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Advantages to Using a Treadmill

The treadmill is a relatively easy piece of exercise equipment

to use
The treadmill has a predictable surface that is much easier to
negotiate than sidewalks, curbs or trails and the risk of tripping
is reduced
All aspects of the workout can be controlled by the user:
speed, incline, warm up period, cool down period, and energy
Generally, users can design custom programs to fit the time
they have to exercise
Multiple users can use the same equipment without adjusting
the structure
Some treadmills have special features such as step counters
and heart rate monitors so fitness progress can be tracked
Running on a treadmill generally burns calories faster than
most other forms of in-home exercise, such as biking

Isokinetic trunk ergometers are relatively new devices. Because the stresses on the
cardiovascular system when using these types of devices were unknown, the purpose
of this study was to document the heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) responses
during a typical exercise session. Twelve subjects participated in three sessions of
trunk flexion and extension exercises conducted on separate days. Exercises at one
speed (ie, 60, 90, or 120/sec) were performed at each session. During each session,
five 30-second exercise periods were separated by 60-second rest intervals. There
were no differences in the HR and BP responses between exercise sessions at the
three speeds. There was a progressive increase in HR to a value approximating 77%
of predicted maximal HR by the end of each of the exercise sessions. Systolic blood
pressure did not change from rest to exercise; diastolic blood pressure decreased
initially and remained stable at the lower value throughout the exercise sessions.
Several subjects reported light-headedness and dizziness during rest intervals.
Because of the symptoms reported, we recommend that therapists monitor BP and
observe patients for signs and symptoms of exercise intolerance when performing
this type of exercise.

isokinetic resistance exerciser in the form of a treadmill is the subject of the present
invention. An improved isokinetic resistance is provided by oversized frictional members and
flat centrifugal plates which respond to centrifugal forces to cause inter-engagement of the
frictional surfaces. The invention also includes a centrifugally-responsive speed register
mechanism and a device for recording the total work expended by a person exercising. The
centrifugally-responsive actuating mechanism employing flat plates in place of conventional
weights results in improved operating characteristics
even when the effort exerted by the exerciser is minimal.
An important objective of the invention is to provide an exercise treadmill having a variable
height adjustment which can be operated by one person.
Another important aim of the invention is to provide an isokinetic resistance exerciser
wherein the speed of the exercise movement can be varied at any time through movement of
a simple lever mechanism.
As a corollary to the above aim, an object of the invention is to provide a variable speed
isokinetic resistance exerciser wherein the speed may be varied at any time through
movement of a lever disposed at a remote location from the resistance mechanism.
Still another object of the invention is to provide an isokinetic resistance exerciser which
utilizes flat plates instead of conventional weights as a centrifugal force responsive
component thereby providing for greater sensitivity and smoother operation.
An object of the invention is to provide an isokinetic resistance exerciser employing a
frictional resistance mechanism wherein the frictional surfaces in inter-engagement are
oversized thereby resulting in better resistance to the forces applied by the user of the device.
An object of the invention is also This invention relates generally to exercise apparatus and,
more particularly, to exercise apparatus employing an isokinetic resistence..
Some treadmills have manual incline adjustments and others are automatic, but we will
discuss this later.
The Treadmill Console
I like to think of the treadmill console as the fun part of the treadmill.
The console, depending on your treadmill model, is where you can see how many calories
you have burned, the distance that you have traveled, your heart rate, the incline and speed
that you are walkng or running, how far into your workout you have progressed, how much
longer your workout is and often even more information.
There are also treadmill models that have a built in television, iPod deck to plug in your
Mp3 player, water bottle holder and cooling fans.
The minimum readouts that you want your console to have really depends on how you are
going to use your treadmill. If you are using it mainly for fat burning you will want to see
your heart rate and calories burned .

If you are short on time (like we all are now-a-days) the television is a wonderful feature so
that you can watch the news or your favorite TV show while you are getting in shape.
Unless you are in a room that can be kept cool, having cooling fans are also a nice feature as
it makes your workout more comfortable. If your more comfortable, your more apt to have to
workout go on longer.
Now that you know what you want your console to track, you are also going to want to have
one that is easy to read. Most of the newer models have a very nicely lit console, with easy to
read color and designs. However, if you are looking at a used treadmill be sure to take a good
look at the console, because you want to be able to read it quickly and not have to slow down
your workout just to check your stats.
A treadmill is made up of the following main components:
- a moving belt that you walk or run on
- flywheel and rollers that make the belt move smoothly
- the motor that powers the flywheel
- the deck that holds the belt
- the frame and handrails
- your treadmill might also have a console with a display unit.
The Treadmill's Frame and Rails
There are mainly two different types of frame materials with standard treadmills having steel
frames and newer and premium treadmills having aluminum frames.
Aluminum frames will hold up better if you are planning on keeping your treadmill for
several years or if you are close to the weight capacity of the treadmill.
The treadmill rails (also called bars or grips) should be used for stability when you are
starting or stopping the treadmill or if your treadmill is equipped with a grip heart monitor,
this is where you will take your heart rate measurements.
Rails are not meant to be held the entire time that you are using the treadmill, so be sure that
they are in a convenient, yet out of the way location. You also want the grips to be
comfortable and easy to reach for when you do need them.
The Treadmill Motor
If you are planning on purchasing a motorized treadmill, then the motor will be one of the
most important features to compare.
While many people just compare the horsepower of the motor, you should actually be looking
at the type of motor in addition to the horsepower.

When a treadmill lists 2.5 hp(horsepower), that is the top horsepower that the treadmill will
reach, but will not usually be sustained at. This comes into play when you vary the speed of
the treadmill for short bursts of power.
If a treadmill lists a 2.5 chp(continuous horse power), continuous duty, ultra-high torque,
commercial motor or heavy duty motor then it is more powerful than a standard 2.5 hp motor
and can sustain higher speeds for the duration of your workout.
Often a 2.25 chp can be as powerful as a 2.75 standard hp motor.
Always take the type of motor into consideration when checking horsepower.
The Treadmill Belt and Deck
The treadmill belt size is an important feature in your treadmill if you are planning on
running or jogging on your treadmill. If you are planning on walking, the belt size is not as
Standard belts run 19" wide by 50" long. Although this sounds like a good width and length,
you must remember that the belt goes on to a deck, which includes part of the frame and your
So even though your belt is 19 x 50, your running space may only be 16 by 45.
Again, if you are planning on only walking on your treadmill, this size is fine.
However, if you plan on running you will want a wider and longer belt, since we have a
tendency to sway a bit while we run.
The extra width will allow for this swaying without you hitting into the frame and the longer
length will allow you to run with your normal stride without any fear of falling off of your
Note that some treadmills will not list the belt size, just the belt material, but will list the
deck and running sizes. It's the running size that is the most important.
For example: a 30 X 80 deck size will usually have a running surface that is 20 X 60, which
is a very nice and comfortable running space.
Many decks on newer treadmills are cushioned or allow you to set your own cushion level.
This is an important feature as it will help to make impact less jarring to your joints. Many
treadmills can cushion up to 24% of the impact, with 12-14% being the average.
The deck is also the part of the treadmill that offers an incline to help your workout be more
intense. By inclining your deck you'll find yourself buring more calories and blasting more
fat, while working different muscles than if you were on a level surface. You will also find
that having a variable incline your workouts will be more exciting.
Inclines can range from 1% to 16%, with 8% to 10% the average for newer models.
Some treadmills have manual incline adjustments and others are automatic, but we will
discuss later.