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Welcome to Bulgaria!

Presented by European Bridge club - Varna

Bulgaria in Europe
It is situated on the
Balkan Peninsula,
Southeast Europe.

Basic information

Area 111,000 km2


Population 7,3 million people
Capital city Sofia
Currency Lev
Language Bulgarian

History
- Bulgaria was established in 681 AD
- It is the oldest tribal country in Europe
- It has never changed its name since its
establishing

The oldest golden treasure in the


world was found near city of
Varna, in 1972. The treasure was
dated back to 4 400 BC

Capital City

Sofia is the capital of Bulgaria. It


is an ancient city with rich history.
The city was founded by a
Thracian tribe 7000 years ago.

There are a lot of museums, universities, theatres, monuments,


famous buildings and parks. The Alexander Nevski Cathedral is the
biggest church in Bulgaria.

Capital City

Nature

Bulgaria is famous for its


beautiful nature. There are
a lot of high mountains,
vast plains, rivers and
lakes.

Rivers

The Danube is the longest


river in the European Union.
It is an important
international waterway. Iskar
is the longest river in
Bulgaria. (368 km)

Lakes
The Srebarna Nature Reserve is a freshwater lake near the Danube.
There are almost 100 species of birds, many of which are rare or
endangered.

The 7 Rila
Lakes is the
biggest and most
visited group of
lakes in the Rila
Mountain. Each
of the lakes is
named according
to its shape.

Caves
There are more than 4000
caves in Bulgaria.

The Devetashka Cave impresses


with its enormous size.

Mountains
The Balkan Mountains is the longest
mountain in Bulgaria. (550 km)

The Rila Mountain is the highest


mountain in Bulgaria (2,925 m)

Mountain resorts

Pamporovo, Borovets and


Bansko are modern ski
resorts. They are the
sunniest mountain resorts
with wonderful snow in
winter.

Sea resorts and coastline

You can see large beaches and


beautiful rocky shores along the
Black Sea coast.
Golden Sands, Albena, Sunny
Day, Sunny Beach are the most
famous sea resorts.

The Rose Valley

The Valley of the


roses is one of the
most romantic places
in Bulgaria.
The red rose is the
symbol of Bulgaria.

Veliko Tarnovo

Veliko Tarnovo is a beautiful historical town. The royal city was the
capital of the Second Bulgarian kingdom.

Varna

Varna is the third-biggest


city in Bulgaria.
called The Sea capital
Its
of
the country

It has been inhabited for more than


7000 years

Plovdiv
Its the second biggest city in Bulgaria and also European Capital of
Culture in 2019.
The oldest inhabited city in Europe and
the 6th oldest in the world

Monasteries
There are more than 140 monasteries in Bulgaria. Some of the most famous are: the
Rila Monastery, the Dryanovo Monastery, the Rozhen Monastery.
Rila Monastery

Dryanovo Monastery

Bachkovo Monastery

Aladzha Monastery

Rila
Monastery
is the bestknown. It
was
established
in the 10th
century

Climate
There are 4 seasons in Bulgaria.

In spring everything is green. There


are many flowers.

In autumn the weather changes.


It often rains. The leaves fall.

It`s hot in summer.


Many people go to the seaside.

There is a lot of snow in winter.


It`s quite cold.

Food
Bulgarian food is delicious. Here are some typical national dishes:

Bulgarian yoghurt is the


best in the world.

Bean soup is very


popular.

Bulgarian people love to eat meat balls and shopska salad.

Holidays
The Bulgarian national holiday is
on the 3rd of March. We celebrate
the liberation from Ottoman rule.

On the 24th of May we celebrate


the Day of the Bulgarian
alphabet.

Festivals and special days


We have an interesting Bulgarian
tradition. Only men take part in the
Mummers` Games in March. They
put scary masks and costumes.
They go dancing in streets.
Everyone is noisy and happy.

Festivals and special days


Nestinarstvo is an
old Bulgarian ritual.
It involves a
barefooted dance on
embers. It is
performed on the
Day of Sts.
Constantine and
Helen and attracts a
lot of tourists.

THIS IS BULGARIA

Who are we?

The aim of European bridge is to introduce


young people to the func=oning and objec=ves
of the EU. Touching the European spirit and
European values we hope to get young people
to think about their future because they are the
future of Bulgaria and the European Union.

Minat Terkait