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SUMMARY
PABRIK BIODIESEL DARI BIJI NYAMPLUNG (Calophyllum Inophyllum L.)
DENGAN PROSES ESTERIFIKASI - TRANSESTERIFIKASI
BIODIESEL PLANT FROM NYAMPLUNG SEED (Calophyllum inophyllum L.) BY
ESTERIFICATION-TRANSESTERIFICATION PROCESS
Created by PEBRIANA, RINA
Subject

: bahan bakar biodiesel

Subject Alt

: Biodiesel fuels

Keyword :

: Biodiesel; Biji Nyamplung; Esterifikasi-Transesterifikasi

Description :
Biodiesel merupakan senyawa metil ester yang digunakan sebagai pengganti bahan bakar solar. Bahan baku berasal dari
biji nyamplung yang mengandung minyak 70-75%. Pabrik biodiesel dari biji nyamplung ini didirikan untuk memenuhi
kebutuhan biodiesel yang semakin meningkat. Pabrik beroperasi secara semi batch selama 330 hari/tahun dengan
kapasitas produksi 20.000 ton/tahun di Cilacap, Jawa Tengah. Pembuatan biodiesel dari biji nyamplung menggunakan
proses esterifikasi-transesterifikasi melalui 3 tahap yaitu tahap pre-treatment, proses utama, dan pemurnian. Pada tahap
pre-treatment, biji nyamplung dikeringkan menggunakan tunnel dryer pada suhu 110C, kemudian biji digiling
menggunakan hammer mill, selanjutnya biji diekstraksi menggunakan twin screw expeller sehingga dihasilkan minyak
nyamplung. Pada tahap proses utama dilakukan proses degumming untuk memisahkan minyak dari getah dengan
menambahkan H3PO4 0,05% pada suhu 60C. Kemudian, pada tahap esterifikasi FFA direaksikan dengan methanol
dan katalis H2SO4 98% menjadi metil ester pada suhu 60C. Selanjutnya, pada tahap transesterifikasi trigliserida
direaksikan dengan methanol dan NaOH menjadi metil ester pada suhu 60-65C. Tahap terakhir yaitu tahap pemurnian,
metil ester dicuci dengan penambahan air 70C sebanyak 10% untuk memisahkan gliserin, metanol, dan komponen lain,
lalu metil ester akan dikeringkan dengan Vacuum Dryer pada tekanan 35mmHg dan temperatur 90C. Biji nyamplung
yang dibutuhkan sebesar 101.850 kg/hari dengan bahan pendukung H3PO4, CH3OH, H2SO4, dan NaOH. Kebutuhan
utilitasnya yaitu air sanitasi, air pendingin, air umpan boiler, dan air proses masing-masing sebesar 31,248 m3/hari, 5,59
m3/hari, 12,63 m3/hari dan 146,49 m3/hari. Limbah yang dihasilkan yaitu ampas, gliserol, soap stock, dan gumphospat.

Description Alt:
Biodiesel is methyl ester compound that is used for solar substitution. To meet the needs of fuel at this time that
continues to increase, it is planned to set up a biodiesel plant from nyamplung seed by esterification-transesterification
process. This plant will be located at Cilacap, Jawa Tengah and operated for 24 hr/day and 330 days/year. The
production capacity is 20.000 ton/year. There are three stages to make biodiesel from nyamplung seed using
esterification-transesterification process. There are the pre-treatment, main process, and purification stages. In the
pre-treatment stages, nyamplung seed are dried using tunnel dryer at 110C, then milled and subsequently retrieved seed
for oil. In the main process stages, the nyamplung oil through degumming process to remove gum on it by adding
H3PO4 0,05% at 60C. The next step is esterification reaction to convert FFA to methyl ester using methanol as
reactant and catalyst H2SO498% at 60C. The last step of main process is transesterification process to convert
triglycerides to methyl ester using methanol as reactant and catalyst sodium hydroxide at 60-65C. In the purification
step, methyl ester will be separate from glycerol residue and other components by adding 10% water at 70C. Then the
water content of methyl ester will be reduced up to 0,1% using vacuum dryer at pressure 35mmHg and temperature
90C. To achieve the production capacity, it needs 101,850 kg / day nyamplung seed as a raw material and supporting
material such as methanol, sulfuric acid, and sodium hydroxide. Utility needs in biodiesel plants include water
sanitation, cooling water, boiler feed water, and process water respectively 31,248 m3/day, 5,5m3/day, 12,63 and 146,49
m3/day m3/day.

Page 1

Contributor

: Ir. Agung Subyakto, MS.

Date Create

: 01/08/2013

Type

: Text

Format

: pdf

Language

: Indonesian

Identifier

: ITS-NonDegree-23002140000653

Collection

: 23002140000653

Call Number

: RSK 662.88 Peb p

Source

: Non Degree, Chemical Engineering, RSK 662.88 Peb p, 2014

COverage

: ITS Community

Right

: Copyright @2014 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained
from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form
or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding
permission(s), write to ITS Library

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