Anda di halaman 1dari 5

28 Piermatteis Atlas of Surgical Approaches to the Bones and Joints of the Dog and Cat

PLATE 1

Subcutaneous Musculature of the Canine Forequarter


Parotid salivary gland
Cleidocephalicus m.,
cervical part
Deltoideus:
Acromial part
Scapular part

Latissimus dorsi

Ext. jugular v.
Trapezius
Sternohyoideus
Sternocephalicus
Omotransversarius
Clavicular tendon
Cleidobrachialis
Superficial pectoral
Biceps brachii
Cephalic v.
Medial muscles of
the antebrachium
(see Plate 3)

Ext.
abdominal
oblique
Deep pectoral
Triceps brachii:
Long head
Lateral head
Brachialis
Lateral muscles of
the antebrachium
(see Plate 2)

Note: The cutaneous trunci


and platysma muscles
are not depicted.

General Considerations 29

PLATE 2

Deep Musculature of the Canine Thoracic Limb, Lateral View

Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus

Acromion of
scapular spine
Teres minor

Cranial circumflex
humeral a.
Brachialis
Biceps brachii

Subscapular a.

Axillary n.
Caudal circumflex
humeral a.
Radial n.
Median n.
Ulnar n.
Anconeus

Extensor carpi
radialis
Common digital
extensor

Flexor carpi ulnaris,


ulnar head

Lateral digital
extensor
Ulnaris lateralis
Abductor pollicis
longus

Note: All muscles of the shoulder


girdle, the deltoideus, and
the triceps brachii have
been removed.

30 Piermatteis Atlas of Surgical Approaches to the Bones and Joints of the Dog and Cat

PLATE 3

Deep Musculature of the Canine Thoracic Limb, Medial View


Attachment of
rhomboideus
Attachment of
serratus ventralis
Subscapularis
Teres major

Spinal nerves:
T1
C8
C7
C6

Latissimus dorsi
Supraspinatus
Tensor fasciae
antebrachii
Triceps brachii:
Long head
Medial head

Coracobrachialis
Brachial a.
Biceps brachii

Median n.
Ulnar n.
Flexor carpi
radialis,
ulnar head
Superficial
digital flexor
Flexor carpi
radialis

Extensor carpi
radialis
Pronator teres
Cephalic v.

Deep digital
flexor

Tendon of abductor
pollicis longus

General Considerations 31

PLATE 4

Subcutaneous Musculature of the Canine Hindquarter


Iliocostalis

Longissimus
dorsi

Middle gluteal
Superficial
gluteal
Biceps femoris
Semitendinosus

Sartorius:
Cranial belly
Caudal belly
Vastus medialis

Semimembranosus

Tensor fasciae
latae
Fascia lata
Gracilis

Peroneus longus

Semitendinosus

Gastrocnemius

Gastrocnemius

Deep digital flexor,


lateral part

Popliteus

Superficial digital
flexor

Deep digital flexor:


Lateral part
Medial part

Cranial tibial

Long digital
extensor

Note: Cutaneous muscles


have been removed.

Lateral saphenous v.

32 Piermatteis Atlas of Surgical Approaches to the Bones and Joints of the Dog and Cat

PLATE 5

Deep Musculature of the Canine Hindquarter


Deep gluteal
Piriformis
Sacrotuberous ligament
(absent in cat)
Sciatic n.

Trochanter major

Tendon of int. obturator


Gemelli
Tuber ischium

Tensor fasciae
latae

Quadratus femoris

Rectus femoris
Pectineus
Adductor
Vastus medialis
Vastus lateralis

Adductor
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Caudal cutaneous
sural n.
Tibial n.

Semimembranosus

Common peroneal n.

Semitendinosus
Gastrocnemius

Gastrocnemius
Deep digital flexor,
lateral part
Peroneus longus

Popliteus
Superficial digital
flexor
Deep digital flexor:
Lateral part
Medial part

Long digital extensor


Superficial digital
flexor
Cranial tibial
Extensor
retinaculum:
Proximal
Distal

Note: Muscles removed on the lateral side include the middle and
deep gluteals, tensor fasciae latae, and biceps femoris.
Muscles removed from the medial side include the sartorius
and gracilis.

Abductor digiti quinti