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6.

2 Conservation of Mass

d V . n dA 0

cs
t cv

6.19

6.2.1 Differential Form Of Continuity Equation

d x y z

t cv
t

x x 2

6.20

u x
x

6.21

Net rate of mass outflow in x direction


u x
u x
u

x y z
u
y z - u
y z
x 2
x 2
x

6.23
Net rate of mass outflow in y direction
v
y

x y z

6.24

Net rate of mass outflow in z direction


w
x y z
z
Net rate of mass outflow
u v w

x y z
y
z
x
u v w

0
t
x
y
z

. V 0
t

6.25
6.26
6.27
6.28

Steady flow of compressible fluids


. V 0

or

u v w

0
x
y
z

6.29
Steady flow of incompressible fluids
.V 0

6.30

or
u v w

0
x y z

6.31

6.2.2 Cyclindrical Polar Coordinates

V vr e r v e vz e z

6.32

1 rvr 1 v vz

t r r
r
z

6.33

1 rvr 1 v vz

0
r r
r
z

6.34

1 rvr 1 v vz

0
r r
r
z

6.35

6.2.3 The Stream Function

u v

0
x y

6.36

u
y

v
x

6.37

dq
dy
dx
y
x

6.38

dq d

6.39


u
y

v
x

6.37

dq
dy
dx
y
x

6.38

dq d

6.39

q d 2 1

6.40

1 rvr 1 v

0
r r
r

6.41

1
vr
r

6.42

v
r

6.3 Conservation of Linear Momentum

DP
F
Dt sys
P

6.43

Vdm

(momentum linier)

contents of the
control volume

V d V V. n dA
cs
t cv
6.44

sys

F m a

6.45

6.3.1 Description of Forces Acting on


the Differential Element

Fb m g

6.46

Fbx m g x

6.47a

Fby m g y

6.47b

Fbz m g z

6.47c

xx yx zx
Fsx

x y z
y
z
x
xy yy zy
Fsy

x y z
y
z
x
xz yz zz
Fsz

x y z
y
z
x

Fs Fsx i Fsy j Fsz k

6.48a
6.48b
6.48c
6.49

6.3.2 Equations of Motion

u u u
xx yx zx
u
gx

u v w
x
y
z
x y
z
t
Fx max
xy yy zy
gy

x
y
z

v v v
v
u v w
x y
z
t

6.50a
6.50b

Fy ma y
w w w
xz yz zz
w
gz

u v w
x
y
z
x
y
z
t
Fz maz

6.50c

6.4 Inviscid Flow


6.4.1 Eulers Equations Of Motion

p
gx
x

u
u u
u
u v w
x
y
z
t
xx yy zz p and inviscid flow

6.51a

v
p
v v
v
gy u v w
y
x y
z
t

6.51b

w w w
p
w
gz u v w
z
x
y
z
t

6.51c

Eulers equation in vector notation

g p
V. V
t

6.52

6.4.2 The Bernoulli Equation

g-p V. V

6.53

1
V. V= (V.V) V V
2
Vector identity
dan g g z
p
1
. ds V 2 . ds g z . ds V V . ds
p
2
Dot product with a differential length ds

1
d V 2 g dz 0
2

dp

6.54
6.55

Example 6.3 Stream Function


The velocity component in a steady, incompressible, two
dimensional flow field are

u 2y

v 4x

Determine the corresponding stream function and show on a


sketch several streamlines. Indicate the direction of glow along
the streamlines.

20

Example 6.3 Solution


From the definition of the stream function

u
2y
y

v
4x
x

y2 f1 (x)

2x 2 f 2 (y)

2x y
2

=0

2x y C
2

For simplicity, we set C=0


2

y
x

1
/2

0
21

Tugas dikumpulkan 27 Nov 2015, sebelum


kuliah dimulai
1. Soal 6.5.
2. Soal 6.11.
3. Soal 6.17.