:08:15
1:08:26

1:00:22
1:00:30
1:00:52
1:01:07
1:02:01
1:02:18
1:02:25
1:02:30
1:02:36
1:03:07
1:03:03
1:03:10
1:03:42
1:03:43
1:03:50
1:04:17
1:04:43
1:05:24
1:05:28
1:05:40
1:05:45
1:06:06
1:06:12
1:06:13
1:06:14
1:06:18
1:06:31
1:07:26
1:07:52
1:07:57
1:07:58
1:08:03
1:08:13
1:08:19
1:08:22
1:08:30
1:10:33
1:10:41
1:10:50

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

63.00
60.00
66.00
69.00
120.00
132.00
128.00
127.00
129.00
82.00
66.00
57.00
82.00
73.00
68.00
87.00
107.00
139.00
126.00
133.00
134.00
124.00
62.00
57.00
50.00
52.00
49.00
96.00
114.00
107.00
59.00
51.00
49.00
49.00
34.00
37.00
146.00
146.00
144.00

3.175
3.333
3.030
2.899
1.667
1.515
1.563
1.575
1.550
2.439
3.030
3.509
2.439
2.740
2.941
2.299
1.869
1.439
1.587
1.504
1.493
1.613
3.226
3.509
4.000
3.846
4.082
2.083
1.754
1.869
3.390
3.922
4.082
4.082
5.882
5.405
1.370
1.370
1.389

4.180

KBJ 921V
KBC 803Y
KBR 191K
KAC 927A
KBW 769T
KBR 300H
KBQ 108E
KBA 147Z
KBL 330L
KBW 133B
KAT 332C
KBX 196L
KBS 409T
KAU 491G
GK B 954G
KCB 967W
KAZ 913Q
KCC 038J
KBP 999V
KCA 820Q
KAV 272T
KBQ 981R
KBP 859V
KBK 691B
KBH 772Y
KBE 939R
KBU 818U
KBR 753N
KAN 982Q
KBF 722A
KBJ 551S
KBT 159K
KAZ 097X
KBW 567H
KBK 084C
KAK 640X
KAX 541J
KBQ 083W
KAX 137R

1:08:31
1:09:06
1:10:20
1:10:27
1:10:31
1:10:44
1:10:50
1:10:53
1:10:59
1:11:09
1:11:17
1:11:38
1:11:50
1:12:35
1:12:57
1:13:08
1:13:26
1:13:33
1:13:37
1:13:49
1:14:08
1:14:10
1:14:22
1:14:24
1:15:01
1:15:57
1:16:11
1:16:14
1:16:18
1:16:52
1:18:20
1:18:26
1:18:30
1:18:39
1:18:43
1:18:46
1:18:50
1:19:04
1:19:09

1:10:55
1:11:12
1:11:22
1:11:32
1:11:46
1:11:50
1:12:13
1:12:25
1:12:32
1:12:45
1:12:57
1:13:36
1:13:51
1:14:08
1:14:10
1:14:40
1:15:15
1:15:34
1:15:58
1:16:05
1:16:12
1:16:20
1:16:29
1:16:31
1:16:37
1:18:18
1:18:34
1:18:43
1:18:53
1:18:58
1:19:18
1:19:22
1:19:29
1:19:46
1:19:50
1:19:58
1:20:43
1:20:57
1:21:14

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

144.00
126.00
62.00
65.00
75.00
66.00
83.00
92.00
93.00
96.00
100.00
118.00
121.00
93.00
73.00
92.00
109.00
121.00
141.00
136.00
124.00
130.00
127.00
127.00
96.00
141.00
143.00
149.00
155.00
126.00
58.00
56.00
59.00
67.00
67.00
72.00
113.00
113.00
125.00

1.389
1.587
3.226
3.077
2.667
3.030
2.410
2.174
2.151
2.083
2.000
1.695
1.653
2.151
2.740
2.174
1.835
1.653
1.418
1.471
1.613
1.538
1.575
1.575
2.083
1.418
1.399
1.342
1.290
1.587
3.448
3.571
3.390
2.985
2.985
2.778
1.770
1.770
1.600

2.383

KBS 588F
KAY 626G
KBA 840D
KBV116Z
KBZ 148N
KBV 078L
KUU 015
KBH 098N
GK A 086V
KBM 706T
KAW 867X
KBK 125R
KBP 339J
KBS 590B
KBU 650E
KBP 751U
KBA 372L
KBV 297W
KBT 799B
KBG 046K
KBM 253H
KAR 923W
KBL 111L
KBU 970Q
KBV 116M
KAV 049P
KBR 684D
KBV 508F
KAE 919F
KAU 261W
KAR 364M
KAE 177P
KBY 015J
KBP 012M
KBL 143N
KBK 972X
KAZ 628B
KBW 509M
KCC 372H

1:19:19
1:20:24
1:20:42
1:20:59
1:21:06
1:21:17
1:21:31
1:21:37
1:21:58
1:22:01
1:22:13
1:23:34
1:23:54
1:24:01
1:24:18
1:24:25
1:24:40
1:24:47
1:25:40
1:25:59
1:26:11
1:26:23
1:26:34
1:26:47
1:26:52
1:26:57
1:27:02
1:27:10
1:27:13
1:27:26
1:28:25
1:29:06
1:29:12
1:29:19
1:29:29
1:29:36
1:29:48
1:31:08
1:31:27

1:21:20
1:21:33
1:21:36
1:22:00
1:22:12
1:22:19
1:22:32
1:22:41
1:22:55
1:22:59
1:24:15
1:24:35
1:24:46
1:25:03
1:25:56
1:26:33
1:26:47
1:26:55
1:26:59
1:27:01
1:27:06
1:27:09
1:27:16
1:27:33
1:27:46
1:27:48
1:27:30
1:28:15
1:28:31
1:28:44
1:29:37
1:29:51
1:29:54
1:30:08
1:30:23
1:30:40
1:31:18
1:32:14
1:32:20

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

121.00
69.00
54.00
61.00
66.00
62.00
61.00
64.00
57.00
58.00
122.00
61.00
52.00
62.00
98.00
128.00
127.00
128.00
79.00
62.00
55.00
46.00
42.00
46.00
54.00
51.00
28.00
65.00
78.00
78.00
72.00
45.00
42.00
49.00
54.00
64.00
90.00
66.00
53.00

1.653
2.899
3.704
3.279
3.030
3.226
3.279
3.125
3.509
3.448
1.639
3.279
3.846
3.226
2.041
1.563
1.575
1.562
2.532
3.226
3.636
4.348
4.762
4.348
3.704
3.922
7.143
3.077
2.564
2.564
2.778
4.444
4.762
4.082
3.704
3.125
2.222
3.030
3.774

2.983

KAV 087L
KAZ 908M
KBQ 830L
KBY 900W
KBP 255V
KBB 388P
KBM 058H
KAN 473Y
KCA 786A
KCB 638H
KBL 901B
KBR 800X
KBD 619U
KBM 477L
KBR 997N
KBY 465P
KBX 646K
KAY 840R
KBD 859G
KBB 264W
KBV 477F
KBN 155K
KCA 510D
KAZ 460Q
KBW 808Z
KBP 484Z
KAY 804C
KBE 865B
KBS 882D
KBZ 685N
KBS 540F
KAE 961E
KAN 126L
KBX 098A
KBJ 083X
KBH 702Z
KBS 660Z
KAL 731F
KBY 341Q

1:31:34
1:32:10
1:32:14
1:32:26
1:33:30
1:33:33
1:33:36
1:33:50
1:34:04
1:34:42
1:34:46
1:34:53
1:33:10
1:33:19
1:33:23
1:33:29
1:33:44
1:36:34
1:36:40
1:37:00
1:37:04
1:37:13
1:37:27
1:37:31
1:37:48
1:38:11
1:39:13
1:39:42
1:39:47
1:39:51
1:39:54
1:39:58
1:40:01
1:40:15
1:40:21
1:40:35
1:40:47
1:42:04
1:42:12

1:32:28
1:33:19
1:33:49
1:33:56
1:34:05
1:34:22
1:34:34
1:34:38
1:34:42
1:35:10
1:35:16
1:35:24
1:35:39
1:35:43
1:35:44
1:35:46
1:36:04
1:37:01
1:37:08
1:37:12
1:37:20
1:37:29
1:37:34
1:37:37
1:38:07
1:38:29
1:39:27
1:39:57
1:40:00
1:40:03
1:40:11
1:40:18
1:40:24
1:40:35
1:40:42
1:40:49
1:41:05
1:42:21
1:42:32

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

54.00
69.00
95.00
90.00
35.00
49.00
58.00
48.00
38.00
28.00
30.00
31.00
149.00
144.00
141.00
137.00
140.00
27.00
28.00
12.00
16.00
16.00
7.00
6.00
19.00
18.00
14.00
15.00
13.00
12.00
17.00
20.00
23.00
20.00
21.00
14.00
18.00
17.00
20.00

3.704
2.899
2.105
2.222
5.714
4.082
3.448
4.167
5.263
7.143
6.667
6.452
1.342
1.389
1.418
1.460
1.429
7.407
7.143
16.667
12.500
12.500
28.571
33.333
10.526
11.111
14.286
13.333
15.385
16.667
11.765
10.000
8.696
10.000
9.524
14.286
11.111
11.765
10.000

GK B 512C
KAR 033M
KBZ 034W
KBJ 191G
KBQ 969B
KBY 923B
KBU 712R
KAY 883Z
KBV 497Y
KBU 472X
KBN 154X
KBJ 003C
KBW 740N
KBZ 818F
KBQ 008M
KAZ 528Q
KAU 645X
KAQ 139G
KBL 161T
KBU 213Q
KBW 332E
KAJ 514W
KBP 416C
KBP 114Y
KAR 256J
KBT 837A
KAL 367U
KBV 058U
KBY 187Y
KBL 707P
KCC 393B
KBR 213Z
KAY 104X
KBZ 030E
KBY 747A
KBV 439X
KBL 886P
KBN 468K
KAV 643T

1:42:20
1:42:33
1:42:40
1:42:44
1:42:53
1:43:08
1:44:57
1:45:03
1:45:28
1:45:33
1:46:02
1:46:20
1:47:35
1:47:55
1:48:09
1:48:38
1:48:40
1:48:41
1:49:04
1:49:26
1:49:41
1:50:10
1:50:20
1:50:25
1:50:29
1:50:34
1:50:41
1:50:44
1:50:51
1:51:02
1:51:05
1:51:49
1:53:14
1:53:47
1:54:07
1:54:17
1:54:31
1:54:44
1:54:50

1:42:36
1:42:52
1:42:50
1:43:03
1:43:11
1:43:28
1:45:16
1:45:25
1:45:39
1:46:00
1:46:18
1:46:40
1:47:51
1:48:04
1:48:23
1:48:46
1:48:59
1:49:01
1:49:17
1:49:42
1:49:58
1:50:29
1:50:37
1:50:39
1:50:48
1:51:01
1:51:12
1:51:22
1:51:23
1:51:24
1:51:29
1:52:16
1:53:34
1:54:03
1:54:25
1:54:42
1:54:53
1:55:05
1:55:13

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

16.00
19.00
10.00
19.00
18.00
20.00
19.00
22.00
11.00
27.00
16.00
20.00
16.00
9.00
14.00
8.00
19.00
20.00
13.00
16.00
17.00
19.00
17.00
14.00
19.00
27.00
31.00
38.00
32.00
22.00
24.00
27.00
20.00
16.00
18.00
25.00
22.00
21.00
23.00

12.500
10.526
20.000
10.526
11.111
10.000
10.526
9.091
18.182
7.407
12.500
10.000
12.500
22.222
14.286
25.000
10.526
10.000
15.385
12.500
11.765
10.526
11.765
14.286
10.526
7.407
6.452
5.263
6.250
9.091
8.333
7.407
10.000
12.500
11.111
8.000
9.091
9.524
8.696

9.358

KXW 258
KBZ 961M
KCA 898Q
KBV 249N
KBW 927X
KAR 020X
KAU 046Z
KBM 350Y
KBR 803V
KBV 263Q
KBC 029R
KBM 013U
KBU 178X
KBU 601Z
KBM 559P
KAW 252H
KBK 127J
KCB 580A
KCA 657S
KAQ 152Z
KBY 976D
KBA 916G
KBK 653S
KBU 217H
KBZ 534Z
KBA 849T
KBV 569G
KCC 964D
KBP 699E
KBK 400E
KBS 177A
KBS 497B
KAU 524K
KBU 952E
KBP 698P
KBU 477Y
KBT 792T
KBA 212F
KBX 741X

1:55:03
1:55:41
1:55:50
1:55:55
1:56:16
1:56:58
1:57:12
1:57:23
1:57:41
1:57:57
1:58:11
1:58:16
1:58:25
1:58:29
1:58:34
1:58:42
1:59:02
1:59:11
1:59:19
1:59:22
1:59:34
2:00:00
2:00:25
2:00:30
2:00:52
2:00:58
2:01:03
2:01:07
2:01:19
2:01:27
2:01:34
2:01:54
2:02:09
2:02:18
2:02:20
2:02:27
2:02:32
2:03:11
2:03:26

1:55:26
1:55:56
1:56:05
1:56:02
1:56:28
1:57:13
1:57:35
1:57:40
1:57:59
1:58:17
1:58:26
1:58:31
1:58:43
1:58:55
1:58:56
1:59:00
1:59:23
1:59:29
1:59:46
1:59:51
1:59:59
2:00:21
2:00:42
2:00:47
2:01:12
2:01:17
2:01:30
2:01:36
2:01:39
2:01:46
2:01:57
2:01:57
2:02:15
2:02:28
2:02:31
2:02:46
2:02:49
2:03:36
2:04:06

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

23.00
15.00
15.00
7.00
12.00
15.00
23.00
17.00
18.00
20.00
15.00
15.00
18.00
26.00
22.00
18.00
21.00
18.00
27.00
29.00
25.00
21.00
17.00
17.00
20.00
19.00
27.00
29.00
20.00
19.00
23.00
3.00
6.00
10.00
11.00
19.00
17.00
25.00
40.00

8.696
13.333
13.333
28.571
16.667
13.333
8.696
11.765
11.111
10.000
13.333
13.333
11.111
7.692
9.091
11.111
9.524
11.111
7.407
6.897
8.000
9.524
11.765
11.765
10.000
10.526
7.407
6.897
10.000
10.526
8.696
66.667
33.333
20.000
18.182
10.526
11.765
8.000
5.000

11.361

KCC 752B
KAJ 799X
KAQ 343H
KBY 734B
KBS 232J
KBW 180Y
KBX 288C
KBV 226Z
KBG 134C
KBL 776A
KBU 694Z
KBQ 391F
KBQ 820K
KBR 708A
KBQ 581N
KBG 852E
KCA 030X
KCC 750B
KBT 815P
KBX 739M
KBJ 882S
KBQ 567C
KBF 966A
KAY 417X

2:04:09
2:04:33
2:04:39
2:04:47
2:05:32
2:05:44
2:05:47
2:06:15
2:06:31
2:06:39
2:06:43
2:07:32
2:07:39
2:07:46
2:07:50
2:07:54
2:07:57
2:08:05
2:08:14
2:08:33
2:08:40
2:09:00
2:09:40
2:10:00

2:04:53
2:05:17
2:05:31
2:05:37
2:05:59
2:06:39
2:06:46
2:07:04
2:07:46
2:07:55
2:08:04
2:08:10
2:08:12
2:08:16
2:08:23
2:08:40
2:08:43
2:08:44
2:08:46
2:09:13
2:09:15
2:09:34
2:10:16
2:10:29

44.00
44.00
52.00
50.00
27.00
55.00
59.00
49.00
75.00
76.00
81.00
38.00
33.00
30.00
33.00
46.00
46.00
39.00
32.00
40.00
35.00
34.00
36.00
29.00

4.545
4.545
3.846
4.000
7.407
3.636
3.390
4.082
2.667
2.632
2.469
5.263
6.061
6.667
6.061
4.348
4.348
5.128
6.250
5.000
5.714
5.882
5.556
6.897

9.206

LANE 3
VEHICLE REG
NO

TIME IN
HRS

064T
396E
061M
246R
700X
505M
417G
831Y
572W
942A
035U

MINS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

TIME OUT
SECS

2
2
2
3
3
3
4
4
4
5
5

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

HRS
3
12
16
39
41
52
18
29
43
10
32

MINS
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

TIME
TAKEN
SECS

SECS
2
2
2
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
5

10
15
20
44
53
3
25
34
52
15
38

SPEED

7
3
4
5
12
11
7
5
9
5
6

28.57143
66.66667
50
40
16.66667
18.18182
28.57143
40
22.22222
40
33.33333

MEAN
SPEED

270C
699L
893L
661C
144G
962L
821J
102K
180R
157C
395N
510T
140A
178B
909Y
640G
904C
637Y
664G
082Z
886Y
055A
379N
793Q
412D
026K
022T
141W
473M
842A
145J
869R
076Z
686W
498B
572D
357Y
649P
A022H
682D
793F

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
5
7
7
7
8
11
12
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
16
16
17
17
17
17
17
17
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
20
22
22
22
22
23
23
24

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

36
40
13
26
28
9
55
5
18
19
23
25
41
43
59
2
42
46
26
48
15
22
23
25
31
35
2
11
25
33
38
47
51
17
14
18
32
50
8
36
46

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
5
7
7
7
8
12
12
14
14
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
16
16
17
17
17
17
17
17
19
19
19
19
19
19
20
20
22
22
22
23
23
23
24

42
47
17
31
34
16
0
9
22
25
27
30
47
49
4
12
46
54
35
55
20
32
34
37
45
50
13
17
32
38
52
55
0
30
19
26
37
0
13
45
49

6
7
4
5
6
7
5
4
4
6
4
5
6
6
5
10
4
8
9
7
5
10
11
12
14
15
11
6
7
5
14
8
5
13
5
8
5
10
5
9
3

33.33333
28.57143
50
40
33.33333
28.57143
40
50
50
33.33333
50
40
33.33333
33.33333
40
20
50
25
22.22222
28.57143
40
20
18.18182
16.66667
14.28571
13.33333
18.18182
33.33333
28.57143
40
14.28571
25
40
15.38462
40
25
40
20
40
22.22222
66.66667

37.23166

064F
266D
566K
402A
259Q
799S
668M
918R
686B
239M
649D
522H
527H
110Y
885T
683S
713K
219X
100A
561D
286Z
438D
220F
984Z
535N
332A
102Q
962R
030A
216U
622X
334I
516C
080Q
837T
249K
849X
366H
313N
955Y
198F

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

24
25
25
25
25
25
27
27
27
27
28
28
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
31
31
32
32
32
33
34
34
34
34
34
34
35
35
36
37
37
37
37
37
37

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

48
11
31
37
39
59
10
40
57
58
4
28
12
14
19
24
28
31
37
46
30
58
10
18
52
46
20
21
28
32
48
57
13
29
32
21
32
36
39
43
46

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

24
25
25
25
25
26
27
27
28
28
28
28
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
31
32
32
32
32
34
34
34
34
34
35
35
35
35
36
37
37
37
37
37
37

52
18
35
40
51
9
23
50
7
12
16
36
15
21
25
30
36
40
44
52
37
6
15
20
58
2
28
29
35
40
0
5
19
35
44
25
39
41
44
50
55

4
7
4
3
12
10
13
10
10
14
12
8
3
7
6
6
8
9
7
6
7
8
5
2
6
16
8
8
7
8
12
8
6
6
12
4
7
5
5
7
9

50
28.57143
50
66.66667
16.66667
20
15.38462
20
20
14.28571
16.66667
25
66.66667
28.57143
33.33333
33.33333
25
22.22222
28.57143
33.33333
28.57143
25
40
100
33.33333
12.5
25
25
28.57143
25
16.66667
25
33.33333
33.33333
16.66667
50
28.57143
40
40
28.57143
22.22222

29.37349

050B
685M
538J
008A
211R
157X
632D
821A
094R
983Q
410R
208T
998L
327W
461N
413T
201F
249Z
411J
214E
975Y
211Z
181Y
554U
998G
201C
369T
863P
115C
142U
869A
503Z
951F
022N
445W
651E
948B
437Y
478X
077J
980X

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

37
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
39
39
39
39
39
41
41
41
41
41
42
43
44
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
47
47
47
47
48
48
48
48
48
49

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

51
3
26
21
33
37
39
41
45
51
55
11
15
27
41
50
0
37
39
45
53
19
52
59
7
12
15
37
43
44
50
32
44
45
59
9
16
24
29
32
12

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
39
39
39
39
39
39
41
41
41
41
41
42
43
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
47
47
47
48
48
48
48
48
48
49

0
10
31
35
40
42
49
52
55
58
2
17
20
33
46
56
4
42
43
50
57
22
57
5
11
18
20
42
47
50
55
38
48
50
3
14
22
29
35
39
15

9
7
5
14
7
5
10
11
10
7
7
6
5
6
5
6
4
5
4
5
4
3
5
6
4
6
5
5
4
6
5
6
4
5
4
5
6
5
6
7
3

22.22222
28.57143
40
14.28571
28.57143
40
20
18.18182
20
28.57143
28.57143
33.33333
40
33.33333
40
33.33333
50
40
50
40
50
66.66667
40
33.33333
50
33.33333
40
40
50
33.33333
40
33.33333
50
40
50
40
33.33333
40
33.33333
28.57143
66.66667

33.69593

263A
582X
979X
366Y
518R
966P
388M
145L
043C
560T
519F
400M
591V
126S
719J
311S
118P
542T
323R
694H
722L
510U
801M
690P
281K
175P
220D
880Z
184P
445D
KAF18
954X
505V
962B
665D
499E
286D
236G
843G
118Z
099P

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
51
51
51
52
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
54
55
55
55
55
54
55
56
56
56
56
58
58
58
59
59
59
0
1
1
1

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

19
24
28
45
50
53
55
58
35
45
49
20
21
34
39
42
48
54
56
59
43
20
29
38
40
48
59
4
9
30
42
28
36
47
0
24
28
59
8
14
24

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
51
51
51
51
52
53
53
53
53
53
53
54
54
54
55
55
55
55
54
56
56
56
56
56
58
58
58
59
59
59
1
1
1
1

25
29
31
51
55
57
59
1
40
49
51
26
27
41
44
48
52
57
1
4
47
26
35
43
45
52
6
9
15
35
49
34
41
58
7
31
34
5
14
20
33

6
5
3
6
5
4
4
3
5
4
2
6
6
7
5
6
4
3
5
5
4
6
6
5
5
4
7
5
6
5
7
6
5
11
7
7
6
6
6
6
9

33.33333
40
66.66667
33.33333
40
50
50
66.66667
40
50
100
33.33333
33.33333
28.57143
40
33.33333
50
66.66667
40
40
50
33.33333
33.33333
40
40
50
28.57143
40
33.33333
40
28.57143
33.33333
40
18.18182
28.57143
28.57143
33.33333
33.33333
33.33333
33.33333
22.22222

41.41254

777D
636H
253K
030C
301H
209R
619A
886T
991H
556L
810S
491Q
734Z
268G
116F
754P
873J
634M
914G
565X
609N
962M
200R
411U
828A
692U
274P
087Z
860N
806Z
617A
354K
473J
547J
953M
360H
070F
762E
258I
765W
911Z

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
3
3
3
4
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

27
35
49
30
36
53
20
51
13
15
20
24
29
34
40
45
49
56
2
3
25
28
55
2
8
11
28
31
35
39
41
45
54
11
18
23
42
46
50
53
56

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
3
3
4
4
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
12
12

38
47
53
35
44
4
25
54
16
20
28
34
40
44
53
55
58
2
8
15
37
39
1
7
14
17
33
37
44
48
50
54
5
20
28
29
46
49
56
1
7

11
12
4
5
8
11
5
3
3
5
8
10
11
10
13
10
9
6
6
12
12
11
6
5
6
6
5
6
9
9
9
9
6
9
10
6
4
3
6
8
11

18.18182
16.66667
50
40
25
18.18182
40
66.66667
66.66667
40
25
20
18.18182
20
15.38462
20
22.22222
33.33333
33.33333
16.66667
16.66667
18.18182
33.33333
40
33.33333
33.33333
40
33.33333
22.22222
22.22222
22.22222
22.22222
33.33333
22.22222
20
33.33333
50
66.66667
33.33333
25
18.18182

631B
349H
037B
441M
649D
927J
246P
530E
A012B
732N
224Y
265M
572N
792U
060L
730W
858L
456Y
423E
CD5K
404R
598F
904H
015G
088R
053R
633U
912V
373P
359A
608P
210U
662N
476Y
681X
191F
253P
971Y
672B
220E
839H

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
16
17
17
18
18
19
19
19
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
21
21
22
22
22
22

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

59
4
9
25
30
32
33
40
50
20
30
37
40
43
48
52
8
19
21
30
3
5
14
11
59
7
11
13
16
19
25
31
33
36
43
44
48
3
20
30
38

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
14
14
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
15
16
17
17
18
19
19
19
19
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
21
21
22
22
22
22

10
15
18
32
41
42
44
51
56
23
36
46
48
54
58
1
17
22
23
32
9
12
16
16
2
11
14
17
20
24
28
35
37
40
50
52
56
10
31
38
42

11
11
9
7
11
10
11
11
6
3
6
9
8
11
10
9
9
3
2
2
6
7
2
5
3
4
3
4
4
5
3
4
4
4
7
8
8
7
11
8
4

18.18182
18.18182
22.22222
28.57143
18.18182
20
18.18182
18.18182
33.33333
66.66667
33.33333
22.22222
25
18.18182
20
22.22222
22.22222
66.66667
100
100
33.33333
28.57143
100
40
66.66667
50
66.66667
50
50
40
66.66667
50
50
50
28.57143
25
25
28.57143
18.18182
25
50

29.00839

324Q
848Q
724E
315R
469N
216D
544U
215X
095T
652Y
607U
944Z
094D
411F
900K
165E
438V
732P
554Q
307G
097R
952H
306K
288P
696L
282X
659H
040R
368T
911D
384U
746C
776B
222G
762J
790D
594Y
140R
951A
548F
776D

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

22
22
23
23
23
23
23
24
25
25
25
25
25
26
26
26
27
27
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
31
31
32
33
33
33
34
34
35

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

41
57
1
3
6
23
28
39
0
10
14
25
38
2
6
17
26
40
2
11
24
29
31
33
38
24
26
28
47
48
51
56
2
12
31
19
21
30
4
11
14

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

22
23
23
23
23
23
23
24
25
25
25
25
25
26
26
26
27
27
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
30
30
30
30
30
30
31
31
31
32
33
33
33
34
34
35

51
0
5
8
10
28
31
42
4
13
17
29
41
6
12
27
37
45
7
15
28
32
34
40
44
27
29
34
51
53
56
1
11
19
34
22
24
38
7
22
17

10
3
4
5
4
5
3
3
4
3
3
4
3
4
6
10
11
5
5
4
4
3
3
7
6
3
3
6
4
5
5
5
9
7
3
3
3
8
3
11
3

20
66.66667
50
40
50
40
66.66667
66.66667
50
66.66667
66.66667
50
66.66667
50
33.33333
20
18.18182
40
40
50
50
66.66667
66.66667
28.57143
33.33333
66.66667
66.66667
33.33333
50
40
40
40
22.22222
28.57143
66.66667
66.66667
66.66667
25
66.66667
18.18182
66.66667

48.91251

612F
259E
670R
312W
214F
571D
797H
945A
340D
060D
165E
507Q
192V
157G
995R
385B
002E
939W
373S
665E
501L
255Q
724T
753A
518Y
787J
872Y
54K
749Q
973C
599Q
188V
818Y
414N
896J
817A
054W
896W
517S
805D
299C

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

35
35
35
36
36
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
39
39
39
39
41
42
42
42
42
42
43
43
43
43
45
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
47
47

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

40
53
55
11
19
22
24
27
29
42
46
50
51
52
57
5
20
25
54
30
9
16
31
33
53
2
10
32
55
22
13
23
25
33
41
50
53
55
58
5
7

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

35
35
36
36
36
38
38
38
38
38
38
38
39
39
39
39
39
39
39
41
42
42
42
42
42
43
43
43
44
45
46
46
46
46
46
46
47
47
47
47
47

47
59
2
15
23
25
27
30
32
46
52
55
0
2
9
14
22
32
58
36
13
26
39
41
59
6
18
43
3
27
21
29
31
44
49
57
0
6
9
16
19

7
6
7
4
4
3
3
3
3
4
6
5
9
10
12
9
2
7
4
6
4
10
8
8
6
4
8
11
8
5
8
6
6
11
8
7
7
11
11
11
12

28.57143
33.33333
28.57143
50
50
66.66667
66.66667
66.66667
66.66667
50
33.33333
40
22.22222
20
16.66667
22.22222
100
28.57143
50
33.33333
50
20
25
25
33.33333
50
25
18.18182
25
40
25
33.33333
33.33333
18.18182
25
28.57143
28.57143
18.18182
18.18182
18.18182
16.66667

41.82924

717C
454H
820X
981N
351A
561A
616U
321N
339W
979V
624X
047A
11T
257V
290E
360R
275Y
996R
057F
559D
860F
338Z
355D
976P
432H
877P
519J
237W
782F
537V
721F
668T
882U
314D
290V
011X
240Q
237E
487L
592C
961Q

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

47
47
47
47
48
48
49
50
50
50
50
50
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
52
53
53
53
53
53
53
54
54
54
56
56
56
56
56
56
56
56
56
56
56
56

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

20
26
29
54
0
16
20
9
19
30
34
47
53
10
13
24
15
17
32
58
28
38
40
45
52
55
38
42
44
3
7
17
21
31
33
35
37
42
45
46
56

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

47
47
47
48
48
48
49
50
50
50
50
50
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
53
53
53
53
53
54
54
54
54
55
56
56
56
56
56
56
56
56
56
57
57
57

27
34
38
0
11
22
24
16
29
39
45
55
8
24
26
31
33
39
54
11
40
49
50
56
3
8
49
54
0
10
12
31
34
43
48
50
52
58
1
3
12

7
8
9
6
11
6
4
7
10
9
11
8
15
14
13
7
18
22
22
13
12
11
10
11
11
13
11
12
16
7
5
14
13
12
15
15
15
16
16
17
16

28.57143
25
22.22222
33.33333
18.18182
33.33333
50
28.57143
20
22.22222
18.18182
25
13.33333
14.28571
15.38462
28.57143
11.11111
9.090909
9.090909
15.38462
16.66667
18.18182
20
18.18182
18.18182
15.38462
18.18182
16.66667
12.5
28.57143
40
14.28571
15.38462
16.66667
13.33333
13.33333
13.33333
12.5
12.5
11.76471
12.5

262N
144J
685S
180L

1
1
1
1

56
57
57
57

58
2
14
18

1
1
1
1

108
114
123
129
145
129
124
149

Mean
speed
4.979
3.339
4.18
2.383
2.983
9.358
11.361
9.206

57
57
57
57

16
19
29
35

18
17
15
17

TRAFFIC VOLUME

9:30-9:45
9:45-10:00
10:00-10:15
10:15-10:30
10:30-10:45
10:45-11:00
11:00-11:15
11:15-11:30

Lane 1
(pcu)
55
74
71
84
80
66
64
75

Mean
speed
3.389
43.081
44.765
41.779
25.052
41.861
48.951
18.269

Lane 2
(pcu)

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

Lane 3
(pcu)

Mean
speed
64
69
74
89
87
92
65
109

5
10
9
11
10
7
10
3

11.11111
11.76471
13.33333
11.76471

19.82439

80

70

Mean speed (V) m/s

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
0

10

20

30

40

50

Traffic flow, Q

Graph of flow against speed, lane 1

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

60

70

80

90

16

14

Mean speeds (V m/s)

12

10

0
0

20

40

60

80

Traffic flow, Q

Graph of flow against speed, lane 2

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

100

120

140

160

80

70

Mean speeds, V(m/s)

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
0

20

40

60

80

100

120

Traffic flow, Q

Graph of flow against speed, lane 3

Discussion
Qmax lane 1 =

Vo =

Vmax =

Qmax lane 2 =

Vo =

Vmax =

Qmax lane 3 =

Vo =

Vmax =

The above obtained values vary from the design values of 2000 vph and a speed of 80 kph. This can be
attributed to the fact that the section considered wasnt an ideal one in the sense that traffic flow is between
two roundabouts for which the flow is controlled manually by a police officer.
The interpretation of the data collected indicates that the curve so obtained relating speed and flow is
parabolic. This is true for linear relationship between speed and concentration. The curve should start from
zero since the speed is zero when the flow is zero. At maximum speed, V max, the flow again is zero and this
represents the free flow conditions. For intermediate value of speed, the volume will vary widely and the
maximum is reached which corresponds to the capacity of road.
From the graph the expression Q=QM (VO V), the expression which is parabolic is confirmed.
Speed surveys and traffic volume counts are useful in the following areas:

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

Speed enables the regulation and control of traffic operation by provision of safe speed limit and
speed zoning.
Traffic signals design requires speed data.
For geometric design of roadways.
For analyzing cause of accidents and identifying the relationships between speed and accident.
For determining problem of congestion on roads and relating capacity with speeds.

Traffic counts data is useful in the following areas:

Programming for maintenance needs of a highway.


Evaluation of the financial viability of toll financed roads.

From the study therefore, data collected was of limited use largely because it was short term and mostly due
to large volume of vehicles using the section, sampling was done only for vehicle speeds. This makes the data
collected lack concrete representation of the problem at hand. However with continuous counts, the
seasonal variations of traffic flow could as well have been determined together with their capacities.
Some of the sources of error in this exercise include

Perfect synchronizing of the stopwatches was practically impossible


Incoordination between the various groups while collecting the data

CONCLUSION
We were able to obtain the relationship between speed and volume count. It was also established that the
maximum flow =
vph while maximum speed=
kph

REFFERENCES

Class notes.
Parker J.F-Highway Engineering.
Gichaga F.J and Parker-Essentials of Highway Engineering.
Transportation Engineering Traffic manual.
Principles and Practices of Highway Engineering- Dr.L. R Kadyali and Dr.N.B. Lal

ROUNDABOUT DESIGN
SCOPE
Carryout vehicular flow at the junction between Westlands- Kileleshwa road and Riverside road and design a
suitable Roundabout that can accommodate the volume.

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

Introduction
Modern roundabouts are near circular intersections at grade. They are an effective intersection with fewer
conflict points and lower speeds and they provide for easier decision making than conventional intersections.
They also require less maintenance than traffic signals.
Roundabout design is an iterative process. A well designed roundabout achieves a balance of safety and
efficiency. Good design is the process of creating the smooth curvature, channelization and deflection
required to achieve consistent speeds, well-marked lane paths and appropriate sight distance.
It follows that as a thumb rule for good highway design different combinations should be tested in order to
check the performance characteristics of each option and the best option determined.
The basic most step of roundabout design is the determination of volume of traffic incident on it together
with the various turning, merging and conflicting movements involved for which the basis of design will be
the flow estimate for some point in the future.

Principles of good design


As a thumb rule, for good the intersection to operate well under the prevailing traffic conditions, the
following principles may help the designer to achieve this objective.

The number of intersections should the intersections should be kept to a minimum If necessary,
some minor roads may be connected with each other before joining a major road.
The geometric layout should be selected that hazardous movements by drivers are eliminated. This
can be done by various techniques such as channelizing and staggering.
The design should permit the driver to discern quickly either from the layout or from the traffic signs
the path he should follow and the actions of merging and diverging. This can be achieved by a good
layout, traffic islands, signs and carriageway markings. Good visibility improves safety.
The layout should follow the natural vehicle paths. Smoothness in contrast to abrupt and sharp
corners, should guide minor streams of traffic into stopping or slowing down positions.
The number of conflict points should be minimized by separating some of the many cutting, merging
or diverging movements.
Vehicles that are forced to wait in order to cross traffic stream should be provided with adequate
space at the junction.

Apparatus

Synchronized watches
Datasheet for recording
Phones (GPS)

Methodology
The traffic flow pattern at the junction was traced and traffic volume count carried out 15 minutes being
taken for each of the flows.
Each of the 15 minute volumes was then blown into hourly volume.

F16/40425/2011 OUKO FRANKLIN RAGIRA

Results
Column1
9.45-10.00
10-10.15
10.15-10.30
10.30-10.45
10.45-11.00
11.00-11.15
11.15-11.30
11.30-11.45

Column1

9.45-10.00
10-10.15
10.15-10.30
10.30-10.45
10.45-11.00
11.00-11.15
11.15-11.30
11.30-11.45

Column2
1
972
1000
940
844
964
900
1000
1000

Column3

Column
9
8
320
480
500
612
600
716
440
556

Column4

2
116
104
100
76
108
100
96
112

Column
10
9
400
452
440
440
500
328
400
340

3
384
408
368
420
400
460
360
428

Column
11
10
104
100
88
104
116
84
120
100

Column5

Column6

4
492
488
488
504
492
440
504
484

Column
12
11
156
196
172
148
220
92
168
200

Colum
n13
12
164
132
140
180
160
180
140
112

5
800
760
660
760
736
596
592
624

Colum
n14
13
716
708
712
820
736
704
788
700

Column7

Column8

6
180
184
128
168
156
172
160
80

Colum
n15
14
68
56
48
40
116
60
64
32

7
32
32
36
24
36
44
32
36

Colum
n16
15
116
100
96
116
148
108
144
116

Colu
mn17
16
500
652
508
604
500
560
592
508

DESIGNING A ROUNDABOUT
After completing the capacity analysis, the geometric design of the roundabout usually follows. The
roundabout shape is one of the most important decision a designer makes, because the shape can affect
design elements that affect safety performance and operation of the roundabout. The desirable shape of a
roundabout is usually circular, but an elliptical, racetrack or teardrop shape can be used depending on the
actual conditions on the ground
Ideal alignment offers an entry design that provides deflection, speed control and reasonable view angles to
drivers while balancing property impacts and costs. While most intersections are at 900 angles and most
through movements are straight, deflection contributes to the safety performance of a roundabout.
Deflection is primarily achieved by placing a central island and supporting it with splitter islands on both
entries to the roundabout
There are 3 choices for attaching the entry legs to the circulatory roadway

The offset left alignment constraints the entry , slowing vehicles and opens up the exit for efficient
degrees

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The offset right tends to allow faster entry and constraints the exit
The symmetrical alignment is acceptable for slower speeds

In this case a circular roundabout with symmetrical alignment was chosen

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Conclusion
The junction has been found to be sufficient and the above proposed design can be adopted

References

Class notes
Highway and traffic engineering in developing countries
Transport planning and traffic engineering edited by C A Oflaherty

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