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Work group for Developing Long Term

Development Policy and Submission to State Great

Khural created by the resolution 60 of the Speaker
of the State Great Khural (Parliament) of Mongolia
as of April 15, 2014.
Sub-working group of methodology and research
chaired by National Development Institute,
submitted in April, 2015


The working group for Developing Long Term Development Policy and Submission
to State Great Khural created by the resolution 60 of the Speaker of the State Great
Khural (Parliament) of Mongolia as of April 15, 2014, is presenting Mongolias Longterm Development Policy, 2015-2040.

1. Background
The development of Mongolia is the provision of national security, sovereignty,
independence of the country and next generations future guarantee. It is inevitable
necessity to renew and redefine the long-term development path by evaluating our
previous development experiences and adapting new development trends of humanity
as we encounter rapidly changing circumstances and new challenges.
Along with 25 years of experiences in democratic establishment and competitive
market economy, we have noticed progresses in promoting human rights,
strengthening democracy, positive social changes and economic growths in
accordance with contemporary world development. At the same the world we live in is
rapidly transforming due to changing international economy, geopolitical situations,
shifting balance of power and degrading natural environment. Such changes are
attributed to a series of international economic crisis, fierce technological
competiveness, shifting labor force and exchange and movement of wealth, not only
further posing challenges but also providing new opportunities.
This Long-term Development Policy is based on the international and national
development planning experiences, policy lessons, successes and failures as well as
the economic, social and environmental analysis of the country in relation to the
regional and international development trends and related risks and opportunities
Sustainable development is the fundamental concept of the Long Term Development
Policy of Mongolia (2015-2040), aims at progressing human development, increasing
the quality of life, and improving the living environment.

2. General Structure and Scope

Long-term Development Policy of Mongolia (2015-2040) is the core of the national

level policy that frames mid-term, short-term, regional, sectoral and administrative
planning for development.
The Long-term Development Policy consists of 1 primary and 4 basic focus areas, and
27 policies. The priority of development lies in providing the strong economic
foundation for developing the country, and it is the main basis for building the
governments institutional capacity, protecting the environment and improving the
livelihood of citizens.

Primary policy trend. Diversifying the economy, accessing to the international

market, and utilizing resources efficiently;

Policy trend 1. Promoting human development, building highly qualified

workforces, and increasing productivity capacity;

Policy trend 2. Improving the institutional capacity, policy and coordination of


Policy trend 3. Introducing contemporary technological and innovational

advancement to all sectors and adapting climate and environmental changes;

Policy trend 4. Expanding the middle class among population spheres,

providing citizens with secure and healthy living environment for healthiness
and wellness;

3. The Proposal on the Necessary Measures to Take in Order to Solve Issues

Related to the Social, Economic and Legal Consequences
The Long-term Development Policy implementation contributes immensely to the
consolidation and stabilization of policies and the effective and efficient utilization of
expenditure and resource policies. The successful implementation of the Long-term
Development Policy depends on the effectiveness of short and mid-term planning,
evaluation and correction of implementation process, and integrated inter-sectoral
operations. It is the priority to make a professional analysis of legal acts for
coordinating economic relations and making changes in relevant laws and regulations
for the successful implementation of the policy.
It is crucial obligation for public, private sectors and citizens to put joint efforts in
accelerating development pace, improving capacity building in all socio-economic
spheres, efficiently utilizing limited resources, considering risks and opportunities in
the future planning, strengthening unification, and promoting national interests.
The implementation of this policy will create a conducive environment for
strengthening the consistent continuity of public policies, building a solid foundation
for development, and generating preliminary conditions for growth. The prerequisite
conditions for development include institutional capacity building, government budget
efficiency, prioritization of problem solving, research based policy formulation and

implementation, effective responsiveness, strong leadership in politics, and

accountable socio-political structure.

4. The Consistency of the Policy in Relation to the Constitutional Law and Other
Legal Acts, and Relevant Amendments and Termination of Legal Documents
The Long-term Development Policy has been produced in accordance with the
Constitutional Law and other relevant laws of Mongolia. Other short-term and midterm development plans up to 2040 need to be created in the frame of and in
accordance with this Long-term Development Plan.
Along with the approval of the Long-term Development policy, it is proposed to
terminate Development Goals (MDGs)-based Comprehensive National Development
Strategy of Mongolia accepted by the State Great Khural (Parliament) of Mongolias
resolution 12 of the year 2008.