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K. Advani Biography
Lal Krishna Advani is an Indian politician and one of the
founding members of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). This
biography of Lal Krishna Advani provides detailed information
about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.
Quick Facts
Known As

Lal Krishna Advani



Nationality Indian


Born on

08 November 1927 AD



Born in



Kishanchand D. Advani


Gyani Devi


Kamla Advani


Pratibha, Jayant


University of Mumbai, St Patrick's High School,

Karachi, Government Law College, Mumbai

Lal Krishna Advani is an Indian politician and one of the

founding members of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He has
been the leader of the opposition twice in the Lok Sabha and
has also served as the deputy Prime Minister of the country.
Renowned for being a principled man with great intellectual
capabilities, he is also called the Iron Man for embodying the
ideals Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel stood for. He is also credited
with the rise of BJP, a party he served for several decades with
relentless passion and dedication. A patriot to the core, he
always envisioned an idea of a strong and prosperous India and
held steadfastly to his ideals. He is known for his close
association with the former Prime Minister, Atal Bihari
Vajpayee, under whose administration he had served as
Minister of Home Affairs. Advanis political journey started
decades ago when he first joined the Rashtriya Swayamasevak
Sangh (RSS) at the young age of 14 as a volunteer. It did not
take him long to realize that politics was his calling and
eventually dedicated his life to the service of the nation. Over
the course of his career he has undertaken several Rath Yatras,
including the one in 1990 to propagate the Ram JanmabhoomiBabri Masjid issue and another one in 1997 to celebrate the
Golden Jubilee of Indias Independence.
Childhood & Early Life
He was born in Karachi on 8 November 1927 in a Hindu
Sindhi family. His parents were Kishanchand D. Advani
and Gyani Devi.
He went to Saint Patricks High School, Karachi from

where he received his early education. Later on he

studied at D G National College in Hyderabad (Pakistan),
He was interested in politics from a young age and joined
the Rashtriya Swayamasevak Sangh (RSS) when he was
just 14 as a volunteer. Getting involved with the party
strengthened his dedication towards politics, and he
realized that it was his calling.
Care e r
He began working as a teacher in Model High School,
Karachi in 1944. He also continued his work with the RSS
during this time.
T he partition of India in 1947 shattered his life. Along with
millions of others, he was forced to leave behind his
homeland and move to India amidst the terror and
bloodshed that followed the partition.
Even though he was deeply saddened by the events
during the partition, he did not become embittered. Instead
he believed that it was his duty to work towards building a
strong and secular nation and continued with his political
He became more active in politics in late 1947 and looked
after RSS work in Alwar, Bharatpur, Kota, Bundi and
Jhalawar as RSS Secretary.
He became acquainted with Atal Bihari Vajpayee and
moved to Delhi to assist him in 1957. From 1958 till 1963
he held the position of Secretary of the Delhi State Jana
He became the assistant editor in the Organiser , a
political journal of the Jana Sangh in 1960 and served in
this post till 1967.
In 1967, he became Chairman of the Delhi Metropolitan
Council. T hree years later he became a member of the
parliament in 1970 and was elected president of the
Bharatiya Jana Sangh in 1972.

He was a Rajya Sabha member from Gujarat from 1976 to

1982. During the 1970s the Jana Sangh was dissolved
and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was established.
Along with his colleague Atal Bihari Vajpayee he joined the
Advani became a prominent leader of the newly-formed
BJP and was made the General Secretary of the party in
1980. He held this post till 1986 when he was elected the
president of the BJP.
Under his able guidance and direction, the BJP went from
one strength to strength and the party emerged as a major
force in the 1989 parliamentary elections, when it won 86
seatsa remarkable improvement over its previous
performance of two seats.
A Hindu with a secular viewpoint, he led the Ram
Janmabhoomi campaign in the early 1990s, undertaking
the Ram Rath Yatra from Somnath to Ayodhya in 1990.
T he yatra was linked to the Mandir-Masjid dispute
centered around the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid site
at Ayodhya.
In 1993, he led Four Yatras named Janadesh Yatra from
four corners of country and began the Swarna Jayanti
Rath Yatra to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of Indias
Independence in 1997.
In 1998, he assumed the position of Home Minister under
the administration of Atal Bihari Vajpayee who had by now
become the Prime Minister.
From 2002 to 2004 he served as the Deputy Prime
Minister of India.
In 2004, when the BJP lost the elections, he became the
Leader of Opposition.
His autobiography, My Country My Life was released in
2008 by Dr. A.P.J.Abdul Kalam. T he book went on to
become a bestseller and was subsequently released in six
other languages including Hindi, Marathi, Kannada, and

He was projected as the partys prime ministerial

candidate in the 2009 parliamentary elections but he could
not lead the party to the victory.
Currently, he is a member of parliament from the Gandhi
Nagar constituency and has assumed the role of mentor to
the new crop of BJP leaders.
Pe rsonal Life & Le gacy
He married Kamla Advani on 25 February 1965. T he
couple has two children: daughter Pratibha and son