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Basic Serbian for adults

(material for online learning)

-lessons 1-5-

Osnove srpskog jezika za odrasle


(materijal za onlajn asove)

-lekcije 1-5-

http://serbian-teacher-online.blogspot.nl/

First lesson Prva lekcija


http://serbian-teacher-online.blogspot.nl/
LETTERS, FAMILY MEMBERS

Lets talk about the letters

Read the letters and recognize the


objects

Pronunciation of difficult letters


OVEK, AJ (tongue is touching upper palate; hard letter; as in English


word chalk)
UP, UTATI (soft letter; top of the tongue is touching lower teeth; middle
part of the tounge is touching upper palate and upper teeth; no equivalent in
English)
D DEP, DIP (similar tounge position as , only you are also moving lower lip;
hard letter; many equivalents in English - d as in gin, Jerry, John, Jack)
AK, UBRE (soft letter; no equivalent in English; similar tongue position as
, only tongue is lower)
LJ LJUBAV, LJULJAKA (soft letter, as soft L; no real equivalent in English, but
similar to L in milion; tongue is down, touching lower teeth; mouth is half open)
NJ NJIVA, NJEN (soft letter, as soft N; no real equivalent in English, but similar to
N in onion; both lips forward, tongue linned on low teeth)
UMA, AMAR (sound like when you want to make silence shhhhh; as in
English shark)
Z ZVONO, ZUB (sound like bees buzzing, zzzzzzzz; like in English zest)
ENA, IVOT (sound like stronger Z, like in English pleasure)

Exercise:
Find letters in Serbian alphabet which exist in English alphabet.
Find letters in Serbian alphabet which dont exist in English
alphabet.
Write 5 Serbian words with beginning letters: A, B, R, M, S.

Exercise:
READ LETTERS AND WORDS:
(PROITAJ SLOVA I REI:)

Nj

Lj
Z
N
M
O
B
P
R
D

IZMA OVEK
NjIVA
IRAFA ABA
LjUBAV LjUDI
ZVEZDA ZMAJ
NEBO
METAR
OKO
BORBA BRAT
POLITIKA PISMO
ROAK RUA
DOBAR DAN

Family members:
Majka (mama)
erka
Brat
Baba
Tetka
Strina
Roak
ena
Unuk
Tast
Snaja

Otac (tata)
Sin
Sestra
Deda
Ujak
Stric
Mu
Beba
Unuka
Tata

Exercise:
Look at the following picture and write down what are
people on it to Fiona.

Which family members do you see?

Exercise: fill in the blanks

Exercise: Read the words and sentences:


(pay attention to the correct pronounciation)
amac plovi.
ekamo udnog oveka.
ija ptica je ono?

Njegovo i njeno dete zove se Njego.


Usred ume peva eva na irokom polju.
olja je arena.

Crvena zvezda je bila izvidana.


Zamenio sam abu za irafu.
Ljiljani su na cvetnom polju.

Exercise: Underline the words for family members:


Kada doe zima, baka i deka nam dou u posetu. Oni mnogo

vole da se igraju sa svojim unucima i praunucima.


Tetka i tata organizuju drutvene igre. Svi sedimo za stolom i
igramo Slagalice ili Monopol. Anina majka donese kolae. Njeni
sin i erka vole kolae sa okoladom. Tada jo dodju moji tast i
tata, i mnogi drugi roaci. Beba Marko esto plae, pa ga ujak
ljulja. Ja volim najvie mog brata, a i sa sestrom se dobro slaem.

Slike koriene za pripremu prve Skajp lekcije su sa sajtova /


References:
http://slovce.blogspot.nl/
http://www.zlatnadjeca.com/2011/07/slovarica-slagalica.html
http://www.agendaweb.org/vocabulary/family-exercises.html
http://www.agendaweb.org/vocabulary/family-exercises.html

Second lesson Druga lekcija


http://serbian-teacher-online.blogspot.nl/
INTRODUCTION, GREETINGS, PERSONAL
PRONOUNS, VERB ZVATI SE

Lets read and talk about the pictures 1 and 2.


INTRODUCTION
GREETINGS
VERB ZVATI SE

Zdravo, ja sam Ana. Kako se ti zove?


Ja se zovem
zovem se
Ti se zove
zove se
On , ona, ono se zove zove se

Mi se zovemo
zovemo se
Vi se zovete
zovete se
Oni, one, ona se zovu zovu se

INTRODUCTIONS AND GREETINGS IN SERBIAN LANGUAGE


You may introduce yourself in several ways:
1) Ja se zovem Ana. / Zovem se Ana. (I am called Ana.)
2) Ja sam Ana. (I am Ana.)
3) Moje ime je Ana. / Ime mi je Ana. (My name is Ana.)
You may ask someone to introduce himself:
1) Kako se ti zove? (How are you called?)
2) Kako je tvoje ime? (What is your name?)
3) Kako se Vi zovete?
4) Kako je Vae ime? (The same meaning as 1) and 2), only you will use 3) and 4) as expression of respect - T-V distinction)
After introduction:
1) Drago mi je. (Nice to meet you. / I am glad.)

Greetings when you are entering the room:


1) Zdravo. (Hi.)
2) ao. (Ciao.)
3) Dobar dan. / Dobro jutro. / Dobro vee. (Good afternoon. / Good morning. / Good evening. more formal expressions
than 1) and 2) )
Greetings when you are leaving the room:
1) Zdravo. (Bye.)
2) ao. (Ciao.)
3) Dovienja. (Goodbye.)
4) Vidimo se. (See you.)

Text read and translate


Razgovor na ulici
- Ana: Zdravo.
- Marko: Zdravo.
- Ana: Kako si?
- Marko: Dobro sam. Sve je ok. Kako si ti?
- Ana: I ja sam dobro. Putujem u Pariz.
- Marko: Kada?
- Ana: Sutra ujutru.
- Marko: Srean put!
- Ana: Hvala.

Exercise Fill in the blanks:


- Zdravo, kako se ti zove?
- ____________________ . ______________
- Moje ime je Ana. A ovo je moj brat.
- ____________________
- On se zove Marko.
- Drago mi je.
- ____________

Text Read and translate:


Petar upoznaje Mariju
Read and translate:
- Dobar dan.
- Dobar dan. Kako ste, komija?
- Nije loe. A Vi?
- Dobro sam. Ko je to sa Vama?
- To je moja sestra iz Amsterdama. Zove se Marija.
- Lepa devojka.
- Hvala.

- Marija, ja sam Petar.


- Zdravo, drago mi je.
- Takoe. Koliko ostajete u Beogradu?
- 10 dana.

Izvori korieni za pripremu druge lekcije / References:

- Udbenik i radna sveska: Nauimo srpski I. Bjelakovi, J.


Vojnovi, M. Ajdanovi, M. Alanovi, J. Drai, D. ZvekiDuanovi, u izdanju Univerziteta u Novom Sadu
- Slika sa sajta http://www.kelsopr.com/file/public-relationsagency-networking-1-jpg

Third lesson Trea lekcija


http://serbian-teacher-online.blogspot.nl/
PERSONAL PRONOUNS, AUXILIARY VERB
JESAM

LINE ZAMENICE (PERSONAL PRONOUNS)


JEDNINA (SINGULAR)
1. JA
2. TI
3. ON, ONA, ONO
MNOINA (PLURAL)
1. MI
2. VI
3. ONI, ONE, ONA

POMONI GLAGOL JESAM (AUXILIARY VERB JESAM)


JEDNINA (SINGULAR)
1. (ja) SAM
2. (ti) SI
3. (on, ona, ono) JE
MNOINA (PLURAL)
1. (mi) SMO
2. (vi) STE
3. (oni, one, ona) SU

Exercise:
Fill in the blanks with personal pronouns or auxiliary verb jesam :

___ sam profesorka.


Ona ___ u Londonu.
Marko ___ upoznao Anu.
___ smo vredni.
Danas ___ oni u kui.
Moja sestra sada ___ u koli.
Vi ___ uenici.
Sanja, Marko i Maja ___ na fakultetu.
vajcarska ___ lepa zemlja.
Moj mu ___ dobar.
____ su dobre devojke.
Vreme __ lepo.

Exercise: Fill in the blanks with personal pronouns or auxiliary


verb jesam.
Ana ___ u Japanu.
___ smo studenti.
___ sam menader.
Sutra ___ oni u kui.
Moja majka sada ___ u kuhinji.
Hans ___ video Jovana.
Oni ___ uenici.
Sanja, Marko i Maja ___ na fakultetu.
Sudan ___ siromana zemlja.

WRITING EXERCISE
Write 5 sentences and use personal pronouns and auxiliary
verb jesam.

Exercise - Finish the sentences:


Ja sam...

Moja sestra je...


Moj otac je...
Moja kominica je...

Ti si...
Moji prijatelji su...
Moj pas je...

LISTENING EXERCISE:
Teacher reads short text and student writes down known words.
In repeated reading, student writes down unknown words and

teacher explains the meanings.

WRITING EXERCISE
How would you introduce your wife/husband/sister/brother to someone?

How would you introduce yourself at some casual party to unknown person?
Write down something about yourself in simple sentences I am

Write down your favorite female family members.


Write down some house objects.
Write down difficult letters and word which starts with that letter.
Choose one male family member and write few sentences about him. He is

Fourth lesson etvrta lekcija


http://serbian-teacher-online.blogspot.nl/
BODY PARTS, TIME, COLORS, PRESENT TENSE
OF REGULAR VERBS

WE LEARN WORDS FOR BODY PARTS

KOLIKO JE SATI?

Text - Proitaj i prevedi (obrati panju na podvuene rei).


Read the text and translate (pay attention to underlined words):
U januaru slavimo Boi. To je divan praznik. Cela porodica je kod
kue: mama, tata, brat, tetka, baba i deda. Volim sve to mama i
baka tada kuvaju.
U februaru je Markov roendan. Tada je zima. Pada sneg. Dani su
kratki i hladni. Deca se igraju na snegu. Grad je najlepi kada pada
sneg.

WE LEARN WORDS FOR COLORS


braon
svetlo zeleno
uto

tamno zeleno
oker

plavo

narandasto

teget

crveno
crno
bordo
svetlo braon

PRESENT TENSE OF REGULAR VERBS


GLEDATI
1. JA GLEDAM
1. MI GLEDAMO
2. TI GLEDA
2. VI GLEDATE
3. ON/ONA/ONO GLEDA 3. ONI GLEDAJU
MISLITI
1. JA MISLIM
1. MI MISLIMO
2. TI MISLI
2. VI MISLITE
3. ON/ONA/ONO MISLI 3. ONI MISLE

EKATI
1. JA EKAM
1. MI EKAMO
2. TI EKA
2. VI EKATE
3. ON/ONA/ONO EKA 3. ONI EKAJU
NEGATIVE FORM OF REGULAR VERBS WE ARE MAKING BY ADDING WORD NE IN FRONT OF VERB
Examples:
Ja ne volim.
Ti ne gleda.
Oni ne pevaju.

GENERAL RULE FOR MAKING PRESENT TENSE FOR


REGULAR VERBS
Take the first part of the verb, without ending ti, and add
M


__

Mo
Te
Ju/U/E

Exercise - Write down regular verbs in present tense like in


example:
SPAVATI JA SPAVAM, TI SPAVA, ON SPAVA, MI SPAVAMO, VI
SPAVATE, ONI SPAVAJU
GLEDATI (WATCH)

GOVORITI (TALK)
IMATI (HAVE)
RADITI (WORK)

UITI (LEARN)
TRAITI (SEARCH)

Exercise: Use present tense


Dopuni:
Mama ______ .
Pas i maka ________ .
Deak _______ i _______ .
Deda i otac _________ _________ .
Kia ________ .
Moja sestra _______ , _________ i _________.
Ti ________ .

Izvori korieni za pripremu etvrte lekcije / References:

Udbenik i vebanka Az buki N. Milievi-Dobromirov, B.


Novkovi, M. Aranitovi, izdava Centar Azbukum

Fifth lesson Peta lekcija


http://serbian-teacher-online.blogspot.nl/
VERB NISAM, NUMBERS, DAYS, MONTHS

Exercises

Popuni praznine odgovarajuim oblikom line zamenice:

____ su profesori.
Ko ste ____ ?
_____ je moja mama.
_____ se zove Marko.

____ je pilot.
Kako se ____ zove?
____ sam student.
____ si Marko?

Popuni praznine odgovarajuim oblikom pomonog glagola jesam:

- Dobar dan, ja ____ nova uenica.


- Zdravo.
- Da li ____ ti Ana?
- Ne, ja _____ Danijela Petrovi.
- Ovo _____ moje sestre, Nela i Ena.
- Drago mi je.

READING EXERCISE - Read the words and sentences:

ika aslav spava.


iji amci plove Dunavom?
ekaj malo. ekau ak malo due.

Njoj i njemu nije lako.


uti lie.
aran pliva.
Zauvek su zautali.

NEGATIVE FORM OF AUXILIARY VERB JESAM = VERB


NISAM
JEDNINA (SINGULAR)
1. (ja) NISAM
2. (ti) NISI
3. (on, ona, ono) NIJE
MNOINA (PLURAL)
1. (mi) NISMO
2. (vi) NISTE
3. (oni, one, ona) NISU

Exercise - Fill the blanks with right form of verb nisam (negative
from of verb jesam):
Ona ____ kod kue.
Ja ______ u parku.
Danas ti _____ sa mnom.

Nai gosti ______ ovde.


Haljina ______ lepa.
Na asu mi ______ sluali.
Oni _____ uradili domai.
Ja ______ Ana.

BROJEVI:
BASIC NUMBERS:

1 JEDAN

2 DVA

3 TRI

4 ETIRI

5 PET

6 EST

7 SEDAM

8 OSAM

9 DEVET

10 DESET

11 JEDANAEST

12 DVANAEST

13 TRINAEST

14 ETRNAEST

15 PETNAEST

16 ESNAEST

20 DVADESET

21 DVADESET JEDAN

...

30 TRIDESET

...

34 TRIDESET ETIRI

...

40 - ETRDESET

100 STO

101 STO JEDAN

...

121 STO DVADESET JEDAN

...

157 STO PEDESET SEDAM

ORDINAL NUMBERS

...

1. PRVI

200 DVESTA

2. DRUGI

...

3. TREI

300 TRISTA

4. ETVRTI

...

5. PETI

400 - ETRISTO

6. ESTI

...

7. SEDMI

500 PETSTO

8. OSMI

...

...

600 ESTO

11. JEDANAESTI

...

...

1000 HILJADA

15. PETNAESTI

...

20. DVADESETI

21. DVADESET PRVI

...

121. STO DVADESET PRVI

DANI:
PONEDELJAK

UTORAK
SREDA
ETVRTAK

PETAK
SUBOTA
NEDELJA

MESECI:

JANUAR
FEBRUAR
MART
APRIL
MAJ
JUNI
JULI
AVGUST
SEPTEMBAR
OKTOBAR
NOVEMBAR
DECEMBAR

READING EXERCISE - poem FIFI


Ovaj as, ovaj as
jedan pas,
na uzici od svile,
sa noktima lila,
s manicom od tila
prolazi kraj nas.
Jedna ena stara
sa njim razgovara:

- Fifi, gledaj pravo,


Fifi, digni rep.
Fifi, pazi drvo.
Fifi, nisi slep.
Fifi, manu pazi.
Fifi, lepo gazi.
Fifi, to ne njui.
Fifi, gore ui.
Fifi, ti zna ko si.

Fifi, ne prkosi.
Fifi, jezik nie.
Fifi, hodi blie.
Fifi, ne skakui.
Fifi, sad e kui!
Tako Fifi ivi
na uzici od svile,
sa noktima lila,
sa manom od tila,
Tako ena stara,
sa njim razgovara.
Tako ovaj as
prooe kraj nas.

BROJEVI, DANI, MESECI EXERCISES

Koliko godina ima meseci?


Koliko tvoj brat ima godina?
Koji je dan danas?
Koji je dan sutra?
U kom mesecu slavimo Uskrs?
U kom mesecu slavimo Novu godinu?
Kada je tvoj roendan?
Kada je roendan tvojoj najboljoj prijateljici?
Koji mesec najvie voli?
U kom mesecu je hladno?
Koji meseci poinju na M ?
U kom mesecu e beba biti roena?
Koliko vajcarska ima kantona?

Izvori korieni za pripremu pete lekcije / References:


Udbenik i radna sveska:
Nauimo srpski I. Bjelakovi, J. Vojnovi, M. Ajdanovi, M.
Alanovi, J. Drai, D. Zveki-Duanovi, u izdanju Univerziteta u
Novom Sadu

This learning material is the best to use with help of Skype


teacher.
More information about Skype lessons you may find on the
blog:
Ovaj materijal je najbolje koristiti uz pomo Skajp
nastavnika.
Vie informacija o Skajp asovima moete nai na blogu:

http://serbian-teacher-online.blogspot.nl/
sincerely, your Skype teacher
s potovanjem, Va Skajp-nastavnik
Lidija Novakovi Lagrini