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This paper consists of 50 questions. Answer all questions. Every question is followed by four alternative answers A, B, C and D. For each question, choose one answer only. Blacken your answer on the objective answer sheet provided. If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then blacken the new answer. Bahagian ini mengandungi 50 soalan. Jawab semua soalan. Tiap-tiap soalan diikuti oleh empat pilihan jawapan iaitu A, B, C, dan D. Bagi setiap soalan, pilih satu jawapan sahaja. Hitamkan jawapan kamu pada kertas jawapan objektif yang disediakan. Jika kamu hendak menukar jawapan, padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.

  • 1 Which substance is an element? Bahan manakah yang merupakan suatu unsur?

A Water

  • C Ethane

Air

Etana

B Carbon

  • D Naphthalene

Karbon

Naftalena

  • 2 A sample of ammonia gas is cooled. Which of the following is true about the velocity and the size of its particles? Satu sampel gas ammonia disejukkan. Antara berikut, yang manakah benar tentang halaju dan saiz zarahnya? A B

C

D

Velocity of the particles

Size of the particles

Halaju zarah

Saiz zarah

Increases

No change

Bertambah

Tidak berubah

Decreases

No change

Berkurang

Tidak berubah

Decreases

Decreases

Berkurang

Berkurang

Increases

Decreases

Bertambah

Berkurang

  • 3 Which process occurs when an iodine crystal is heated at room temperature and pressure to form purple vapour? Proses manakah yang berlaku apabila hablur iodin dipanaskan pada suhu dan tekanan bilik untuk membentuk wap ungu?

A

Condensation

  • C Evaporation

Kondensasi

Penyejatan

B

Sublimation

  • D Freezing

Pemejalwapan

Pembekuan

1

4

The boiling point of Y is 76°C. Which graph represents the heating curve of solid Y?

Takat didih Y ialah 76°C. Graf yang manakah mewakili lengkung pemanasan bagi pepejal Y?

A

C
C
4 The boiling point of Y is 76°C. Which graph represents the heating curve of solid
B D 5 Diagram 1 shows a model of an atom.
B
D
5
Diagram 1 shows a model of an atom.

Rajah 1 menunjukkan satu model atom.

4 The boiling point of Y is 76°C. Which graph represents the heating curve of solid
4 The boiling point of Y is 76°C. Which graph represents the heating curve of solid

Diagram 1

Rajah 1

Which scientist introduced this model?

Ahli sains manakah yang memperkenalkan model ini?

A

Ernest Rutherford

C

John Dalton

B

James Chadwick

D

Niels Bohr

  • 6 What are isotopes? Apakah isotop?

A

Atoms of the same element with the same number of protons

Atom-atom bagi unsur yang sama dengan bilangan proton yang sama

B

Atoms of the same element with the same number of neutrons

Atom-atom bagi unsur yang sama dengan bilangan neutron yang sama

2

C

Atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons

Atom-atom bagi unsur yang sama dengan bilangan neutron yang berbeza

  • D Atoms of the different elements with the same number of protons Atom-atom bagi unsur yang berbeza dengan bilangan proton yang sama

  • 7 Diagram 2 shows the symbol for element X.

    • X is not the actual symbol of the element.

Rajah 2 menunjukkan simbol bagi unsur X.

  • X bukan simbol sebenar bagi unsur itu.

X Diagram 2 Rajah 2 Which of the following shows the number of neutrons and electron
X
Diagram 2
Rajah 2
Which of the following shows the number of neutrons and electron arrangement in atom X?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan bilangan neutron dan susunan elektron dalam atom X?
Number of neutrons
Electron arrangement
Bilangan neutron
Susunan elektron
A
11
2.8.1
B
11
2.8
C
10
2.8
D
10
2.8.1
8
Table 1 shows the proton numbers of elements M and N.
M and N are not the actual symbols of the elements.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur M dan N.
M dan N bukan simbol sebenar unsur-unsur itu.
Element
Proton number
Unsur
Nombor proton
M
7
N
15
Table 1
Jadual 1
Which of the following statements are true about elements M and N?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang unsur M dan unsur N?
I
Elements M and N are in the same group in the Periodic Table
Unsur M dan unsur N berada dalam kumpulan yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala
II
Atom M has a bigger atomic size than atom N
Atom M mempunyai saiz atom yang lebih besar daripada atom N
III
Element M is more reactive than element N
Unsur M adalah lebih reaktif daripada unsur N
IV Atoms M and N have five valence electrons
Atom M dan atom N mempunyai lima elektron valens
A
I and II
C
II and III
I dan II
II dan III
B
I and IV
D
III and IV
I dan IV
III dan IV
  • 9 How many times are 8 calcium atoms heavier than 2 helium atoms? [Relative atomic mass: Ca = 40, He = 4] Berapa kalikah 8 atom kalsium lebih berat daripada 2 atom helium? [Jisim atom relatif: Ca = 40, He = 4]

3

A

4

C

40

B

6

D

312

  • 10 Table 2 shows the number of neutrons and nucleon number of an atom. Jadual 2 menunjukkan bilangan neutron dan nombor nukleon bagi suatu atom.

Number of neutrons

Nucleon number

Bilangan neutron

Nombor nukleon

2

5

Table 2

Jadual 2

Which of the following diagrams shows the atomic structure of the atom?

Anatara rajah berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan struktur atom bagi atom itu?

A B
A
B
C D
C
D
  • 11 Which pair of compound and its relative molecular mass is correctly matched? [Relative atomic mass: N = 14, O = 16, Cl = 35, Xe = 131, F = 19, H = 1] Pasangan sebatian dan jisim molekul relatif manakah yang dipadankan dengan betul? [Jisim atom relatif: N = 14, O = 16, Cl = 35, Xe = 131, F = 19, H = 1]

 

Compound

Relative molecular mass

Sebatian

Jisim molekul relatif

A

NO 2

60

B

NCl 3

119

C

XeF 6

395

D

N 2 H 4

46

  • 12 Which of the following is equal to 1 mole of oxygen? Antara berikut, yang manakah bersamaan dengan 1 mol oksigen?

A

6.02 × 10 23 of oxygen molecules

C

The number of molecules in 12g of Oxygen

6.02 × 10 23 molekul oksigen

Bilangan molekul dalam 12g oxygen

B

6.02 × 10 23 of oxygen atoms

D

The number of atoms in 12g of oxygen

6.02 × 10 23 atom oksigen

Bilangan atom dalam 12g oksigen

  • 13 The relative molecular mass of a compound is 175. Which of the following is the chemical formula of the compound? [Relative atomic mass: Br = 80, F = 19, C = 12, H = 1, N = 14, Cl = 35] Jisim molekul relatif bagi satu sebatian ialah 175. Antara yang berikut, yang manakah merupakan formula kimia bagi sebatian itu? [Jisim atom relatif: Br = 80, F = 19, C = 12, H = 1, N = 14, Cl = 35]

4

A

BrF 5

C

NCl 3

B

C 2 H 6

D

CH 4

  • 14 The proton number of atom M is 16 and its relative atomic mass is 32. Which statement about M is correct? Nombor proton bagi atom M ialah 16 dan jisim atom relatifnya ialah 32. Pernyataan manakah yang betul tentang M?

A

The molar mass of M is 32 g mol 1

Jisim molar bagi M ialah 32 g mol 1

B

The mass of 1 atom of M is 32 g

Jisim bagi 1 atom M ialah 32 g

C

The molar mass of M is 32 g mol 1

Jisim molar bagi M ialah 32 g mol 1

D

Atom M has 16 protons, 16 electrons and 32 neutrons

Atom M mempunyai 16 proton, 16 elektron dan 32 neutron

  • 15 How many moles of silver nitrate contains 5.418 × 10 22 formula units of silver nitrate? [Avogadro constant: 6.02 × 10 23 mol 1 ] Berapakah mol argentum nitrat yang mengandungi 5.418 × 10 22 unit formula argentum nitrat? [Pemalar Avogadro: 6.02 × 10 23 mol 1 ]

A

90

C

0.9

B

9

D

0.09

  • 16 Which of the following contains 6.02 × 10 23 formula units? Antara berikut, yang manakah mengandungi 6.02 × 10 23 unit formula?

A

1 mole of zinc sulphate

C

1 mole of carbon

  • 1 mol zink sulfat

1 mol karbon

B

1 mole of oxygen gas

D

1 mole of water

  • 1 mol gas oksigen

1 mol air

  • 17 What is the mass of 0.1 mole of bromine, Br 2 ? [Relative atomic mass: Br = 80]

 

Berapakah jisim bagi 0.1 mol bromin, Br 2 ? [Jisim atom relatif: Br = 80]

A

1 600 g

C

16 g

B

160 g

D

0.1 g

  • 18 Which of the following gases contains 4.52 × 10 23 atoms at room conditions? [Avogadro constant = 6.02 × 10 23 mol 1 ; Molar volume of gas = 24 dm 3 mol 1 at room conditions]

Antara gas berikut, yang manakah mengandungi 4.52 × 10 23 atom pada keadaan bilik? [Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 × 10 23 mol 1 ; Isi padu molar gas = 24 dm 3 mol 1 pada keadaan bilik]

A

18 dm 3 He

C

18 dm 3 SO 2

B

18 dm 3 N 2

D

18 dm 3 C 2 H 6

  • 19 Which of the following gases contains 0.4 mol of atoms at room temperature and pressure? [1 mole of a gas occupies 24 dm 3 at room temperature and pressure] Antara gas berikut, yang manakah mengandungi 0.4 mol atom pada suhu dan tekanan bilik? [1 mol gas menempati isi padu sebanyak 24 dm 3 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik]

A

9.6 dm 3 He

C

9.6 dm 3 CO 2

 

5

B

9.6 dm 3 N 2

D

9.6 dm 3 C 2 H 6

  • 20 What is the mass of nitrogen gas, N 2 , which occupies a volume of 280 cm 3 at room temperature and pressure? [Relative atomic mass: N = 14; Molar volume of gas = 24 dm 3 mol 1 at room temperature and pressure] Berapakah jisim gas nitrogen, N 2 , yang mengandungi isi padu 280 cm 3 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik? [Jisim atom relatif: N = 14; Isi padu molar gas = 24 dm 3 mol 1 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik]

A

326.67 g

C

7.84 g

B

188.16

g

0.33 g

 

D

  • 21 A sample of copper iodide contains 1.28 g of copper and 5.08 g of iodine. What is the empirical formula of this compound? [Relative atomic mass: Cu = 64, I = 127] Suatu sampel kuprum iodida mengandungi 1.28 g kuprum dan 5.08 g iodin. Apakah formula empirik bagi sebatian ini? [Jisim atom relatif: Cu = 64, I = 127]

A

CuI

C

Cu 3 I 2

B

CuI 2

D

Cu 3 I 4

  • 22 What is the mass of silver needed to combine completely with 0.5 mole of iodine atoms to form silver iodide, AgI?[Relative atomic mass: Ag = 108]

Berapakah jisim argentum yang diperlukan untuk bergabung secara lengkap dengan 0.5 mol atom iodin untuk membentuk argentum iodida, AgI?[Jisim atom relatif: Ag = 108]

A

54.0 g

C

540.0 g

B

63.5 g

D

635.0 g

  • 23 Which compound has

the empirical formula of CH 2 O?

Sebatian manakah yang mempunyai formula empirik CH 2 O?

 

A

HCOOH

C

C 6 H 5 COOH

B

CH 3 COOH

D

CH 3 COOCH 3

  • 24 An experiment is carried out to determine the empirical formula of copper oxide. The heating, cooling and weighing processes are done several times but a constant mass of the product is still not obtained. Which of the following can be done to get a constant mass of the product? Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk menentukan formula empirik kuprum oksida. Proses pemanasan, penyejukan dan penimbangan diulang beberapa kali tetapi jisim hasil yang tetap masih tidak diperoleh. Antara berikut, yang manakah boleh dilakukan untuk memperoleh jisim hasil yang tetap?

A

Dry hydrogen gas is passed through the combustion tube non-stop during heating

Gas hidrogen kering dialirkan berterusan melalui tabung pembakaran semasa pemanasan

B

Dry hydrogen gas is passed through the combustion tube during cooling

Gas hidrogen kering dialirkan melalui tabung pembakaran semasa penyejukan

C

The combustion tube must be slanted slightly during heating

Tabung pembakaran perlu dicondongkan sedikit semasa pemanasan

D

The combustion tube must be stoppered during weighing

Tabung pembakaran perlu disumbat semasa penimbangan

  • 25 Which of the following chemical equations is correctly balanced? Antara persamaan kimia berikut, yang manakah diseimbangkan dengan betul?

A

ZnO + HNO 3 → Zn(NO 3 ) 2 + H 2 O

B

KI + Pb(NO 3 ) 2 → PbI 2 + KNO 3

C

2Fe + 3CuCl 2 → 2FeCl 3 + 3Cu

D

Na + H 2 O → NaOH + H 2

6

  • 26 The following equation represents the reaction between magnesium carbonate and dilute hydrochloric acid. Persamaan berikut mewakili tindak balas antara magnesium karbonat dan asid hidroklorik cair.

MgCO 3 + 2HCl → MgCl 2 + H 2 O + CO 2

What is the volume of carbon dioxide, CO 2 , released when 19.32 g of magnesium carbonate, MgCO 3 reacts completely with dilute hydrochloric acid, HCl, at room conditions? [Relative atomic mass: Mg = 24, C = 12, O = 16; Molar volume: 24 dm 3 mol 1 at room temperature]

Berapakah isi padu karbon dioksida, CO 2 , yang terbebas apabila 19.32 g magnesium karbonat, MgCO 3 bertindak balas lengkap dengan asid hidroklorik cair, HCl, pada keadaan bilik? [Jisim atom relatif: Mg = 24, C = 12, O = 16; Isi padu molar: 24 dm 3 mol 1 pada keadaan bilik]

A

11.040 dm 3

C

5.152 dm 3

B

5.520 dm 3

D

2.760 dm 3

  • 27 The following statements refer to the contributions of a scientist in the development of the Periodic Table. Pernyataan berikut merujuk kepada sumbangan seorang ahli sains dalam membangunkan Jadual Berkala.

Arranged all the elements according to the order of increasing atomic mass

Menyusunkan semua unsur yang diketahui pada masa itu mengikut tertib jisim atom yang bertambah

Characteristics which are similar repeat at every eighth element

Sifat-sifat yang sama didapati berulang semula pada setiap unsur kelapan

Who was the scientist?

Siapakah ahli sains itu?

A

Henry Moseley

C

Antoine Lavoisier

B

John Newlands

D

Johann W.Dobereiner

  • 28 Diagram 3 shows the electron arrangement of atom X. X is not the actual symbol of the element. Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi atom X. X bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu.

The following equation represents the reaction between magnesium carbonate and dilute hydrochloric acid. Persamaan berikut

Diagram 3

Rajah 3

7

Which of the following is the position of element X in the Periodic Table?

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah merupakan kedudukan unsur X dalam Jadual Berkala?

 

Group

Period

Kumpulan

Kala

A

18

2

B

2

8

C

10

2

D

8

10

  • 29 Which of the following elements are in Group 18 in the Periodic Table? Antara unsur berikut, yang manakah terletak dalam Kumpulan 18 dalam Jadual Berkala?

A

Nitrogen and hydrogen

C

Nitrogen and krypton

Nitrogen dan hydrogen

Nitrogen dan kripton

B

Hydrogen and nitrogen

D Krypton and argon

Hidrogen dan nitrogen

Kripton dan argon

  • 30 Element S forms ion S 2+ and ion S 3+ . Which of the following electron arrangements is possible for element S? Unsur S membentuk ion S 2+ dan ion S 3+ . Antara susunan elektron berikut, yang manakah mungkin bagi unsur S?

A

2.8.8

C

2.8.8.7

B

2.8.8.3

D

2.8.14.2

  • 31 Table 3 shows the proton number for silicon and phosphorus. Jadual 3 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi silikon dan fosforus.

Element

Proton number

Unsur

Nombor proton

Silicon

Silikon

14

Phosphorus

15

Fosforus

Table 3

Jadual 3

Which of the following statements explains that phosphorus element is more electronegative than silicon element?

Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah menerangkan unsur fosforus adalah lebih elektronegatif daripada unsur silikon?

A

The atomic size of phosphorus is bigger

Saiz atom fosforus lebih besar

B

The phosphorus atom has less valence electrons

Atom fosforus mempunyai kurang elektron valens

C

The phosphorus atom accepts electrons more easily

Atom fosforus lebih cenderung menerima elektron

D

The positive charge of the nucleus of phosphorus atom is lower

Cas positif bagi nukleus atom fosforus lebih rendah

  • 32 Which of the following elements can form acidic oxide?

Antara unsur-unsur berikut, yang manakah membentuk oksida bersifat asid?

I

Sodium

Natrium

8

II

Silicon

 

Silikon

III Magnesium

 
 

Magnesium

IV Phosphorus

 

Fosforus

A

I and III

 

C

II

and III

I

dan III

II

dan III

B

I and IV

 

D

II

and IV

I

dan IV

II

dan IV

  • 33 Which industrial process and its catalyst is correct?

 

Proses industri dan mangkin digunakan yang manakah adalah betul?

 
 

Industrial process

 

Catalyst

Proses industri

Mangkin

A

Ostwald process

Nickel

 

Proses Ostwald

Nikel

B

Haber process

Iron

Proses Haber

Ferum

 

C

Hydrogenation

Vanadium(V) oxide

 

Penghidrogenan

Vanadium(V) oksida

D

Contact process

Platinum

 

Proses Sentuh

Platinum

  • 34 The following information is about the properties of a metal.

 

Maklumat berikut adalah mengenai sifat-sifat suatu logam.

 
 

• Can be used as a catalyst

   

Boleh digunakan sebagai mangkin

• Able to form complex ions

 

Berupaya membentuk ion kompleks

• Able to form coloured compounds

Berupaya membentuk sebatian yang berwarna

Which metal has the properties stated above?

 

Logam manakah yang mempunyai sifat-sifat yang dinyatakan di atas?

 

A Copper

 

C

Calcium

 
 

Kuprum

 

Kalsium

B Sodium

 

D

Aluminium

 

Natrium

 

Aluminium

  • 35 Diagram 4 shows an incomplete Periodic Table. Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu Jadual Berkala yang tidak lengkap.

9

Diagram 4 Rajah 4 What is the special characteristic for element T? Apakah ciri khas unsur

Diagram 4

Rajah 4

What is the special characteristic for element T?

Apakah ciri khas unsur T?

A

Reacts with both acids and bases

C

Forms complex ions

Bertindak balas dengan kedua-dua asid dan bes

Membentuk ion-ion kompleks

B

Reacts vigorously with water

D

It is a semi-metal

Bertindak balas dengan air

Merupakan separuh logam

  • 36 Which substance is an element? Bahan manakah merupakan suatu unsur?

A

Carbon dioxide

C

Water

Karbon dioksida

Air

B

Ammonia

D Iron

Ammonia

Ferum

  • 37 Diagram 5 shows the electron arrangements of atoms S and T. S and T are not the actual symbols of the elements. Rajah 5 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi atom S dan atom T. S dan T bukan simbol sebenar bagi unsur tersebut.

Diagram 4 Rajah 4 What is the special characteristic for element T? Apakah ciri khas unsur
Diagram 4 Rajah 4 What is the special characteristic for element T? Apakah ciri khas unsur

Diagram 5

Rajah 5

Which pair of formula and the type of compound is correct?

Pasangan formula dan jenis sebatian manakah yang betul?

A

B

C

Formula

Type of compound

Formula

Jenis sebatian

 

Covalent

ST 2

Kovalen

 

Ionic

ST

Ionik

 

Ionic

ST 2

Ionik

10

D

 

Covalent

ST

Kovalen

  • 38 Which statement explains why noble gases are chemically inert? Pernyataan manakah yang menerangkan mengapa gas-gas adi adalah lengai secara kimia?

A

The number of neutrons of noble gas atoms are high

Bilangan neutron bagi atom gas adi adalah tinggi

B

The melting points and boiling points of noble gases are low

Takat lebur dan takat didih gas adi adalah rendah

C

The outermost shells of noble gas atoms have a stable electron arrangement

Petala terluar bagi atom gas adi mempunyai susunan elektron yang stabil

D

The forces of attraction of the nucleus on the valence electrons are very strong

Daya tarikan antara nukleus terhadap elektron valens adalah sangat kuat

  • 39 Element P does not combine with one another or with other elements to form compound. P is not the actual symbol of the element. Which proton number is possible for element P? Unsur P tidak berpadu antara satu sama lain atau dengan unsur-unsur lain untuk membentuk sebatian. P bukan simbol sebenar unsur. Nombor proton manakah yang mungkin bagi unsur P?

A

18

C

16

B

17

D

9

  • 40 Element S and element T are located in Group 1 and Group 16 in the Periodic Table respectively. Element S reacts with element T to form a compound. What is the chemical formula of the compound? Unsur S dan unsur T masing-masing terletak dalam Kumpulan 1 dan Kumpulan 16 dalam Jadual Berkala. Unsur S bertindak balas dengan unsur T untuk membentuk suatu sebatian. Apakah formula kimia bagi sebatian itu?

A

S 3 T 2

C

S 2 T

B

ST 2

D

ST

  • 41 Diagram 6 shows the electron arrangement of P ion. Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi ion P.

D Covalent Kovalen 38 Which statement explains why noble gases are chemically inert? Pernyataan manakah yang

Diagram 6

Rajah 6

How many valence electrons are there in atom P?

Berapakah bilangan elektron valens dalam satu atom P?

A

5

C

2

B

4

D

1

  • 42 The electron arrangements of atom X is 2.8.2 and atom Y is 2.6. What is the molar mass of a compound formed when atom X combine with atom Y? [Relative atomic mass: X = 24; Y = 16]

11

Susunan elektron bagi atom X ialah 2.8.2 dan atom Y ialah 2.6. Berapakah jisim molar bagi sebatian yang terbentuk apabila atom X bergabung dengan atom Y? [Jisim atom relatif: X = 24; Y = 16]

A

40 g mol 1

C

64 g mol 1

B

56 g mol 1

D

80 g mol 1

  • 43 What is the meaning of ionic bond? Apakah maksud ikatan ionik?

A

A chemical bond formed through the transfer of electrons from a metal atom to a non-metal atom

Ikatan kimia yang terbentuk melalui pemindahan elektron dari satu atom logam kepada satu atom bukan logam

B

A chemical bond formed through the sharing of electrons between non-metal atoms

Ikatan kimia yang terbentuk melalui perkongsian elektron antara atom-atom bukan logam

C

A chemical bond formed through the sharing of electrons between metal atoms

Ikatan kimia yang terbentuk melalui perkongsian elektron antara atom-atom logam

D

A chemical bond formed by van der Waals forces between the non-metal atoms

Ikatan kimia yang terbentuk oleh daya van der Waals di antara atom-atom bukan logam

  • 44 Which of the following has ionic bonds between its particles? Antara berikut, yang manakah mempunyai ikatan ionik antara zarah-zarahnya?

A

Ammonia

C

Zinc sulfide

Ammonia

zinc sulfida

B

Methane

D

Carbon dioxide

Metana

karbon dioksida

  • 45 Which statement is true about the reaction of a beryllium atom with flourine to form beryllium flourida? [Proton number: Be = 4, F = 9] Pernyataan manakah yang benar tentang tindak balas atom berilium dengan florin untuk membentuk berilium fluorida? [Nombor proton: Be = 4, F = 9]

A

One beryllium atom donates two electrons each to two flourine atoms

Satu atom berilium menderma dua elektron kepada dua atom florin

B

One beryllium atom donates one electron each to two flourine atoms

Satu atom berilium menderma satu elektron kepada dua atom florin

C

One beryllium atom shares two electrons with two flourine atoms

Satu atom berilium berkongsi dua elektron dengan dua atom florin

D

One beryllium atom shares one electron with two flourine atoms

Satu atom berilium berkongsi satu elektron dengan dua atom florin

  • 46 The electron arrangement of atom P is 2.8.1 and the electron arrangement of atom Q is 2.8.6. Which statement is true when P and Q form a compound? Susunan elektron atom P ialah 2.8.1 dan susunan elektron atom Q ialah 2.8.6. Pernyataan manakah yang benar apabila P dan Q membentuk sebatian?

A

The compound formed has a formula of PQ

Sebatian yang terbentuk mempunyai formula PQ

B

An ionic compound is formed

Satu sebatian ionik terbentuk

C

Atom Q releases 6 electrons

Atom Q melepaskan 6 elektron

D

Atom P receives 1 electron

Atom P menerima 1 elektron

  • 47 Which compound can conduct electricity in a molten state? Sebatian manakah yang boleh mengalirkan elektrik dalam keadaan leburan?

A

Sulphur

C Potassium nitrate

Sulfur

kalium nitrat

B

Naphthalene

D Hydrogen chloride

Naftalena

Hidrogen klorida

12

  • 48 Which of the following pairs of physical properties of sodium chloride is true? Antara pasangan sifat fizik berikut, yang manakah benar tentang natrium klorida?

Solubility in water

Electrical conductivity in a molten state

Keterlarutan dalam air

Kekonduksian elektrik dalam keadaan leburan

 

Conducts electricity

Tidak larut

Mengkonduksikan elektrik

 

Cannot conduct electricity

Tidak larut

Tidak mengkonduksikan elektrik

Soluble

Conducts electricity

Mengkonduksikan elektrik

Soluble

Cannot conduct electricity

Tidak mengkonduksikan elektrik

A Insoluble

B Insoluble

  • C Larut

  • D Larut

  • 49 Diagram 7 shows the electronic structure of a compound formed between atoms M and N. Rajah 7 menunjukkan petala elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara atom M dan atom N.

48 Which of the following pairs of physical properties of sodium chloride is true? Antara pasangan

The compound formed

Sebatian yang terbentuk

Diagram 7

Rajah 7

A

has high melting point and boiling point

C

insoluble in organic solvent

mempunyai takat lebur dan takat didih yang tinggi

tidak larut dalam pelarut organik

B

conducts electricity in a molten state

B

vaporise easily

mengalirkan elektrik dalam keadaan leburan

mudah meruap

  • 50 Table 4 shows the proton numbers of elements M and N. Jadual 4 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur M dan N.

Element

Proton number

Unsur

Nombor proton

M

9

N

20

Table 4

Jadual 4

Element M reacts with element N to form a compound.

13

Which of the following is a property of the compound?

Unsur M bertindak balas dengan unsur N untuk membentuk satu sebatian. Antara berikut, yang manakah merupakan sifat bagi sebatian itu?

A

Low melting point and boiling point

Takat lebur dan takat didih yang rendah

B

Does not conduct electricity

Tidak mengalirkan elektrik

C

Does not vaporise easily

Tidak mudah meruap

D

Insoluble in water

Tidak larut dalam air

END OF QUESTIONS

SCHEME ANSWER PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN KIMIA TINGKATAN 4 2015

Answer:

  • 1 4 D

B

2 B

3 B

  • 6 9 C

C

7 B

8 B

11 B

12 A

13 C

14 A

16 A

21 B

17 C

22 A

18 A

23 B

19 A

24 B

26 B

27 B

28 A

29 D

  • 31 34 A

D

32 D

33 B

  • 36 39 A

D

37 B

38 C

  • 41 44 C

D

42 A

43 A

  • 46 49 C

B

47 C

48 C

5 B

10 B

15 D

20 D

25 C

30 D

35 C

40 C

45 A

50 D

14