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CE G551 Dynamics of Structures

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama


Course Lecture-IV

BITS Pilani Application of FEM to Structural Dynamics


Hyderabad Campus

Contents
Dynamic analysis of Water Tanks

Dynamic analysis of Bridges

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

Dynamic analysis of Water Tanks

Sloshing damage to upper shell of tank (courtesy of University of


California at Berkeley)

Elephant-foot buckling of a tank wall (courtesy


of University of California at Berkeley)

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

Method of Dynamic Analysis

Liquid-filled tank modelled by generalized single-degree-offreedom systems

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

The dynamic analysis of a liquid-filled


tank may be carried out using the
concept of generalized single-degree-of
freedom (SDOF) systems representing
the impulsive and convective modes of
vibration of the tank-liquid system.

For practical applications, only the first


few modes of vibration need to be
considered in the analysis.

For a given earthquake ground motion,


the response of various SDOF systems
may be calculated independently and
then combined to give the net base
shear and overturning moment.

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

Water Sloshing in Rectangular Tanks An Experimental Investigation &


Numerical Simulation: Mechanical Engineering, Petroleum Institute, P.O. Box
2533 Abu Dhabi, UAE
Solid model of experimental set-up

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

Actual experimental set-up

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

Schematic of the experimental setup

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

Image Processing

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

Comparison between experimental and numerical results for 50% fill level and 4.5 kg

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

Comparison between experimental and numerical results for 50% fill level and 4.5 kg

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

A STUDY ON SLOSHING FREQUENCIES OF FLUID-TANK SYSTEM


Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, India
For the circular and rectangular tanks, the first sloshing frequency is given by Housner, 1963): as

Where, fc = Sloshing frequency (Hz), h = height of water in tank (m), L = length of rectangular tank along direction of excitation
(m), D= diameter of circular tank (m), g = acceleration due to gravity (m/s2)

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

Details of tanks of other shapes

Circular tank of 170


mm diameter and
230 mm
height (Model 1);
square tank of plan
size
270mm
x
270mm and 300
mm height (Model
2); rectangular tank
of plan size 270
mm x 135 mm and
300 mm height

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

First sloshing mode of liquid in tanks of different shapes

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

References

Clough and Penzein


A K Chopra
Slides from Different foreign Universities
Wikipedia.org
Technical University of Denmark-Material for Dynamics

Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad Campus

BITS Pilani
Hyderabad Campus

THANK YOU!