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The SIMATIC S7 System Family

SIMATIC
PCS 7
SIMATIC
NET

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

SIMATIC
Software

SIMATIC
PC

SIMATIC
HMI

SIMATIC
SIMATIC
WinCC

SIMATIC
DP
SIMATIC
Controller

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.1

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

The SIMATIC S7 System Family


SIMATIC
PCS 7
SIMATIC
NET

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

SIMATIC
Software

SIMATIC
PC

SIMATIC
HMI

SIMATIC
SIMATIC
WinCC

SIMATIC
DP
SIMATIC
Controller

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.2

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Objectives

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Upon completion of the chapter the participant will ...

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

...

have an overview of the SIMATIC S7 system family

...

be familiar with the S7-300 and S7-400 automation systems

...

have an overview of the modules available for these automation


systems

...

understand the concept of "Totally Integrated Automation" (T.I.A.)

...

be familiar with the programming devices

...

be familiar with the PC requirements for working with STEP7

...

be familiar with the tools of the STEP7 basic programming package

have an overview of the most important tools used in the T.I.A.


concept

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.3

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIMATIC S7 Overview

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

SIMATIC software

SIMATIC PG
SIMATIC PC

SIMATIC HMI

MPI network
Industrial Ethernet/PROFINET
PROFIBUS

SIMATIC NET

PC-based

SIMATIC
controllers

PROFIBUS DP
PROFINET

AS-Interface

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.4

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

What does "Totally Integrated Automation" Mean

PCS 7

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

WinCC

Engineering

NET

SIMATIC S7

NET
Instrum.

Drives
M

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.5

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

The SIMATIC S7/C7 and WinAC Controllers

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Upper and
middle
performance
range

modular

SIMATIC S7 - 400
Lower and
middle
performance
range

SIMATIC C7 6xx

SIMATIC S7 - 300

Micro PLC

compact

SIMATIC S7 - 200

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

SIMATIC WinAC

complete

modular

Logo

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.6

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

S7-200

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

S7-22x

S7-21x

EM 221

SIEMENS

SF
RUN
STOP

I0.0
I0.1
I0.2
I0.3
I0.4

I1.0
I1.1
I1.2
I1.3
I1.4

I0.5
I0.6
I0.7

I1.5

Q0.0
Q0.1
Q0.2
Q0.3
Q0.4
Q0.5
Q0.6
Q0.7

Q1.0
Q1.1

CPU 214
I.1
I.2
I.3
I.4
I.5
I.6

SIMATIC
S7-200

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

DI 8 x DC24V
I.0

I.7

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.7

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

S7-200 Micro Controller

Status Indicators
for Integrated DO

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Status Indicators

- Potentiometer
- Memory Card
- Mode Selector

PPI Connection

Status Indicators
for Integrated DI

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.8

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

S7-200: Modules / Expansion Modules (EM)

I / O Modules

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Function Modules (FM)

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.9

Communications
Processors (CP)

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

SIMATIC S7-1200: Modular compact controller

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.10

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

SIMATIC S7-1200:
Signal or communications boards

Analog or digital signal boards

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

RS-485 communications board


Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.11

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

SIMATIC S7-1200: Signal modules

Analog or digital signal modules

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.12

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Compact switch module

Power supply unit

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

SIMATIC S7-1200: Accessories

SIMATIC memory cards

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.13

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

S7 - 300 Automation System

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.14

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

S7-300: Modules

PS
(optional)

CPU

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

IM
(optional)

SM:
DI

SM:
DO

Date:
File:

SM:
AI

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.15

SM:
AO

FM:
- Counting
- Positioning
- Closed-loop
control

CP:
- Point-to Point
- PROFIBUS
- Industrial Ethernet

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

S7-300: CPU Design

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

CPU 315-2DP until Oct. 2002

CPU 315-2DP after Oct. 2002

Fault and
status
LEDs
Mode
selector
switch

Slot for
memory
card

MPI/DP
interface
(under the panel)
PROFINET
interface
(under the
panel)

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.16

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

S7-400 Automation System

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.17

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

S7-400: Modules

PS

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

CPU

SM:
DI

SM:
DO

SM:
AI

Date:
File:

SM:
AO

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.18

CP

SM

FM

IM

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

S7-400: CPU Design

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Error LEDs
Slot for Memory
Card
Mode Selector

MPI/DP
Interface
DP Interface

External
Battery Supply

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.19

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIMATIC Embedded Automation - Overview

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Modular Controller

Open + Standard PC

IPC

S7-mEC RTX

SIMATIC S7
Highest ruggedness
Modularity
Scalable
Commissioning through
Automators

H / F functionality
10 year replacement
parts availability
Long-term availability
Data-secure

Highest ruggedness
Modularity
Scalable
Commissioning through
Automators

SIMATIC Soft-PLC and HMI


options
Standard PC operating system
and interfaces
Openness (HW + SW)
State-of-the-art PC technology

Rugged (embedded)
Commissioning requires
PC know-how

SIMATIC Soft-PLC and HMI


options
Standard PC operating system
and interfaces
Openness (HW + SW)
Stat-of-the-art PC technology

The Best of Both Worlds

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.20

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Device Spectrum of SIMATIC Embedded Automation

SIMATIC
SIMATIC
SIMATIC
SIMATIC

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Microbox 427B- RTX


Microbox 427B- HMI/RTX
Panel PC 477B- HMI
Panel PC 477B- HMI/RTX

Date:
File:

SIMATIC Panel MP 177/277/377 +


WinAC MP
SIMATIC S7-mEC
SIMATIC WinAC 2008 RTX

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.21

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

An Application Example for PC-based Automation

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

PLC

WinCC flexible
Thin Client

PG/PC

HMI

Windows
Ethernet
interface

System / Cell network


169.254...

3rd party
device
OUC
192.168...

CBA

PLC

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Data server

WINAC RTX
PROFINET
interface

Main application case for PC-based


Automation:

HMI

Field device Drive

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.22

PROFINET IO local behind CPU to avoid


dependancy on system configuration
(independent assignment of IP addresses).

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIMATIC Microbox 427-B RTX "Embedded PC"


RUN / STOP

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

System Fault

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.23

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIMATIC S7- mEC (Modular Embedded Controller)


USB connection
for mouse etc.

Remote Desktop
Protocol (RDP) for
access to all S7-mEC
programs

EM PC

STEP 7 for
parameterization +
diagnosis (RTX)

EM PCI-104

EC31 RTX

P-Bus

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Thin
Client

2x USB
1x IE/PN
1x serial
1x DVI-I
1x serial
1x CF slot

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Connection of S7
standard peripherals
Up to 3 PCI cards

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.24

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

PG/PC Requirements for Installing STEP 7


Operating Systems:

Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional


Microsoft Windows XP Professional

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Microsoft Windows Vista

Memory on the
Hard Drive:

Depending on the installation, between 400 MB and 800 MB

Mouse:

Yes

Interfaces:

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

CP5611 (PCI) or
CP5512 (PCMCIA) or
PC adapter (USB)
Industrial Ethernet Interface (NIC)
Programming interface for Memory Card (optional)

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.25

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Installing the STEP 7 Basic Package

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Double-click on icon

Activate
through
Start menu

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.26

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

STEP 7 Tools

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.27

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

STEP 7 Software Packages (Examples)


Which PLC?

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

SIMATIC S7-200

SIMATIC S7-300

SIMATIC S7-300

Necessary
STEP 7
Micro/WIN

STEP 7 Lite

Tele Service

S7- PLCSIM

STEP 7

S7- SCL

CFC

S7- GRAPH

S7- HiGraph

Fuzzy Control

Standard PID
Control

Modular PID
Control

DOCPRO

TeleService

S7- PDIAG

S7- PLCSIM

PRODAVE
MPI

S7- SCL

S7- PLCSIM

S7- GRAPH

SIMATIC S7-400

STEP 7 Professional

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Options

STEP 7

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.28

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Exercise 1:
Identifying the modules of the training workstation

Check the modules used in the training workstation and


identify the type name and order no. of the modules:
touch panel
S7 controller (central configuration)
Distributed digital I/O module

1 x HMI device

1 x head module
5 x I/O submodule

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

1 x power supply module


1 x CPU module
4 x I/O module

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.29

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

If You Want to Know More about the Topic "TIA"

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.30

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

More Information

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Handbuch

Katalog

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.31

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Programming Sequence Control Systems with S7- GRAPH

S7-GRAPH: The tool for


programming sequence cascades

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Compatible with DIN EN 6.1131-3


Designed for the requirements of
production engineering
Graphic division of the process
into steps and transitions
Steps contain actions
Transitions check the conditions
for switching to the next step

S1

T1
S2

The following phases of


automation can be
optimized with S7-GRAPH:

Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

S5

T2

S6

T5

S4

Planning, Configuring
Programming
Debugging
Commissioning
Maintenance, Diagnostics

SIMATIC S7

T4

T3

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.32

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

The State Diagram Method S7- HiGraph

S7-HiGraph: The tool for


programming using
State Diagrams

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Division of the machine into


functional units
Creating state diagrams
for every function unit
States contain actions
State diagrams communicate
using messages

Position
Cam-operated Index out
switch
Turn left
1 2 4
piece
Turn right

Motor

Index

Counterbearing
lock/release

Motor

The following phases of


automation can be
optimized with S7-HiGraph:

Index in

Counterbearing

Coordinator

Planning, Configuring
Programming and Debugging
Commissioning
Maintenance, Diagnostics
Supports reusability

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.33

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Programming in the High Level Language S7- SCL

S7-SCL: High level language for


creating PLC programs

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Compatible with DIN EN 6.1131-3


(ST=Structured Text))
Certified according to "PLC open"
Base Level
Contains all the typical elements of
a high level language, such as
operands, terms, control statements
PLC specifics are integrated,
such as I/O access, timers,
counters...)

Advantages:

Well structured, easy to understand


program
For those knowledgeable in high
level languages
For complex algorithms

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

FUNCTION_BLOCK Integrator
VAR_INPUT
Init
: BOOL; // Reset output value
x
: REAL;
// Input value
Ta
: TIME;
// Sampling interval in ms
Ti
: TIME;
// Integration time in ms
olim
: REAL;
// Output value upper limit
ulim
: REAL;
// Output value lower limit
END_VAR
VAR_OUTPUT
y : REAL:= 0.0;
END_VAR

// Initialize output value with 0

BEGIN
IF TIME_TO_DINT(Ti) = 0 THEN
// Division by ?
OK := FALSE;
y := 0.0;
RETURN;
END_IF;
IF Init THEN
y:= 0.0;
ELSE
y := y+TIME_TO_DINT(Ta)*x/TIME_TO_DINT(Ti);
IF y > olim THEN y := olim; END_IF;
IF y < ulim THEN y := ulim; END_IF;
END_IF;
END_FUNCTION_BLOCK

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.34

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

CFC - Tool for Graphic Interconnection of S7 Blocks

CFC (Continuous Function Chart):


Tool for graphic creation
of PLC programs

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Blocks are placed on


function charts
and interconnected
Interconnection is
possible:
- between I/O fields
- also to blocks in
other charts
Sources and destinations
are managed in the
margins

Advantages

Program creation for


technologists
quick creation, testing
and commissioning times

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.35

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Process Diagnosis with S7- PDIAG

Process diagnosis: Detection of


faults occurring outside the PLC

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

S7- PDIAG: Tool for configuring


the fault definition in STL, LAD, FBD

Sensor/actuator defective, movement faulty,


...

Integrated in the development environment


Simple formulation of fault monitoring and
message texts (during and after the
program session)
Fault detection and criteria analysis are
conducted automatically
Comprehensive information for the operator
on:
type of fault
location of fault
cause of fault

Message

I 1.0

I 1.1

Q1.0

Reduction of down-time

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.36

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Testing User Programs with S7- PLCSIM

S7-PLCSIM: Simulation software


for offline testing of PLC programs

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Functional program test


on a simulated CPU
with display/modify I/O
Testing of user blocks in
LAD, FBD, STL, S7-SCL,
S7-GRAPH, S7-HiGraph, CFC
S7-PDIAG, WinCC

Advantages

Faults can be detected early and eliminated


Many tests are already possible in the office
without the final hardware

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.37

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Runtime Software for Closed-loop Control Engineering Tasks

Configuration
tool

Basic SW
or
option
package

PID Controller

No

Basic SW

Basic SW PID Control

Yes

Basic SW

Standard PID Control

Yes

Option

Modular PID Control

Yes

Option

Fuzzy Control

Yes

Option

Neuro Systems

Yes

Option

Closed-loop control m.

Yes

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Overview

S7-200

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

S7-300

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.38

S7-400

C7

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Communicating with SIMATIC NET

Safety

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Safety
Netzwerk
Safety
IT-Standards
IT-Standards

Process Real-Time
Communication

Motion
Dezentrale
Distributed
Control
PROFINET
Management
Field
devices
& Security PROFINETFeldgerte

Verteilte
Netzwerk
IT-Standards
PROFINET
Verteilte
Feldgerte
Motion
NetzwerkIntelligenz
IT-Standards
Installation
NetzwerkMotion
Network
Intelligenz
Verteilte
NetzwerkControl
Installation
Control
Motion
Installation
Verteilte
Leitebene
Installation
Distributed
EchtzeitAutomation
Control
Installation
Intelligenz
Intelligence
Kommunikation

Dezentrale

Industrial Ethernet

Zellebene
PROFIBUS
Field level

Actuatorsensor
Interface

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Actuatorsensor
level

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.39

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Operator Control and Process Monitoring with SIMATIC HMI

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Process visualization
system
SIMATIC WinCC

Process visualization
system
SIMATIC WinCC flexible

SIMATIC PG, PC

SIMATIC Panels, PGs, PCs

WinCC flexible 2005

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.40

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Process Visualization and Operator Control with WinCC

anzahl ()
float zae
begin
if wert > 0
begom
zae = zae + 1
end
end

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Motor
on
Valve closed
Flap
up

Programming
Interfaces

Alarm Logging
(Message System)

Process visualization
Standard
Interfaces

Tag Logging
(Archiving)
Protokolle

Report Designer
(Report System)
SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

PLC
Communication
25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.41

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

Process Automation with SIMATIC PCS 7

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Engineering System

Process terminal 1

Process terminal 2

Process terminal 3

Terminal bus
WinCC OS

WinCC OS-Server

System bus
S7-400 as
central unit
FM

SV

ET 200M

DP
FM

SV

DP

Field devices

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.42

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

DRIVES Technology

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Consistent drives spectrum for all applications


From standard drives with 100 W
up to large drives with 50 MW
Motion and vector control
Technology-specific closed-loop
controllers

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.43

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions

The SINAMICS Family

SIEMENS-ATC SD (ST- SERV1)

Frequency Converter for Standard Applications

SINAMICS G110

SINAMICS G120

SINAMICS G150

(single drive)

(single drive)

(single drive)

Frequency Converter for Motion-Contol Applications

SINAMICS S120

SINAMICS S120
Chassis

Block size
(single drive)

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 2008. All rights reserved.

SINAMICS S120
Cabinet Module

Book size
(modular)

Date:
File:

25.11.2014
SERV1_01E.44

SITRAIN Training

for
Automation and Industrial Solutions