Anda di halaman 1dari 2


TEST AP101-4

Overview of the Endocrine System

Test Duration:
Reading Time:

7 Multiple-Choice Questions
10 minutes
0 minutes

Only Bilingual Dictionaries allowed, NO NOTES. This test consists of one part, 7 multiple
choice questions (numbers 1 to 7) to be answered on the computer answer sheet (7
marks). Write your name and student number in the spaces provided on the computer
answer sheet. Carefully fill in the shapes on the computer-marked answer sheet under
your name and ID number with a 2B pencil. You must only use a 2B pencil on the
computer answer sheet. Please read the instructions on the answer sheet carefully and
follow them precisely. Select the best answer to questions. If you are unsure of an
answer, eliminate the alternatives that you know to be incorrect and select answer from
the remaining alternatives. To indicate your selection, use a 2B pencil to blacken the
corresponding oval on the computer answer sheet, AP101-1. No marks are deducted for
wrong answers. So students are advised to move on quickly without wasting too much
time on one question. - Advanced questions; require further reading or online research.


1. The anterior and posterior pituitary gland is also called:

A. adenohypophysis, neurohypophysis
B. neurohypophysis, posthypophysis
C. chromaffin, catecholamine
D. none of above
2. Which portion of the pituitary gland has a rich supply of nerve fibers, and releases
oxytocin and vasopressin?
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. superior
D. inferior
3. Increased alcohol consumption and fluid intake would inhibit the release of which of
the following hormones by neurohypophysis?
B. oxytocin
C. prolactin
D. adrenocorticotropic hormone
4. Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone System (RAAS) is a series of hormones and an enzyme
that regulates blood pressure. Which of the following is true of RAAS?
A. RAAS is direct renal mechanism
B. RASS is indirect renal mechanism
C. RASS is responsible for short-term regulation of blood pressure
D. RASS involves pituitary glands, not the kidneys
5. Which of the following is not a triggering factor of RAAS?
A. increased sympathetic nervous system impulses
B. decreased stretch of receptors in afferent arterioles of the glomerulus
C. dehydration or severe haemorrhage
D. increased NaCl filtrate concentration in ascending loop of Henle
6. Angiotensin II triggers which of the following structures to release aldosterone?
A. adrenal medulla
B. adrenal cortex
C. kidneys
D. liver
7. Both Angiotensin II and vasopressin have effects on nephron which consequently
increase the blood pressure. Aldosterone targets
, whereas vasopressin
A. proximal convoluted tubule, distal convoluted tubule
B. ascending loop of Henle, descending loop of Henle
C. distal convoluted tubule, collecting duct
D. collecting duct,
proximal convoluted tubule
For personal use only, last update:
17th August 2015 by Incognitus
16th February 2014 by RD