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21)

22)
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ADJECTIVES
Unit 1
2. Make the adjectives in brackets negative.
1. Convert the following verbs and nouns into adjectives by 11) She is very (like) her mother.
means of suffixes.
12) These are (regular) verbs.
1)
A (to compare) car would cost far more abroad.
13) Keep your broken leg (mobile).
2)
The dollar is (to convert).
14) Its (legal) to bring these things into the country.
3)
Youll find this little tool very (value).
15) He got his money by (honest) means.
4)
Mathematics is an (intellect) subject.
16) (standard) vocabulary is usually not used by educated
5)
He is very (to insist) that hell finish in time.
people.
6)
The politicians statement was (to contradict).
17) She gave a (gracious) refusal.
7)
A (wood) bed will cost more.
18) Their natures are (compatible).
8)
That was a very (fruit) meeting.
19) (experienced) people lack the knowledge.
9)
It was (courage) of you to save the drowning girl.
20) She used (direct) methods of measurement.
10) It was a cold (frost) day.
3. Name adjectives related to the following participles:
shaved
24) wicked
27) learned
29) ragged
drunk
25) legged
28) blessed
30) dogged
shrunk
26) crooked
Unit 2

31)
32)
33)
34)
35)

1. Put the adjective in the right place.


(something) new today
(martial) court
(sweet) the peach tastes
(interested) anyone
(happy) she seems

36)
37)
38)
39)
40)

(available) figures on this question


(public) notary
(afraid) she is of him
(enough) brave to do it
(nice) you look

2. Put the adjectives in the right order.


41) a (woollen, black, extravagant, Scottish, expensive)
suit
42) a (Irish, beautiful, young) woman
43) a (winter, calm, beautiful) day
44) a (big, good, black, old) dog
45) a (ceramic, antique, expensive) vase

51)
52)
53)

46)
47)
48)
49)
50)

a (Russian, famous, historic) film


a (nice, straight, Roman) nose
a (silver, old, impressive) ring
a (old, nice, little) town
a (plastic, red, old, little) toy

Unit 4
1. Give the comparative and superlative forms for the following adjectives.
clumsy
54) regular
57)
far
bad
55) complete
58)
old
narrow
56) merry

59)
60)

little
stupid

2. Complete the sentences using patterns indicating inequality:


61) My brother is (old) his brother.
62) Her lips are (red) his lips.
63) The hotels here are (expensive) as there.
64) The weather this summer is (good) as last summer.
65) The snow today is (heavy) as it was yesterday.
66) She is (pretty) her mother.
67) The Svisloch is (long) the Volga.
68) Gold is (heavy) platinum.
69) St Petersburg is (ancient) Minsk.
70) This street is (narrow) that street.
Unit 5
Choose the right adjective.
71) It was really a (terrifying/terrified) experience.
72) Everybody was (shocking/shocked).
73) His (exciting/excited) story touched my heart.
74) I am (amusing/amused) to find you here.
75) I feel (embarrassing/embarrassed) when people ask my
age.
76) As he had an (interesting/interested) look on his face I
continued.
77) The (depressing/depressed) news discouraged him.
78) She seemed very (worrying/worried) about something.
79) The lesson was (boring/bored) and the students were
(boring/bored).
80) I am (fascinating/fascinated) with their ceremonies.

Unit 6
Instead of regular adjectives use substantivized adjectives
where possible.
81) Only young people have such moments.
82) The impossible thing has happened.
83) English people like tea.
84) In the trench they met two working wounded persons.
85) A Czech man was waving his hand.
86) Blind people usually have a guide dog.
87) The girls looked wonderful in their national clothes. The
Japanese girls were wearing long kimonos and two Indian
girls were wearing saris.
88) She was told not to eat sweet things.
89) The quiet state of Nature was wonderfully poignant.
90) A Dutch man started speaking Dutch.

UNIT 1

MEANING AND CREATION

1. An adjective is a word that describes a noun (or a pronoun). It tells which one or what kind: funny clowns, the nearest
house, the school is new, she is pretty.
Derivationally adjectives may be simple (old, white, dark, blue), compound (two-year old, snow-white, dark-blue) and
derived (dishonest, useful, undeliverable).
2. The most common adjectival derivational suffixes that are added to nouns are:
-less: helpless, useless
-ish: womanish, childish
-like: womanlike, childlike
Other productive adjective-forming suffixes that make adjectives are:
from nouns:
-al: central, cultural
-ic: patriotic, heroic
-ous: dangerous, courageous
-y: rainy, windy
-en: wooden, woolen
-ish: Polish, Swedish
-ful: careful, doubtful
-ary: elementary, customary
from verbs:
-able/-ible: eatable, convertible
-any/-ent: resistant, different
-ive: active, progressive
-ory: contradictory, satisfactory
from adjectival word-groups:
-ed: blue-eyed, broad-shouldered
3. There are many adjectives that have the same form as participles: his surprising views, the offended man, a tired face.
A few adjectives, however, are differentiated from participles in pronunciation in adjectives the vowel in the suffix ed is
pronounced while in participles it is not: cf.: crooked (adj) [krukid] crooked (part) [krukt]. (See also blessed, dogged, wicked,
learned, ragged, etc.). A few adjectives are differentiated from participles by taking the en suffix (cf.: adjectives shaven, drunken,
shrunken and participles shaved, drunk, shrunk).
4. The most common adjectival prefixes are negative in meaning:
un- (unhappy),
in- (inable, indifferent) and its variations im- / ir- / il- (immoral, impatient, irregular, illegal),
dis- (dishonest), and
non- (non-essential, nonverbal).
There is a certain uncertainty whether a word should be used with un- or in-. But the general rule is that un- is an English
prefix and is easily added to native English words (unfriendly, unbearable, unbroken) and in- is Latin and is usually added to words
of Latin origin (illegal, irrelevant, immoral).
Moreover, while un- merely negates what the base word says (unattractive, unfinished, unmarried), in- has more than mere
negation (cf.: immoral conflicting with moral principles the word implies active opposition to what is moral, and unmoral not
moral, not concerned with morality or ethics).
The negative prefix dis- implies deprivation, complete lack of something (disable, dishonest, disconnected).
The negative prefix non- has the meaning of not, lacking the usual characteristics of the thing specified. It is less common
than un- and is usually more literal or scientific: nonconvertible, non-infectious, non-native.
The negative suffix a- is added only to words of Greek origin: asexual, amoral (literary use, unmoral or immoral are more
common).
Besides adjectival negative prefixes there are also prefixes of:
time and space: pre-, post-, trans- (pre-war, post-war, transatlantic);
hierarchy and priority: sub-, super-, ultra- (subconscious, supernatural, ultra-short).
Exercises
1.1. Convert the following verbs and nouns into adjectives by means of suffixes.
1)
You can always rely on John. He is very (depend). You can always rely on John. He is very dependable.
2)
The doctor gave me a very (favour) report on my health.
3)
What a lovely picture! Your daughter must be very (artist).
4)
I think its very (reason) of him to expect us to work overtime this week.
5)
This rule is not (apply) in this case.
6)
Dont tell anyone else. Its (confide).
7)
This (wood) bed is very old.
8)
This girl spoke in a (child) voice.
9)
Do you speak (Turk)?
10) You may throw it away. Its (use).
11) Its tiring and (mind) work.
12) This is a picture of a (want) criminal.
13) She is definitely a (kind heart) woman.

1.2. Read the following poems paying attention to the pronunciation of adjectives.
There was a crooked man, and he walked a crooked mile,
He found a crooked sixpence against a crooked stile;
He bought a crooked cat, which caught a crooked mouse,
And they lived together in a little crooked house.
In Bethlehem, in Jewry, this blessed Babe was born,
And laid within a manger, upon the blessed morn.
1.3. Make the adjectives in brackets negative.
1)
Some people were (flexible) in their desire to keep John out of major-league baseball. Some people were inflexible in their
desire to keep John out of major-league baseball.
2)
John remained (violent) in spite of receiving racial insults.
3)
When John retired, he became (patient) to see other black people succeed in their careers.
4)
Johns work against racial prejudice remains (finished).
5)
I am afraid he is (conscious).
6)
How (credible) it is!
7)
Your passport has become (valid).
8)
Using other people for ones own profit is (moral).
9)
If he can do this job his age is (relevant).
10) These tribes remain to be (literate).
11) He was (obedient) to his mother.
12) Its (legal) to park your car here.
13) The forms of (regular) verbs should be learned by heart.
14) He got money by (honest) means.
UNIT 2

POSITION OF ADJECTIVES

1. Usually the adjective in English precedes the noun it describes: unspeakable joy, available figures. (Not only adjectives
but many English nouns are commonly used as premodifiers of other nouns and thus resemble adjectives though remain to be
nouns: a stone wall, a love poem.)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

2. The adjective may follow the word it modifies in the following cases:
for emphatic use of adjectives (usually ending in able/-ible): joy unspeakable;
in certain fixed forms, mainly legal terms that must be learned, such as court martial, attorney general;
after the pronouns derived from some, any, no, every: Is there anything new today?
when the adjective is a member of an adjectival group of words: a steamer ready to sail off; the only figures available on this
question. (In Russian the adjectival group may follow or precede the noun: ,
);
the adjective enough may follow or precede the noun it modifies: We have enough time = We have time enough.
3. In sentences the adjectives may be placed in the predicate, following a linking verb to be, get, become, seem, smell,
sound, taste, feel, look, etc.: a deep river the river is deep; a sweet peach the peach tastes sweet. However, some
adjectives, usually relative ones, for example, analytical chemistry, can not be transformed into *chemistry is analytical. (See the
next unit).
4. Some adjectives are restricted to predicative position only: asleep, alone, alive. The most common of them refer to health
or lack of health: ill, well, unwell. Another large group of them take complementation: afraid (that, of, about), conscious (that, of),
fond (of): She is afraid of him.
5. When two or more adjectives are used, the one that describes a more objective quality stands closer to the noun: a huge
wooden salad bowl.
The general rule is that purpose and material adjectives stand closer to the noun, then still further from it goes origin,
colour, shape, age, size and opinion adjectives:
opinion + size+ age+ shape + colour + origin+ material + purpose + NOUN
as in: a marvelous big old oval brown Swiss wooden plate; two lovely tiny nineteenth-century circular pink and blue
French water-colour paintings.
Exercises
2.1. Put the adjective in the right place and explain the rule:
1)
(Ready) a steamer to sail off A steamer ready to sail off.
2)
(general) attorney;
3)
(enough) we have time;
4)
(sour) milk tastes;
5)
(nice) you look;
6)
(interested) anyone is most welcome here;
7)
(ready) a girl to cry;
8)
(martial) court;
9)
(enough) he has experience;

10)
11)
12)
13)
14)

(sweet) a rose by any other name would smell as;


(public) notary;
(brave) he is enough to do it;
(easiest to teach) the boys were in my class;
(afraid) she is that she will fail the exam.

2.2. Using linking verbs make the following attributive adjectives predicative:
A hungry wolf the wolf gets hungry; an angry man; strange tea, a nice friend, a sweet apple, tired Tom, loud music, good dinner,
an ugly dress, good flowers.
2.3. Put the adjectives in the right order:
1)
a (silk, white, long, American, expensive) dress an expensive long white American silk dress.
2)
a (brick, red, high, old) wall.
3)
a (Japanese, fast, cool, blue) motorcycle.
4)
a (new, wooden, black, huge, comfortable) armchair.
5)
a (Irish, sentimental, traditional) song.
6)
(clean, dark, wavy, lovely) hair.
7)
(smart, snake-skin, hand-made, brown) shoes.
8)
a (red, plastic, cheap, Taiwanese) raincoat.
9)
a (young, Belarusian, handsome) doctor.
10) (two, white, small, paper) cups.
UNIT 3

CLASSES OF ADJECTIVES

According to their meaning and grammatical characteristics adjectives are basically divided into qualitative and relative.
Qualitative adjectives (soft, wide, clever) denote qualities directly. Most of them are gradable and have degrees of
comparison (soft softer the softest), derive adverbs by the suffix ly (softly, widely, cleverly) and can be used as attributes (a
soft voice) or predicatives (the voice is soft).
Relative adjectives (woolen, analytical, preparatory) denote qualities through their relation to entities or actions. They do
not have degrees of comparison, usually do not form adjectives with ly and chiefly are used as attributes, not predicatives
(analytical chemistry).
UNIT 4

1)
2)

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

The only grammatical category that English adjectives have is the degrees of comparison. The plain stem of an adjective
(slow) is called the positive form. To compare two persons, places, or things they use the comparative form (slower) and to
compare more than two persons, places, or things they use the superlative form (the slowest).
1. There are three regular ways of forming the comparative and the superlative degrees:
Most one-syllable adjectives (small) add the suffix -er for the comparative form: The rabbit was smaller than the hat. For the
superlative form this kind of adjectives add -est: That was the smallest rabbit Ive seen.
Some two-syllable adjectives ending in -er, -ow, -y, -le (clever, narrow, happy, simple) as well as having a stress on the last
syllable (polite, complete) may have two comparative and two superlative forms: with -er/-est and with more/the most, for e.g.:
This street is narrower/more narrow. This task is simpler/more simple. This time his answer was politer/more polite. This is
the cleverest/the most clever decision. This is the narrowest /the most narrow street. This is the happiest/the most happy
man. This is the simplest/the most simple task. The politest/the most polite answer was offered by him.
3) Other adjectives of two and all adjectives of more than two syllables form the comparative and superlative forms by the use
of the auxiliary adverbs more (or less) and the most (or the least): beautiful more beautiful the most beautiful.
2. Some adjectives are irregular, their comparatives and superlatives are formed in a special way:
Positive

Comparative

Superlative

good (well)
bad
little
many (much)
far

better
worse

the best
the worst

the least
the most
farthest
further
the furthest
NOTE 1. Farther refers to a greater physical distance (go farther).
Further refers mostly to a greater degree, time, or quality (further details).
old

less

more
farther

older

the oldest
elder
the eldest
NOTE 2. Elder and eldest are used chiefly of people, and then almost exclusively of family relationship (my elder brother, his
eldest sister but She is the oldest in the family). Older (not elder) is used with than (She is older than I
am).
late

later
the latest
latter
the last
NOTE 3. Latter as well as later means nearer to the end' (The latter years of his life). Latter also refers to the second of
two (Of the pig and the cow, the latter animal is more valuable).

Last means final (his famous last words). It can also mean next before the present (This is better
than his last film.). But to avoid misunderstanding to mean next before the present a clearer word like
previous or latest should be used (Her latest, but not we hope last, book).
near

nearer

the nearest

the next

NOTE 4. Next means without anything coming before or between; nearest (The next house to ours is a mile away).
3. The as as pattern indicates equality, and the not as/so as is used to indicate inequality: Molly is as smart as Susan. Molly
is not as/so smart as Susan.
4. The words much (many before countable nouns), far, a great deal, still are used to intensify the quality expressed by the
adjective in the comparative form and are translated into Russian as , , : much/many more,
much longer, far more interesting.
5. To denote a greater degree of quality the Russian expressions , etc. are translated as twice
as or three times as (large/heavy/much). To denote a smaller degree of quality the expressions half as (large/heavy/much) or
half (my age/the size/the weight).
6. The Russian expressions (// .), (//) are translated into English
by comparative degree with the definite article: The more you have, the more you want. The nearer the winter, the shorter
the days.
7. They use how+an adjective of measure to ask about the degree of a specific quality (note that preference is given to some
adjectives, for e.g., old to young, large to small, high to low, light to dark): How old are you? How large is your house? (Cf. in
Russian: ? ?)
Exercises
4.1. Read the forms of the adjectives and work out the rules of their spelling in the comparative and superlative degrees.
Positive
Comparative
Superlative
big
biggest
the biggest
hot
hotter
the hottest
busy
busier
the busiest
dirty
dirtier
the dirtiest
gray
grayer
the grayest
brave
braver
the bravest
nice
nicer
the nicest
simple
simpler/more simple
the simplest/the most simple
free
freer
the freest
4.2. Add -er or -est to the adjectives in brackets. Write the new forms of the adjectives.
1)
The hand is (quick) than the eye. The hand is quicker than the eye.
2)
That magician is the (great) in the world.
3)
This is the (proud) moment of his life.
4)
The rabbit is (soft) than the bird.
5)
That trick is (old) than this country.
6)
Our seats were the (close) to the stage.
7)
The magicians show was (long) than the clowns.
8)
The clowns shoes were the (funny) of all the shoes.
9)
Our laughs were the (loud) in the crowd.
10) The stage was the (big) one Ive ever seen.
4.3. Give the comparative and superlative forms for the following adjectives:
1)
kind kinder the kindest, fast, green, hard, tall, sad, cheap, dry, fine, long.
2)
early, easy, famous, funny, honest, wealthy, pleasant, dirty, clever,
3)
perfect, narrow, simple, friendly, foolish, useful.
4)
favourable, wonderful, dangerous, reactionary, comfortable, popular.
5)
good, bad, many, late, far, little, near, old.
4.4. Complete the sentences according to the model:
Model: My brother is (old) his brother.
a) My brother is as old as his brother.
b) My brother is not as/so old as his brother.
c) My brother is older than his brother.
1) The dinner is (good) lunch.
3) This writer is (famous) that.
2) Your room is (bright) hers.
4) This hill is (high) that.
5) The boy was (clever) his sister.
8) This flower is (beautiful) a rose.
6) The first story is (interesting) the second.
9) Your hands are (cold) his.
7) This way is (short) that.
10) The green pencil is (long) the red one.
4.5. Read the poem and comment on the form of the adjectives.
The more we study, the more we know;
The more we know, the more we forget;
The more we forget, the less we know;

The less we know, the less we forget;


The less we forget, the more we know.
Why study?
4.6. Use much (many with countable nouns) before the comparative forms for emphasis.
1)
Skiing is harder than it looks. Skiing is much harder than it looks.
2)
She has more boyfriends than she knows what to do with. She has many more boyfriends than she knows what to do with.
3)
That boy is more intelligent than he looks.
4)
Joe swam more miles than Richard.
5)
That job takes more experience than he has.
6)
I have less work than last week.
7)
Her pies are better than her cakes.
8)
Speaking English is more fun than reading English.
9)
New York City has more sky-scrapers than Chicago.
10) It is a better place to live than that.
11) I have more money at the beginning of the month than at the end.
12) English is easier to learn than Chinese.
13) That BMW costs more than a Mercedes.
14) Cars cause more pollution than bicycles.
UNIT 5

ADJECTIVES ENDING IN -ing AND -ed


(interesting/interested)

There are many adjectives that have the same form as participles: his surprising views, he seemed very surprised.
Pairs of adjectives ending in ing and ed may cause confusion.
Adjectives ending with ed are used to show how people feel about something: an interested crowd (= something interested
them). I was so excited that I couldn't sleep (= something excited me).
Adjectives ending with ing are used to describe objects or people that make people feel excited, interested, etc.: The picture
is very interesting (= it interests me). Skiing is an exciting sport.
Someone is ed (bored) if something (or someone) is ing (boring).
Exercises
5.1. Choose the right adjective.
1)
We were (horrifying/horrified) to know about the accident. We were horrified to know about the accident.
2)
Why do you look so (boring/bored)?
3)
He easily gets (embarrassing/embarrassed).
4)
I was (amazing/amazed) to get such present from him.
5)
Are you (interesting/interested) in politics?
6)
Its sometimes (embarrassing/embarrassed) to ask for help.
7)
I am (exciting/excited) about moving to a new flat.
8)
She is an (interesting/interested) personality.
9)
The situation is rather (depressing/depressed).
10) He was (shocking/shocked) to know about it.
11) He is fond of (shocking/shocked) tricks.
12) She looked (worrying/worried).
5.2. Make up sentences with pairs of adjectives ending in -ing and ed.
amazing amazed
fascinating fascinated
amusing amused
frightening frightened
annoying annoyed
horrifying horrified
astonishing astonished
satisfying satisfied
confusing confused
shocking shocked
depressing depressed
worrying worried
embarrassing embarrassed
exciting excited
UNIT 6

SUBSTANTIVATION OF ADJECTIVES

1. Some adjectives may be used as nouns and acquire some or all of the characteristics of the noun. In this case they become
substantivized. There are wholly and partially substantivized adjectives.
Wholly subtantivized adjectives may have the plural form, the possessive case, and may be used with articles: native (adj)
a native, the natives, a natives hut. Some of them may have only the plural form: valuable valuables, green greens.
Partially substantivized adjectives denote a whole class and are used like nouns with the definite articles: the blind, the
poor.
2. Adjectives denoting nationalities may be wholly or partially substantivized.
Wholly substantivized are the adjectives ending in an/-ian: a Russian, two Russians, the Russians; a German, two
Germans, the Germans.
The adjectives ending in se and ss are partially substantivized and the same form is used for singular, plural and to denote
the nation on the whole: a Chinese, two Chinese, the Chinese; a Swiss, two Swiss, the Swiss.

The adjectives ending in sh and ch are used only to denote the whole nation: the English, the Irish, the Scotch, the French,
the Welsh, the Dutch. To denote a person of this nationality or two of them the root-man or -woman is added: an Englishman
two Englishmen; an Englishwoman two Englishwomen; a Dutchman two Dutchmen.
Note the exceptions:
adjective a person
Spanish
a Spaniard
Polish
a Pole
Danish
a Dane
Finnish
a Finn
Swedish
a Swede
Turkish
a Turk

two persons
two Spaniards
two Poles
two Danes
two Finns
two Swedes
two Turks

nation
the Spanish
the Polish/Poles
the Danes
the Finns
the Swedes
the Turks

Exercises
6.1. Use adjectives as nouns.
1)
The extremely old people need a great deal of attention. The extremely old need a great deal of attention.
2)
We will nurse your sick people and feed your hungry people.
3)
The young in spirit people enjoy life.
4)
The rich people will help only the humble poor people.
5)
The wise people look to wiser people for advice.
6)
The old people who resist change can expect violence.
7)
The industrious Dutch people are admired by their neighbours.
8)
You British people and you French people ought to be allies.
9)
This Irish man retained all sentimental links with Ireland.
10) The rebellious Polish peasants resisted strongly.
11) The British troops have control of the bridge.
12) The blind people need our support.
13) The native people were very friendly.
14) The Russian sportsmen performed well in figure dancing.
15) Are the German people sentimental?
16) Five Chinese people entered the hotel.
17) The Swiss people are fond of mountains.
18) He is an English man.
19) The Turkish people got their independence only at the beginning of the 20th century.
20) The Finnish people live in Finland.
21) A Spanish girl was dancing beautifully.
REVIEW EXERCISES
1. Supply the right adjectival forms for the words in brackets.
1)
The scenery is very (to attract).
2)
A class of forty is just about (to manage).
3)
You are tremendously (energy).
4)
The book is full of (humour) stories.
5)
How much radiation is (to be permitted)?
6)
Driving a car without a license is (legal).
7)
The waiting room is a (smoking) area.
8)
She doesnt behave in a responsible way. She is quite (responsible).
9)
He cannot read or write. He is (literate).
10) That was the (to conclude) proof that he was the murderer.
2. Give a comparative or a superlative form for the adjectives in italics. Make other changes if necessary.
1)
She is (happy) than I am.
2)
She is (happy) person I have ever met.
3)
His work was (careless) than mine.
4)
His work was (careless) in the class.
5)
The problem is (simple) than that one.
6)
The problem is (simple) in the book.
7)
Is your house much (far)?
8)
Ive got the (little)!
9)
My flat is (little) than yours.
10) We have got no (far) information.
3. Give the correct forms for the words in brackets: the + adjective or ed/-ing adjectives.
A just society is a human ideal. We would all like to live in a place where (1) (rich) are not too rich and (2) (poor) are not too
poor; where no one would be (3) (shock) or (4) (embarrass) at the way (5) (old) are cared for. (6) (blind) would have as much
opportunity as (7) (sighted). (8) (deaf) would be able to develop their skills. (9) (unemployed) would not depend on the state,
because no one would be unemployed. The most innocent people in society, (10) (young), would be protected. In this happy place

no one would feel (11) (depress) or (12) (distress). Unfortunately, in the real world, life can be both (13) (distress) and (14)
(depress). So lets be thankful for a sense of humour. I recently saw a notice in an undertakers window and I wasnt sure whether it
was addressed to (15) (living) or (16) (dead). It said: Once youve tried one of our funerals, youll never want to try another!
(Longman English Grammar Practice, p.85)
4. Use the right word order or choose the right forms.
(1) (Shoes leather Italian expensive handmade): these are my pride and joy. I own a (2) (old beautiful pair) or I did until
yesterday, when I discovered that one of the shoes was missing. I had left the shoes on my (3) ( doorstep back) to do some
gardening. My neighbour has a (4) (dog friendly large) called Sam. When I saw that one of my shoes had disappeared, I knew that
Sam had taken it. I cant say he behaved (5) (bad/badly). He just behaved like a dog. Leather looks (6) (good/well) and tastes (7)
(good/well), too. I unwillingly gave Sam the (8) (remaining Italian shoe) and then followed him. I not only found one (9) (Italian
unchewed shoe), but also a pile of things Sam had been borrowing, including my wifes (10) (slippers fur-lined red), which Sam had
tried for dinner!
(Longman English Grammar Practice, p. 87)

PROGRESS TEST
Unit 1
1. Convert the following verbs and nouns into adjectives by means of suffixes.
1)
The doctor gave me a very (favour) report on my health.
2)
He has a rather (bush) beard.
3)
The girl looked (thought) for a moment and then answered.
4)
It was (courage) of you to save a drowning man.
5)
Its not (respect) to be drunk in the street.
6)
She speaks in a rather (book) way.
7)
A paid full-time official responsible for organizing and administrating activities of an organization is called a ( to execute)
secretary.
8)
She was born to an (intellect) family.
9)
Youll find this little tool very (value) for cutting.
10) Its a warm (wool) coat.
2. Make the adjectives in brackets negative.
11) John remained (violent) in spite of receiving racial insults.
12) He was (obedient) to his mother.
13) He was an (legitimate) child.
14) (standard) expressions are not usually used by educated native speakers.
15) His (reputable) behaviour made me feel sick.
16) The very idea of cheating him is (tasteful) to me.
17) It was a (decisive) victory.
18) Using other people for ones own profit is (moral).
19) He is still (mature).
20) I am (comfortable) in this chair.
3. Transcribe the following adjectives.
21) Pressed
24) wicked
22) Crooked
25) legged
23) Blessed
26) hooked

27)
28)

learned
dark-skinned

Unit 2
1. Put the adjective in the right place.
31) (ready) a steamer to sail off
32) (general) attorney
33) (nice) the music sounds
34) (interested) anyone is most welcome here
35) (angry) she gets
2. Put the adjectives in the right order:
41) a (cotton, white and pink, long, Indian, expensive)
dress
42) a (English, nice, old) lady
43) a (summer, sunny, nice) day
44) a (fat, black, old) cat
45) a (metal, antique, expensive) box

29)
30)

ragged
dogged

36) (available) data on this question


37) (concerned) the doctor is on holiday
38) (sweet) a rose smells
39) (enough) energy for that
40) (good) it sounds for me

46)
47)
48)
49)
50)

a (American, famous, funny) movie


a (red, large, ugly) nose
a (gold, new, fashionable) ring
a (old, lovely, little) village
a (plastic, red, old, big) bag

Unit 4
1. Give the comparative and superlative forms for the following adjectives:
51) tender
54) complete
52) good
55) happy
53) noble
56) heavy
2. Complete the sentences using patterns indicating inequality.
60) (bronzed) The skin was a Tahiti natives.
61) (nice) You are many people think.
62) (hot) Today the sun is it was yesterday.
63) (proud) The mother is her daughter.
64) ((musical) John is as his sister.
65) (interested) You are in my dress my dressmaker.
66) (active) She is her brother.
67) (deep) The Naroch is the Baikal.
68) (expensive) Gold is silver.
69) (experienced) This secretary is as that one.
70) (narrow) This street is that street.
Unit 5
Choose the right adjective.
71) We were (horrifying/horrified) to know about the accident
72) Why do you look so (boring/bored)?
73) The (exciting/excited) children were opening their Christmas presents.
74) He told me an (amusing/amused) story.
75) Its sometimes (embarrassing/embarrassed) to ask for help.
76) Are you (interesting/interested) in politics?

57)
58)
59)

big
fine
private

77)
78)
79)
80)

The situation is rather (depressing/depressed).


She looked (worrying/worried).
The room hasn't been cleaned for a long time. It looks (disgusting/ disgusted).
The most (fascinating/fascinated) insect was walking across the paper.

Unit 6
Instead of the regular adjectives use substantivized adjectives.
81) Rich people should pay more taxes.
82) This memorial is to dead people.
83) He basked in the company of the young people.
84) It was a surprise to the experienced people.
85) He was wearing green: a garrison hat and the ribbons.
86) He was part of the rich class.
87) The poor people must stand together everywhere.
88) We had to hand over our valuable things.
89) Two Swiss girls were standing near the column.
90) The Scotch people are very proud.
90/______

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KEYS:

ADJECTIVES
ENTRY TEST

Unit 1
1. 1.comparable 2.convertible 3.valuable 4.intellectual 5.insistent 6.contradictory 7.wooden 8.fruitful 9.courageous 10.frosty
2. 11.unlike 12. irregular 13.immobile 14.illegal 15.dishonest 16.non-standard 17.ungracious 18.incompatible 19.inexperienced
20.indirect
3. 21.shaven
22.drunken 23.shrunken 24.wicked [-id] 25.legged [-id] 26.crooked [-id] 27.learned [-id] 28.blessed [-id]
29.ragged [-id] 30.dogged [-id]
Unit 2
1. 31. something new today 32.court martial 33.the peach tastes sweet 34.anyone interested 35.she seems happy 36.figures
available on this question 37.notary public 38.she is afraid of him 39. brave enough to do it 40.you look nice
2. 41.an extravagant expensive black Scottish woollen suit 42.a beautiful young Irish woman 43.a beautiful calm winter day 44.a
good big old black dog 45.an expensive antique ceramic vase 46.a famous Russian historic film 47.a nice straight Roman
nose 48.an impressive old silver ring 49.a nice little old town 50.a little old red plastic toy
Unit 4
1. 51.clumsy clumsier/more clumsy the clumsiest/the most clumsy 52.bad worse the worst 53.narrow narrower/more
narrow the narrowest/the most narrow 54. regular more regular the most regular 55.complete completer/more
complete the completest/ the most complete 56.merry merrier/more merry the merriest/the most merry 57.far
father/further the farthest/the furthest 58.old older/elder the oldest/the eldest 59.little less the least/the last 60.stupid
more stupid the most stupid
2. 61.not so/as old as 62. not so/as red as 63. not so/as expensive as 64.not so/as good as 65.not so/as heavy as 66.not so/as
pretty as 67.not so/as long as 68.not so/as heavy 69.not so/as ancient 70.not so/as narrow as
3. 71. the loudest 72. much more beautiful 73. the cleverest 74. much worse 75. much/far higher 76. much funnier 77. much better
78. the more the better 79. the more you learn the more you know 80. the stronger you become the less you get tired
Unit 5
81. terrifying 82. shocked 83. exciting 84. amused 85. embarrassed 86. interested 87. depressing 88. worried 89. boring,
bored 90. fascinated
Unit 6
91.Only the young have . 92.The impossible has . 93.The English 94.the wounded 95.A Czech 96.The blind 97.The
Japanese, two Indians. 98.the sweets 99.The quiet 100.A Dutchman
REVIEW EXERCISES
1. 1. Attractive 2. manageable 3.energetic 4.humourous 5.permissible 6.illegal 7.non-smoking 8.irresponsible 9.illiterate
10.conclusive.
2. 1. happier, 2.the happiest, 3.more careless, 4.the most careless, 5.simpler/more simple, 6.the simplest/the most simple,
7.farther/further, 8.least, 9.smaller, 11.further
3. 1.the rich, 2.the poor, 3.shocked, 4.embarrassed, 5.the old, 6.the blind, 7.the sighted, 8.the deaf, 9.the unemployed, 10.the
young, 11.depressed, 12.distressed, 13.distressed, 14.depressed, 15.the living, 16.the dead.
4. 1.expensive Italian handmade leather shoes (or Expensive handmade Italian leather shoes) 2.beautiful old pair 3.backdoorstep
4.large friendly dog (exceptionally, size comes before the general adjective here) 5.badly 6.good 7.good 8. remaining Italian
shoe 9.unchewed Italian shoe 10.red fur-lined slippers
PROGRESS TEST
Unit 1
1. favourable, 2.bushy, 3.thoughtful, 4.courageous, 5.respectful, 6.bookish, 7. executive, 8.intellectual, 9.valuable, 10.woolen
2. 11. non-violent, 12. disobedient, 13. illegitimate, 14. non-standard, 15.disreputable, 16.tasteless, 17.indecisive, 18.immoral,
19.immature, 20.uncomfortable.
3. 21. -t 22. -id 23. -id 24. -id 25. -id 26. -t 27. -id 28. -d 29. -id 30. -id.
Unit 2
1. 31. a steamer ready to sail off 32. attorney general 33. the music sounds nice 34. anyone interested 35. she gets angry 36.
data available on this question 37. the doctor concerned is on holiday 38. a rose smells sweet 39. energy enough for that
40. it sounds good for me
2. 41. an expensive long white and pink Indian cotton dress 42. a nice old English lady 43. a nice sunny summer day 44. a fat old
black cat 45. an expensive antique metal box 46. a famous funny American movie 47. an ugly large red nose 48. a
fashionable new gold ring 49. a lovely little old village 50. a big old red plastic bag
Unit 4
1. 51. tenderer the tenderest/more tender the most tender 52. better the best 53. nobler the noblest/more noble the most
noble 54. completer the completest/more complete the most complete 55. happier the happiest/more happy the most
happy 56. heavier the heaviest/more heavy -- the most heavy 57. bigger the biggest 58. finer the finest 59. more
private the most private
2. 60. was not as/so bronzed 61. not as/so nice 62. not as/so hot 63. not as/so proud 64. not as/so musical 65. not as/so
interested 66. not as/so active 67. not as/so deep 68. not as/so expensive 69. not as/so experienced 70. not as/so narrow
3. 71. the cleanest 72. much cleaner 73. the best 74. much better 75. much more interesting 76. much busier 77. far worse 78.
the brighter the sun, the warmer the days 79. the more you drink, the more you are thirsty 80. the more we love a woman,
the less we are liked by her
Unit 5
81. horrified, 82.bored, 83.excited, 84.amusing, 85.embarrassing, 86.interested, 87.depressing, 88.worried, 89.disgusting
90.fascinating
Unit 6

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91.the rich, 92.the dead, 93.the young, 94.the experienced, 95. greens, 96.the rich, 97.the poor, 98.valuables, 99.Swiss, 100.the
Scotch

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