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Aromatherapy update

1. Overview what is Aromatherapy

Aromatherapy is a kind of therapy that uses concentrated aromatic oils (essential
oils) from plants to promote physical and mental health. It is used to improve
moods, induce relaxation, and help prevent and treat some illnesses. The essential
oils used in aromatherapy are processed from herbs, fruits, flowers, wood, twigs,
leaves, and resin. They are taken by a person through room diffusion, inhalation,
massages, baths, and more.
There are several essential oils in aromatherapy. Each essential oil is recommended
for a number for purposes that will be discussed later on.
Additional historical references
Aromatherapy is used by various civilizations throughout history. Smoke from
burning plants were said to be one of the earliest forms of aromatherapy. This
smoke was traditionally used for religious purposes, especially in driving away evil
spirits from a sick persons body. People eventually noticed that essential oils
improve peoples health so they used them as medicine for various illnesses. They
also invented different ways of procuring these oils. Nowadays, aromatherapy has
become a thriving part of complementary medicine.
Methods for Extracting Essential Oils
There are several ways to acquire essential oils from plants. Here are some of the
common methods:
Expression (or cold pressing)
In expression, pressure is applied to the outer rind of the fruit. The pulp and the
white pith are discarded, and the rind is squeezed to express the liquid within it.
This liquid is collected and left to stand to enable the oil to float to the surface.
When the separation process of juice and oil is complete, the oil is retrieved.
Enfleurage is recommended for Jasmine because this method protects the delicate
flowers from being burned. In enfleurage, the flower petals are sprinkled over
purified fat, which absorb the essence. The petals are removed when the petals
fade, and new ones are sprinkled over to replace them. This can last for weeks until
the fat becomes saturated. Afterwards, the petals are removed and the fat is diluted
in alcohol and shaken for 24 hours to separate the essential oil. The product is
known as pomade.
Solvent extraction
Solvent extraction produces the most concentrated essences. The flowers are
placed upon perforated metal trays in sealed containers. A solvent tank is at one
end while a vacuum still is at the other. A liquid solvent flows over the flowers and

dissolves the essential oil while it drains into the still. The solvent leaves a semisolid substance that contains the flowers aromatic material and plant waxes. The
wax is separated through vibrating it in alcohol. The end result is called the
CO2 extraction
Hypercritical carbon dioxide extraction (CO2 extraction) makes use of carbon
dioxide gas that is pressurized until it turns into a liquid. This liquid is used as a
solvent that diffuses through the plant material. After a time, the aromatic
components of the plant seep into the solvent, which is retrieved later on.
Compared to other methods, CO2 extraction can obtain additional substances from
the plant. It also bears the closes resemblance to the original plant aroma.
Examples of CO2 extract oils are German chamomile, calendula, ginger and
Where do the oils originate (Country of origin) from?
Essential oils come from different places. These are essential oils main countries of
Carrier Oils

apricot kernel: south America, spain

coconut: indonesia
grapeseed: european union
jojoba: india, Israel
sunflower: european union
sweet almond: USA, Italy, Spain
olive oil: Italy

Essential Oils

angelica root: uk
balsam: Indonesia
basil: france
bay laurel: west indies
benzoin resinoid (pourable): sumatra
bergamot fcf: italy
black pepper: india
blue cypress: Morocco
blue spruce: USA
blue tansy: Asia, Europe
cardomon: india
carrot seed: hungary
cassia: East Asia
cedarwood: usa, north africa
celery seed: india
chamomile: uk, morocco

cinnamon leaf: sri lanka

cistus: Middle East, Mediterranean region, Canary Islands
citronella: java, sri lanka
clary sage: france, russia
coriander: russia
copaiba: USA, Africa
cypress: austria
dill: hungary
dorado azul: Ecuador
douglas fir: North America
elemi: philippines
eucalyptus: china, sout africa, australia,
fennel: hungary / ukraine
frankincense: somalian - uk distilled
geranium: egypt
german chamomile: Europe, Asia, North America, Australia
ginger: india
goldenrod: North America, South America, Eurasia
grapefruit: argentina, usa
helichrysum :
hinoki: Japan
hyssop: east europe
jasmin : india, uk blend
juniper: east/europe
laurel: USA, Canada
lavender: france, european union
ledum: Northern Hemisphere
lemon: italy
lemon grass: india
lemon myrtle: Australia
lime: west indies
mandarin: italy, argentina
marjoram: Egypt, spain
mountain savory: Southern Europe, Mediterranean
myrrh: middle east, india
myrtle: tunisia
neroli: uk blend, tunisia, italy
nutmeg: indonesia
orange: brazil
oregano: Eurasia, Mediterranean
palma rosa: india
palo santo: Carribean, South America, Europe
patchouli: indonesia
peppermint: America, brazil

petitgrain: paraguay
pine needle: austria
ravensara: madagascar
roman chamomile: Europe, North America, Argentina
rose absolute: morocco, uk
rosemary: spain
rosewood: india
rue: Balkan Peninsula
sage: spain
sandalwood: e/india-indonesia, australia
spearmint: china
spikenard: india
spruce: in Northern temperate and boreal regions
tangerine: south America, italy
tarragon: european union
tea tree: australia
thyme: spain, france
tsuga: North America, eastern Asia
valerian root: china
vetivert: indonesia
western red cedar
white fir: North America
wintergreen: North America
ylang ylang: comores, madagascar
yuzu: East Asia

Purchasing guide
what to look for (quality)
Look for the following things when purchasing essential oils:
Beware essential oils that consist of cheaper oils mixed into the original essential
oil. To make sure youre getting the genuine thing, make price comparisons of
essential oils. You can safely assume that the pricier oils are purer than the cheaper
Nature Identicals are oils that resemble a natural oil in terms of most of its
components and also its sscent. However, ot all components are replicated, and you
might miss out on a crucial ingredient that you need for a specific purpose. To test
the quality of an oil, place a few drops of it on a piece of blotting paper or fabric. A
quality essential oil will not leave a stain when it has evaporated, but if its diluted
with cheap oil, it will leave a greasy spot.

Its best if you get essential oils that have passed testing. Before buying an
essential oil, check whether it carries a seal or mark of quality. This ensures that you
get an oil that is properly labeled as to what botanical species it came from and
where it originated, whether it is a natural product produced by distillation or
extraction, and whether the oil has been checked for authenticity, profile,
composition, and safety.
Other things to look for
Check whether the product specifies the Latin name of the plant and check whether
it is the same as the one you intend to use.
Confirm whether essential oil is printed on the products label. If its not, it
probably isnt an essential oil.
Check whether the container is made of glass. Beware of plastic or rubber ones
because these react adversely with essential oils.
therapeutic grade is recommended
Therapeutic grade essential oils are those that are specially made for therapy.
This requires additional care in growing the plant material and extracting the oil,
thus you can expect that they will cost more than usual. See whether the product is
wild-crafted, organic, or has the USDA seal or any other quality seal.
The price of essential oils can range between 10 to 20 dollars per 10 ml.
Comment about how many plants or flowers it takes to produce the oils

Option of making your own

You can make your own essential oils by collecting your chosen plant parts in a
clean glass jar, pouring a carrier oil to fill about one third of the container, sealing it
so it becomes air tight, and leaving it in a cool and dark area for a couple of days.
About a week or so, remove the plant material. The oil that remains is your essential
Subsection on carrier oils
Carrier oils are pure and unrefined vegetable oils that dilute essential oils so they
can be applied to the skin. Vegetable oils should be cold pressed and filtered
without using solvent, and they need to be free from impurities and additives so
they can be safe for the skin. Mineral oils are not used as carrier oils because they
do not penetrate the skin layer and they also prevent the essential oils from
List of possible choices

Sweet almond Oil

Grapeseed Oil

Jojoba Oil* (recommended)

Olive Oil

Apricot Kernel Oil

Subsection on home diffusers
A simple way to experience aromatherapy at home is to use diffusers. There are
many kinds of home diffusers:
These may be made of terracotta, ceramic, china, and glass. A container or small
dish holding oil and water is heated by a candle or bulb. Place a few teaspoonfuls of
water into the dish and add 4 to 6 drops of an essential oil/s. Light up the lamp. The
oil and water solution will heat up and release aromatic vapor.
Fragrance Rings
Fragrance rings are placed on light bulbs. You add water and essential oil to this.
Make sure that the light bulb is switched off before adding the ring and the oil to
prevent being burned.
A plant sprayer may be used to disperse an aroma into a room. Place 4 drops of
essential oil into liter of warm water. Pour this solution into the sprayer. Avoid
using this on wooden furniture and other items that may be damaged by the oil and
Safety Emphasis
There are three models for essential oil application:
French model This model supports the ingestion and topical application of
essential oils for medicinal purposes.
British model Dilute a small amount of the essential oil with a carrier oil. Massage
the oil mixture into the body to relieve stress and induce relaxation.
German Inhale essential oils
Essential oils are very concentrated so they may cause problems if carelessly used.
Do not use more than the recommended dose of essential oils. Before using an oil,
consult your health care provider or a licensed aromatherapist, especially if you are
unsure about how to use it or how much to take. If this is not possible for the
moment, at least do some research.
Remember that essential oils are a part of a health support system. Its not a cure
all so you shouldnt depend on them heavily.

Essential oils should never be taken internally unless guided by a professional.

Although oils usually need to be taken in high dosages to be toxic, it is best to avoid
ingesting them.
Those who have sensitive health conditions should stay away from using essential
oils except if they have gotten the approval of their doctor. The very young and the
very old, those with weak bodies, and those who are pregnant must take extra care
when using these.
Do not use essential oils in massage if:

The person has fractures

The person has an infection
On sensitive skin
Over broken skin
On bruises
Over scar tissues
Over varicose veins
During pregnancy
Before or during menstruation

ADDglossary of frequently mentioned terms diffuser, neat, carrier oil

2. How to use
Application methods
inhaling, diffusion, humidifier, steam
The aroma of the essential oils can be inhaled to relieve nasal congestion. Place 4 to
8 drops of oil to a tissue or towel. Take care not to press your nose against the liquid
oil, though. This will provoke nasal irritation. Keep your nose a few inches away from
the source when smelling. Calming essential oils such as Clary Sage, Neroli, and
Lavander, can be sprinkled unto a pillow to treat insomnia.
Drops of essential oils can be applied to a pad of dry cotton wool that is placed on a
radiator, or to humidifier containers that disperse the moisture within a room.
Essential oils can also be added to a bowl of boiling water. This is good for closed
indoor spaces.
Several drops of essential oil/s can be added to a steaming bowl of water. One to 8
drops per liter of steaming water can be used. When inhaling, position your head
about 10 inches away from the bowl and cover your head with a towel. Breathe in
the vapors for a few minutes. Remember to not inhale for too long so that the

mucous membranes and nasal passages would not become congested. This method
is not recommended for asthmatics because it might trigger wheezing.
Placing 4 to 8 drops of essential oil/s in cotton wool can circulate aromatherapy in a
steambath. For a sauna, 4 drops of essential oil per 1 liter can be added to the
Cold or warm compresses may be used. Just add several drops of the desired
essential oil to a large bowl of clean water: a maximum of 6 drops per 100 ml of
water will usually be enough. A wash cloth is immersed in the water, squeezed, and
placed upon the skin. The cloth can be redipped into the water as required.


A 15ml bottle will contain approximately 250 drops of essential oil and a 5
ml bottle will contain approximately 85 drops of essential oil.
3. Why use them? list of benefits
Essential oils and health benefits
Skin Condition
Dry Skin
Chapped skin: Benzoin (bath, cream, massage), Myrrh (bath, cream, local wash,
massage), Sandalwood (bath, hot compress, cream, local wash, massage)
Chilblains: Black Pepper (massage), Cypress, Juniper, Marjoram (bath, massage)
Dermatitis: Bergamot, Chamomile, Geranium, Lavender, Neroli, Rose (bath, cold
compress, cream, massage)
Eczema: Bergamot, Chamomile, Geranium, Lavender, Sandalwood (bath, cold
compress, cream, massage)
Tonic: Geranium, Jasmine, Rose, Ylang Ylang (cream, massage)
Oily Skin
Acne: Bergamot, Juniper (bath, cream, massage), Cedarwood (bath, cream, local
wash, massage), Lemon (cream, local wash, massage), Patchouli (cream, massage),
Sandalwood (bath, cream, local wash, massage)
Seborrhoea: Cypress, Geranium, Lavender, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang (bath, cream,
massage, facial)

Blackheads: Lemon, Peppermint (cream, local wash)

Boils: Bergamot (bath, hot compress, local wash), Chamomile, Juniper, Lavender
(bath, hot compress, local wash, massage)
Eczema: Bergamot, Chamomile, Geranium, Lavender, Sandalwood (bath, cold
compress, cream, massage)
Psoriasis: Bergamot, Lavender, Sandalwood (cream, massage)
Sensitive Skin: Chamomile, Neroli, Rose (bath, cream, massage)
Mature skin
Cell Degeneration: Frankincense, Myrrh, Neroli, Rose (cream, massage, facial)
Dehydration: Chamomile, Cypress, Geranium, Lavender, Neroli (cream, massage,
facial), Sandalwood (hot compress, creammassage, facial)
Facial Lines: Frankincense, Neroli (cream, massage, facial)
Sagging Skin: Patchouli: cream, facial
Athletes Foot: Lavender, Myrrh, Patchouli, Tea Tree (bath, cream, local wash)
Blisters: Chamomile, Lavender, Myrrh (bath, cold compress, local wash)
Burns: Chamomile, Eucalyptus, Lavender (cold compress, local wash)
Cuts: Chamomile, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Myrrh (cold compress, cream. Local wash)
Inflammations: Chamomile, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Rose (cold compress, local
Sores: Frankincense (bath, cream, local wash)
Stretch Marks: Lavender, Neroli (massage)
Thread Veins: Chamomile, Neroli, Rose (Cream)
Aches and pains
Earache: Chamomile (hot compress, massage), Lavender (massage
Headache: Basil (diffuser, inhalation, massage), Chamomile (cold compress,
diffuser, inhalation, massage, Lavender (cold compress, diffuser, inhalation,
massage), Lemongrass (cold compress, massage), Pepper mind (cold compress,
Migraine: Basil (diffuser, massage), Lavender (cold compress, diffuser, massage),
rosemary (diffuser, massage), peppermint (cold compress, diffuser)
Muscular Pains: Black Pepper, Lemongrass, Marjoram massage
Arthritis: Chamomile, Lavender, Rosemary (batch, hot compress, massage), Pine
(hot compress, massage)
Foot ache: Peppermint (foot-bath)

Lower back pain: Chamomile, Rosemary, Lavender (bath, hot compress, massage)
Rheumatic pain: Chamomile, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Rosemary (bath, hot compress,
massage), Ginger, Marjoram (hot compress, massage)
Premenstrual Tension: Bergamot, Chamomile, Geranium, Rose (bath, hot compress,
inhalation, massage)
Sore Throat: Tea Tree, Lavender (massage, steam inhalation, gargle), Benzoin
(steam inhalation, Lemon (gargle)
Toothache: Chamomile, Clove Bud (hot compress)
Hay Fever: Chamomile, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Melissa (inhalation, massage)
Skin Irritation: Chamomile, Lavender, Melissa (bath, cream)
Abscess: Chamomile, Lavender, Myrrh (hot compress)
Arthritis: Chamomile, Lavender (bath, hot compress, massage)
Bursitis: Chamomile, Lavender (bath, hot compress, massage)
Inflamed Mucous Membrane: Myrrh (bath, inhalation, massage), Sandalwood (hot
compress, massage, steam inhalation), Inflamed wounds: Geranium, Myrrh (cold
compress), Boils: Chamomile (hot compress), Splinters: Chamomile, Myrrh (cold
Apththae: Geranium, Myrrh (gargle)
Catarrh: Frankincense (bath, hot compress, diffuser, inhalation, massage)
Chest infection: Jasmine, Myrrh (bath, hot compress, inhalation, massage), pine
(diffuser, inhalation, steam inhalation)
Colds: Cinnamon Leaf (bath, diffuser, inhalation), Eucalyptus (bath, inhalation),
Orange (bath, inhalation, steam inhalation), Peppermint or Rosemary (bath,
inhalation, massage)
Nasal Infection: Tea Tree (inhalation, steam inhalation), Eucalpytus (diffuser,
inhalation, stam inhalation)
Acne: Bergamot (local wash)
Infected Wounds: Bergamot, Geranium (bath, cold compress, local wash), Lemon or
Myrrh(cold compress, local wash), Niaouli (local wash)
Cystitis: Bergamot (bath, local wash), Chamomile (bath, local wash, massage),
Frankincense (bath, hot compress, inhalation, massage)

Vaginal Pruritis: Bergamot or Sandalwood (bath)

Muscular Spasms
Intestinal Tract: Neroli (inhalation, steam inhalation)
Period Pain: Chamomile, Clary Sage, Jasmine (hot compress, massage)
Muscular Spasms: Ginger (bath, hot compress, massage), Petitgrain (bath, hot
compress, inhalation, massage)
Indigestion: Basil, Black Pepper (massage), Rosemary, Peppermint (inhalation,
Travel Sickness: Ginger or Peppermint (inhalation, massage), Lavender (massage)
Morning Sickness: Lavender, Mandarin (inhalation)
Asthma: Cypress, Jasmine, Lavender (diffuser, inhalation, massage), Marjoram
(diffuser, massage), Melissa (inhalation), Rosemary (diffuser, massage)
Acute Bronchitis: Bergamot, Eucalyptus, Lavender (diffuser, steam inhalation),
Frankincense (diffuser, inhalation, massage), Marjoram (hot compress, diffuser,
inhalation, massage), Rosemary (hot compress, diffuser, inhalation, massage, steam
inhalation), Sandalwood (diffuser, inhalation, massage, steam inhalation)
Coughs: Cypress (hot compress, diffuser, inhalation, massage), Eucalyptus ,
Lavender, Sandalwood(hot compress, diffuser, inhalation, massage, steam
inhalation), Melissa (inhalation),
Palpitations: Neroli (inhalation, massage)
Shortness of Breath: Frankincense (inhalation)
Appetite Disorders
Lack of Appetite: Bergamot, Chamomile (diffuser, inhalation, massage, perfume),
Fennel or Ginger (diffuser, inhalation)
Excessive Appetite: Bergamot (bath, diffuser, inhalation, massage, perfume), Fennel
(diffuser, inhalation)
Fluid Loss
Bleeding Gums: Cypress, Lemon (gargle)
Diarrhoea: Chamomile, Geranium, Lavender, Neroli (bath, diffuser, massage)
Haemorrhoids: Cypress, Geranium, Juniper, Myrrh (bath, cream, local wash)
Nose Bleeds: Lemon (cold compress)
Varicose Veins: Cypress, Lavender, Juniper (bath, cold compress)
Digestive Disorders

Flatulence: Bergamot, Chamomile (bath, hot compress, inhalation, massage), Fennel

(bath, hot compress, inhalation), Melissa (bath, inhalation, massage), Nutmeg or
Rosemary (massage), Orange (inhalation, massage)
Indigestion: Bergamot, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Marjoram, or Peppermint (bath, hot
compress, inhalation, massage), Fennel (bath, hot compress, inhalation), Ginger
(hot compress, massage),Myrrh (massage), Petitgrain (bath, inhalation, massage)
Intestinal Cramps: Marjoram (bath)
Build-Up of Toxins: Cypress, Fennel, Juniper, or Rose (bath, cream, massage),
Grapefruit (cream, massage)
Fluid Retention
Swelling: Chamomile, Cypress, Juniper, Patchouli (bath, cold compress, massage),
Geranium (bath, cold compress, inhalation, massage)
Urinary Disorder: Eucalyptus (bath, hot compress, inhalation, massage), Fennel
(bath, hot compress, inhalation), Juniper (bath, hot compress, massage)
Respiratory Disorders
Chronic Bronchitis: Benzoin, Myrrh, or Frankincense (bath, inhalation, massage)
Congestion/Catarrh: Cedarwood (bath, diffuser, inhalation, massage), Cypress
(diffuser, inhalation), Eucalyptus (bath, diffuser, inhalation, massage, steam
inhalation), frankincense (diffuser, inhalation), Myrrh (bath, inhalation, massage),
Peppermint or Pine (diffuser, inhalation, steam inhalation), Sandalwood (diffuser,
steam inhalation)
Menstrual Problems
Painful Periods: Chamomile, Clary Sage, Marjoram, and Lavender are used for
painful periods. They can all be used in the bath, hot compress, through inhalation,
or massage. Clary Sage, though, you only need to use small dosages.
Scanty Periods: Basil, Juniper, Myrrh, Peppermint, and Rose can be used for scanty
periods. All of them are used in the bath or massage. If youre going to use Basil,
Juniper, or Peppermint, you only need small dosages.
Post-Natal Depression: Clary Sage can be used here. It is effective through hot
compress, diffuserr and inhalation. Again, you only need small dosages.
Basil, Eucalyptus, Ginger, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Orange, Peppermint, Rosemary
and Tea Tree can be used for fevers. All but Ginger can be used in diffuser,
inhalation and massage. Eucalyptus, Lavender, and Rosemary can also be used as a
bath or cold compress. Those three and Peppermint, Tea Tree, and Ginger can be
used for baths. To use Basil, Ginger, Juniper, Lemon, Orange, or Peppermint, all you
need are small dosages.
Fungal Infections

For thrush, Lavender, Myrrh, and Tea Tree can be used for bath and local wash.
Breast Feeding problems
To increase milk supply, use Fennel and Jasmine oil for baths or massages.
Blood Pressure Fluctuations
To increase low blood pressure, use Black Pepper sparingly for massages. Rosemary
or Peppermint (in small dosages) can be inhaled or used for a massage.
High Blood Pressure
Chamomile, Lavender, Marjoram, Neroli and Rose used as a bath, diffuser, and
massage oil. Ylang Ylang can be used as bath and amassage.
Chamomile, Lavender, Marjoram, Melissa (in samall dosages), and Rosemary as
bath, diffuser, inhalation, and massage.
General Debility
Cinnamon Leaf, Fennel, Lemongrass, Melissa, Petitgrain, Rose (bath, inhalation,
massage). Clary Sage, Geranium, Lemongrass, Melissa, Petigrain, Rose (bath,
diffuser, inhalation, massage)
Kidney Disorders
Cedarwood (bath, massage), Clary Sage (bath, inhalation, massage, Geranium
(bath, diffuser, inhalation, massage)
Mental State
Melancholy: Basil (diffuser, inhalation, massage), Jasmine (bath, diffuser, inhalation,
massage, perfume)
Lethargy: Eucalyptus, Juniper, Lemongrass, Orange, Peppermint, Rosemary (bath,
diffuser, inhalation, massage)
Restlessness: Bergamot, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Jasmine, Lavender, Marjoram,
Nerolie, Rose, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang (bath, diffuser, inhalation, massage)
Cinnamon Leaf, Ginger (bath, diffuser, inhalation, massage)
Nervousness: Cypress, Lavender, Neroli, Sandalwood (bath, diffuser, inhalation,
Irritability: Bergamot, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Jasmine, Lavender, Marjoram, Neroli,
Rse, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang (bath, diffuser, inhalation, massage)

Tension: Benzoin, Melissa (diffuser, inhalation, massage), Cedarwod, Geranium,

Lavender, Petigrain, Ylang Ylang (bath, diffuser, inhalation, massage)
Nervous Tension: Bergamot, Benzoin, Chamomile, Lavender, Marjoram, Neroli,
Sandalwood (bath, diffuser, inhalation, massage), Benzoin (diffuser, inhalation,
Hormonal Imbalance: Chamomile, Geranium, Lavender, Rose (bath, diffuser,
inhalation, massage)
Insomnia: Chamomile, Clary Sage, Lavender, Marjoram, Neroli, Sandalwood, Ylang
Ylang (bath, diffuser, inhalation, massage)
Agitation: Bergamot, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Jasmine, Lavender, Marjoram, Neroli,
Rose, Sandalwood (bath, diffuser, inhalation, massage)
These conditions are treated with particular oils and with particular methods of
Massage can make use of aromatherapy to increase its effectiveness.
Essential oils can not only help treat certain conditions, but they can also prevent
them from developing.
However, when these essential oils are taken incorrectly, they might aggravate
illnesses or create health problems. It is always best to consult a licensed
aromatherapist and a doctor before undergoing aromatherapy treatments,
especially when you have special conditions such as pregnancy or asthma.

Essential oils
Essential oils are concentrated oils that are derived from parts of certain plants.
Because of their potency, only a few drops are needed to create a noticeable effect.
Carrier oils are sometimes added to them to dilute them and make skin application
become possible.
how are they made? (Methods and how common each process is/ kept somewhat
informative but short
Distillation is the most common method for extraction. The plant parts are placed
on a grid and steamed. The essence is released in vapor form that is directed
through a pipe, and passed through cooling tanks to turn it into liquid. The essential
oil usually floats on this distillate because it is lighter, so it can be separated easily.
For those oils that sink, hydrodiffusion, or using pressure such as a vacuum, is used
instead of mechanical separation.
2. Essential oil recipes

Essential Oils Common Name Properties and Aroma/Use category

Bold denotes the most popular essential oils

Calming relaxing


Relaxing, soothing warming respiratory


Relaxing, tonic, restorative

Bay Laurel

Relaxing, balancing Healthy respiratory system


Relaxing, Healthy skin, sweet fruity aroma


Soothing and calming Spicy and hot

Black Pepper

Warming, sensual Stimulating

Blue Cypress

Soothing and warming

Blue Spruce

Relaxing, Grounding evergreen aroma

Blue Tansy

Relaxing, Grounding sweet aroma


Warming yet grounding sweet and spicy aroma

Carrot Seed
digestive systems

Tonic and Cleanser healthy respiratory and

Calming relaxing but also stimulating spicy, hot


Warming and relaxing calms anger and

Celery Seed

Soothing and relaxing, healthy digestive and liver


Warming support a health immune system


Relaxing and releasing soft and fruity


Relaxing, warming for respiratory, citrusy, fruity aroma

Clary Sage

Calming and balancing, Spicy sharp PMS

hot and spicy

Energizing and revitalizing, warming, Antioxidant


Warm, soothing, calming, sweet aroma


Stimulating, soothing and relaxing sweet and uplifting


Warming and comforting, fresh and woody aroma


Digestive support, calming flavorant

Dorado Azul

Soothing and warming

Douglas Fir

Antioxidant, soothing, strong, spicy and woody


Rejuvenating and calming, Spicy and fresh

and earthy

Respiratory and muscular support, fresh


Healthy digestive support, sweet and spicy


Calming and centering sweet balsamic, warm


Restorative and tonic, uplifting,earthy aroma

system support

Calming and relaxing, circulatory and nervous

German Chamomile

Relaxing, sweet and grassy very calming and

spicy and sweet

Energizing and warming, digestive support,

liver support

Relaxing and calming, cardiovascular, urinary tract and


Energizing and purifying fresh, uplifting citrus aroma


Calming and centering, sharp herbaceous


Calming and relaxing, woody scent


Purifying and warming, earthy and woodsy aroma

floral aroma

Calming and centering, uplifting sweet and


Cleansing detoxifier, sweet peaceful musky aroma


Healthy respiratory system support, sweet fresh and spicy


Relaxing and calming,


For balance, harmony and cleansing, herbaceous aroma


Cleansing, Light citrusy aroma improves focus

strong earthy aroma

eases anger and

Stimulating/purifying, digestive support,

Lemon Balm(Melissa)
delicate uplifting aroma

Calming and relaxing, immune system support,

Lemon Myrtle
lemon scent

Uplifting/refreshing, immune system support fresh


Relaxing and centering immune and weight loss support

citrus scent

Antispasmodic/circulatory support, bright


Antispasmodic, tonic with a spicy woody scent

Mountain Savory

Healthy immune support, motivating sharp aroma


Antioxidant, healthy skin, warm and woody aroma


Respiratory, skin, hair thyroid support, sweet camphorous aroma

Neroli (Orange Blossom)

floral scent

Antidepressant/aphrodisiac, light sweet


Energizing, nervous system support, sweet and musky


Cleansing and supporting, warm and spicy relaxing aroma


Calming and relaxing, uplifting fruity citrus aroma


Purifying, sharp herbaceous aroma


Emotional balancing, healthy skin and cellular support,

Palo Santo

Grounding and calming with a sweet earthy aroma

sweet, rich aroma

Soothing and releasing, support healthy skin,

support, fresh and cool

Uplifting/energizing, healthy digestive

support, sweet

Soothing/relaxing, Skin, nervous and digestive system

support, woody

Soothing/balancing, respiratory and muscular system

medicinal aroma

Warming purifying and cleansing, sweet slightly

Roman Chamomile
muscles after exercise

Relaxing/calming, Soothing to skin and


Well being sweet and stimulating floral aroma

herb woody aroma

Uplifting/stimulating, mental support, strong


Calming /centering, Healthy skin support, sweet and


Antispasmodic/relaxing, mentally calming


Cleansing and purifying, strong spicy herbaceous scent

skin, sweet wood scent

Aphrodisiac/calming, supports healthy

fresh scent

Releasing/uplifting, respiratory/digestive system support,


Relaxing/calming, healthy skin support soothing earthy

fruity and sweet

Calming/ Grounding, post exercise muscle support,

citrus aroma

Relaxing/cleansing, Antioxidant/digestive support, calming

herby aroma

Soothing/uplifting, overall wellness/digestive support

Tea Tree or Melaleuca

herbaceous woody scent

Soothing to skin, cleansing strong

medicinal aroma

Antioxidant/respiratory/digestive support, strong


Balance uplifting herbaceous aroma




Grounding and calming

Western Red Cedar

Grounding and cleansing, strong spicy woody scent

White Fir

Soothing/calming, strong spicy woody aroma


Cooling/soothing, fresh and stimulating scent

Calming/relaxing, circulatory system
support, sweet floral aroma

Diffuser recipes

Cleansing/calming fresh citrus aroma

Day Starter
Great morning starter but you can use this all day
4 drops Wild Orange + 4 drops of Peppermint
Fresh and clean, experiment with the drop combinations to boost your scent
3 drops Grapefruit + 3 drops lavender + 2 drops lemon +2 drops spearmint

Calm, Cool and Collected

Fruity and relaxing anytime of day
4 drops Lavender + 2 drops Cedarwood + 2 drops Wild Orange + 1 drop YlangYlan

Allergy Relief
A 3 way punch to unplug lavender and peppermint are antihistamine and lemon
is a natural anticeptic and antibiotic
3 drops Peppermint + 3 drops Lavender + 3 drops Lemon

Winding Down
Calm and relaxing at the end of a long day
3 drops Lavender + 3 drops Roman Chamomile + 3 drops Wild Orange

Spring/Summer Blend
A fresh citrus burst that just makes the day brighter
3 drops Wild Orange + 3 drops Grapefruit + 2 drops Lemon + 2 drops Bergamot

Fresh Fruit Salad

Like Spring Cleaning, just all year round

1-2 drops each of Lemon+Lime+Grapefruit+ Orange +Bergamont

Laser beam Focus

Your to-do list is toast
2 drops Peppermint + 2 drops Cinnamon + 1 drop rosemary

Did Someone Sneeze?

This is a great blend of respiratory support wrapped in a nice fresh, earthy aroma
2 drops Lemon + 1 Drop Lime + 2 drops peppermint + 1 drop Rosemary + 2 drops
Eucalyptus + 1 drop of clove

Long Day Done

A one-two punch of stress relief at the end of the day
4 drops Cedarwood + 3 drops Lavender

Headache Relief
Go easy, more drops doesnt mean more relief
1-2 drops of each Marjoram + Thyme + Rosemary +Peppermint + Lavender

Cool Summer Breeze

A nice way to cool off on a hot day and no mosquitoes is a bonus
4 drops Spearmint + 4 drops Peppermint + 4 drops citronella + 1 drop of

Spiced Cider
If youre a fan of football or cold holidays this one says did someone mention pie?

4 drops Wild Orange + 3 drops Cinnamon +3 drops Ginger

My Happy Place
This is a great mood lifter, sweet and light
3 drops Bergamot + 2 drops Geranium + 3 drops Lavender

How to get started . Stuff youll need

The top essential Oils

Although the choice of Essential Oils depends largely on how you will use them,
here are a few classics that form a core starter kit As a bonus, they tend to be
relatively cheap.
Peppermint (good for lip balms, oily/acne skin, and cleaning products)
Rosemary (good for hair preparations, oily/acne skin, and cleaning products)
Sweet orange (good for all skin types and very soothing in room sprays for
Rose geranium (good for all skin types, creating perfumes, and for use in
homemade moisturizers)
Tea tree (great for healing, getting rid of dandruff, oily/acne skin, and cleaning
Lavender (great for all skin types, for relaxation, hair preparations, and cleaning
Lemon (great for lifting moods, cleaning preparations, and sparingly in toners and
products for oily skin)
They will give you a wide variety of use options from cleaners and fresheners to
skin and mood

Look for diffusers almost everywhere. Candle types, plug-ins or whole diffusers
can be found online at Amazon and Ebay. Bed Bath and Beyond or Pier One carry a
To be sure, the online community of Essential Oil companies also have full selections
of diffusers. It really depends on what type of EO therapy you are using and, at
what moments.

Carrier Oils are pretty easy.

Apricot Kernel Oil
This lightweight oil penetrates skin easily. It softens rough skin and helps maintain
healthy skin.
Coconut oil
This is non-oily so it makes a good carrier oil for most essential oils. It costs more
than most carrier oils.
Sweet Almond Oil
This oil is non-irritating so it can be used on sensitive skin. It softens the skin and
prevents wrinkles.
Sunflower Oil
Jojoba Oil*
This is a long-lasting and odorless oil that resembles liquid wax. It is a good
moisturizer that can treat dry skin and also dandruff. This is the least greasy of all
the carrier oils so it is commonly used as a perfume base.

Look for unprocessed oils labeled organic and /or cold pressed. They are the
highest in vitamins, minerals and proteins.