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BASIC WELL

COMPLETION

PRESENTATION OUTLINE
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

Well Completion Design Criteria


Surface Equipments
Subsurface Accessories
Artificial Lift
Q&A
Quiz

WELL COMPLETION DESIGN CRITERIA


What is well completion ?
An activities and methods necessary to prepare a well
for the production of oil and gas

Reason of having well completion ?


To provide communication between reservoirs and
surface.

WELL COMPLETION DESIGN CRITERIA


(cont)
Why well completion is so important ?
Main factor to ensure optimum production and recovery to
meet economic requirement.
To ensure safe production operations (mech.+human) over
the field life.

WELL COMPLETION DESIGN CRITERIA


4 types of well completion
Open Hole

Screen

Perforated casing

Without Casing

SURFACE EQUIPMENTS
Wellhead & X-mas Tree

Crown Valve

Choke
Wings Valve

Master Valve
Lower Master Valve

Wellhead

SUBSURFACE ACCESSORIES
Objectives of subsurface completion
accessories?
To provide access to the reservoir for
surveillance requirement and well stimulation.
To provide mechanical control to the conduit
for safe transfer of the reservoir fluids to the
surface.

COMPLETION ACCESSORIES
The typical accessories
used in well completion:
Tubing hanger
Tubing Hanger
Subsurface Safety Valve
(with control line)

SCSSV

Production Packer
Flow Coupling

Landing/Seating
nipple
SSD

No-go nipple

Side Pocket Mandrel (SPM)


Landing Nipples
No-go Nipple

Gaslift mandrel
(Side pocket mandrel)
Production casing
Dual packer

Sliding Sleeve Door (SSD)


Blast Joint

1/4 control line


Flow coupling

Wireline Entry
Guide

Tubing
Blast joint

Single packer

Perforation
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COMPLETION ACCESSORIES
Tubing hanger

Tubing Hanger:
To provide a seal between tubing &
wellhead.
To support tubing.

Flow coupling

Flow Coupling:
To protect from internal erosion caused
by high velocity & turbulence flow
resulted from ID reduction of another
completion accessories, i.e. SCSSV
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COMPLETION ACCESSORIES
Subsurface Safety Valve:
To prevent uncontrolled
formation flow from
wellbore to surface by
manipulating hydraulic
line from surface

Surface Controlled
Subsurface Safety
Valve (SCSSSV)

Gas lift Mandrel @


Side Pocket
Mandrels

Gas Lift Mandrel (GLM):


A place for installed gas lift valve for
artificial lift purposes.

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COMPLETION ACCESSORIES
Sliding Side Doors (SSD):
To enable communication
between tubing & annulus to
enable circulation or
production of fluid.

Sliding Side
Doors (SSD)

To equalize tubing pressure &


Landing
annulus pressure.
Nipples

Landing Nipples:
To provide receptacle to locate, lock &
seal subsurface flow controls
equipment.

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COMPLETION ACCESSORIES
Production Packers:
To provide a seal between the outside of
tubing & the inside of the production
casing or liner.
To protect the casing from pressure &
Production
produced fluids.
Packers
To isolate multiple production zones.
To eliminate or reduce pressure surging
or heading.
To hold kill fluids in the annulus.
To permit the use of certain artificial lift
methods.

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COMPLETION ACCESSORIES
Blast Joint:
To protect from external
erosion or damage caused by
the jetting fluid of the zone
perforations.

BJ

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ARTIFICIAL LIFT
What is artificial lift ?
Is a method to assist wells to sustain flow of
oil to surface at adequate rates.

When do we need artificial lift ?


When the reservoir pressure is insufficient to
sustain flow of oil to the surface as a result of
increased water cut and/or pressure depletion.
Why do we need artificial lift ?
To increase production.
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GAS LIFT PRINCIPLES:


The injected gas aerates the fluid column
& reduce the density of the fluid.
As the gas moves up the tubing, it
expands providing the scrubbing action to
bring the fluid column to surface.
With the density of the column reduced,
less reservoir pressure is required to push
the liquid to surface.
In other words, the hydrostatic back
pressure to the reservoir is reduced & the
reservoir pressure can overcome this
reduced pressure & initiates the well to
flow.
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Q&A

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QUIZ
1) What is the objective of well completion ?
To provide communication between
reservoirs and surface.
2) Why do we need artificial lift ?
To increase production.

3) From the diagram, please show:


SCSSV
Blast Joint

SSD

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WELLHEAD & X-MAS TREE


Single X-Mas Tree

Dual X-Mas Tree

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