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StructuralAnalysisoflargeinvertedsiphonand
ExperimentalResearch
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PostTime:200622010:26:00

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Integrationofdomainportcoastlineresources
NingboPort
Analysisofhighriskenterprisesforworkers'
compensationinsurancesystemimprovement
Onthewaterconservancyconstructiontoincrease
lawenforcementThinking

Abstract:Abstract:WaterDiversion

YellowRiverBasingroundwaterresources

MiddleRouteProjectofthetotaltrunk

utilizationanalysis

canalslargeinvertedsiphondesignflow,
flowrateissmall,tomakethedesignof

Legal

Onthestatusandapplicationofdownhole
electronicpressuregauge

invertedsiphondiversionadvancedtechnology,securityandeconomicrationality,the
scientificresearchandexperimentstoQicanalssiphonasaprototypeconductedalarge
invertedsiphonstructureanalysisandstructurestudied.Throughscientificresearchand
experimentsforlargeinvertedsiphonareasonablecrosssectiontype,theresultsofthe
mathematicalmodelandphysicalmodeltestresultsofcomparativeanalysisofthestructureof
reasonableinternalforcecalculation.

Keywords::WaterDiversionStructureOfInvertedSiphon

1Introduction

Throughscientificresearchandexperimentsforlargeinvertedsiphonareasonablecross
sectiontype,theresultsofthemathematicalmodelandphysicalmodeltestresultsof
comparativeanalysisofthestructureofreasonableinternalforcecalculation.

2R&D,TestingTheMainContent

WaterDiversionMiddleRouteProjectofthetotaltrunkcanalslargeinvertedsiphondesign
flow,flowrateissmall,tomakethedesignofinvertedsiphonwaterdiversionadvanced
technology,securityandeconomicrationality,thescientificresearchandexperimentstoQi
canalssiphonastheprototypeoflargeinvertedsiphonconductedastructuralanalysisand
structurestudied.

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ObjectofstudyistheSouthNorthWaterDiversionprogramsmiddle14.5
billionm3oftotaltrunk~ZhangzhouHenanHuanghedrainagechannelsegment
preliminarydesignphaseofqiheinvertedsiphonbody.Tubeasasixhole,aperture6m6m,
3holeajoint,lateralisdividedintotwoinconjunction,cisflowdirectionofeachsectionof
pipelength15m.Tubebodymaterial300#concrete,elasticmodulusof3104mPa,Poisson's
ratio0.167.Invertedsiphonbodyfoundationfortheclayrocks,elasticmodulus30mPa,
Poisson'sratio0.3,floatingbulkdensityof10kN/m3,saturatedbulkdensityforthe20kN/m3,
soilinternalfrictionangle25,tubetopfillthickness2.6m.

2.1StructureAnalysis
2.1.1Thecombinationofqihecarriedoutthepreliminarydesignofinvertedsiphontype
selectionsection

4pairsofinvertedsiphonstructuretype(boxtypeframework,thepositiveandnegative
archisarchandantiarch),andfivekindsofoperatingconditions(riverwater,watertube
riverwater,watertuberiverwaterleftinpossessionofwaterriverwater,inthe
possessionofwaterriverwater,therightofpossessionofwater)withthematrix
displacementmethod,CultureandKerrwerecalculatedassumingresultsshowthathaunched
boxframecrosssectionthantheforcesuperior,andeasyconstruction,easytomanage,and
variousadditionalloadonthesensitivityofcrosssectionthantheotherthreetypesislow,and
toidentifythemostdangerousworkingconditions,demonstratedthestructureofrational
selectionandreliability.

2.1.2Inordertoimprovethedesignspeedandqualityofthepreparationofthe"intelligent
frameworkforstructuralanalysisofinvertedsiphonspecialprocedures",theprogramuses
Chinesecharactersdisplaythewayhumancomputerinteraction,levelclear,userfriendly,
withintuitiveandclear,simpleoperation,typeofworksmallvolume.

Figure41ComparisonInvertedSiphonCrossSectionalSizeOfUnit:M

Automaticcalculationofloads,theformationofthecalculationdiagramtocalculatethe
characteristicsofspeed,andcanautomaticallydrawthedesignoftherequiredinternalforce
diagram.

2.1.3Studyofthefoundationflexibility,thetemperaturechangeonthestructureofthe
impactofinternalforces.

2.1.4Thestructureoftheselectedcrosssectionofatwodimensionalfiniteelementmethod
andtwodimensionalnonlinearfiniteelementmethod,usingthreedimensionalfinite
elementpairsofa15mlongboxshapedpipebodycarriedouttheanalysisandcalculation,

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andavarietyofmethodscalculationresultsarecomparedandanalyzed.Twodimensional
nonlinearfiniteelementequationstosolveusingalocalarclengthmethodusingtheload
factortocontrolthestructureofvectorbornebytheactualload.

2.2ModelTest
2.2.1PhotoelasticTest

Photoelastictestsincludingflatandthreedimensionalphotoelasticexperimentphotoelastic
experiment,throughthephotoelasticmodeltestdoes

Figure42InvertedSiphonStructureOfPlaneFiniteElementMeshMap

Fixedcrossbarstructure,ahighratiotoareasonableextent,determinetheimpactofthe
foundationoftherectangularframe,andtestresultswithtwodimensional,threedimensional
finiteelementanalysisandcomparisonoftheresults.

Planarphotoelasticexperimentcarriedoutatroomtemperature,modelscaleof1:125,
invertedsiphonstructuremodelmaterialforepoxyresins,themodelofelasticrubbermaterial
foundationthreedimensionalphotoelasticstressfreezingoventestsconducted,themodel
Scale1:100,invertedsiphonstructuremodelmaterialfor120hightemperatureepoxy
resin,themodelfoundationmaterialforsoftpolyurethanefoam.Themodelinvertedsiphon
structureandfoundationremainedelasticmodulusratioofelasticmodulusratiowiththe
originalstructure,thesameas1000.

Slicesuchascolorlinesandotherlinesobservedinthedomesticdumping409photoelastic
instrumentcarriedoutonnonintegerfringesanalysisoflensbasedcompensationtorotate,
forsomeunfathomablepointofquartzcompensatoratthesametimecarryout
measurements,pairsofslicesareusedtoobservethelawisbeinglaunched.Accordingto
observationsandphotoelasticmethodofstressformulaorthovariouspartsofthestress.

2.2.2ThreedimensionalElectricalMeasurementModelTest
Inordertobetterverifyphotoelastictestresultsandfiniteelementcalculationresult,river
water,tubefreestatusofanoverallmodelofhydraulicelectricaltestinspection,testingtaskto
determinethestructureofcentralsectionofthesurfacestress,findthecorrespondingNei
Lizhi,andtomeasurethefoundationfloorreaction.

Electricaltestinspectionbasedonthesimilaritytheory,accordingtomodels
similartodatadesign.Modelscale1:50,invertedsiphonpipematerialselectionplexiglass
modelofthebody,invertedsiphonthefoundationfortheclayrocks,themodelselectedthe
foundationofPVCfoam,themodelinvertedsiphonstructureandfoundationmodulusof
elasticityratioremainedwiththeoriginalstructureofelasticmodulusratiothesameas1000.

Inthemiddlesectionofthemodelinvertedsiphonarrangementofmeasuringpoints,

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measuredthesurfacestress,andthencalculatetheinternalforce.Foreachrootthetop
beams,columnsandbeamsattheendofeachoptionthreesections,eachsectionoftheupper
edgeandloweredgeofthelayoutofameasuringpoint,atotalof60measuringpoints.By
planestraintestresultsofthestressstateanalysis.

2.3Thephysicalmodeltestresultsandmathematical
Comparativeanalysisofmodelresults:thephysicalmodeltestandcomparativeanalysisofthe
numberofmodelresultsshowedthattwodimensionalphotoelastictestresultsinthemid
spanmomentandtwodimensionalfiniteelementresultsareconsistent,whiletheendresult
ofbendingtestresultswiththestructuralmechanicsmethodcloserthreedimensional
photoelastictestresultsandthreedimensionalfiniteelementresultsarequiteclosebutslightly
largerthanthethreedimensionalfiniteelementresultsthreedimensionalmodeltestresults
electricmeasuringthreedimensionalphotoelastictestresultsroughlythesame,theNeiLizhi
threedimensionalfiniteelementresultsthanthelarge,Twodimensionalfiniteelementresults
thanthesmall,butfarlessthantheresultofstructuralmechanicsmethod.Reposted
elsewhereinthepaperforfreedownloadhttp://eng.hi138.com

3ScientificResearch,TestResultsAndConclusions

3.1Wehavefourkindsofinvertedsiphonstructuretypeand20kindsofworkingconditions
withthematrixdisplacementmethod,CultureandWinkler'sfoundationhasbeencalculated
resultsshowthattheboxtypestructureinCanadathantheotherthreekindsofcases,axillary
crosssectiontypeofforcefavorableconditions,Andboxtypestructure,easyconstruction,
easyoperationandmanagement,andthesensitivityofthevariousadditionalloadislower
thanthatofothercrosssectiontype.Therefore,forlargeinvertedsiphonworks,toadoptthe
haunchedboxtypecrosssectionstructureforthebest
3.2qiheinvertedsiphonstructuraldesignisreasonable,themostdangerousworking
conditionsfortheworkingconditions,andworkingconditionsworkingconditions.
Maximumverticaldisplacementof18.07cm,maximumdifferentialsettlementof1.88cm,to
meettheengineeringrequirementsthelargesttotherightofthehorizontaldisplacementof
1.4cm,therefore,betweenthetwoAllianceframeworkisfeasibleusingAperture4cm
3.3Astheinvertedsiphonstructureforundergroundstructures,undernormalcircumstances
withoutconsideringtheimpactoftemperaturechange,butalargeinvertedsiphonstructure
istocalculatethetemperatureshouldbe15Constructionofcontractileforcegeneratedby
operatingconditions
3.4Thedistributionofgroundreactionforceusinglinearassumptions,usingtheframework
0

ofstructuralmechanicsmethod,whichreflectsthebasicstructureofinvertedsiphonstress
Like
state,thedrawbackisallthemoredifficulttoreflectthecharacteristicsofthefoundation.But

themethodofstructuralmechanics,moremature,easytograsp,butthemeasuredandmodel

testresultsalsoprovedthat,forsoftground,exceptinthebottomofthefoundationcolumns
Share

havefocusedoncounterforce,thebottomofthereactionisbasicallyevenlydistributed.

0
Therefore,foralargeinvertedsiphonstructures,structuralmechanicsapproachstillan
effectivemethodofcalculation.Wehavedevelopeda"frameworkforintelligentstructural
Tweet
analysisofinvertedsiphonspecialprocedures"withtheintuitive,entertheworkloadofa
0
small,fastcalculationandcandrawthedesignoftherequiredinternalforcediagram,etc.,in
theboxframedesign,promotetheuseof

3.5Fortheboxframewhenthecomponentsofthecrossheightratioislessthan5,should
considertheimpactofaxillaryridgebeam,butcannotconsidertheimpactofshear

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deformation,orelseshouldconsidertheimpactofsheardeformation.Whenthecomponents
ofthecrossheightratioislessthan2,thenthecalculationofcomponentsshouldbeofdeep
beams.Considertheridgesomeoftheimpactofthecalculatedmomentvalue,themorethe
componentcrosssectioncalculatedaccordingtouniformhighmomentvalueissmall(as
smallas5%)andintheendmemberaremorehighcrosssectioncalculatedbymomentthe
valueoflarge(around20%canbelarge).Inordertosimplifythecalculation,proposedtouse
"movingmoment"valuetocalculatetheimpactofthebeamendsofaxillarycrosssection
moment
3.6elasticfoundationofthebuildingtheinternalforcestateofgreaterimpactonthelarge
invertedsiphonshouldconsidertheinteractionbetweenthestructureandfoundation,
accordingtoaclosedflexibleframeworkforcalculationoftheground
3.7Forthehighcompressionfoundationsboxframestructure,unevenfoundationsettlement
becauseofitsmoresensitive,adaptivepoorchoiceoffloorstiffnessshouldbesoftshouldjust
notsuitable,ortheupperpartofthestructurewillyieldalargerinternalforces,resultingin
boxframecracking.Inaddition,whenthefloorisnotrigid,thestiffnessofthestructure
changesintheupperrightbottomisalmostnosignificanteffectoninternalforces,whilethe
upperpartoftheinternalforcesofthestructureitselfhasincreasedverysignificantly,soa
greaterfloorrooftodecreasethethicknessofinternalforcesisinappropriate
3.8whenthelocalbaseisrelativelysoft,groundreactionforceexceptboxframecolumnsat
theendofpartoftheconcentrationofcounterforce,theotherbottompartofthegrowing
uniform,therefore,spanasmallerboxframeusingthestraightlinedistributionofground
reactionforceisreasonabletoThe.Asthefoundationstiffnessincreases,floorreactionforces
tobearmoreandmoresmall,sothefoundationforhard,youcanuseathinnerfloor(tomeet
theconstructionanduserequirements)thatalltheroleofcounterforceatthebottomofthe
poleisreasonablea
3.9thecalculationresultsandphotoelastic,electricaltestinspectionanalysisandcomparison
oftheresultsshowsthattwodimensionalandthreedimensionalfiniteelementcalculation
resultsandphotoelastic,electricaltestinspectionresultsmoreconsistent,therefore,touse
finiteelementanalysisoflargeinvertedsiphonstructureiseconomicalandreliable
3.10inthecalculationoftheuseofinvertedsiphonqihededucedthreedimensionalcontact
elementformulacalculation,thecalculationresultswiththreedimensionalandthree
dimensionalphotoelastictheoverallelectricaltestresultsmoreconsistentinspectionshows
thatforlargeinvertedsiphonstructure,usingthreedimensionalcontactelementsimulation
ofthefoundationandstructureofTheroleofthecontactsurface,itisverynecessary,the
resultsarereliable
3.11Twodimensionalnonlinearfiniteelementsimulationhassuccessfullyidentifiedtheqihe
invertedsiphonboxframeworkindifferentconditionsofthecracklocationandcrackthe
scopeofthedesignprovidesvaluableinformation.Repostedelsewhereinthepaperforfree
downloadhttp://eng.hi138.com

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