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# Question Bank of Switchgear and Protection

## FIRST SERIES QUESTION BANK

SWITCHGEAR AND PROTECTION (EE010 802)
Part A
1. Enumerate the various types of ratings of circuit breaker.
2. Explain the terms recovery voltage and re-striking voltage
3. What are the processes that lead to initiation of arc in circuit breakers?

May 14
May 13
May 12

May 12

## 5. What is meant by arc quenching as applied to circuit breakers?

6. Briefly explain how restriking transients can be affected when a resistance is
connected across the breaker?
7. Explain successive restrikes as applied to interruption of capacitive currents.
8. What is restriking voltage in AC circuit breaker operation?
9. Discuss the following terms: zones of protection, primary and back up protection.
May 12
Part B
1. Explain how arc is initiated and sustained in a circuit breaker, when the circuit breaker
contacts break.

Nov14

## 2. Distinguish clearly between recovery voltage and re-striking voltage.

3. Write note on circuit breaker rating.

Nov14
May 14

4. Discuss the properties of SF6 gas. Highlight the properties which makes it one of the
best arc quenching medium.

May 14

5. What are the measures taken to reduce the phenomenon of current chopping in a
circuit breaker?

May 14

May 13

## 7. Describe the operating principle of circuit breaker.

8. Define and explain the terms: breaking capacity and recovery voltage.
9. Define and explain the terms: making capacity and short time rating.
10. Define the terms: (i) Recovery Voltage ; (ii) Restriking voltage; and (iii) Rate of Rise
of Restriking voltage.

## 11. Differentiate between d.c and a.c circuit breaking.

12. What are the advantages of Air blast circuit breaker over the oil circuit breaker?
13. What are the important features of SF6 circuit breaker?
Part C
1. Describe the construction, principle of operation and applications of vacuum circuit
breaker with neat sketch.
Nov14
2. Explain with a neat sketch construction and working of bulk oil circuit breaker. Also
give its merits and demerits.
Nov14
3. (i) With the help of a neat sketch, explain the construction, principle of operation
and working of an Air Blast Circuit Breaker with its merits and demerits.
May 14
(ii)In a short circuit test on a circuit breaker, the following readings were obtained on
a single frequency constraint:
(a) Time to reach the peak re-striking, 50s
(b) The peak re-striking voltage, 100kV
Determine the average RRRV and frequency of oscillations
4. Discuss the operating principle of SF6 circuit breaker. What are its advantages over the
other type of circuit breakers?
May 14
5. Explain the neat sketch, construction and working of Minimum Oil Circuit Breaker.
Also give its merits and demerits.
May 14
6. Discuss the process of arc extinction in oil circuit breaker. Draw a neat sketch of oil
circuit breaker and explain its working.
May 13
7. With the help of a diagram explain the working of a air blast circuit breaker. Explain
the current chopping phenomenon associated with it.
May 13
8. (a) Derive an expression for RRRV.
May 12
(b) In a 220kV system, the inductance and capacitance upto the location of circuit
breaker is 25mH and 0.025F respectievly. A resistance of 600 is connected
across the Contacts of the circuit breaker. Determine
i. Natural frequency of oscillation
ii. Damped frequency of oscillation.
iii.
Critical value of resistance which will give no transient oscillation.
9. Explain the construction, operation and types of Air Blast circuit breaker.
May 12
10. Write short notes on:
(a) DC circuit breakers
(b) Re-striking and recovery voltage

## Question Bank of Switchgear and Protection

11. What is the function of an explosion pot in an oil circuit breaker? What are the
different types of explosion pot? Describe their construction, working principle and
application.
12. (a) Compare the different types of circuit breakers with respect to their advantages
(b) Re-striking and recovery voltage
13. Write short notes on:
(a) Resistance switching
(b) Circuit breaker ratings.
(c) Circuit interruption problems
14. (a) With neat schematic diagram explain the operating principle of axial blast air
circuit breaker.
(b) A 50 Hz, 3 ph generator with an earthed neutral has an inductance of 1.58mH per
phase and is connected to the busbars by means of an O.C.B. The capacitance to earth
of the ciruit between the generator and the breaker is 0.0028F per phase. Due to
short circuit on the bus bars, the breaker opens when the rms value of the current is
7000 amps. Determine the maximum rate of rise of restriking voltage which appears
across the breaker.
15. (a) With neat diagram explain the principle of operation of a SF6 circuit breaker.
(b) A circuit breaker is rated as follows: 1500A, 1000MVA, 33kV, 3 ph O.C.B. from
the above determine the following : (i) rated normal current; (ii) rated symmetrical
breaking current; (iii) rated making current.
16. What are the main features of good protective relay? Give classification of relays.
Explain.
17. Write short notes on the following with neat diagram:
(a) Multi break circuit breakers
(b) Axial blast type of circuit breaker.