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Phone: +1-408-338-8047

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HVAC Analysis of the Airport

Case Study Highlights
Client Profile:
Leading Infrastructure Enterprise, India
To evaluate the HVAC capability of the proposed
airport design considering real heat loading
Developing computational domain to capture
the flow physics inside the airport
Calculating heat loads inside the building

Evaluating the effectiveness of the HVAC system design for

a building is often one of the complex tasks for engineers.
Suitable placement of supply air outlets, degree of
freshness of air inside the building, heat loads within the
building and ventilation availability are some of the required
parameters to determine the comfort conditions suitable for
A leading infrastructure enterprise from India partnered with
Hi-Tech to measure the performance of their HVAC system
designed for the international airport through Computational
Fluid Dynamics.

including people queue

Determining inlet and outlet boundary

Measuring the efficiency of supply air outlets

and suggesting required design changes

HVAC analysis for the international airport was
executed to evaluate the air flow and temperature
uniformity inside the building. Heat loads of shops,
offices and people were taken into consideration to
identify the mass flow rate and temperature
requirements for effective thermal comfort inside the
building. Effects of doors, windows and glass roof
were also taken into consideration, in order to
comprehensively evaluate the efficiency of the
HVAC system for the building.

The Solution
The drawings provided by the client were converted into 3D
CFD model including the equipments, shops & offices within
the building. Heat loads for the same were determined to
replicate real thermal conditions including the long people
queue situations. The effects of glass roof, doors & windows
were also taken into account to measure the addition of
heat inside the building.
Boundary conditions for the inlet and outlet air flow were
applied along with suitable turbulence model to calculate
velocity and temperature distribution inside the building.
Critical regions with higher air velocity (above 0.2m/s) and
temperature (above 260C) were identified through postprocessing to measure the efficiency of the supply air
outlets (Binnacles). The results suggested a need of
changing the placements of binnacles and also reducing the
supply air temperature to maintain sufficient thermal comfort
within the building.

Identified the HVAC system effectiveness and the need for design changes to meet the thermal comfort requirements
Significantly reduced the HVAC equipment development time
Predicted critical regions within the building subjected to high velocity air and high temperatures
Reduced number of trials required to modify the HVAC design and binnacle placements

About Hi-Tech

Author: Mehul Patel

CFD Consultant

Hi-Tech CAE is a division of Hi-Tech Outsourcing Services, a pioneer engineering outsourcing company, providing
expert Computer Aided Engineering - CAE consulting services for engineering / product design analysis.
The primary services include Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Finite Element Analysis (FEA), product design
optimization and value engineering services for Automotive, Building / Construction, Process industry, Power
Generation, Manufacturing & Heavy Engineering domains.

Phone: +1-408-338-8047

Your Trusted Outsourcing Partner

Hi-Tech Outsourcing Services

547 Moreland Way
Santa Clara, CA 95054

547 Moreland Way
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone: +1-408-338-8047

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