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# Engineering mechanics is the application of mechanics to solve problems

## involving common engineering elements.

Mechanics of materials, also called strength of materials, is a subject
which deals with the behavior of solid objects subject to stresses and strains.
Physics is the natural science that involves the study of matter[4] and
its motion through space and time, along with related concepts such
as energy and force.
Statics is the branch of mechanics that is concerned with the analysis of
loads (force and torque, or "moment") on physical systems in static
equilibrium, that is, in a state where the relative positions of subsystems do
not vary over time, or where components and structures are at a constant
velocity.
Dynamics is a branch of physics (specifically classical mechanics) concerned
with the study of forces and torques and their effect on motion, as opposed
to kinematics, which studies the motion of objects without reference to its
causes. Isaac Newton defined the fundamental physical laws which govern
dynamics in physics, especially his second law of motion.
Rigid-body dynamics studies the movement of systems of interconnected
bodies under the action of external forces. In physics, a rigid body is an
idealization of a solid body in which deformation is neglected. In other words,
the distance between any two given points of a rigid body remains constant
in time regardless of external forces exerted on it.
In physics, a force is any external effort that causes an object to undergo a
certain change, either concerning its movement, direction, or geometrical
construction. In other words, a force can cause an object with mass to change
its velocity (which includes to begin moving from a state of rest), i.e.,
to accelerate, or a flexible object to deform, or both. Force can also be
described by intuitive concepts such as a push or a pull. A force has
both magnitude and direction, making it a vector quantity.
A force system is a collection of forces acting at specified locations (may
also include couples).

The most general coplanar force system consists of forces the lines of
action of which lie in one plane, not all of them are concurrent, and not all of
them are parallel.

The most general non-coplanar force system consists of forces the lines of
action of which does not lie in one plane.

## In a concurrent force system, all forces pass through a common point.

A parallel coplanar force system consists of two or more forces whose
lines of action are ALL parallel.
Non-concurrent and non-parallel force system consists of a number of
vectors that do not meet at a single point and none of them are parallel.

Scalars are quantities that are fully described by a magnitude (or numerical
value) alone.

Vectors are quantities that are fully described by both a magnitude and a
direction.
First law: When viewed in an inertial reference frame, an object either
remains at rest or continues to move at a constant velocity, unless acted
upon by an external force.

Second law: F = ma. The vector sum of the forces F on an object is equal to
the mass m of that object multiplied by the acceleration vector a of the
object.

Third law: When one body exerts a force on a second body, the second body
simultaneously exerts a force equal in magnitude and opposite in direction on

## the first body.

Transmissibility of forces: "The state of rest or motion of a rigid body is
unaltered if a force acting on a body is replaced by another force of same
magnitude and direction, but acting anywhere on the body along the line of
action of replaced force".
Varignons Theorem:
(Parallelogram) The midpoints of the sides of an arbitrary quadrangle
form a parallelogram. If the quadrangle is convex or reentrant, i.e. not a
crossing quadrangle, then the area of the parallelogram is half as big as the
area of the quadrangle.
(Mechanics) The theorem states that the moment of a resultant of two
concurrent force about any point is equal to the algebraic sum of the
moments of its components about the same point.
Sine rule is an equation relating the lengths of the sides of any shaped
triangle to the sines of its angles.
SinA = sinB = sinC
A
B
C
Cosine rule relates the lengths of the sides of a triangle to the cosine of one
of its angles.
c=a+b-2ab cos
Pythagorean
theoremor Pythagoras's
theoremis
a
relation
in Euclidean geometry among the three sides of aright triangle. It states that
the square of the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to
the sum of the squares of the other two sides.
Quadratic formula is the solution of the quadratic equation.
When solving physics problems, it is often helpful to replace one force by a
combination of two forces with given directions. Of course, these two forces
must be equivalent to the given one. This means that their vector sum must
agree with the given force. If this condition is fulfilled, we say that the
force has been resolved into components.