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# CE G551 Dynamics of Structures

## Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

Course Lecture-IV

## BITS Pilani Application of FEM to Structural Dynamics

Contents
Dynamic analysis of Water Tanks

## Sloshing damage to upper shell of tank (courtesy of University of

California at Berkeley)

## Elephant-foot buckling of a tank wall (courtesy

of University of California at Berkeley)

## The dynamic analysis of a liquid-filled

tank may be carried out using the
concept of generalized single-degree-of
freedom (SDOF) systems representing
the impulsive and convective modes of
vibration of the tank-liquid system.

## For practical applications, only the first

few modes of vibration need to be
considered in the analysis.

## For a given earthquake ground motion,

the response of various SDOF systems
may be calculated independently and
then combined to give the net base
shear and overturning moment.

## Water Sloshing in Rectangular Tanks An Experimental Investigation &

Numerical Simulation: Mechanical Engineering, Petroleum Institute, P.O. Box
2533 Abu Dhabi, UAE
Solid model of experimental set-up

Image Processing

## Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

Comparison between experimental and numerical results for 50% fill level and 4.5 kg

## Instructor: Mr. J S Kalyana Rama

Comparison between experimental and numerical results for 50% fill level and 4.5 kg

## A STUDY ON SLOSHING FREQUENCIES OF FLUID-TANK SYSTEM

Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, India
For the circular and rectangular tanks, the first sloshing frequency is given by Housner, 1963): as

Where, fc = Sloshing frequency (Hz), h = height of water in tank (m), L = length of rectangular tank along direction of excitation
(m), D= diameter of circular tank (m), g = acceleration due to gravity (m/s2)

## Circular tank of 170

mm diameter and
230 mm
height (Model 1);
square tank of plan
size
270mm
x
270mm and 300
mm height (Model
2); rectangular tank
of plan size 270
mm x 135 mm and
300 mm height

References

## Clough and Penzein

A K Chopra
Slides from Different foreign Universities
Wikipedia.org
Technical University of Denmark-Material for Dynamics