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# First Round : March 28, 2009

## Second Round: April 25, 2009 at The University of Alabama

GEOMETRY EXAMINATION
Construction of this test directed
by
Scott H. Brown, Auburn University Montgomery
and Zhijian Wu, The University of Alabama

INSTRUCTIONS
This test consists of 50 multiple choice questions. The questions have not been arranged in order of difficulty.
For each question, choose the best of the five answer choices labeled A, B, C, D, and E.
The test will be scored as follows: 5 points for each correct answer, 1 point for each question left unanswered,
and 0 points for each wrong answer. (Thus a perfect paper with all questions answered correctly earns a
score of 250, a blank paper earns a score of 50, and a paper with all questions answered incorrectly earns a
score of 0.)
Random guessing will not, on average, either increase or decrease your score. However, if you can eliminate
one of more of the answer choices as wrong, then it is to your advantage to guess among the remaining
choices.
All variables and constants, except those indicated otherwise, represent real numbers.
Diagrams are not necessarily to scale.
We use the following geometric notation:
If A and B are points, then:
AB is the segment between A and B

## AB is the ray from A through B

AB is the distance between A and B

If A is an angle, then:
m A is the measure of angle A in degrees
If A and B are points on a circle, then:

## Editing by Zhijian Wu, The University of Alabama

Printing by The University of Alabama

## Doing the Math to Find the Good Jobs

Mathematicians Land Top Spot in New Ranking of Best and Worst Occupations in the U.S.
THE WALL STREET JOURNAL January 6, 2009
The Best
1. Mathematician
2. Actuary
3. Statistician
4. Biologist
5. Software Engineer
6. Computer Systems Analyst
7. Historian
8. Sociologist
9. Industrial Designer
10. Accountant
11. Economist
12. Philosopher13. Physicist
14. Parole Officer
15. Meteorologist
16. Medical Laboratory Technician
17. Paralegal Assistant
18. Computer Programmer
19. Motion Picture Editor
20. Astronomer

The Worst
200. Lumberjack
199. Dairy Farmer
198. Taxi Driver
197. Seaman196. EMT
195. Roofer
194. Garbage Collector
193. Welder
191. Ironworker
190. Construction Worker
189. Mail Carrier
188. Sheet Metal Worker
187. Auto Mechanic
186. Butcher
185. Nuclear Decontamination Tech
184. Nurse (LN)
183. Painter
182. Child Care Worker
181. Firefighter

## What You Can Do With A Mathematics Major

Occupational opportunities
Actuarial and Insurance
Computer & Information Sciences
Researcher
Demographers
Data Processor
Applications Programmer
Systems Analyst
Computer Applications Engineer
Control Systems Engineer
Numerical Analyst
Statistician
Technical Writer

Government
Investment Analyst
Benefits Specialist
Computer Programmer
Navigator
Ecologist
Biomedical Engineer
Operations Analyst
Control Systems Engineer
Teaching
Engineering Analyst
Homeland Security

Accountant
Financial Planner
Mathematician
Cartographer
Meteorologist
Health
Bio-mathematician
Operations Research
Systems Engineer
Financial Analyst
Communications Engineer

Study in the field of mathematics offers an education with an emphasis on careful problem analysis, precision of thought and expression, and the mathematical skills needed for work in many other areas. Many
important problems in government, private industry, health and environmental fields, and the academic
world require sophisticated mathematical techniques for their solution. The study of mathematics provides
specific analytical and quantitative tools, as well as general problem-solving skills, for dealing with these

(A) 11

(B) 12

(C)

13

(D) 15

(E) 16

12

D
B x

## 2. In the figure, AC is 39 units, AD is x units, DB is 9 units,

DE is 13 units, BE is x units and BDE = BCA. What
is the value of x?
(A) 2

(B) 2.5

(C) 3

(D) 4

(E)

9
13

D
x

4.5
A

## 3. Let D be any point on the base of an isosceles triangle ABC. Extend

AC to E so that CD = CE. Extend ED to meet AB at F . If angle
CED is 10 degrees, find angle AF D in degrees.
(A) 20

(B)

30

(C) 40

(D) 45

39

(E) 60

4. In the figure, O is the center of the circle and A, B and C are three
points on the circle. Suppose that OA = AB = 2 and mOAC = 10 .
Determine the length of arc BC.

C
O

(A)

10
9

(B)

5
9

(C)

7
6

(D)

4
3

(E)

2
3

A
B

5. The top of a rectangular box has area 120 square inches, the front has
area 96 square inches, and the side has area 80 square inches. How high is the box?
(A)

(B) 10

(C) 12

(D) 15

(E) 24

6. Three spheres of radius 1 are pairwise tangent and resting on a horizontal table. A fourth sphere
(also of radius 1) is placed on top with its center above the center of the triangle formed by the 3
spheres. The height of the center of the top sphere above the table is

2+ 3
2+
2
(A)
3
(B) 1 + 3
(C) 2
(D)
(E) None of above
3
3
7. Let ABCD be a rectangle with AB = 4 and BC = 1. Let E be a
point on AB. Let diagonal AC intersect line DE at F . Find the
1
distance AE if the area of AEF is .
6
(A)

2
3

(B)

3
4

(C) 1

(D)

C
F

4
3

(E) 2

8. How many values of A are there such that the system of equations x2 = y 2 , (x A)2 + y 2 = 1 has
exactly 3 solutions (x, y)?
(A) 0

(B) 1

(C)

(D) 3

(E) 4

9. The area of a square inscribed in a semicircle is to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle
as:
(A) 1 : 2

(B) 2 : 3

(C)

2:5

(D) 3 : 4

(E) 3 : 5

10. In the diagram shown, AB and AC are the equal sides of an isosceles triangle
ABC. The equilateral triangle DEF is inscribed. Designate angle ADF by
, angle BED by , and angle CF E by . Then:
(A)

(C) =

+
2

(D) =

+
2

(B) =

(E) =

+
2

## 11. In the equilateral triangle ABC, P M BC, P N AC and AB = a, then

CM + CN =?

3
3
5
(A)
(E) 2a
a
(B) a
(C)
a
(D)
a
2
4
2

A
N
P

B M

12. A(2a, 2b), B(2c, 2d), and C(0, 2e) are the vertices of a triangle. Find the slope of the altitude from B
to AC.
eb
a
a
a
be
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
a
eb
a
be
be
13. In the right triangle shown, the sum of BM and M A is equal to the
sum of BC and CA. If M B = x, CB = h, and CA = d, then x equals
to
(A)

hd
2h + d

(D) h + d

1
d
2

h2 + d2 h

(B) d h

2d

(C)
(E)

M
x
B

14. How many circular pipes with inside diameter of 1 inch will carry the same amount of water as a pipe
with an inside diameter of 6 inches?
(A) 3

(B) 6

(C) 12

(D)

36

(E) 48

15. In the figure shown, what is the ratio of the area of triangle ADE and the area
of triangle ABC equals?
(A) sin2 A

(B)

cos2 A

(C) tan2 A

(D) cot2 A

## (E) None of these

E
D
B

16. The three vertices of a triangle are (0, 0), (545, 0) and (751, 915). The medians intersect at the point:
(A) (434, 305)

## (D) (433, 305)

(E)

(432, 305)

17. The angle AY Z is 60 . Project A to line Y Z perpendicularly to get point B, then project B to line Y A
perpendicularly to get point C. Continue the procedure to get D, E and so on. Denote T1 , T2 , T3 ,
the triangles ABY, BCY, CDY, . Which triangle is the first triangle with area smaller than one
hundredth of T1 ?
(A)

T5

(B) T26

(C) T27

(D) T50

(E) T51

## 18. Three circles of radius 1 are mutually tangent as shown. What is

the area of the gap they enclose?

1
1
3

3
(B)
(C)
(D)

(E)
(A)
2
6
3
2
6
6

19. Suppose ABC is a triangle with area 24 and that there is a point P inside ABC which is distance
2 from each of the sides of ABC. What is the perimeter of ABC?

(A) 12
(B) 24
(C) 36
(D) 12 2
(E) 12 3
20. As shown in the diagram, two circles with radii 8 and 18 respectively, are tangent and two lines are tangent to both circles. The
distance from the intersection of these lines to the center of the
(A) 16.2

(B) 18.5

(C)

20.8

(D) 22.6

(E) 24.4

21. A pyramid has a square base ABCD and vertex E. The area of square ABCD is 196, and the areas
of ABE and CDE are 105 and 91, respectively. What is the volume of the pyramid?

(A) 392
(B) 196 6
(C) 392 2
(D) 392 3
(E) 784
22. In the figure shown, AB is the diameter of the circle with center O, M
bisects OB and CD AB. Construct the semicircle with diameter CD
to meet AB at E. Extend DE to meet the circle at F . If AB = 2, then
CF =?

2
3
(A) 1
(B)
2
(C)
3
(D)
(E)
2
2

C
F
O

23. From a point P which lies outside a circle with radius r, two secants are
drawn. The first secant intersects the circle at points A and B and the
second one intersects the circle at points C and D. Given that AB = 14,
CD = 2, P A = 6 and mAP C = 60 . Find r.

(A) 2 3
(B) 2 13
(C) 2 19
(D) 10 3
(E) 2 26

A
O

1
24. Find the area of the region in the plane bounded by the straight lines y = x, y = 1 x, y = x and
2
y = 1 2x.
(A)

1
20

(B)

1
10

(C)

1
5

(D)

1
4

(E)

1
2

25. Let S be a square pizza of side s. Let C be a circular pizza of radius r. The pizzas S and C have the
same perimeter. Let AS be the area of S, and let AC be the area of C. What is AS /AC ?
(A) 2 /4

(B) 4/ 2

(C) 1

(D) 4/

(E)

/4

26. Which of the statements are true? (i) There exist two triangles such that the sides of one triangle are
all less than 1 inch while the sides of the other triangle are all bigger than 100 feet but the area of
the first triangle is bigger than the area of the second. (ii) There exists a triangle whose altitudes are
all shorter than 1 inch but whose area is bigger than 100 square inches. (iii) There exists a triangle
whose altitudes are all longer than 2 inches but whose area is less than 1 square inch.
(A) (i)

(B)

(i), (ii)

## (D) (ii), (iii)

(E) None

27. Find the area of a regular octagon inscribed into a circle of radius 1.

(A)
(B)
2
(C) 2 3
(D)
2
2
28. Let the radii of the three semicircles all be R, their centers
A, B, C are in a common line, and the circle with center D
has only one point in common with the given semicircles respectively. Suppose the radius of the circle with center D is
r, then R : r =?
(A) 15 : 4 (B) 11 : 3 (C)

4:1

2 2

(E)

(D) 3 : 1 (E) 2 : 1

29. In the square ABCD, the point E is between A and B and the point F is between B and C. Find
AEF + EF C.
(A) 90

(B) 180

(C)

270

(D) 360

## 30. In the triangle ABC, DE k AB k F G, and the ratio of the distance

from F G to DE and that from F G to AB is 1 : 2. If the areas of the
triangles ABC and CDE are 32 and 2 respectively, then the area of
the triangle CF G is ?
(A) 4

(B) 6

(C)

(D) 10

(E) 12

31. ABCDE is a regular pentagon, then the angle ACE, measured in degrees, is in the interval
(A) [0 , 15 ]

(B) [16 , 30 ]

(C)

[31 , 45 ]

(D) [46 , 60 ]

(E) [61 , 75 ]

32. In triangle ABC, the point D lies on BC, and AD is the bisector of angle BAC. If AB = c, AC = b,
(A)

bc sin w
b+c

(C)

b cos 2w + c sin 2w
2

(B)
(D)

2bc cos w
b+c

b cos w + c sin w
2
(E)

2bc sin w
b+c

33. One regular octagon is inscribed in another regular octagon so that the vertices of the inscribed
octagon are the midpoints of the sides of the larger octagon. If the larger octagon has area 1 then
the smaller octagon has area
(A)

1
2

(B)

3
2

(C)

7
8

(D)

1
2

2
4

1
2

(E)

## 34. Let ABCDEF be a regular hexagon with AB = 10. Let P be a point

inside the hexagon with BP = 6. Designate by S the sum of the areas of
the triangles P AB, P CD and P EF . What is the value of S?

(A) 50 3
(B) 75 2
(C) 75 3

2
4

C
P

(D) 120

## (E) Cannot be determined

35. Let C be a cube where the length (in inches) of its long diagonal is the same as its volume (in cubic
inches). What is the length (in inches) of each side?
(A) 1

(B) 21/4

(C) 31/2

(D) 21/3

31/4

(E)

36. Equilateral triangle ABC has area 1. Extend side AB to a point X so that B is the midpoint of AX.
Similarly, extend BC so that C is the midpoint of BY , and extend CA so that A is the midpoint of
CZ. The area of triangle XY Z is

(A) 4
(B) 4 2
(C) 7
(D) 3 3
(E) 9

37. In the
figure shown, line AP bisects CAB, line BP bisects ABC, AP = 3,
BP = 3, and CP = 3. What is the area of ABC ?

(A) 4
(B) 3 3
(C) 4 2
(D) 6
(E) 4 3

P
A

38. Let c be a circle inscribed in a triangle ABC. Let l be the line tangent to c and parallel to AC (with
l 6= AC). Let P and Q be the intersections of l with AB and BC, respectively. As ABC runs through
all triangles of perimeter 1, what is the longest that the line segment P Q can be?
(A)

1
8

(B)

1
4

(C)

1
3

1
2

(D)

(E) 1

39. The parabolas y = x2 and y = 2x2 3x + 2 intersect in the points P and Q. What is the slope of the
straight line through P and Q?
(A) 1

(B) 0

(C) 2

(D)

(E) 3

40. Circles C1 and C2 lie in the plane. C1 has center at A and radius 5, and C2 has center at B and
radius 7. The distance from A to B is 10. The two circles intersect in points P and Q. Let L be
a line through P that intersects C1 at P and E and intersects C2 at P and F . Let l be the longest
possible length for EF . Then
(A) l 19

(B)

19 < l 20

(C) 20 < l 21

(D) 21 < l 22

(E) 22 < l

41. A point P is outside a circle and is 13 inches from the center. A secant from P cuts the circle at Q
and R so that the external segment of the secant P Q is 9 inches and QR is 7 inches. The radius of
the circle is:
(D) 6 in

(E) 7 in

## 42. Suppose ABC has area 31

3 1, AC = 2, and CAB is acute.
2 , AB =
What is the measure of ACB in degrees ?

(A) 3 in

(A)

15

(B) 4 in

(B) 18

(C)

(C) 20

5 in

(D) 22.5

(E) 30
B

43. In a triangle with sides of lengths a, b and c, it holds (a + b + c)(a + b c) = 3ab. The measure of the
angle opposite the side of length c is:
(A) 15

(B) 30

(C) 45

60

(D)

(E) 120

44. In the figure shown, ABC and BDA are both right angles, and
AC = x, BD = y, AB = v, BC = w. If v + w = 35 and x + y = 37,
then what is the value of y ?

B
v
w

(A) 11

(B)

12

(C) 13

(D) 14

(E) 15
C

45. A 25 foot ladder is placed against a vertical wall of a building. The foot of the ladder is 7 feet from
the base of the building. If the top of the ladder slips 4 feet, then the foot of the ladder will slide:
(A) 4 ft

(B) 5 ft

(C)

8 ft

(D) 9 ft

(E) 15 ft

46. In ABC with right angle at C, altitude CH and median CM trisect the right angle. If the area of
CHM is K, then the area of ABC is:

(A) 6K
(B) 4 3K
(C) 3 3K
(D) 3K
(E) 4K
47. Three cubes are each formed from the pattern shown. They are then
stacked on a table one on top of another so that the 13 visible numbers
have the greatest possible sum. What is that sum?
(A) 154

(B) 159

(C)

166

(D) 167

6
1 2 32 16
8

(E) 189

## 48. What is the area of the region defined by the inequality | 3x 18 | + | 2y + 7 | 3 ?

(A)

(B)

7
2

(C) 4

(D)

9
2

(E) 5

49. Vertex E of equilateral ABE is in the interior of unit square ABCD. Let R be the region consisting
of all points inside ABCD and outside ABE whose distance from AD is between 13 and 23 . What
is the area of R ?
(A)

125 3
72

(B)

125 3
36

(C)

3
18

(D)

3 3
9

(E)

3
12

50. A cylindrical can is 6 inches tall and its base is 4 inches in diameter. An ant
crawls from a point P on the upper rim of the can once around the can to a
point Q which is 4 inches directly below P . Then the ant crawls from Q once
around the can to a point R on the bottom rim of the can directly below P (so
the distance from Q to R is 2 inches). What is the length of the shortest path
in inches that the ant could have made from P to R?

(A) 4 2 + 1 + 2 4 2 + 1 (B)
2 + 2 + 2 + 4(C) 4 2 + 2 + 2 2 + 4

(D)
4 2 + 2 + 2 2 + 4
(E) 2 2 + 1 + 4 4 2 + 1


P

Q
R