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12/9/2015

DifferencesBetweenStaphylococcusandStreptococcusMicrobiologyNotes

DifferencesBetweenStaphylococcusand
Streptococcus 4.77/5 (39)
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Differences Between
Streptococcus

October17,2015

Staphylococcus

and

Staphylococcus and Streptococcus are both Gram positive


organisms and cocci in shape. They are Nonmotile, NonSporing
and Facultative anaerobes. But they possess some of the
differenceswhichareasfollows:
S.N

Characteristics

Arrangement

Staphylococcus
Grapelikeclusters.
Staphylococcidividein

Division

variousdirections(multiple

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Streptococcus
Achainofroundcells.
Divisionoccursinonelinear
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DifferencesBetweenStaphylococcusandStreptococcusMicrobiologyNotes

axes).

direction(singleaxis).

Negative

CatalaseTest

Positive(Catalaseisan
enzymetoconverts
hydrogenperoxidetowater
andoxygengas).

EnrichedMedia

Staphdoesnotneedenriched
media(notfastidious).

Strepneedsenrichedmedia
(fastidious).

Habitat

Staphylococciarefoundon
theskin.

Streptococciarefoundinthe
respiratorytract.

Hemolysis

Nohemolysisorbeta
hemolysis.

Eitheralpha,orbetaor
gammahemolysis.

SpeciesNumber

About40staphylococcal
specieshavebeenidentified
sofar.

About50Streptococcal
specieshavebeen
identifiedsofar.

Pathogenesis

Mostofthestaphylococcal
speciesarenonpathogens.

Streptococcuscausemany
diseases.

Foodpoisoning,bacterial

Strepthroat,Scarletfever,
Impetigo,Toxicshock
syndrome,

CommonDiseases

conjunctivitis,skindiseases,
communityacquired
meningitis,SurgicalSite
Infection,Woundinfection,
impetigo,cellulitis,andtoxic
shocksyndrome.

Cellulitisandnecrotizing
fasciitis(flesheating
disease),sinusitis,blood
infections,pneumoniaand
meningitisinnewborns.

Staphylococcusaureus,

10

PathogenicSpecies

Staphylococcusepidermidis,

Streptococcuspyogenes,

Staphylococcushaemolyticus,

Streptococcusagalactiae,

Staphylococcushominis,

Streptococcusbovis,

Staphylococcus
saprophyticus,etc.

Streptococcuspneumoniae,
etc.

Typeofhemolysis
Coagulasetest
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Cellwallcarbohydrate
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DifferencesBetweenStaphylococcusandStreptococcusMicrobiologyNotes

Species
Differentiation

Novobiocinsensitivitytest

group(A,B,C,etc)

Biochemicaltests

BileSolubilityTest

CAMPTTest
OptochinSensitivityTest

DifferencesBetweenStaphylococcusandStreptococcus
Pleaseratethisnote
Pleaseratethisnote

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