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una accin.

En general se forman agregando "ly" al final del


adjetivo.
La mayora terminan en 'ly' que equivale a la terminacin
'mente' n castellano. Generalmente derivan de adjetivos
Adjetivo
Adverbio
slow (slu) - lento

slowly (sluli) - lentamente

easy (iisi) - fcil

easily (isili) - fcilmente

careful (krful) - cuidadoso

carefully (krfuli) - cuidadosamente

simple (smpl) - simple

simply (smpli) - simplemente

happy (jpi) - feliz

happily (jpili) - felizmente

natural (nchural) - natural

naturally (nchurali) - naturalmente

Tambin hay excepciones a esta regla:


Adjetivo
Adverbio
good (guud) - bueno

well (ul) - bien

fast (fast) - rpido

fast (fast) - rpidamente

hard (jrd) - duro

hard (jrd) - duramente

Ms ejemplos con adverbios y sus opuestos:


Adverbio
Adverbio Opuesto
well (ul) - bien, adecuadamente

badly (bdli) - mal, de mala manera

better (brer) - mejor

worse (urs) - peor

together (tchuguder) - juntos

separately (spritli) - separadamente

carefully (krfuli) cuidadosamente

carelessly (krlesli) - descuidadamente

right (rit) - correctamente

wrong (rong) - incorrectamente

Ejemplos:

The old man walked slowly


El anciano caminaba lentamente.
The detective carefully gathered the evidence.
El detective cuidadosamente reuni la evidencia.
She moved slowly and spoke quietly.
Ella se mova lentamente y hablaba bajo.
It rained continually for five days.
LLovi continuamente por cinco das.
They work very hard to save money.
Ellos trabajan muy duro para ahorrar dinero.
She knows me well.
Ella me conoce bien
They drive fast when they go in that car.
Ellos manejan rpido cuando van en ese auto.
The teacher looked angrily at the students.
La profesora mir enojadamente a los estudiantes.
John and Susan decided to live together.
John y Susan decidieron vivir juntos.
Ms adverbios y ejemplos:
badly (bdli) - mal
well (ul) - bien
better (bter) - mejor
worse (urs) - peor
slowly (sluli) lentamente, despacio
fast (fast) rpido, rpidamente

No wonder youre tired, you slept badly last night.


No me extraa que t ests cansado, dormiste mal anoche.
Juan worked with Susan for two years so he knows
her well.
Juan trabaj con Susan por dos aos entonces l la conoce bien.

Janet dances better than Sabrina does.


Janet baila mejor que Sabrina.
Lawrence did worse than Charles in the midterm
exam.
A Lawrence le fue peor que a Charles en el examen de mitad de
trimestre.
I'm sorry but I can't follow you. Could you
speak slowly, please?
Disculpe pero no puedo seguirle. Podra usted hablar despacio,
por favor?
It's dangerous to drive so fast!
Es peligroso conducir tan rpido!
loudly (ludli) - fuerte, en voz alta
quietly (kuietli) - tranquilamente, en voz baja
suddenly (sdenli) - repentinamente
only (unli) - slo, slamente
really (rili) - realmente
hard (jrd) - fuerte, duro, mucho
softly (sftli) suavemente

I cant hear you with all this noise. Please


speak loudly.
No puedo orle con todo este ruido. Por favor hable en voz alta.
The cat walked quietly on the roof.
El gato camin silenciosamente por la azotea.
Suddenly the lights went off and we couldnt see
anymore.
De repente las luces se apagaron y no pudimos ver ms.
Bill must be tired. He slept only three hours last
night.
Bill debe estar cansado. l durmi slo tres horas anoche.
Do you really love Paul?
Realmente amas a Paul?
Freddy works so hard that he got a raise.
Freddy trabaja tan duro que l consigui un aumento de sueldo.
Sarah is singing softly while holding her baby.
Sarah est cantando suavemente mientras sostiene a su beb.

together (tchuguder) - juntos


separately (spareitli) - por separado
alone (alun) - solo
happily (jpili) - felizmente
easily (sili) - fcilmente
carefully (kerfuli) cuidadosamente

They lived together for two years and then got


married.
Ellos vivieron juntos durante dos aos y luego se casaron.
The lecturer presented each topic separately.
El conferenciante present cada tema por separado.
Jane brought up three children all alone.
Jane cri a tres nios absolutamente sola.
When the girl saw the gift, she smiled happily.
Cuando la muchacha vio el regalo, ella sonri felizmente.
That smart kid gets bored easily in class.
Ese inteligente nio se aburre fcilmente en la clase.
I was walking carefully along the bridge, when it
collapsed.
Yo estaba caminando con cuidado por el puente, cuando se
derrumb.
carelessly (kerlesli) - descuidadamente
successfully (sakssfuli) - exitosamente
actually (ktchuali) - en realidad, de hecho
reluctantly (rilktantli) - de mala gana
intentionally (intnshonali) - intencionalmente
accidentaly (aksidntali) accidentalmente

Bob got dressed carelessly and rushed to work.


Bob se visti descuidadamente y se fue rpido al trabajo.
The rocket was launched successfully.
El cohete fue lanzado con xito.
Actually, it was Anne who told me the truth.
Realmente, fue Anne quien me dijo la verdad.

Betsy reluctantly left the party because she had to


study.
Betsy de mala gana abandon la fiesta porque ella tena que
estudiar.
The bus driver didn't hurt the
pedestrian intentionally.
El conductor del autobs no hiri al peatn intencionadamente.
Oh, I apologize, I accidentally dented your car.
Oh, pido perdn, accidentalmente aboll su coche.
Los adverbios de lugar nos permiten indicar dnde se realiza
una accin: here, there, above, everywhere, away.
here (jer) - aqu
there (der) - all
near (nar) -cerca
nearby (nirbai) -cerca
far (fr) - lejos
away (eui) lejos

Stay right here and dont move. I will be back soon.


Qudate aqu mismo y no te muevas. Estar de vuelta pronto.
Martin has lived there, beyond the hills, all his life.
Martin ha vivido all, ms all de las colinas, toda su vida.
Is there any drugstore nearby? I need to buy
medicines.
Hay alguna farmacia cerca? Tengo que comprar medicinas.
They walked far from their camp but couldnt find
any water.
Caminaron lejos de su campamento, pero no pudieron encontrar
agua.
The zoo is three miles away. Should we go there by
car?
El zoo est a tres millas de distancia. Deberamos ir all en
coche?
home (jum) - a/en casa
abroad (abrd) - al/en el extranjero
overseas (uver-sis) - al/en el extranjero

in (in) - adentro
out (ut) - afuera
inside (nsid) -adentro
outside (utsid) afuera

Robert has broken his leg, so he has to stay home.


Robert se ha roto la pierna, entonces tiene que quedarse en
casa.
The actress had lived abroad for two years before
she returned.
La actriz haba vivido en el extranjero durante dos aos antes de
regresar..
Mr. Thomson does business in his country
and overseas.
El Sr. Thomson hace negocios en su pas y en el extranjero.
The drunk was near the lake when he suddenly
fell in.
El borracho estaba cerca del lago cuando de repente se cay
adentro.
Mr. Jones is out at the moment. He'll be back in two
hours.
El Sr. Jones est afuera en este momento. Estar de vuelta dos
horas.
Pam pretended not to be scared but was
trembling inside.
Pam fingi no estar asustada, pero estaba temblando por
dentro.
The dog had to stay outside because it was covered
with mud.
El perro tuvo que quedarse afuera porque estaba cubierto de
barro.
indoors (ndors) - adentro, bajo techo
outdoors (utdors) - al aire libre
above (abv) - arriba, encima
below (bilu) - abajo, debajo
underneath (anderniz) - debajo, abajo, por debajo
beneath (binz) - debajo, abajo, por debajo

It's very cold outside, so let's stay indoors.


Es muy fro fuera, quedmonos bajo techo.
As it was sunny, we spent the whole day outdoors.
Como estaba soleado, pasamos el da entero al aire libre.
We could hear footsteps in the apartment above.
Podamos or pasos en el apartamento de arriba.
Who lives on the floor below?
Quin vive en el piso de abajo?
The baby crawled underneath the bed.
El beb gate pordebajo de la cama.
The dog hid its bone beneath a pile of leaves.
El perro escondi su hueso bajo un montn de hojas.
ahead (ejd) -adelante
behind (bijind) - atrs, detrs
in front (in frnt) - en frente
opposite (posit) - en frente
around (arund) - alrededor, por aqu
beyond (bi-ind) - ms all

Please walk ahead and Ill follow you.


Por favor camine delante y le seguir.
I saw a man on a horse and a dog running behind.
Vi a un hombre sobre un caballo y un perro corriendo detrs
Our house is the one with a fence in front.
Nuestra casa es la que tiene una cerca en el frente.
A high-rise building is being constructed opposite.
Un edificio alto est siendo construido enfrente.
Rabbits were scampering all around the field.
Los conejos correteaban alrededor de todo el campo.
When I see those mountains, I wonder what
is beyond.
Cuando veo esas montaas, me pregunto que hay ms all.
aside (asid) - a un lado, aparte
sideways (sidwis) - hacia un lado, de lado
back (bk) - detrs, en la parte trasera, hacia atrs

over (ver) - encima


all over (l uver) - por todas partes
over here (uver jer) - por aqu
over there (ver der) - por all
right here (rit jer) - justo aqu
right there (rit der) - justo all
up here (p her) - aqu arriba
down there (dun der) - all abajo
up (ap) - arriba, encima, en lo alto
down (dun) - abajo, hacia abajo

Every month Mr. Edwards sets aside some money for


his daughters education.
Cada mes Sr. Edwards aparta algo de dinero para la educacin
de su hija.
The man glanced sideways at me.
El hombre me mir de soslayo.
When I called the waitress, she turned and
looked back.
Cuando llam la camarera, ella se dio vuelta y mir hacia atrs.
Only people of 18 and over can participate in this
quiz show.
Slo la gente de 18 y por encimapuede participar en este
concurso de preguntas.
After hearing the fire alarm, people moved
frantically all over the building.
Despus de or la alarma de incendios, la gente se movi
frenticamente por todas partes del edificio.
Im sure I lost my wallet somewhere over here.
Estoy seguro que perd mi cartera en algn sitio por aqu.
Why dont you leave your suitcases over there?
Por qu no deja usted sus maletas por ah?
There was a stranger standing right here a minute
ago.
Haba un forastero parado aqumismo hace un minuto.
You should hang the picture right there, next to the
other.
Usted debera colgar el cuadro ah mismo, al lado del otro.

Lets place the new vase up here, on this table.


Pongamos elnuevo florero aqu arriba, en esta mesa.
Look for your lost keys down there, under the
couch.
Busque sus llaves perdidas all abajo, bajo el canap.
The climber walked up the mountain and reached
the summit.
El alpinista subi caminandola montaa y alcanz la cumbre.
During the earthquake, big rocks rolled down the
hill.
Durante el terremoto, rocas grandes rodaronporla colina.
uptown (ptun) - en la zona residencial
downtown (duntun) - en el centro de la ciudad
upstairs (ps-ters) - en el piso de arriba
downstairs (dunsters) - en el piso de abajo
uphill (p-hil) - cuesta arriba
downhill (dun-hil) - cuesta abajo

That movie star spends the summer in a


mansion uptown.
Esa estrella de cine pasa el verano en una mansin enlas
afueras de la ciudad.
The Smiths used to live downtown but later moved
to the suburbs.
Los Smith solan vivir el centro de la cuidad, pero luego se
mudarona los barrios residenciales.
Sophia often stays upstairs all day long, writing her
memoirs.
Sophia a menudo se queda arriba todo el da, escribiendo sus
memorias.
Theres someone walking downstairs in the livingroom.
Hay alguien andando abajo en la sala de estar.
It was a gradual slope, so Jack could ride his
horse uphill.

Esto era una cuesta gradual, entonces Jack pudoir acaballo


cuesta arriba.
We couldnt ride our bikes downhill because the
mountainside was too abrupt.
No pudimos andar con nuestras motos cuesta abajo porque la
ladera era demasiado abrupta.
upwards (pwards) - hacia arriba
downwards (dunwards) - hacia abajo
inwards (nwards) - hacia adentro
outwards (utwards) - hacia afuera
forward (frward) - hacia adelante
backwards (bkwards) - hacia atrs
onwards (nwards) - hacia adelante
homeward (jumward) - hacia casa

We looked upwards at the beautiful bird on the tree


top.
Miramos hacia arriba al hermoso pjaroen la copa de rbol.
Greg and I strolled downwards towards the shore.
Greg y yo paseamos hacia abajo hacia la orilla.
Dont push the door. It opens inwards.
No empuje la puerta. Se abre hacia adentro.
The eagle spread its wings outwards and flew away.
El guila extendisus alas hacia fuera y se fue volando.
Slowly, the train moved forward away from the
station.
Despacio, el tren se movi hacia adelante lejos de la estacin.
The two kids were quarreling and one of them
fell backwards.
Los dos nios estaban peleando y uno de ellos cay hacia atrs.
That French restaurant is open from 8:00
p.m. onwards.
Aquel restaurante francs est abierto a partir de las 8:00 p.m.
en adelante.
We commuted homeward after a very hectic day.
Viajamos a diario hacia casa despus de un da muy agitado.

everywhere (vriur) - en/a todas partes


nowhere (nur) - en/a ninguna parte
somewhere (smur) - en algn lugar
anywhere (niur) - en cualquier/ningn lugar
elsewhere (lsur) en otra parte

The lady looked for her necklace everywhere but


couldnt find it.
La seora busc su collar por todas partes, pero no pudo
encontrarlo.
My keys are nowhere to be found.
Mis llaves no se pueden encontrar en ninguna parte .
Jims lying somewhere near the swimming pool.
Jim est tendido en algn lugar cerca de la piscina.
Just sit anywhere you want.
Sintese en cualquier parte que usted quiera.
You must park your car elsewhere. This space is
reserved.
Usted debe aparcar su coche en otra parte. Este espacio es
reservado.
south (suz) - al sur
north (nrz) - al norte
west (ust) - al oeste
east (ist) - al este

Mr. Morris moved south, looking for a better job.


Sr. Morris se mud alsur, buscando un mejor trabajo.
In winter some species of birds fly north.
En invierno algunas especies de aves vuelan el norte.
We drove west into the countryside.
Condujimos aloeste en dentro de la zona de campos.
The ship departed from New York and sailed east.
El barco se partide Nueva York y naveg hacia el este.
southwards (suzwards)- hacia el sur
northwards (nrzwards) - hacia el norte

westwards (ustwards) - hacia el oeste


eastwards (istwards) - hacia el este

The tide pushed the raft southwards.


La marea empuj la balsa hacia el sur.
The helicopter moved northwards towards the hills.
El helicptero se trasladaba con direccin nortehacia las colinas.
Miners walked westwards looking for gold.
Los mineros caminaronen direccin oeste buscando oro.
We saw a zeppelin soaring eastwards.
Vimos un zepeln elevarse hacia el este.
southbound (suzbaund) - rumbo al sur
northbound (nrzbaund) - rumbo al norte
westbound (ustbaund) - rumbo al oeste
eastbound (istbaund) - hacia el este

The train moved southbound towards London.


El tren se fue con direccin sur hacia Londres.
Indians plodded northbound looking for water.
Los indios caminaron con paso hacia el norte buscando agua.
Paul rowed westbound to reach the coast.
Paul rem en direccin oeste para alcanzar la costa.
The expedition departed eastbound.
La expedicin se march en direccin este.
Cuando queremos expresar en qu momento se realiza una
accin, utilizamos los adverbios de tiempo: now, early, late,
soon, already, tomorrow.
early (rli) - temprano
late (lit) - tarde
earlier (rlier) - antes, ms temprano
later (liter) - luego, ms tarde
then (den) - luego, entonces
before (bifr) - antes
after (fter) - despus
afterwards (fterurds) luego

Daniel usually wakes up early every morning.


Daniel por lo general se despierta temprano cada maana.
Joe and Pam arrived late last night.
Joe y Pam llegaron tarde anoche.
If you want to catch the 7 o'clock bus, you must
leave earlier.
Si quieres agarrar elautobs de las 7, debes marcharte ms
temprano.
I am busy right now. Please call me back later.
Estoy ocupado ahora mismo. Por favor llmeme ms tarde.
We're going to the party, so we'll see you then.
Vamos a la fiesta, entonces te veremos entonces.
I'm sure I've seen you before.
Estoy seguro que le he visto antes.
Mr. Kane can meet you next week, or the week after.
Sr. Kane puede encontrarle la prxima semana, o la semana
despus.
James and Molly had lunch and afterwards went for
a walk.
James y Molly almorzaron y despus dieron un paseo.
now (nu) - ahora
nowadays (nuedis) - hoyda
these days (dis dis) - en estos das
currently (krrently) - actualmente
at present (at prsent) - en el presente
today (tchudi) - hoy
tomorrow (tchumrou) - maana
yesterday (isterdei) ayer

Do we have to pay for our tickets now?


Tenemos que pagar nuestros boletos ahora?
People work long hours nowadays.
La gente trabaja horas largas hoy da.
Children grow up very fast these days.
Los nios crecen muy rpido estos das.

Vivian is currently learning to dance tango.


Vivianest actualmente aprendiendo a bailar tango.
Embarking on a cruise is very expensive at present.
Embarcarse en un crucero es muy caro actualmente.
Thomas hasn't been to school today.
Thomas no haestado en la escuela hoy.
I'll see you tomorrow.Good bye!
Le ver maana. adis!
Tracy and I went to the movies yesterday.
Tracy y yo fuimos al cine ayer.
still (stil) - todava
already (olrdi) - ya
yet (it) - ya, an
not yet (nt it) - no an
no longer (nu lnguer) - ya no
not any more (nt eni mor) - ya no
just (dchst) - justo, recin

Sharon is still waiting for Bill's reply to her letter.


Sharon est todava esperando la respuesta de Bill a su carta.
Mrs. Gray has already cleaned the kitchen.
La seora Gray ya ha limpiado la cocina
I haven't seen Susie yet.
No he visto a Susie an.
Have you finished? No, not yet.
Ha terminado usted? No, todava.
They no longer live in this city.
Ellos ya no viven en esta ciudad.
Melissa doesn't see Oscar any more.
Melissa ya no ve a Oscar.
I've just prepared some coffee.
Acabo de preparar un poco de caf.
ever (ver) - alguna vez
soon (sn) - pronto
again (egun) - de nuevo, otra vez
thereafter (der fter) - despus de eso
lately (litli) - ltimamente

recently (rsentli) - recientemente


formerly (frmerli) - anteriormente
latterly (lterli) ltimamente

Have you ever seen a UFO?


Has visto alguna vez un OVNI?
I'll visit you soon, granny.
Te visitar pronto, abuelita.
Try again later.
Intente otra vez ms tarde.
They lived happily thereafter.
Ellos vivieron felizmente a partir de entonces.
George hasn't been feeling well lately.
George no se ha estado sintiendo bien ltimamente.
They've traveled to Europe recently.
Ellos han viajado a Europa recientemente.
Thailand, formerly known as Siam, is an exotic
country.
Tailandia, antes conocida como Siam, es un pas extico.
Latterly her art has become very bold.
ltimamente su arte se ha vuelto muy atrevido.
in the past (in de pst) - en el pasado
in the future (in de ficher) - en el futuro
this week (ds uiik) - esta semana
next week (nkst wik) - la semana prxima
last week (lst wik) - la semana pasada
this year (dis er) - este ao
next year (nkst er) - el ao que viene
last year (lst er) - el ao pasado
meanwhile (mn-uil) - entretanto
someday (smdi) - algn da
shortly (shrtli)- en poco tiempo

Max played many sports in the past.


Maxpractic muchos deportes en el pasado.
Amanda will become a writer in the future.
Amanda seconvertir en una escritora en el futuro.

I'm coming to work by cab this week.


Vengo a trabajar en taxi esta semana.
Ben will graduate next week.
Ben se graduar la prxima semana.
Grace failed her exam last week.
Grace no pas su examen la semana pasada.
This year the weather's been awful.
Este ao el tiempo ha sido horrible.
We'll spend the summer in South Africa next year.
Pasaremos el verano en Sudfrica el prximo ao.
Steve won the lottery last year.
Steve gan la lotera el ao pasado.
I was waiting for Peter, meanwhile I baked some
bread in the oven.
Yo estaba esperando a Peter, mientras tanto horne un poco de
pan en el horno.
Someday man will conquer space.
Un da el hombreconquistar el espacio.
I'll be there shortly.
Estar all dentro de poco.
five minutes ago (fiv minits agu) - hace cinco minutos
two weeks ago (th wiks agu) - hace dos semanas
four days ago (for dis agu) - hace cuatro das
long ago (lng agu) - hace mucho tiempo

The phone rang five minutes ago.


El telfono son hace cinco minutos.
There was a hurricane two weeks ago.
Hubo un huracn hace dos semanas.
Four days ago, we returned from a long trip.
Hace cuatro das, volvimos de un largo viaje.
Long ago, there was no electricity.
Hace mucho, no haba electricidad.
Son aquellos que indican cunto tiempo dura una accin
determinada y responden a las preguntas de tipo "for how
long?": all day, for a while.

all day (l di) - todo el da


all week (l wik) - toda la semana
the whole morning (de jul morning) - la maana entera
for a while (for e uil) - por un rato/tiempo
for five minutes (for fiv mnits) - por cinco minutos
for two years (for tch ers) - por dos aos

Bob's been studying all day and now has a


headache.
Bob ha estado estudiando todo el da y ahora tiene un dolor de
cabeza.
The painter has been working on a portrait all week.
El pintor ha estado trabajando en un retrato toda la semana.
The mechanic's been fixing my car the whole
morning.
El mecnico ha estado fijando mi coche la maana entera.
They had waited for Jim for a while before they left.
Ellos haban esperado a Jim un rato antes de que se marcharan.
You should play the guitar for five minutes every
day.
Usted debera tocar la guitarra durante cinco minutos cada da.
We've been taking tennis lessons for two years.
Hemos estado tomando lecciones de tenis durante dos aos.
for several days (for sveral dis) - por varios das
for three centuries (for zri snchuris) - por tres siglos
since (sns) - desde entoces
since then (sns dn) - desde entoces
ever since (ver sins) - desde entonces
since Monday (sns mndei) - desde el lunes

Alison had been looking for her dog for several


days before she found it.
Alison haba estado buscando a su perro durante varios das
antes de que ella lo encontrara.
For three centuries, the treasure had been kept in a
trunk.
Durante tres siglos, el tesoro haba estado guardado en un cofre.

I spoke with Wendy last week but haven't seen


her since.
Habl con Wendy la semana pasada, pero no la he visto desde
entonces.
The skyscraper was built last year and since
then hundreds of people visit it daily.
El rascacielos fue construido el ao pasado y desde entonces
cientos de personas lo visitan diariamente.
In 2005, Martin wrote a bestseller and has become
famous ever since.
En 2005, Martin escribi un bestseller y se ha vuelto famoso
desde entonces.
Mr. Taylor has been working overtime since Monday.
El Sr. Taylor ha estado trabajando horas extras desde el lunes.
from the beginning (from de biguning) - desde el comienzo
since 1985 (sns 1985) - desde el ao 1985
until now (antl nu)- hasta ahora
till now (til nu) - hasta ahora
up to now (p tchu nu) - hasta ahora
until Sunday (antl sndei) - hasta el domingo
so far (su far) - hasta ahora
as yet (as it) - hasta ahora

Mr. Anderson's political career's been


successful from the beginning.
La carrera poltica del Sr. Anderson ha sido exitosa desde el
principio.
The Greens have spent their holidays in Palm
Beach since 1985.
Los Verde han pasado sus vacaciones en Palm Beach desde
1985.
Until now I can't understand what he really wants.
Hasta ahora no puedo entender lo que l realmente quiere.
Till now you've behaved very well, Tommy.
Hasta ahora te has comportado muy bien, Tommy.
Charlie has been a top student up to now.
Charlie ha sido un estudiante superior hasta ahora.

You can stay with us until Sunday.


Usted puede quedarse con nosotros hasta el domingo.
Scientists haven't found a cure for cancer so far.
Los cientficos no han encontrado una cura para el cncer hasta
ahora.
As yet little is known about the origin of the
universe.
Hasta ahora poco es conocido sobre el origen del universo.
from now on (from nu on) - desde ahora en adelante
hereafter (jer fter) - desde ahora en adelante
forever (forver) - para siempre
eternally (etrnali) - enternamente
temporarily (temporrili) - temporariamente
permanently (prmanentli) permamentemente

From now on, raise your hand if you wish to ask a


question.
De aqu en adelante, levante su mano si usted desea hacer una
pregunta.
I'll record everything said hereafter.
Grabar todo lo que se diga a continuacin.
Jack left Ireland forever.
Jack se fue de Irlanda para siempre.
We'll be eternally grateful to Mark for all his
kindness.
Estaremos eternamente agradecidos a Mark por toda su bondad.
Your internet connection is temporarily interrupted.
Su conexin a Internet est temporalmente interrumpida.
The back-door is permanently locked.
La puerta de atrs est permanentemente cerrada con llave.
Estos adverbios nos indican la periodicidad con la que se realiza
una accin. Para saberlo, preguntamos "how often?" (always,
never, often, once a day).
always (lweis) - siempre
usually (ishuali) - habitualmente

frequently (frkuentli) - frecuentemente


often (fen) - a menudo
sometimes (smtims) algunas veces
occasionally (okishonali) - ocasionalmente
rarely (rrli) - casi nunca
seldom (sldom) - casi nunca
hardly ever (jrdli ver) - casi nunca
never (nver) - nunca

I always have corn flakes for breakfast.


Siempre como copos de maz para el desayuno.
They usually spend the summer in the mountains.
Ellos por lo general pasan el verano en las montaas.
We frequently water our garden when it's hot.
Con frecuencia regamos nuestro jardn cuando est caluroso.
You often dine at Peter's, don't you?
Usted a menudo cena en lo de Peter, verdad?
Ben sometimes goes to the theater.
Ben a veces va al teatro.
Janet occasionally visits her parents.
Janet de vez en cuando visita a sus padres.
Mrs. Hills rarely leaves home after 10:00 p.m.
La Sra. Hills raramente se marcha de su casa despus de las
22hs.
Mr. Robins seldom drives at night.
El Sr. Robins rara vez conduce por la noche.
Oliver hardly ever buys new clothes.
Oliver casi nunca compra la nueva ropa.
They never go hiking.
Ellos nunca van de excursin.
annually (niuali) - anualmente
yearly (erli) - anualmente
monthly (mnzli) - mensualmente
weekly (ukli) - semanalmente
daily (dili) diariamente
hourly (uerli) - a cada hora

This report must be written annually.


Este informe debe ser escrito anualmente.
Please submit a new project yearly.
Por favor presente un nuevo proyecto cada ao.
The bank sends us our statement of
account monthly.
El banco nos enva nuestro extracto de cuenta mensualmente.
This magazine is published weekly.
Esta revista es publicada semanalmente.
A nurse visits aunt Sarah daily.
Una enfermera visita a la ta Sarah diariamente.
The news is broadcast hourly.
El noticiero es transmitido cada hora.
every day (vri di) - todos los das
ever (ver) - alguna vez
yearly (arli) - anualmente
every month (vri mnz) - todos los meses
every year (vri er) - todos los aos
normally (nrmali) - normalmente
regularly (rgiularli) regularmente

Our children walk to school every day.


Nuestros nios caminan a la escuela todos los das.
Have you ever been to the United Kingdom?
Ha estado alguna vez usted al Reino Unido?
Yearly she visits the east coast.
Cada ao ella visita la costa del este.
Jack gives a party every month.
Jack da una fiesta todos los meses.
Mr. Benson writes a new novel every year.
El Sr. Benson escribe una nueva novela todos los aos.
We normally go out to dinner on Fridays.
Normalmente salimos a cenar afuera los viernes.
Mrs. Brown goes to church regularly.
La Sra. Brown va a la iglesia con regularidad.
once (uns) - una vez

twice (tchuis) - dos veces


three times (zri tims) - tres veces
once a day (uns e di) - una vez al da
twice a month (tchuis a mnz) - dos veces al mes
every other day (vri oder di) - cada dos das
every day (vri di) - todos los das
from time to time (from tim tchu tim) - de vez en cuando
once in a while (uns i a uil) - de vez en cuando
every now and then (evri nu an den) - de vez en cuando

I've seen a white tiger once.


He visto a un tigre blanco una vez.
Tom's been to Miami twice.
Tom ha estado en Miami dos veces.
She buys flowers three times a week.
Ella compra flores tres veces por semana.
Mary washes the dishes once a day.
Mary lava los platos una vez al da.
They play golf twice a month.
Ellos juegan al golf dos veces al mes.
Betsy does the household chores every other day.
Betsy hace las tareas de casa cada dos das.
Mrs. Clark goes shopping every day.
La Sra. Clark va de compras todos los das.
We sail our boat from time to time.
Navegamos en nuestro barco de vez en cuando.
Once in a while, I bake home-made bread.
De vez en cuando, horneo pan casero.
Karen cooks dinner herself every now and then.
Karen cocina la cena ella misma de vez en cuando.
Se utilizan para expresar el orden en que se suceden los hechos,
nos ayudan a enumerar: firstly, secondly, lastly, finally.
first (frst) - primero
at first (at frst) - al principio
initially (inshali) - inicialmente
first of all (frst ov l) - antes que nada
in the first place (in de frst plis) - en primer lugar
secondly (scondli) - en segundo lugar

thirdly (zrdli) - en tercer lugar


fourthly (forzli) - en cuarto lugar

First, she screamed, then she ran away.


Primero ella grit y luego huy.
At first I liked the book but then it got very boring.
Al principio me gust el libro pero luego se volvi muy aburrido.
Initially he checked the microphone.
Al principio l prob el micrfono.
First of all, I'll introduce myself.
En primer lugar, me presentar.
In the first place, let me give you an overview of the
course.
En primer lugar, djeme darle una vista general del curso.
Secondly, we'll discuss what you expect from my
lectures.
En segundo lugar, hablaremos de lo que usted espera de mis
conferencias.
Thirdly, I'll test your language skills.
En tercer lugar, probar sus conocimientos de la lengua.
Fourthly, you'll have a chance to ask me questions.
En cuarto lugar, usted tendr una posibilidad para hacerme
preguntas.
lastly (lstli) - por ltimo, finalmente
at last (at lst) - por fin, finalmente
finally (finali) - finalmente
eventually (evnchualy) - finalmente
in the end (in di end) - al final

Lastly, let me summarize the main points of my


presentation.
Finalmente, djeme resumir los principales puntos de mi
presentacin.
At last, I'd like to express my ideas about the facts.
Por fin, me gustara expresar mis ideas sobre los hechos.
Finally, I'd like to repeat the three major issues.
Finalmente, me gustara repetir las tres cuestiones principales.

The plane eventually departed two hours late.


El avin finalmente se march dos horas tarde.
Harry had applied to university many times, and in
the end, he was admitted.
Harry haba solicitado ingreso a la universidad muchas veces y,
al final, fue admitido.
Responden a preguntas tales como "to what degree?", e indican
con qu intensidad se realiza una accin: very, completely,
greatly, extremely.
much (mch) - mucho
so much (su mach) - tanto
too much (tch mach) - demasiado
very little (ltl) - muy poco
so little (su litl) - tan poco
too little (tch litl) - demasiado poco

I miss you so much!


Le echo de menos tanto!
My son didn't like the soup much because it was
cold.
A mi hijo no le gust mucho la sopa porque estaba fra.
You've done too much for me.Thank you.
Usted ha hecho demasiado por m. Gracias.
We still know very little about insects.
Todava sabemos muy poco sobre insectos.
Tony knows so little about biology that he failed the
test.
Tony sabe tan poco sobre biologa que l no aprob el examen.
Evidently, Alexander worked too little on his project.
Claramente, Alexander trabaj demasiado poco en su proyecto.
more (mr) ms
much more (mch mor) - mucho ms
far more (fr mor) - mucho ms
less (les) menos
much less (mch les) - mucho menos

far less (fr les) - mucho menos

Liz likes geography more than history.


A Liz le gusta la geografa ms que la historia.
Alec proofread the text much more carefully than
Greg did.
Alec corrigi el texto con mucho ms con cuidado que Greg.
You need to drive far more to get to San Francisco.
Usted tiene que conducir mucho ms para llegar a San
Francisco.
Houses in Texas are less expensive than in Hawaii.
Las casas en Texas son menos caras que en Hawai.
This textbook is much less difficult than that one.
Este libro de texto es mucho menos difcil que aquel.
Antarctica is far less inhabited than Patagonia.
La Antrtida est mucho menos habitada que la Patagonia.
almost (lmoust) - casi
nearly (nrli) - casi
barely (brli) - apenas
scarcely (skrsli) - apenas
hardly (hrdli) - apenas, casi no
not at all (not at l) - para nada, en absoluto
even (ven) - incluso, an
even more (ven mor) - an ms
even less (ven les) - an menos
not even (nt ven) - ni siquiera

Dinner is almost ready.


La comida est casi lista.
The sculptor said that the statue is nearly finished.
El escultor dijo que la estatua est casi terminada.
I can barely hear what you're saying.
Puedo or apenas lo que usted dice.
The cottage was scarcely visible in the distance.
La casita de campo era apenas visible en la distancia.

Dr. Pierce hardly knows Mr. Johnson.


El doctor Pierce apenas conoce al Sr. Johnson.
Am I boring you? Not at all.
Estoy aburrindolo? En absoluto.
I'm freezing even with a scarf and gloves.
Me estoy congelando incluso con una bufanda y guantes.
When the truth was disclosed, I liked her even more.
Cuando la verdad fue revelada, me gust ella incluso ms.
Prices in this store aren't high, but the ones across
the street are even lessexpensive.
Los precios en esta tienda no son altos, pero los que estn
cruzando la calle son an menos caros.
Mark did not even visit Sue when she was in
hospital.
Mark ni siquiera visit a Sue cuando ella estuvo en el hospital.
partially (prshiali) - parcialmente, a medias
partly (prtli) - en parte
entirely (entirli) - enteramente
completely (compltli) - completamente
absolutely (bsolutli) - absolutamente
relatively (rlativli) - relativamente
at least (at list) - al menos
at most (at must) - como mximo

The boulevard was partially blocked by a parade.


El bulevar fue parcialmente bloqueado por un desfile.
Mr. Brown is partly responsible for the car crash.
El Sr. Brown es en parte responsable del accidente de coche.
We entirely agree with you.
Estamos enteramente de acuerdo contigo.
I'm afraid you're completely wrong.
Me temo que usted est completamente equivocado.
Norman is absolutely right.
Norman tiene razn absolutamente.
This apartment is relatively small for the three of
us.
Este apartamento es relativamente pequeo para nosotros tres.

At least, Harold sent you a bunch of flowers for your


birthday.
Al menos, Harold te envi un ramo de flores para tu
cumpleaos.
I'll be there at 4 o'clock at most.
Estar all a las 4 como mximo.
largely (lrdchli) - en gran parte
mostly (mustli) - en su mayor parte
mainly (minli) - principalmente
totally (tutali) - totalmente
extremely (extrmli) - sumamente
altogether (lchugder) - en total

Argentina is largely a Catholic nation


Argentina es en gran parte una nacin catlica.
The orchestra played mostly classical music.
La orquesta toc sobre todo msica clsica.
This law firm has mainly foreign clients.
Este bufete de abogados tiene principalmente clientes
extranjeros.
I was totally shocked when I heard the news.
Estaba totalmente impresionado cuando o la noticia.
Mr. Allen is extremely skillful at dealing with
customers.
El Sr. Allen es extremadamente hbil en tratar con clientes.
The seminar was attended by 300
participants altogether.
El seminario fue concurrido por 300 participantes en total.
so (su) - tan
very (vri) - muy
too (tch) - demasiado
enough (inf) - suficiente
just (dchst) - justo, apenas, slo
only (unli) - slo, solamente

It's so cold that I'll turn on the heater.


Est tan fro que encender el calentador.
Ms. Wayne's communications skills are very good.
Las habilidades de comunicaciones de la Sra. Wayne son muy
buenas.
It's too late to worry about it.
Es demasiado tarde para preocuparse por ello.
This house isn't big enough to lodge three guests.
Esta casa no es lo suficientemente grande para alojar a tres
huspedes.
Just do it later.
Slo hgalo ms tarde.
I was only trying to help you.
Yo slo trataba de ayudarle.
pretty (prti) - bastante
quite (kuit) - bastante, completamente
fairly (frli) - bastante
rather (rder) - ms bien

It's pretty hot in Costa Rica.


Est bastante caluroso en Costa Rica.
My husband's new car is quite costly.
El nuevo coche de mi marido es bastante costoso.
I know my daughter's classmates fairly well.
Conozco a los compaeros de clase de mi hija bastante bien.
This recipe is rather complicated and requires lots
of ingredients.
Esta receta es mas bien complicada y requiere muchos
ingredientes
Para saber con qu grado de certeza preguntamos "how sure?" y
para responder utilizamos adverbios tales como: certainly,
indeed, of course, perhaps.
certainly (srtenli) - ciertamente, desde luego
of course (of kors) - por supuesto
definitely (dfinetli) - sin duda

indeed (indid) - efectivamente, de veras


obviously (bviosli) - evidentemente
really (rili) - realmente

I certainly appreciate your assistance.


Ciertamente aprecio su ayuda.
Of course you can go out with your friends, Cindy.
Por supuesto puedes salir con tus amigos, Cindy.
Without water, those plants will definitely die.
Sin el agua, aquellas plantas sin duda morirn.
This is indeed a remarkable discovery.
Este es en efecto un descubrimiento notable.
Obviously, we want to leave the beach before it
rains.
Obviamente, queremos irnos de la playa antes de que llueva.
Does she really love James?
Realmente ama ella a James?
surely (shrli) - ciertamente, sin duda
truly (trli) - realmente
undoubtedly (andutedli) - indudablemente
likely (likli) - probablemente
perhaps (perjps) - quizs, tal vez
maybe (mib) - quizs
possibly (psibli) - posiblemente, tal vez
probably (prbabli) probablemente

If you eat too much, you'll surely gain weight.


Si comes demasiado, seguramente ganars peso.
I'm truly sorry for the misunderstanding.
Realmente me siento apenado por el malentendido.
Undoubtedly, this is the best show I've seen in my
life.
Indudablemente, ste es el mejor espectculo que he visto en
mi vida.
The sky is overcast so it's likely to rain.
El cielo est nublado entonces probablemente llover.

Perhaps, that castle has been uninhabited for many


years.
Quizs, aquel castillo ha estado deshabitado durante muchos
aos.
Maybe you're right after all.
Tal vez usted tiene razn despus de todo.
This is possibly her best performance as an actress
ever.
Este est posiblemente su mejor interpretacin como una actriz.
Jack was probably out when you came yesterday.
Jack estaba probablemente afuera cuando usted vino ayer.

What is done? - Qu se hace?


A house is built.
Se construye una casa / Una casa es construida

This room is cleaned every week.


Este cuarto es limpiado (se limpia) todas las semanas.
English is spoken in many countries.
El ingls es hablado (se habla) en muchos pases.
Jane is not supposed to be home at this time.
No se supone que Jane deba estar en casa a esta hora.
The sidewalks in this quarter are not swept up every
day.
Las aceras en este barrio no son barridas (no se barren) todos
los das.
That girl is said to possess supernatural powers
Se dice que esa nia posee poderes supernaturales
Is baseball played in South Africa?
Se juega al bibol en Sudfrica?

These kids are given an hour to do the test.


Se les d estos nios una hora para hacer la prueba.
People are asked to dial 911 only in case of an
emergency.
A la gente le piden marcar el 911 slo en caso de una
emergencia.

What is being done? - Qu se est


haciendo?
A house is being built.
Se est construyendo una casa / Una casa est siendo
construida

New condominiums are being built in the southern


part of town.
Los nuevos condominios estn siendo construidos (se estn
construyendo) en la parte del sur de la ciudad.
A welcome dinner for the guests is being
prepared right now.
Una cena de bienvenida para los invitados est siendo
preparada (se est preparando) ahora mismo.

What has been done? - Qu se ha hecho?


A house has been built.
Se ha construido una casa / Una casa ha sido construida

The whole city has been destroyed by the


earthquake.
La ciudad entera has sido destruda por el terremoto.
I can't get in. These doors have been locked!
No puedo entrar. Estas puertas han sido cerradas con llave!
Those windows have not been closed yet.
Aquellas ventanas no han sido cerradas an.
This wooden floor has not been waxed.
Este suelo de madera no ha sido encerado.

Has uncle John been promoted to president of the


company?
El to John ha sido ascendido a presidente de la empresa?
Have the same mistakes been made before?
Han sido cometidos los mismos errores antes?
People have been requested to cancel appointments
before Monday.
Se le ha solicitado a la gente que cancele las citas antes del
lunes.
Guess what,... Jack has been taught to drive a car!
Adivina qu,... Le han enseado a Jack conducir un coche!

What has been being done? - Qu se ha


estado haciendo?
A house has been being built.
Se ha estado construyendo una casa / Una casa ha estado
siendo construida

My mother has been being treated by the same


doctors for years.
My madre ha estado siendo tratada por los mismos mdicos
durante aos.
Stricter and stricter measures have been being
taken to reduce crime in the city.
She han estado tomando medidas cada vez ms estrictas para
reducir el delito en la ciudad.

What was done? - Qu se hizo?


A house was built. Se construy una casa/ Una casa fue
construida

Sally's legs were hurt in an accident.


Las piernas de Sally fueron lastimadas en un accidente
It is believed that a battle was fought here 400
years ago.
Se cree que aqu se pele una batalla hace 400 aos.

Our dog was not allowed to travel with us.


A nuestro perro no se le permiti viajar con nosotros.
You were not called yesterday.
A usted no le llamaron ayer.
Was the Tower of London used as a prison in former
times?
Fue usada la Torre de Londres como una prisin en tiempos
anteriores?
Was he thought to have a gift for music?
Se pens que l tena un talento para la msica?
Paul was given three hours to make a decision.
Le dieron a Paul tres horas para tomar una decisin.
My neighbors were paid to take care of Pam's cat.
Les pagaron a mis vecinos para que cuidaran del gato de Pam.

What was being done? - Qu se estaba


haciendo?
A house was being built.
Se estaba construyendo una casa / Una casa estaba siendo
construida

The car was being washed when it began to drizzle.


El coche estaba siendo lavado cuando comenz a lloviznar.
The girl was being chased by a dog when she fell
down.
La muchacha estaba siendo perseguida por un perro cuando ella
se cay.

What had been done? - Qu se haba


hecho?
A house had been built. Se haba construido una casa / Una
casa haba sido construida

A strike had been organized before the workers


were dismissed.

Una huelga haba sido organizada antes de que los trabajadores


fueran despedidos.
Before the Richardsons got home, their house had
been burglarized.
Antes de que los Richardson llegaran, su casa haba sido
desvalijada.
Hotel reservations had been made before Mr. Miller
flew to N.Y.
Las reservaciones de hotel haban sido hechas antes de que el
Sr. Miller volara a Nueva York.
When I arrived home, my room had been cleaned.
Cuando llegu a casa, mi habitacin haba sido limpiada.
Had the gas tank been filled before they left?
Haba sido llenado el tanque de gasolina antes de que ellos se
marcharan?
Had Bill been told to bring the wine to the party ?
Se le haba a dicho a Bill que trajera el vino a la fiesta?
This mechanic had been paid to fix their limo.
Se le haba pagado a este mecnico para reparar su limusina.
The tourists had been shown the map of the city
before they were taken there.
A los turistas se les haba mostrado el mapa de la ciudad antes
de ser llevados all.

What had been being done? - Qu se haba


estado haciendo?
A house had been being built.
Se haba estado construyendo una casa / Una casa haba estado
siendo construida

I learnt that condensed milk had been being


produced in America since the mid 1850s.
Me enter que la leche condensada se haba estado produciendo
en Amrica desde la mitad de la dcada de 1850.
The Real Information Digger, a journal in which my
articles had been being published, was banned by the
government.

"The Real Information Digger", un diario en el cual se haban


estado publicando mis artculos, fue prohibido por el gobierno.

What will be done? - Qu se har?


A house will be built. Se construir una casa / Una casa ser
construida

The literary contest will be judged by a panel of


distinguished writers.
La competencia literaria ser juzgada por un panel de
distinguidos escritores.
It is estimated that millions of gallons will be
yielded annually by the new oil wells.
Se estima que millones de galones sern producidos
anualmente por los pozos de petrleo nuevos.
The new rocket will not be launched until next year.
El cohete nuevo no ser lanzado hata el ao prximo.
Those hospitals will not be inaugurated until the
end of spring.
Esos hospitales no sern inaugurados hasta finales de la
primavera.
Will a new vaccine be discovered soon?
Una vacuna nueva ser descubierta pronto?
Will his new book be published in two weeks' time?
Su nuevo libro ser publicado en dos semanas'?
Dr. Parker will be offered to deliver a speech on
nutrition.
Al Dr. Parker se le ofrecer que d un discurso sobre nutricin.
This child will be taught to have better manners.
Ensearn a este nio a tener mejores modales.

What will be being done? - Qu se estar


haciendo?
A house will be being built.
Se estar construyendo una casa / Una casa estar siendo
construida

If that man wins the elections, the country will be


being ruled by a dictator.
Si ese hombre gana las elecciones, el pas estar siendo
gobernado por un dictador.
Those toys will be being produced in China next
year.
Esos juguetes estarn siendo producidos en China el ao que
viene.

What will have been done? - Qu se habr


hecho?
A house will have been built.
Se habr construido una casa / Una casa habr sido construida

Your tapestry will have been woven by Friday.


Su tapicera habr sido tejida para el viernes.
Those fossils will have been examined by experts
before December.
Esos fsiles habrn sido examinadas por los expertos antes de
diciembre.
The crop will not have been ruined by the frost this
year.
La cosecha no habr sido arruinada por la helada este ao.
It is thought that he will not have been
elected president in the coming elections.
Se piensa que no lo habrn elegido presidente en las elecciones
que vienen.
When will his research project have been finished?
Cundo habr sido terminado su proyecto de investigacin?
By the end of fall, they will have been taught to ski.
Para el final del otoo, les habrn enseado a esquiar.
By noon, the city will have been flooded by heavy
rain.
Para el medioda, la ciudad habr sido inundada por la lluvia
pesada.

Will this river have been polluted by the year 2020?


Este ro habr sido contaminado antes del ao 2020?

What will have been being done? - Qu se


habr estado haciendo?
A house will have been being built.
Se habr estado construyendo una casa / Una casa habr estado
siendo construida

That cake will have been being baked for over two
hours by the time you get home.
Esa torta se habr estado horneando por ms de dos horas para
cuando llegues a casa.

What is going to be done? - Qu se va a


hacer?
A house is going to be built.
Se va a construir una casa / Una casa va a ser construida

The jewels are going to be hidden in a safe place.


Las joyas van a ser escondidas en un lugar seguro.
The meeting is going to be held tomorrow at 10:00
a.m.
La reunin va a ser llevada a cabo maana a las 10:00 a.m.
It is thought that the painting is not going to be
sold without his authorization.
Se piensa que la pintura no va a ser vendida sin su autorizacin.
Her attorney is sure that the lawsuit is not going to
be lost.
Su abogado est seguro que el pleito no va a ser perdido.
Are these bills going to be paid before they are due?
Van estas cuentas a ser pagadas antes de que estn vencidas?
Is a war going to be fought between the two
neighboring countries?
Va una guerra a ser luchada entre los dos pases vecinos?

All the staff is going to be told to attend the


seminar.
Se le va a decir a todo el personal que asista al seminario.
Farmers are going to be asked to grow potatoes.
Se les va a pedir a los agricultores que cultiven patatas.

What is going to be being done? - Qu se


va a estar haciendo?
A house is going to be being built.
Se va a estar construyendo una casa / Una casa va a estar
siendo construida

If that man wins the elections, the country is going


to be being ruled by a dictator.
Si ese hombre gana las elecciones, el pas va a estar siendo
gobernado por un dictador.
Those toys are going to be being produced in China
next year.
Esos juguetes van a estar siendo producidos en China el ao que
viene.

What is going to have been done? - Qu se


va a haber hecho?
A house is going to have been built.
Se va a haber construido una casa una casa / Una casa va a
haber sido construida

The project is going to have been completed before


the deadline.
El proyecto va a haber sido terminado antes de la fecha lmite.
A new computer game is going to have been
developed by December.
Un nuevo juego de computadoras va a haver sido desarrollado
para diciembre.
By this time tomorrow, many more areas in the
city are going to have been affected by the flood.

Para esta hora maana, muchas ms areas de la ciudad van a


haber sido afectadas por la inundacin.
By next year, the economy of this country is going to
have been improvedby the reforms underway.
Para el ao que viene, la economa de este pas va a haber sido
mejorada por las reformas en proceso.
These products are going to have been
inspected before their shipment .
Estos productos van a haber sido inspeccionados antes de su
envo.
By the time they graduate from the academy, these
young officers are going to have been given a complete
training .
Para el momento en que se graden de la academia, a estos
jvenes oficiales se les va a haber dado un entrenamiento
completo.
The soldiers are going to have been transported to
the war zone by helicopters during the night .
Los soldados van a haber sido transportados a la zona de guerra
por helicpteros durante la noche.
Look, if the ammunition is left here in the open, it is
going to have been destroyed by the rain.
Mira, si la municin se deja aqu en la intemperie, va a haber
sido destruida por la lluvia.

What was going to be done? - Qu se iba a


hacer?
A house was going to be built.
Se iba a construir una casa / Una casa iba a ser construida

The soldiers thought they were going to be


ambushed that night.
Los soldados pensaban que ellos iban a ser emboscados esa
noche.
It was believed that a ditch was going to be
dug along the road.
Se crea que una zanja iba a ser cavada a lo largo del camino.

The store was not going to be closed before 8:00


p.m.
La tienda no iba a estar cerrada antes de las 8:00 p.m.
This incident was not going to be easily forgotten.
Este incidente no iba a ser fcilmente olvidado.
Was a new song going to be recorded?
Iba una nueva cancin a ser grabada?
Were the parcels going to be sent yesterday?
Iban los paquetes a ser enviados ayer?
I thought that a test pilot was going to be told to fly
the plane.
Pens que se le iba a decir a un piloto de pruebas que volara el
avin.
At first, the guests were going to be offered to
choose their rooms.
Al principio se les iba a ofrecer a los huspedes que elijan sus
cuartos.

What was going to be being done? - Qu


se iba a estar haciendo?
A house was going to be being built.
Se va iba a estar construyendo una casa / Una casa iba a estar
siendo construida

I thought this wall was going to be being painted by


someone else, not by me.
Pens que este muro iba a estar siendo pintado por otra
persona, no por m.
They didn't get into the room because they thought
that it was going to be being used by the managers of
the company.
No entraron a la sala porque pensaron que iba a estar siendo
usada por los gerentes de la firma.

What was going to have been done? - Qu


se iba a haber hecho?
A house was going to have been built.
Se iba a haber construido una casa una casa / Una casa iba a
haber sido construida

That movie was originally going to have been


directed by Francis Ford Coppola.
Esa pelcula originalmente iba a haber sido dirigida por Francis
Ford Coppola.
They thought that, with the new monument, the
city was going to have been visited by more tourists that
year.
Ellos pensaron que, con el nuevo monumento, la ciudad iba a
haber sido visitada por ms turistas ese ao.
At first, the statue was going to have been made in
bronze.
Al principio, la estatua iba a haber sido hecha de bronce.
They figured the merchandise was going to have
been sent that very day.
Ellos pensaron que la mercanca iba a haber sido enviada ese
mismo da.
They informed us that the stadium was going to
have been closed for renovations.
Ellos nos informaron que el estadio iba a haber sido cerrado por
renovaciones.
The famous writer explained that his new novel was
not going to have been translated into Spanish that year.
El famoso escritor explic que su nueva novela no iba a haber
sido traducida al espaol ese ao.
The police thought that the robbers were going to
have been caught that very day .
La polica pens que los ladrones iba a haber sido atrapados ese
mismo da.
That poor child was going to have been adopted by
a new family .
Esa pobre criatura iba a haber sido adoptada por una nueva
familia.

At first, those products were not going to have been


manufactured in China.
Al principio, esos productos no iban a haber sido fabricados en
China.
Tenses - Continuous Tenses

What would be done? - Qu se hara?


A house would be built.
Se construira una casa / Una casa sera construida

Jeff would be invited to the party if he knew Cindy.


Jeff sera invitado a la fiesta si l conociera a Cindy.
If there were a good candidate for this job, the
vacancy would be filled.
Si hubiera un candidato bueno por este trabajo, el puesto sera
ocupado.
The goods would not be shipped if they were
defective.
Los bienes no seran transportados si ellos fueran defectuosos.
If this house had latent defects, it would not be put
up for sale.
Si esta casa tuviera defectos ocultos, no sera puesta a la venta.
Would the witnesses be taken depositions if they
knew nothing about the case?
Se les tomara declaraciones a los testigos si ellos no supieran
nada sobre el caso?
Would Alice be asked to leave if the hostess did not
invite her?
Le pediran a Alice que se marche si la anfitriona no la invitara?
Bob would be asked to mail the letters if he were
the company's errand boy.
A Bob le pediran enviar las cartas si l fuera el chido de los
mandados de la compaa.
His kids would be taught to drive if they were 18
years old.
A sus nios se les enseara conducir si ellos tuvieran 18 aos.

What would have been done? - Qu se


habra hecho?
A house would have been built.
Se habra construido una casa / Una casa habra sido construida

Mr. Benson would have been elected chairman of


the board if he had been with the firm for over ten years.
El Sr. Benson habra sido decidido al presidente del consejo de
administracin si l hubiera estado con la firma durante ms de
diez aos.
Your shirts would have been ironed if the maid had
come yesterday.
Tus camisas habran sido planchadas si la criada hubiera venido
ayer.
It is supposed that your horse would not have been
tamed if he had been wild.
Se supone que su caballo no habra sido domado si hubiera sido
salvaje.
If the cook had learnt the recipe, the bread would
have been bakedproperly.
Si el cocinero hubiera aprendido la receta, el pan habra sido
horneado correctamente.
Would Mr. Jones have been granted a loan if he had
been unemployed?
Habran concedido al Sr. Jones un prstamo si l hubiera estado
desempleado?
Would Ms. Baxter have been promoted if she had
not been efficient?
Habra sido promovida la Sra. Baxter si ella no hubiera sido
eficiente?
They would have been offered to upgrade their
computers if they had paid $500.
Les habran ofrecido para mejorar sus computadoras si ellos
hubieran pagado 500 dlares.
My brother would have been paid to fix this
microwave if he had had the tools to do so.

Le habran pagado a mi hermano para arreglar ese microondas


si l hubiera tenido las herramientas para hacerlo.
Tenses - Continuous Tenses

What (must/could...) be done? - Qu se


(debe/podra...) hacer?
A house (must/could...) be built.
Se (debe/podra...) construir una casa / Una casa (debe/podra...)
ser construida

Nothing can be done to solve this mystery.


Nada puede ser hecho para solucionar este misterio.
Questions cannot be asked during the conference.
No se pueden hacer preguntas durante la conferencia.
That book must not be returned to the library. It is
mine.
Ese libro no debe ser devuelto a la biblioteca. Es mo.
It is said that this system must be improved.
Se dice que este sistema debe ser mejorado.
A doctor should be called in case of accident.
Se debera llamar un doctor en caso de accidente.
It is thought that the accused should not be sued for
damages.
Se piensa que el acusado no debera ser demandado por daos.
Could this old church be refurbished?
Podra esta vieja iglesia ser restaurada?
Must the floor be kept clean?
Debe mantenerse limpio el piso?
Should these towels be washed?
Deberan estas toallas ser lavadas?
The speaker should be given a microphone to
deliver his speech.
Se le debera dar al orador un micrfono para que d su
discurso.
The janitor must be told to lock the front door.
Al portero deben decirle que cierre con llave la puerta principal.

The carpenter should be asked to repair the fence.


Al carpintero deberan pedirle que repare la cerca.

What (must/could...) have been done? Qu se (debe/podra...) haber hecho?


A house (must/could...) have been built.
Se (debe/podra...) haber construido una casa / Una casa
(debe/podra...) haber sido construida

The day had been hot and sunny. The garden should
have been watered at twilight.
El da haba estado caluroso y soleado. El jardn debera haber
sido regado al anochecer.
Susan feels tired. She must have been working hard
lately.
Susan se siente cansada. Ella debe haber estado trabajando
duro ultimamente.
These shoes should not have been mended. They
are too old.
Estos zapatos no deberan haber sido reparados. Son demasiado
viejos.
Smokers should not have been allowed inside the
restaurant.
No deberan haber permitido a los fumadores entrar al
restaurante.
Should the candles have been lit in the evening?
Deberan las velas haber sido encendidas por la noche?
That statue should have been shown in the art
gallery.
Esa estatua debera haber sido mostrada en la galera de arte.
Johny was fired. I think he should have been
given another opportunity.
Johny fue despedido. Pienso que se le debera haber dado otra
oportunidad.
Diana's death could have been prevented.
La muerte de Diana se podra haber evitada.

The infection he had suffered might have been


caused by the contaminated catheters.
La infeccin que l haba sufrido podra haber sido causada por
los catteres contaminados.
Could the party have been organized somewhere
else?.
Podra la fiesta haberse organizado en otra parte?

Conditional Perfect
What would have happened? - Qu habra pasado?
I would have worked - Habra trabajado

Harry would have learnt about the catastrophe if he


had watched CNN.
Harry se habra enterado de la catstrofe si hubiera mirado CNN.
If Ben had studied harder, he would have passed the
test.
Si Ben hubiera estudiado ms, habra pasado el examen.
If Cindy had seen a spider, she would have
been terrified.
Si Cindy hubiera visto una araa, se habra aterrorizado.
Mrs. Brown would have shouted furiously if her son
had dented her car.
La Sra Brown habra gritado con furia si su hijo hubiera abollado
su auto.
If you had not obeyed his orders, something
terrible would have happened.
Si no hubieras obedecido sus rdenes, algo terrible hubiera
ocurrido.
Had I known you were in a meeting, I would not
have disturbed you.
Si hubiera sabido que te encontrabas en una reunin, no te
habra molestado.
Molly would not have done that if she had been in
your place.
Molly no habra hecho eso si hubiera estado en tu lugar.

Would your brother have gotten a scholarship if he


had worked harder?
Habra tu hermano obtenido una beca si hubiera trabajado ms
duro?
Would his uncle have visited New York if he had
traveled to the U.S.A.?
Habra su to visitado Nueva York si hubiera viajado a los
EE.UU.?

Conditional Perfect Continuous


What would have been happening? - Qu habra estado
pasando?
I would have been working - Habra estado trabajando

The employees would have been working on the


project if their boss had been present.
Los empleados habran estado trabajado en el proyecto si su jefe
hubiera estado presente.
Dr. Hills would have been writing a book if he had
found a publisher.
El Dr. Hills habra estado escribiendo un libro si hubiera
encontrado una editorial.
If my neighbors had sold their house, they would
have been moving to a new house.
Si mis vecinos hubieran vendido su casa, habran estado
mudndose a una nueva casa.
If I had seen Patrick, I would not have been
calling him.
Si hubiera visto a Patrick, no habra estado llamndolo.
Would you have been waiting for me if I had not
arrived early?
Habras estado esperndome si no hubiera llegado temprano?

Minat Terkait