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10/30/2015

TheAceStudent:BTM8106Week7|CompleteSolution

BTM8106Week7|CompleteSolution
BTM8106Week7|CompleteSolution
Week7
Samples,PowerAnalysis,andDesignSensitivityWarmupActivityDownloadG*Powerandplay
aroundwithit.Seehowchangesinassumptionsandparametersaffectsamplesizeestimates.Part
11.Compareandcontrastinternalandexternalvalidity.Describeandgiveexamplesofresearch
questionsforwhichexternalvalidityisaprimaryconcern.Describeandgiveexamplesofresearch
questionsinwhichinternalvalidityisaprimaryconcern.Discussstrategiesresearchersuseinorder
tomakestrongclaimsabouttheapplicabilityoftheirfindingstoatargetpopulation.2.Compareand
contrastrandomselectionandrandomassignment.Besuretoincludeadiscussionofwhenyou
wouldwanttodooneortheotherandthepossibleconsequencesoffailingtodorandomselection
orrandomassignmentinparticularsituations.3.Explaintherelationshipbetweensamplesizeand
thelikelihoodofastatisticallysignificantdifferencebetweenmeasuredvaluesoftwogroups.In
otherwords,explainwhy,allelsebeingequal,assamplesizeincreasesthelikelihoodoffindinga
statisticallysignificantrelationshipincreases.4.Compareandcontrastprobabilityandnon
probabilitysampling.Whataretheadvantagesanddisadvantagesofeach?Part2Ifyoudoa
quantitativestudyforyourdissertation,youmustestimatethesamplesizeyouwillneedinorderto
haveareasonablechanceoffindingarelationshipamongthevariablesstatedinyourresearch
hypotheses(shouldoneexist),givenyourstatisticalanalysis(es)andassumptions/calculationsof
factors24above.Youmustdothis,evenifyouplantouseaconveniencesample(seebelow).
Thereareanumberofsamplesizecalculatorsavailable.NorthcentralusesG*Power,whichis
requiredinthisActivity.YouwilluseG*Powersaprioripoweranalysisfunctiontocalculatea
samplesize.Ifityieldsanunrealisticallylargesizesample,youwillrethinkyourdesignand
assumptionsand,perhaps,useG*Powerscompromisepoweranalysistoestimateaworkable
samplesizethatmakessense.Ifyouplanonusingaconveniencesample,youwoulduseboth
analysesaspartofyourargumentthatyourconveniencesampleislargeenough.Submitthe
Following1.Calculatethesamplesizeneededgiventhesefactors:onetailedttestwithtwo
independentgroupsofequalsizesmalleffectsize(seePiasta,S.B.,&Justice,L.M.,2010)
alpha=.05beta=.2Assumethattheresultisasamplesizebeyondwhatyoucanobtain.Use
thecompromisefunctiontocomputealphaandbetaforasamplehalfthesize.Indicatethe
resultingalphaandbeta.Presentanargumentthatyourstudyisworthdoingwiththesmaller
sample.2.Calculatethesamplesizeneededgiventhesefactors:ANOVA(fixedeffects,omnibus,
oneway)smalleffectsizealpha=.05beta=.23groupsAssumethattheresultisasample
sizebeyondwhatyoucanobtain.Usethecompromisefunctiontocomputealphaandbetafora
sampleapproximatelyhalfthesize.Giveyourrationaleforyourselectedbeta/alpharatio.Indicate
theresultingalphaandbeta.Giveanargumentthatyourstudyisworthdoingwiththesmaller
sample.3.Inafewsentences,describetwodesignsthatcanaddressyourresearchquestion.The
designsmustinvolvetwodifferentstatisticalanalyses.Foreachdesign,specifyandjustifyeachof
thefourfactorsandcalculatetheestimatedsamplesizeyoullneed.Givereasonsforany
parametersyouneedtospecifyforG*Power
BTM8106Week7|CompleteSolution

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