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No. 1 in CA / CS education

AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL


RECONSTRUCTION
Que. 1: - Following is the Balance Sheet of Assam Coal Co. Ltd., as on year ending 1996
Liabilities
Share Capital:
20,000 shares of Rs. 10 each
Debentures
Sundry creditors
Reserve fund
Dividend Equalization fund
P/L Appropriation A/c

Rs.
2,00,000
1,00,000
30,000
25,000
20,000
5,100

Assets
Land & Buildings
Plant & Machinery
Work in progress
Stock
Furniture & Fittings
Sundry Debtors
Cash at Bank
Cash in Hand

3,80,100

Rs.
1,00,000
1,50,000
30,000
60,000
2,500
25,000
12,500
100
3,80,100

The company is absorbed by Janta Mining Co. Ltd. on the above date. The consideration for the absorption is the
discharge of the debentures at a premium of 5% taking over the liability in respect of sundry creditors and a payment of
Rs. 7 in cash and one share of Rs. 5 in Janta Mining Co. Ltd. at the market value of Rs. 8 per share in exchange for one
share in Assam Coal Co. Ltd. Compute the amount of purchase consideration.
Que. 2: - The following is the Balance Sheet of Govind Ltd.
Liabilities
Rs.
Issued and Paid up Capital
50,000 shares of Rs. 10 each
5,00,000
Debentures
1,00,000
Creditors
50,000

Assets
Intangible assets
Fixed assets
Current Assets
Profit and Loss Account

6,50,000

Rs.
50,000
4,20,000
1,10,000
70,000
6,50,000

Rama Ltd. agreed to absorb the above company on the following terms:
(a) The assets of Govind Ltd. are the be considered as worth Rs. 5,00,000
(b) The purchase price is to be paid one-quarter in cash and the balance in shares which are issued at market price.
(c) Rama Ltd. agreed to take over all assets and all liabilities.
(d) Liquidation expenses amounted to Rs. 300 agreed to be paid by Govind Ltd.
(e) Market value of share of Rs. 10 each of Rama Ltd. is Rs. 12 per share.
(f) Debentures of Govind Ltd. were paid.
You are required to show: (i) Purchase consideration, (i) Ledger accounts in the books of Govind Ltd. and (iii) Opening
entries in the books of Rama Ltd.

1,71,00,000

AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION

Rs.
83,00,000
69,00,000
17,00,000
2,00,000

1,71,00,000

Page1

Que. 3: - B. Co. Ltd. had the following Balance sheet as on 31 st March 2003:
B Co. Ltd.
Liabilities
Rs.
Assets
Share Capital:
Fixed Assets
50,000 shares of Rs. 100 each
50,00,000 Current Assets
Capital Reserve
10,00,000 Investments
General Reserve
36,00,000 Goodwill
Unsecured Loans
22,00,000
Sundry Creditors
42,00,000
Provision for Taxation
11,00,000

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B. Co. Ltd. is amalgamated with Beesons Limited as on 31 st March, 2003. , on which date the Balance Sheet of
Beesons Limited is as follows: Beesons Limited
Liabilities
Rs.
Assets
Rs.
Share Capital:
Fixed Assets
1,60,00,000
8,00,000 shares of Rs. 10 each
80,00,000 Current Assets
1,68,00,000
General Reserves
1,00,00,000
Secured Loans
40,00,000
Sundry Creditors
46,00,000
Provision for Tax
52,00,000
Provision for Dividend
10,00,000
3,28,00,000

3,28,00,000

For the purpose of the amalgamation the goodwill of B Co. Ltd. is considered valueless. There are also arrears of
depreciation in B Co. Ltd. amounting to Rs. 4,00,000. The shareholders in B Co. Ltd. are allotted, in full satisfaction of
their claims, shares in Beesons Limited in the same proportion as the respective intrinsic values of the shares of the
two Companies bear to one another.
Pass Journal entries in the Books of both the Companies to give effect to the above.
Que. 4: - The Balance Sheets of X Co. Ltd. and Y Co. Ltd. as on 31 st October, 2002 are as follows:
Balance Sheet of X Co. Ltd.
Liabilities
Rs.
Assets
Rs.
Share Capital:
Fixed Assets:
Authorised Capital:
Goodwill
80,000
10,000 shares of Rs. 100 each
10,00,000 Other
8,00,000
8,80,000
Issued Capital:
Current Assets:
10,000 shares of Rs. 100 each
Loans and advances
9,00,000
fully paid
10,00,000
Reserves and Surplus:
Capital reserve
2,00,000
General reserve
70,000
2,70,000
Unsecured Loans:
2,00,000
Current Liabilities and provisions:
Sundry Creditors
3,10,000
17,80,000

17,80,000

Rs.
16,00,000

2,00,000
6,60,000

24,60,000

8,60,000

24,60,000

It was proposed that X Co. Ltd. should be taken over by Y Co. Ltd. The following arrangement was accepted by both
the companies:
(a) Goodwill of X Co. Ltd. is considered valueless.
(b) Arrears of depreciation in X Co. amounted to Rs. 40,000.
AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION

Page2

Balance Sheet of Y Co. Ltd.


Rs.
Assets
Share Capital:
Fixed Assets:
Authorised Capital
Current Assets,
2,00,000 share of Rs. 10 in each
20,00,000 Loans and Advances
Issued Capital:
Bank
80,000 share of Rs. 10 each fully paid
8,00,000 Other
Reserve and Surplus:
General reserve
8,00,000
Secured Loans
5,00,000
Current liabilities and provisions:
Sundry creditors
3,60,000
Liabilities

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(c) The holder of every 2 shares in X Co. Ltd. was to receive: (i)
as fully paid at par, 10 shares in Y Co. Ltd., and
(ii)
so much cash as is necessary to adjust the rights of shareholders of both the companies in
accordance with the intrinsic value of the shares as per their balance sheets subject to necessary
adjustment with regard to goodwill and depreciation in X Co. Ltd.s Balance Sheet.
You are required to:
(a) Determine the composition of purchase consideration; and
(b) Show the Balance Sheet after absorption.
Que. 5: - The Balance Sheet6 of Surya Ltd. and Chandra Ltd. as at 31 st March 2001 were as under:
Liabilities
Share Capital Equity Shares of Rs. 10 each
Reserves
7% Debentures
Creditors
Provision for Taxation
Assets
Fixed Assets
Current Assets:
Stock
Debtors
Bank

Surya
Rs.
3,75,000
2,25,000
-1,40,000
60,000

Chandra
Rs.
3,00,000
25,000
1,00,000
1,25,000
25,000

8,00,000

5,75,000

Surya
Rs.
4,75,000

Chandra
Rs.
2,75,000

1,25,000
1,50,000
50,000

75,000
1,00,000
1,25,000

8,00,000

5,75,000

Que 6:- The summarized balance of G Limited as at 31st March 201 was as follows:
Liabilities
Rs.
Assets
Rs.
Share of Rs 10 fully paid
6,00,000 Goodwill
1,00,000
General Reserve
1,70,000 Land, Building and Plant
6,40,000
Profit and Loss Account
1,10,000 Stock
1,68,000
12% Debentures
1,00,000 Debtors
36,000
Creditors
20,000 Cash
56,000
10,00,000
10,00,000
K Limited agreed to absorb the business of G Limited with effect from 1 st Apr. 201. The purchase consideration
payable by K Limited was agreed as follows:
(a) A cash payment equivalent to Rs 2.50 for every Rs 10 share in G Limited.
(b) The issue of 90,000 Equity Shares of Rs 10 each fully paid in K Limited having an agreed value of Rs 15 per share.
(c) The issue of such an amount of fully paid 14% Debentures in K Limited at 96 per cent as is sufficient to discharge 12%
Debentures in G Limited at a premium of 20 per cent.
AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION

Page3

It was agreed that Surya Ltd. should absorb Chandra Ltd. as at 31.3.2001 on the basis of the following information and
adjustments:
(i)
The adjusted profits for the last three years are:
Surya Ltd.
Chandra
(Rs.)
Ltd. (Rs.)
Year ending
31.3.2001
2,25,000
1,50,000
Year ending
31.3.2000
2,40,000
1,35,000
Year ending
31.3.1999
2,35,000
90,000
(ii)
The shares of the companies were to be valued on net assets basis, subject to goodwill of Chandra Ltd. being
taken at one years purchase of average profits of three years and no goodwill to be taken for Surya Ltd.
(iii)
7% Debenture holders are to be repaid on 31.3.2001 at par by Chandra Ltd.
(iv)
The fixed assets of Surya Ltd. are to be valued at Rs. 6,25,000.
(v)
Costs of absorption of Rs. 5,000 are met by Surya Ltd.
You are required to calculate the ratio of exchange of shares and draw up resulting Balance Sheet of Surya Ltd. after
absorption.

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While computing purchase consideration, K Limited valued Land, Building and Plant at Rs 12,00,000, Stock at Rs 1,42,000
and Debtors at their face value subject to a reserve of 5 per cent for doubtful debts. The cost of liquidation of G Limited was
Rs 5,000.
Required: (i) close the books of G Limited by preparing realization Account, K Limited Account, Shareholders Account
and Debentures Account; and (ii) Pass Journal entries in the books of K Ltd. regarding acquisition of business.

Que 8:- Ajanta Limited agreed to acquire the business of Elora Limited as on 31 March 201. The balance sheet of Elora
Limited as on that date was as under:
Liabilities
Rs
Assets
Rs
Paid up Capital:
Fixed Assets:
10,000, 12% Preference Shares of Rs 10
1,00,000 Land and Building
2,00,000
each
2,00,000 Machineries
1,00,000
20,000 Equity shares of Rs 10 each
20,000 Current Assets:
Reserves
30,000 Stock
2,00,000
Profit and Loss Account
1,00,000 Debtors
50,000
12% Debentures
1,50,000 Cash and Bank Balances
48,200
Sundry Creditors
Miscellaneous Expenditure:
Preliminary Expenses
1,800
6,00,000
6,00,000
The consideration payable by Ajanta Limited was agreed as under:
(a) The Preference Shareholders of Elora Limited were to be allotted 8% Preference Shares of Rs 1,10,000.
(b) Equity Shareholders to be allotted six Equity Shares of Rs 10 each issued at a premium of 10% and Rs 3 cash against
every five shares held.
(c) 12% Debenture holders of Elora Limited to be paid @ 8% premium by issue of 14% Debentures at 10% discount.
While arriving at the agreed consideration, the directors of Ajanta Limited valued Land and Building at Rs 2,50,000, Stock
Rs 2,20,000, and Debtors at their book value subject to an allowance of 5% to cover doubtful debts. Debtors of Elora
Limited included Rs 10,000 due from Ajanta Limited. The Machineries were valued at book value. It was agreed that before
acquisition, Elora Limited will pay dividend at 10% on Equity Shares. Liquidation expenses are Rs 5,000. Assume
Corporate Dividend Tax @ 10%.
AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION

Page4

Que 7:- P Ltd. acquires the business of V Ltd. whose Balance Sheet as at 31 st March 201 was as under:
Liabilities
Rs
Assets
Rs
6% Preference Share Capital (Rs 100)
4,00,000 Goodwill
2,00,000
Equity Share Capital (Rs 100)
8,00,000 Land & Buidings
4,00,000
General Reserve
78,400 Plant and Machinery
6,00,000
Profit & Loss A/c
71,600 Patents
50,000
6% Debentures
2,00,000 Stock
1,50,000
Interest outstanding on above
12,000 Books Debts
1,55,000
Workmens compensation Reserve
Bills Receivable
25,000
(Expected liability Rs 5,000)
8,000 Cash at Bank
70,000
Trade Creditors
1,00,000 Underwriting Commission
40,000
Bills Payable
20,000
16,90,000
16,90,000
Prior to acquisition, V Ltd decided to declare and pay an equity dividend of 4% and preference dividend.
P Ltd. was to take over all assets (except cash) and liabilities (except for interest due on debentures) and to pay the following
amounts.
(i)
Rs 2,00,000 7% Debentures (Rs 100 each) in P Ltd. for the existing debentures in V Ltd.; for the purpose, each
debenture of P Ltd. is to be treated as worth Rs 105.
(ii)
For Each preference share in V Ltd. Rs 10 in cash and one 9% preference share of Rs 100 each in P Ltd.
(iii)
For Each equity share in V Ltd. Rs 20 in cash and one equity share in P Ltd. of Rs 100 each at Rs 140.
(iv)
Expense of liquidation of V Ltd. are to be reimbursed by P Ltd. to the extent of Rs 10,000. Actual expenses
amounted to Rs 12,500.
P Ltd. valued land and building at Rs 5,50,000. Plant and Machinery at Rs 6,50,000 and patents at Rs 20,000.
P Ltd, owed V Ltd. Rs 60,000 for the purchases of stock from V Ltd. which made a profit of 20% on cost. Four fifth of such
stock were sold till 31.3.201. All Bills Receivables of V Ltd. were drawn upon P Ltd. The bills amounting to Rs 10,000
have already been discounted with the Bank.
Required: Prepare Journal of V Ltd. and P Ltd. Also show Realisation Account, Cash at Bank Account and Equity shareholders
Account. (Assume Corporate Dividend Tax @ 10%)

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Required: Draft Journal entries necessary to close the books of Elora Limited and to record acquisition in the books of
Ajanta Limited.
Que 9:- The following is the Balance Sheet of V Ltd. as at 31st March, 201
Liabilities
Rs
Assets
Rs
20,000 Shares of Rs 10 each
2,00,000 Goodwill
25,000
General Reserve
20,000 Land and Building
1,00,000
10% Debentures
1,00,000 Plant and Machinery
1,45,000
Loan from Bank
40,000 Stock
55,000
Sundry Creditors
80,000 Debtors
65,000
Cash at Bank
34,000
Preliminary Expenses
16,000
4,40,000
4,40,000
The business of V Ltd. is taken over by P Ltd. as on that date on the following terms:(i)
All assets (except Cash at Bank) are taken over at book value less 10% subject to (ii) below.
(ii)
Goodwill is to be valued at 4 years purchase of the excess of average of five years profits over 8% of the
combined amount of Share Capital and General Reserve.
(iii)
Trade creditors are to be taken over subject to a discount of 5% and other liabilities to be discharged by P Ltd. at
book value.
(iv)
The purchase consideration is to be discharged in cash to the extent of Rs 10,000 and the balance in fully paid
Equity Shares of Rs 10 each valued at Rs 12.50 per share.
The average of the five years profit is Rs 30,100. The expenses of liquidation amount to Rs 2,000. Prior to 31 st March 201
V Ltd. sold goods costing Rs 30,000 to P Ltd. for Rs 40,000. Debtors include Rs 20,000 still due from P Ltd. On the date of
absorption, Rs 25,000 worth of goods were still in stock of P Ltd.
Required: (a) Prepare Realisation Account, Bank Account, Sundry Shareholders Account and Shares in P Ltd. Account in
the books of V Ltd. (b) Give Journal entries in the books of P Ltd.

Page5

Que 12:- Given below are the Balance Sheets of X Ltd and Y Ltd. as on 31 st March 201 at which date Y Ltd was absorbed by X
Ltd:
Liabilities
X Ltd.
Y Ltd. Assets
X Ltd.
Y Ltd.
Equity Shares of Rs 10 each
5.00
10.00 Fixed Assets
20.00
8.00
Profit & Loss A/c
27.40
6.55 Investments
3.45
5.20
12% Debentures of Rs 100 each
2.00
1.00 Stock
5.00
1.00
Creditors for goods
1.15
0.10 Debtors
4.00
0.75
Bills Payable
0.45
0.35 Cash at Bank
0.76
1.40
Bills Receivable
0.25
0.35
Miscellaneous Expenditure
2.54
1.30
36.00
18.00
36.00
18.00
Terms of absorption were as under:
(a) Prior to absorption, both the companies to declare and pay dividend @ 10%.
(b) Investments of X Ltd. include the cost of 200 12% Debentures of Y Ltd acquired at paid up value and Investments of Y
Ltd. include the cost of 200 12% Debentures of X Ltd. acquired at paid up value. Prior to absorption other investments
of X Ltd. & Y Ltd. are considered worth Rs 4,00,000 and Rs 6,10,000 respectively.
(c) The issue of such as amount of fully paid 14% Debentures in X Ltd. at 96% as is sufficient to discharge 12%
Debentures in Y Ltd. at a premium of 20%.
(d) The issue of one equity share of Rs 10 each at Intrinsic value for four shares held in Y Ltd.
(e) Expenses of liquidation of Y Ltd. are to be reimbursed by X Ltd. to the extent of Rs 10,000. The actual expenses
amounted to Rs 15,000.
X Ltd. owed Y Ltd. Rs 60,000 for the purchase of stock from Y Ltd. which made a profit of 20% on cost. Four Fifth of such
stock were sold till 31st March 201. All Bills Receivables of Y Ltd. were drawn upon X Ltd. The Bills amounting to Rs
10,000 have already been discounted with the bank by Y Ltd.
Required: Give journal entries in the books of X Ltd. and Y Ltd. and prepare the Balance Sheet of X Ltd. after absorption.
(Assume Corporate Dividend Tax Rate 10%).

AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION

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Que 13:- CAMIB Limited is absorbed by Wye Limited. Given below are the Balance Sheets of the two Companies prepared
after revaluation prepared after revaluation of their assets on a uniform basis.
Balance Sheet of CAMIB Limited
Liabilities
Rs
Assets
Rs
Authorised Share Capital:
Sundry Assets
16,85,000
9,000 Equity Shares of Rs 150 each
13,50,000 Cash in hand
3,500
Paid up Share Capital:
9,000 Equity Shares of Rs 150 each Rs
135 paid up
12,15,000
General Reserve
4,03,500
Profit and Loss A/c
15,000
Sundry Creditors
55,000
16,88,500
16,88,500
Balance Sheet of Wye Limited
Liabilities
Rs
Assets
Rs
Authorised Share Capital:
Sundry Assets
43,57,500
60,000 Equity Shares of Rs 75 each
45,00,000 Cash in hand
27,500
Paid up Share Capital:
40,000 Equity Shares of Rs 75 paid up
30,00,000
General Reserve
12,85,000
Profit and Loss A/c
35,000
Sundry Creditors
65,000
43,85,000
43,85,000
The holder of every three Shares in CAMIB Limited was to receive five Shares in the Wye Limited plus as much cash
as is necessary to adjust the rights of shareholders of both the companies in accordance with the intrinsic values of the shares as
per the respective Balance Sheets.
Required: Pass necessary journal entries in the books of Wye Limited and prepare the Balance Sheet giving effect to the above
scheme of absorption. Entries are to be made at par value only.

Que 15:- X Limited and Y Limited propose to amalgamate. Their Balance Sheets as on December 31 203 were:
Liabilities
X Limited
Y Limited Assets
X Limited
Rs
Rs
Rs
4,00,000
Share Capital:
Fixed Assets
Equity Shares of Rs 10 each
5,00,000
2,00,000 (Less: Depreciation)
1,00,000
Reserve and Surplus:
Investments
AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION

Y Limited
Rs
1,00,000
--

Page6

Que 14:- The Balance Sheet of CANHA Ltd. and Krishna Ltd., as at 31 st March, 201 were as following:
Liabilities
CANHA
Krishna Assets
CANHA
Krishna
Limited
Limited
Limited
Limited
Rs
Rs
Rs
Rs
Equity Shares of Rs 10
6,00,000
4,00,000 Fixed Assets (other than
each
1,50,000
1,00,000 goodwill)
5,00,000
3,50,000
Reserves
75,000
60,000 Stock-in-trade
95,000
75,000
Profit and Loss A/c
37,500
30,000 Debtors
1,40,000
1,00,000
Sundry Creditors
Cash and Bank
1,17,500
60,000
Preliminary expense
10,000
5,000
8,62,500
5,90,000
8,62,500
5,90,000
CANHA Ltd., took over and absorbed Krishna ltd., as on 1 st Oct. 201. No Balance Sheet of Krishna Ltd. was prepared on the
date of take-over. But the following information is made available to you:
(a) In the six months ended 30th Sept. 201, Krishna Ltd., made net profits of Rs 64,000 after providing for depreciation at
10% per annum on fixed assets;
(b) CANHA Ltd. during that period had made net profit of Rs 1,51,000 after providing for depreciation at 10% per annum
on the fixed assets;
(c) Both the companies had distributed dividends @ 10% on 1st July 201.
(d) Goodwill of Krishna Ltd. on the date of take-over was estimated at Rs 25,000 and it was agreed that the stock of
Krishna Ltd., would be appreciated by Rs 15,000 on the date of take-over.
(e) CANHA Ltd. to issue shares to share-holders of Krishna Ltd., on the basis of the intrinsic value of shares on the date of
take-over.
Required: Draft the Balance Sheet of CANHA Ltd., after absorption. (Assume Corporate Dividend Tax Rate 10%).

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General Reserve
Profit & Loss Account
Current Liabilities:
Creditors

No. 1 in CA / CS education

2,00,000
1,00,000

20,000
30,000

1,00,000

50,000

(Face value Rs 1,00,000 6% tax


free G.P. Notes)
Current Assets:
Stock
Debtors
Cash and Bank Balances

2,00,000
1,30,000
1,70,000
60,000
30,000
10,000
9,00,000
3,00,000
9,00,000
3,00,000
Net profit (after taxation)
X Ltd. (Rs) Y Ltd. (Rs)
201
1,30,000
45,000
202
1,25,000
50,000
203
1,50,000
56,000
Goodwill may be taken as 4 years purchase of average super profits trading on the basis of 15% normal trading profit
on closing Capital invested. The stock of X Ltd. and Y Ltd. to be taken at Rs 2,04,000 and Rs 1,42,000 respectively for the
purpose of amalgamation. Z Ltd. is formed for the purpose of amalgamation of both the companies.
Required: Advise on Capitalisation of Z Ltd. and suggest a scheme of exchange of shares for that purpose. Draft the Balance
Sheet of Z Ltd.

Que 17:- The following are the Balance Sheets as at 31st March, 201 of X Ltd. and Y Ltd:
Liabilities
X Ltd.
Y Ltd.
Assets
Rs
Rs
Share Capital:
Goodwill
Equity shares of Rs 10
4,00,000
3,00,000 Machinery
each
60,000
80,000 Stock
Reserve & Surplus
40,000
30,000 Debtors
Creditors
Bank
Preliminary expenses
5,00,000
4,10,000

X Ltd.
Rs
30,000
1,50,000
40,000
2,10,000
60,000
10,000
5,00,000

AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION

Y Ltd.
Rs
10,000
1,00,000
72,000
1,20,000
90,000
18,000
4,10,000

Page7

Que 16:- The abridged Balance Sheet of V Ltd. as at 31st March, 201 is as under:
Liabilities
Rs
Assets
Rs
24,000 Equity Shares of Rs 10 each
2,40,000 Goodwill
5,000
5,000 8% Cumulative Preference Shares of
Fixed Assets
2,57,000
Rs 10 each
50,000 Stock
50,000
8% Debentures
1,00,000 Debtors
60,000
Interest Accrued on Debentures
8,000 Bank
1,000
Creditors
1,00,000 Preliminary Expenses
15,000
Profit & Loss A/c
1,10,000
4,98,000
4,98,000
The following scheme is passed and sanctioned by the Court:
(i)
A new Company P Ltd. is formed with Rs 3,00,000 divided into 30,000 Equity Shares of Rs 10 each.
(ii)
The new company will acquire the assets and liabilities of V Ltd. on the following terms:
(a) Old Company Debentures are paid by similar Debentures in New Company and for outstanding accrued
interest, shares of equal amount are issued at par.
(b) The creditors are paid for every Rs 100Rs 16 in cash and 10 shares issued at par.
(c) Preferences shareholders are to get equal number of Equity Shares at par. For arrears of dividend amounting
to Rs 12,000, 5 shares are issued at par for each Rs 100 in full satisfaction.
(d) Equity shareholders are issued one share at par for 3 shares held.
(e) Expenses Rs 8,000 are to be borne by the New Company.
(iii)
Current assets are to be taken at book value (except stock which is to be reduce by Rs 3,000). Goodwill to be
eliminated, balance of purchase consideration being attributed to Fixed Assets.
(iv)
Remaining shares of the New Company are issued at par and are fully paid.
You are required to show:
(a) In the Old Companys books.
(i)
New Companys books.
(ii)
Realisation and Reconstruction (Combined) Account and Equity Shareholders Account
(b) In the New Companys books:
(i)
Bank Account.
(ii)
Summarised Balance Sheet.

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Goodwill of the companies is to be valued at Rs 50,000 and Rs 40,000 respectively. Machinery of X Ltd. is worth Rs
2,00,000 and of Y Ltd. Rs 90,000. Stock of Y Ltd. has bee shown at 90% of its cost.
It is decided that X Ltd. will acquire Y Ltd., without liquidating the latter, by taking over its entire business by issue of
shares at the intrinsic value.
Required: Draft the Balance Sheets of the two companies after putting through the scheme.

Que. 19- M Ltd. agreed to acquire the goodwill and assets other than cash of N Ltd. as on 31 st March 1998. The summarized
balance sheet as on the date was as follows:
Balance Sheet of N Ltd
Liabilities
Rs. Assets
Rs.
Share Capital:
Goodwill
50,000
30,000 shares of Rs. 10 each
Land and Buildings
1,00,000
General Reserves
3,00,000 Plant and Machinery
2,20,000
Profit and Loss Account
1,00,000 Stock in Trade
80,000
12% Debentures
40,000 Sundry Debtors
30,000
Creditors
50,000 Cash
30,000
20,000
5,10,000
5,10,000
The consideration payable by M Ltd. was agreed as follows:
(i)
A cash payment equal to Rs. 3.50 for each share of Rs. 10 each in N Ltd.
(ii)
The issue of 45,000 Rs. 10 fully paid shares of M Ltd. Having an agreed value of Rs. 12.50 per share
(iii)
The issue of such an amount of 14% Debentures of M Ltd. at 4% discount as is sufficient to discharge the
12% Debentures of N Ltd. at a premium of 20%. The liabilities of N Ltd. other than the Debentures were
discharged by that company. When computing the agreed consideration, the management of Mary Bula Ltd.

AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION

Page8

Que 18:- A Ltd. and B Ltd. were amalgamated on and from 1 st April, 201. A new company C Ltd. was formed to take over the
business of the existing companies. The Balance Sheets of A Ltd. and B Ltd. as at 31st March, 201 are given below:
Liabilities
A Ltd.
B Ltd.
Assets
A Ltd.
B Ltd.
Rs
Rs
Rs
Rs
Share Capital:
Fixed Assets:
Equity Shares of Rs 100 each
800
750 Land & Building
550
400
12% Preference Shares of Rs
Plant & Machinery
350
250
100 each
300
200 Investments:
150
50
Reserves and Surplus:
Current Assets, Loans and
Revaluation Reserve
150
100 Advances:
General Reserve
170
150 Stock
350
250
Investment
Allowance
50
50 Sundry Debtors
250
300
Reserve
50
30 Bills Receivable
50
50
P&L Account
Cash and Bank
300
200
60
30
Secured Loans:
10% Debentures
(Rs 100 each)
Current Liabilities and
270
120
Provisions:
Sundry Creditors
150
70
Bills Payable
2,000
1,500
2,000
1,500
Additional Information:
(a) 10% Debentures holders of A Ltd. and B Ltd. are discharged by C Ltd. issuing such number of its 15% Debentures of
Rs 100 each so as to maintain the same amount of interest.
(b) Preference shareholders of the two companies are issued equivalent number of 15% preferences shares of C Ltd. at a
price of Rs 150 per share (face value Rs 100).
(c) C Ltd. will issue 5 equity shares for each equity share of A Ltd. and 4 equity shares for each equity share of B Ltd. The
shares are to be issued @ Rs 30 each, having a face value of Rs 10 per share.
(d) Investment allowance reserve is to be maintained for 4 more years.
Required: Prepare the Balance Sheet of C Ltd. as at 1st April, 201 after the amalgamation has been carried out on the basis of
Amalgamation in the nature of purchase.

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valued the Land and Buildings at Rs. 1,68,000. Plant and Machinery at Rs. 4,50,000, Stock in Trade Rs.
70,000 and Debtors at their face value subject to an allowance of 4% to cover doubtful debts.
Show the necessary ledger accounts in the books of N Ltd. and draft opening journal entries in the books of Mary
Bula Ltd. Show details of purchase consideration.
Que. 21- X Limited agreed to acquire the business of Y Limited as on 31 March 10X1: The balance sheet of Y Limited as on that
date was as under:
Liabilities
Paid up Capital:
10,000, 12% Preference Shares of
Rs. 10 each
20,000 Equity shares of Rs. 10
each
Reserves
Profit and Loss Account
12% Debentures
Sundry Creditors

Rs.

1,00,000

Assets
Fixed Assets:
Land and Building
Machinery
Current Assets:
Stock
Debtors
Cash and Bank Balances
Miscellaneous Exp.:
Preliminary Exp.

Rs.
2,00,000
1,00,000

2,00,000
2,00,000
20,000
50,000
30,000
48,200
1,00,000
1,50,000
1,800
6,00,000
6,00,000
The consideration payable by X Limited was agreed as under:
(a) The Preference Shareholders of Y Limited were to be allotted 14% Preference Shares of Rs. 1,10,000.
(b) Equity Shareholders to be allotted six Equity Shares of Rs. 10 each issued at a premium of 10% and Rs. 3 cash against
every five shares held.
(c) 12% Debentures holders of Y Limited to be paid @ 8% premium by issue of 14% Debentures at 10% discount.
While arriving at the agreed consideration, the directors of X Limited valued Land and Building at Rs.
23,50,000, Stock Rs. 2,20,000 and Debt5ors at their book value subject to an allowance of 4% to cover doubtful
debts. Debtors of Y Limited included Rs. 10,000 due from X Limited. The Machineries were valued at book value; It
was agreed that before acquisition, Y Limited will pay dividend at 10% on Equity Shares. Liquidation expenses are
Rs. 5,000. CDT is @ 10%.
Required: Draft journal entries necessary to close the books of Y Limited and to record acquisition in the books of
X Limited.

Rs
20,000
2,20,000
15,000
25,000
30,000
75,000
50,000
45,000
35,000
5,000

5,20,000

Contingent liability Rs. 10,000. It was agreed by P Co. to take over V Co. as on 31.3.02.
1. P Co. took over V. Co. and it was agreed to pay Rs. 2 in cash per share and issued 4 shares for every 6 held valued at
12 each.
2. Preference Shareholders are issued 10% new preference shares in such quantity so as to maintain their dividend.
3. Patents are valued 25% lesser while investments are valued at 80%.
4. Insurance policy was taken over by P Ltd. at its surrender value of 30,000.
5. Contingent liabilities was agreed to be taken over by P. Ltd. which is estimated to Rs. 7,000.
6. Liability against workman compensation fund is 10,000.
AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION

Page9

Que. 22- (Question based on dissenting shareholders and fractional shares)


Balance Sheet of V. Co. as on 31.3.02
Particulars
Rs Particulars
Equity Share Capital
1,50,000 Goodwill
(15,000 equity shares of 10 each)
Land & Building
15% Pref. Share Capital
50,000 Patents
Capital Redemption Reserve
30,000 Motor car
Dividend Equilisation fund
10,000 Investments
Insurance fund
40,000 Stock
Workmen compensation fund
30,000 Insurance policy
10% debenture
1,00,000 Debtors
Creditors
60,000 Cash
Outstanding wages
10,000 Discount on shares
Proposed dividend
15,000
Provision for tax
25,000
5,20,000

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7. Shareholders holding 600 shares dissented and its was agreed to pay them Rs. 13 in cash while 30 shares are found
fractional which was discharged @ Rs. 10.
8. Liquidation expenses amounting to Rs. 5,000.
Close the books of V. Co. Journalise in P co. and now form the balance sheet of P. Co.
Que. 23- The Balance Sheet of G Ltd. as on 31.3.2003
Rs.
Equity Share Capital (Rs. 10 each)
10% Preference Share Capital (Rs. 100
each)
Exim Reserve
General Reserve
Profit & Loss
Provident Fund
Workmen Compensation Fund
Workers Profit Sharing Fund
12% Debenture
10% Bond
Creditors
Bills Payable
Provision for Depreciation
Land & Building
Plant & Machinery
Provision for Tax
Proposed dividend
Unclaimed dividend

5,00,000
2,00,000
40,000
50,000
30,000
60,000
50,000
20,000
1,00,000
1,50,000
70,000
20,000

Goodwill
Land & Building
Plant & Machinery
Patents
Vehicles
Stock
Debtors
Cash
Sundry Assets
Underwriting Commission

Rs.
1,40,000
3,70,000
2,00,000
60,000
40,000
1,10,000
1,35,000
1,55,000
3,60,000
40,000

Que. 24- Thin Ltd. was absorbed by Thick Ltd. as on 31 March 1997. All the assets and liabilities of Thin Ltd. were taken by
thick Ltd. The purchase consideration was agreed at Rs. 3,36,600 and was paid in so many fully paid equity shares
of Thick Ltd. to be distributed to the equity shareholders of Thin Ltd. The following are the balance Sheets of both
the companies as on 31 March 1997.

AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION

Page10

1,50,000
70,000
45,000
50,000
5,000
16,10,000
16,10,000
1. On 1st April the directors of NG Ltd. agreed to take over G Ltd. except workmen compensation liabilities of G Ltd.
which actually amounted to Rs. 40,000 and Cash.
2. The debenture holders were to be redeemed at 20% premium by issue of Equity shares of Rs. 10 each at 4%
discount.
3. 4 Equity shares are to be issued for every 5 shares held in G Ltd. Each share of NG Ltd. is of Rs. 10 valued at Rs.
12 each.
4. The purchasing co. will also reimburse expenses upto Rs. 10,000. Actual expenses being Rs. 15,000.
5. 10 share holders holding 5,000 equity shares dissented to the scheme of amalgamation. In a separate meeting with
directors of G Ltd. the dissenting Shareholders agreed to be discharged through a cash of Rs. 12 each (per share)
6. The directors of NG Ltd. also agreed to pay a cash of Rs. 2 per share as a part of consideration.
7. The holders of 10% bonds were agreed to be discharged by issue of 15% Debentures in such a way so as to maintain
their annual amount of interest.
8. G Ltd. owes Rs. 20,000 to NG Ltd. for the goods purchases on which NG Ltd. made a profit of Rs. 4,000. 30% of
the Goods are still unsold with G Ltd.
9. Land & Building revalued at Rs. 5,00,000 but plant and Machinery at 60% of its Net Book Value Debtors were
taken over at 80% while Sundry Assets include a fictitious asset of Rs. 10,000.
10. Half of the shares received from NG Ltd. was sold by G Ltd. in the market at Rs. 18 per share.
11. Patents were found value less.
12. Preference share holder to be redeemed by Purchasing Company upto 50% at 10% premi8um & for the balance,
they will issue new 12% preference shares of Rs. 100 each at par.
13. Tax liabilities are to be taken over at Rs 60,000 & discharged by NG Ltd. soon after the Absorption.
Prepare the ledgers of G Ltd. and the journal entries in the books of NG Ltd.

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Liabilities

No. 1 in CA / CS education

Thick Ltd.
Rs.

Authorised Capital:
Equity Share of Rs. 10
each
Issued and Subscribed
Capital;
Equity Shares of Rs. 10
each fully paid up
General Reserve
Profit and Loss A/c
Workman
Compensation Fund
Sundry Creditors
Staff Provident Fund
Provision for Taxation

Thin Ltd.
Rs.

15,00,000

5,00,000

7,50,000
1,50,000
20,502

2,00,000
50,000
12,000

12,000
58,567
10,000
12,000
10,13,069

9,000
30,456
4,000
5,000
3,11,356

Assets
Goodwill
Plant and Machinery
Stock in trade
Sundry Debtors
Prepaid insurance
Income-tax Refund
Claim
Cash in hand
Cash at Bank

Thick Ltd.
Rs.
2,00,000
3,12,000
2,65,000
2,21,200

Thin Ltd.
Rs
60,000
1,00,000
80,000
56,000
700

869
14,000

6,000
356
8,300
.

10,13,069

3,11,356

Que. 25- The following are the Balance Sheets of P Ltd. and S Ltd. as on 31 March. 2001:
P Ltd. (Rs.)
S Ltd. (Rs.)
Liabilities:
Equity share capital (Rs. 10 each)
5,00,000
3,00,000
14% Preference share capital (Rs. 100 each)
2,20,000
1,70,000
General Reserve
50,000
25,000
Export Profit Reserve
30,000
20,000
Investment Allowance Reserve

10,000
Profit and Loss A/c
75,000
50,000
13% Debentures (Rs. 100 each0
50,000
35,000
Current Liabilities
65,000
50,000
9,90,000
6,60,000
P. Ltd.(Rs.)
S Ltd. (Rs.)
Assets:
Land & Buildings
2,50,000
1,55,000
Plant & Machinery
3,25,000
1,70,000
Furniture & Fittings
57,500
35,000
Investments
1,25,000
95,000
Stock
90,000
1,03,000
Debtors
72,500
52,000
Cash and Bank
70,000
50,000
9,90,000
6,60,000
P Ltd. takes over S Ltd. on 1st April, P Ltd. discharges the purchase consideration as below;
(i) Issued 35,000 equity shares of Rs. 10 each to the equity shareholders of S Ltd.
(ii) Issued 15% preference shares of Rs. 100 each to discharge the preference shareholders of S Ltd. at 10% premium.
(iii) The debentures of S Ltd. will be converted into equivalent number of Debentures of P Ltd. of Rs. 100 each.
(iv) The Statutory Reserve of S Ltd. (Export Profit Reserve and Investment Allowance Reserve) are to be maintained
for five more years.
You are required to show the Balance Sheet of P Ltd. assuming that:
(a) The amalgamation is in the nature of merger, and
(b) The amalgamation is in the nature of purchase.
Que. 26- The following are the balance sheets of P Ltd. and N Ltd. as on 31 st March 2000.
AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION

Page11

You are required to:


(i)
Show the necessary ledger accounts in the books of Thin Ltd.;
(ii)
Show the necessary journal entries in the books of Thick Ltd. and
(iii)
Prepare the balance sheet of Thick & Co. after the amalgamation.

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Liabilities
Share Capital:
20,000 shares of Rs. 10 each
General reserve
P/L A/c
Debentures
Current Liabilities

Liabilities
Share Capital:
9,000 shares of Rs. 10 each
General reserve
P/L A/c
Current Liabilities:
Creditors
Bills Payable

No. 1 in CA / CS education

Balance Sheet of P Ltd. (as on 31st March 2000)


Rs Assets
Fixed Assets
2,00,000 Investments
2,50,000 Current assets
1,50,000
1,75,000
1,25,000
9,00,000

Rs
3,50,000
2,50,000
3,00,000

9,00,000

Balance Sheet of N Ltd. (as on 31st March 2000)


Rs Assets
Fixed assets
90,000 Current assets
50,000
40,000

Rs
1,50,000
1,00,000

50,000
20,000
2,50,000
P Ltd. agrees to take over N Ltd. Find out the ratio of exchange of shares on the basis of the books values.
Que. 27- The Balance Sheets of A and B as at 31st March were as following:
Liabilities
A Ltd. Rs.
B Ltd. Rs. Assets
Equity shares of Rs. 10
each
Reserves
P/L A/c
Sundry Creditors

6,00,000

4,00,000

1,50,000
75,000
37,500

1,00,000
60,000
30,000

Fixed Assets (other than


goodwill)
Stock in-trade
Debtors
Cash and Bank
Preliminary Exp.

2,50,000

A Ltd. Rs.

B Ltd. Rs.

5,00,000

3,50,000

Page12

95,000
75,000
1,40,000
1,00,000
1,17,500
60,000
10,000
5,000
8,62,500
5,90,000
8,62,500
5,90,000
A Ltd. took over and absorbed B Ltd. as on 1 st Oct. 20X1. No Balance Sheet of B was prepared on the date of
take over. But the following information is made available to you:
(a) In the six months ended 30th September 20X1. B made net profits of Rs. 64,000 after providing for depreciation at
10% per annum on fixed assets:
(b) A during that period had made net profit of Rs. 1,51,000 after providing for depreciation at 10% per annum on the
fixed assets:
(c) Both the companies had distributed dividends @ 10% on 1st July 20X1.
(d) Goodwill of B on the date of take over was estimated at Rs. 25,000 and it was agreed that the stock of B. , would be
appreciated by Rs. 15,000 on the intrinsic value of shares on the date of take over.
Required: Draft the Balance Sheet of A Ltd. after absorption. (Assume Corporate Dividend Tax Rate 10%)

AMALGAMATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION