Anda di halaman 1dari 15

Analysis & Design of Architectural Fins -Jumeriah Lake Towers

Client : Link Middle East


Structural Design Calculations
( Rev 2 , Dt. 5.9.08 )

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

Index

Sr. No.

Description

Page

Introduction

STAAD Model and loads

Analysis and design of steel structure

Design of Connections

4.1 Welded connection between fin members RHS200x100x6


4.2 Check for 8 mm thk plate supports.
4.3

Horizontal Bolted connection between 8 thk plate to 8 thk plate

4.4 Vertical support bolts for fin fixing to the curtain wall support structure.

9
11
12
13

Reactions for design of curtain wall support structure for the curtain wall contractor:

14

Conclusion

17

Computer output

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

As attached

1 . Introduction
Structure description :
The structure is an architectural fin of total height of about 12.5 m fixed to a multi-storeyed building
top of height of about 146 m from ground, on its sides.
The fin is fixed on to the curtain wall support structure ( by others) with means of MS bolts.

R2

The support structure height has been reduced as per site requirements.
The fin is made of box section RHS200x100x6 welded structure with 8 thk plates horiz.supports .

The cladding sheet is fixed on to this fin.


The fin is of 200 mm width ,
Such 6 units will be fixed to the curtain wall support structure.
The purpose of following calculations is as listed below;
(A) To check the proposed steel structure of the fin .
(B) To check the structural stability of the fin structure for all incident loads on it.
with respect to deflections.
(C) To check & design proposed economical and most practical member sizes of the
fin structure.
(D) To check proposed anchoring arrangement for fin fixing to the curtain wall support structure.
Calculations are fully revised as per the new requirement where the support structure height has
been reduced as per Drg # New-LME-SN-E-1002-FINS-Rev 1-4.9.08.
R2

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

Reference Documents and Design Parameters ::


1) M/S W.S. Atkins drg.for fins 4480/A/201

Elevation 1

Plot E1 Residential Tower-Jumeriah Lake Towers.

4480/A/202

Elevation 2

Plot E1 Residential Tower-Jumeriah Lake Towers.

4480/A/203

Elevation 3

Plot E1 Residential Tower-Jumeriah Lake Towers.

4480/A/204

Elevation 4

Plot E1 Residential Tower-Jumeriah Lake Towers.

New-LME-SN-E-1002-FINS-Rev 1-4.9.08.
2) Outdoor structure.

R2

Wind load applicable as per wind speed 160 kmph.( as per old BS code CP3)
( which corresponds to basic mean speed Vb = 26 m/s as per BS 6399-2:1997, Fig 6)
Structure designed for worst combination of dead & wind loads on the structure..
3) All structural steel members conform to ASTM A36 / BS grade S275 steel or equivalent
4) All connection bolts conform to BS grade 8.8 or equivalent and galvanised .
Chemical anchor bolts are proposed to fix fins to the building concrete walls.
5) Concrete strength on which supports are to be fixed is assumed C40 ( 40 N/mm2 )
6) Allowable deflections : H / 180 Applicable as for decorative fin.
Design codes::
Design of fin steel structure has been done

conforming to following codes of practice.

* BS 5950 - Part 1:2000 -Structural use of steelwork in building.


* BS 8110 -1:1997 ,BS 8110-3:1985 -Structural use of concrete
* BS 6399-2:1997 for Wind Loading
Design Philosophy

Analysis and Design of the fin structure has been done using Staad Pro 2004 Analysis and design software.
The structure is designed for self wt, dead loads, wind loads and their combinations.
The steel sections have been designed using Staad 2004 software.
For Staad design of steel members British Code BS5950 has been used.
The chemical anchor bolts are designed for the design reactions obtained from Staad analysis output.

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

2 .STAAD model and Loads

Staad model 3D view.:

R2

RHS 200x100x6

Horizontal supports
8 thk plates bolted to
curtain wall support structure

The fin structure is modelled as space frame.

Input file " fins.Rev-2-5.9.08.std "


R2

The structure is modelled as Space frame ,


The supports are considered as pinned supports except one which is resting on the curtainwall support parapet .
The fin is fixed to the curtain wall support structure, at the locations as shown on the Staad model
R2

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

Loads :
1) Dead load ( DL)
self weight of supporting structure is calculated by STAAD programme.
cladding wt is nominal . Consider 10% of self wt to account for cladding.
self weight command in Staad is given accordingly.
2 ) Wind load (WL)
As effective height at which wind load is acting is > 100 m , directional method of BS6399
is used to calculate accurate wind load on the fin.
Basic wind speed Vb = 26 m/s
Site wind speed Vs = Sa.Sb.Ss.Sd.Vb
= 1x1x1x1x26

cl. 2.2.2.1 of BS6399-2:1997


all factors considered 1.0 to be conservative

= 26 m/s
dynamic pressure q = 0.613 x Ve2

Ve = effective wind speed


= Vb.Sb

for site in town terrain , ( cl.3.2.3.2.3 )


Sb = Sc.Tc.{ 1+(gt.St.Tt) + Sh }
Considering effective height as 180 m from ground and upwind distance from edge of town to site
as 3 km & upwind distance from sea to site as 10 km, the factors in above equation are as below;
Sc : fetch factor

1.67 .. from table 22

by interpolation

St : turbulence factor

0.09 .. from table 22

by interpolation

Tc ; fetch adjustment factor

0.95 .. from table 23

by interpolation

Tt : turbulence adjustment factor

1.08 .. from table 23

by interpolation

gt : gust peak factor

3.44 .. from table 24

As per ATKIN specs.

Sh : topographic increment

0 .. from cl. 3.2.3.4.1

Sb = 1.67 x 0.954 { 1 +(3.44 x 0.0884 x 1.08) + 0}


Ve = 2.11 x 26 = 54.86 m/s

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

= 2.11

not significant

dynamic pressure q =

0.613 x Ve2
= 0.613 x 54.862
= 1.84 kN/m2

wind load factor Cp= 1.2

due to rounded edges of the fins.

=Cp x dynamic wind pressure x projected area

wind load

.. table 20, cl 2.7.2.1

= Cp . q. projected area of member


for all RHS 200x 100 x 6 members of support structure , WL-z

= 1.2 x 1.84 x 0.2 = 0.44 kN/m

for 8 thk plate supports .WL-z = 1.2 x 1.84 x 0.272 = 0.6 kN/m

R2

( Applied as UDL command in Staad.)


for all members of support structure , WL-x = 1.2 x 1.84 x 0.1 = 0.22 kN/m , Applied as UDL load
Wind in X dir & Z directions are considered separately.
i.e WL-x & WL-z
3) Load combinations:
(a) Service load combination :: ( for deflections)
1.0 DL+0.8 WL-x

1.0 DL+0.8 WL-z

1.0 DL+0.8 WL+x

1.0DL

(b) Design load combination :: ( for design of steel members,design of connections etc.)
1.4 DL
1.0 DL + 1.4 WL-x
1.0 DL + 1.4 WL+x
1.0 DL + 1.4 WL-z

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

3 . Analysis and design of Fin Steel Structure.


Analysis and design has been done by STAAD Pro 2004 analysis and design software.
Refer STAAD Output.
All the structural steel members used for fin are structurally safe.
Deflection check:
Refer Staad diagram for deflections.
All deflections are within limit.

R2

Max deflection at top = 3.321 mm <

Allowable = H/180 = 2810/180 = 15.6 mm

Hence ok.

(For top unsupported part)

4 . Design of Connections
Following connections are checked
4.1

Welded connection between fin members.

4.2

Check for 8 mm thk plate

4.3

Horizontal Bolted connection between 8 thk plate to 8 thk plate

4.4

Vertical support bolts for fin fixing to the curtain wall support structure.

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

R2

4.1

Welded connection fin between members RHS 200x100x6

The fin is made of welding the individual RHS 200x100x6 pieces with 8 mm fillet weld .
This is shop welding job.

R2

design forces
Refer Staad extract of max. forces for design loads in RHS 200x100x6 members..

Consider max individual forces for design purpose.


Fx =

4.3 kN

Fy =

1.1 kN

Fz =

3.8 kN

Mx =

0.5 kNm

My =

3.7 kNm

resultant shear =

1.1 + 3.8 = 4 kN

The design procedure for weld design check is a as follows;

as per BS5950-2000 cl.6.7

weld properties:

200

5.6 mm

8 mm weld, nose thickness = 5.6 mm


c/s area of section of weld , A

= 2 x (200+100) x 5.6 = 3360 mm

100

moment of inertia of weld section , Iyy = 2x5.6x200/12+2x100x5.6x100 = 18.6 x 106 mm4


moment of inertia of weld section , Ixx = 2x5.6x100/12+2x200x5.6x50 = 6.53 x 106 mm4

stress in weld due to design moment My = My.Y /Iyy = 3.7x106x100/18.6x106 = 20 N/mm


stress in weld due to design moment Mx = Mx.X /Ixx = 0.5x106x50/6.53x106 = 4 N/mm
stress in weld due design shear v = Fv / Av = 4000 / (0.9x3360) = 1.3

N/mm2 Av = 0.9 A

stress in weld due design axial x = Fx / Av

N/mm2

resultant stress in weld, R =

=4300 / (0.9x3360) = 1.4

20 + 4 + 1.3 +1.4 = 20.5

N/mm2

R2

As per table 37 of BS5950-2000, design strength of weld


pw = 0.5 Ue

where Ue = tensile strength of electrode = 440 N/mm2 for min grade of class 35 electrode.

pw = 220 N/mm2
From above table it is evident that resultant stress in weld is < allowable stress.Hence safe

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

4.2

Check for 8 mm thk plate supports.


R2

Fins are connected to the curtain wall support structure by 8 mm thick plates.
Refer Staad output extract for 8 thk plate members as below;

max moment in plate in critical direction = 0.3 kNm


Moment capacity of 8 thk plate = 1.2 py.Z
= 1.2 x 275 x 272 x 8/6 = 0.95 kNm > actual moment in plate
hence safe

max shear in plate =

1 +1.4 = 1.72 kN

R2

shear capacity of 8 thk plate = 0.6 py ( 0.9 A) = 0.6 x 275 x 0.9 x 8 x 272 = 323136 N = 323 kN

> actual shear in plate


hence safe

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

4.3

Horizontal Bolted connection between 8 thk plate to 8 thk plate

Refer support reactions the plate members ends which are considered as pin supports ( bolted)
for node # 31, load comb # 11

3M16 bolts

Max Fx =

0.14 kN

welded

welded

Max Fy =

1.41 kN

to fin

to curtain wall

support str.

support str.
8 thk plates

Hence 3 bolts shown on the drawing are structurally safe.

Hence max shear per bolt =

0.14 + 1.41 / 3

shear capacity of M16 bolt = 58 kN . Actual shear

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

= 0.47 kN

hence safe

R2

4.4

Vertical support bolts for fin fixing to the curtain wall support structure.

Horizontal beam RHS 200x100x6 is bolted to the curtain wall support structure on top as per the drg..
For Staad model node no. 27
Refer support reactions

Fy

Load comb # 12

Fz

300x300x16 base plate

welded to RHS as well

200

as to the top of
curtain wall support structure
Refer Staad output for support reactions:

200
at node # 10

It is proposed to use 4 No. M20 bolts


Fx =

0.19 kN

Fy =

1.74 kN

Fz =

6.87 kN

Mx =

4.4 kNm

My =

4 kNm

Mz =

0.18 kNm

max design tension in bolt due to Mx = 4.4 / (2x0.2) = 11 kN


max design shear in bolt due to Fz = 6.87/4 = 1.7 kN
max design shear in bolt due to My = 4/(4x0.141) = 7 kN

Tensile capacity of M20 bolt = 110 kN > actual tension in bolt ( 11 kN)

R2

shear capacity of M20 bolt = 91 kN > actual shear in bolt ( 1.7+7 = 8.7 kN)

Combined capacity factor =

Fv/V + Ft/T
Hence safe

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

= 11/110+8.7/91 = 0.2 < 1.4

R2

5 .Reactions for design of curtain wall support structure for the curtain wall contractor:

Support nodes: Support condition

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

27

support on top of curtain wall support structure

31

support with 8 mm thk plate onto the curtain wall support structure

33

support with 8 mm thk plate onto the curtain wall support structure

21

support with 8 mm thk plate onto the curtain wall support structure

22

support with 8 mm thk plate onto the curtain wall support structure

23

support with 8 mm thk plate onto the curtain wall support structure

24

support with 8 mm thk plate onto the curtain wall support structure

25

support with 8 mm thk plate onto the curtain wall support structure

26

support with 8 mm thk plate onto the curtain wall support structure

Support Reactions :case 1:

JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

1.0DL+1.4WL-x

All Units Force kN

(load case 10)

Moment kNm

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

27 10

-2.13

4.45

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.52

31 10

0.07

-0.34

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

33 10

-0.20

-0.14

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

21 10

-0.27

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

22 10

-0.41

0.11

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

23 10

-0.37

0.28

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

24 10

-0.27

0.30

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

25 10

-0.31

0.31

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

26 10

-0.46

0.25

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Support Reactions :case 2:

JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

All Units Force kN

(load case 11)

Moment kNm

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

27 11

2.51

-0.98

0.00

0.00

0.00

-0.89

31 11

-0.14

1.41

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

33 11

0.19

1.15

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

21 11

0.19

0.91

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

22 11

0.33

0.73

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

23 11

0.44

0.54

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

24 11

0.33

0.53

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

25 11

0.31

0.53

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

26 11

0.20

0.38

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

MOM Z

1.0DL+1.4WL-z

All Units Force kN

(load case 12)

Moment kNm

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

27 12

0.19

1.74

-6.87

-4.40

-4.00

-0.18

31 12

-0.03

0.54

-0.10

0.00

0.00

0.00

33 12

-0.01

0.50

-0.23

0.00

0.00

0.00

21 12

-0.04

0.46

-0.43

0.00

0.00

0.00

22 12

-0.04

0.42

-0.68

0.00

0.00

0.00

23 12

0.03

0.41

-0.87

0.00

0.00

0.00

24 12

0.03

0.42

-0.93

0.00

0.00

0.00

25 12

0.00

0.42

-0.96

0.00

0.00

0.00

26 12

-0.13

0.31

-1.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls

R2

1.0DL-1.4WL-x

FORCE-Y

Support Reactions :case 3:

MOM Z

MOM Z

R2

R2

6. Conclusion :
** The proposed revised architectural fin structure and its members are safe for

R2

given loads in combination with other loads.


** The proposed connections are structurally safe.
** The proposed method of fabrication & fixing of fin is structurally safe.
** Curtain wall contractor has to take care of fin loads as per the reactions given in this calculations.

7. Computer Output.
Staad Pro computer output is attached alongwith.

************************

Architectural fins - Rev 2-5%5B1%5D.9.08.xls