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# 454

Trigonometry

## Section - B : Linked Comprehension Type

cos( ) = 1 = cos 0
=0

2, 2, because , ,
2 2

hence [ , ]
=
cos ( + ) =

1
...(i)

cos2 =

y = cos2x
and

y=

...(ii)
1

...(iii)

A
/2

y = 1/

B
/4

/4

/2
y = cos2x

## A, B are only two solutions.

sin( ) = 1, sin( + ) =

1
and , ,

2 2

If sin( ) = 1
=

+
2
cos2 is positive hence
=

2
2
2

4
4
Here we have two cases

## case (i) if 0 <

>
2
2
In this case no order pair is there
=+

case (ii) if

<<0
4

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## Solutions of Success Achiever (Part-I)

Trigonometry

455

<
2
2
In this case only one order pair arises.

= +

y
y = ex

y = cosx
x
0 /2

## Both the graph intersect at point A hence number of solution is 1.

x = sin (4cos2 1) = sin(4 4sin2 1) = sin3
y = cos(1 4sin2) = cos(1 4 (1 cos2)) = cos3
x2 + y2 = 1
a2 + b2 = x2 + y2, circle
cos2 =

x3
2

sin2 = y 3
2

sin2 + cos2 = x 3 + y 3 = 1
Let x = cos
4cos3 3cos =

10 2 5
4

10 2 5
= cos 54
4
3 = 54
cos3 =

= 18
x = cos = cos18 =

10 + 2 5
4

Let x = sin

5 +1
4

3sin 4 sin3 =
sin3 = sin 54
= 18
x = sin =

5 1
4

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456

Trigonometry

Let x = tan
3 tan tan 3
1 3 tan 2

=1

tan3 = 1
3 = 45
= 15
x = tan = 2 3
PL > OL, for 0 <

for

2

2

## hence sin > cos

again PL < OL, for < <

5
, hence sin > cos
4

5
Therefore sin > cos for ,

4 4

2043 = 5 360 + 243
Hence cos2043 > sin2043
1455 = 4 360 + 15
Hence, sin1455 > cos1455,
So, sin1455 cos1455

= 1 sin30 =

1
2

for x 0,
2

x > sinx
replacing x by cosx
cosx > sin(cosx)

...(i)

but in 0, cosx in decreasing function
2

if x > sinx
then cosx < cos(sinx)

...(ii)

## by (i) and (ii)

cos(sinx) > sin(cosx)
Aakash Educational Services Ltd. Regd. Office: Aakash Tower, Plot No.-4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.011-47623456

## Solutions of Success Achiever (Part-I)

Trigonometry

457

for x 0,
2

x > sinx
sinx > sin(sin x), bcause sinx is increasing function
using A.M. G.M.

3 sin x + 3cos x
3 sin x . 3 cos x = 3 sin x + cos x
2
y = 3 sin x + 3 cos x 2 3 sin x + cos x
= 2.3

2 . sin x +
4 2

= 2.3

sin x +
4

1
2

ymin = 2.3

A
L

C6.

45
3

3
C

cos( A B ) =

4
3
sin( A B ) =
5
5

and tan( A B ) =

3
4

( A B)
3
2
=
( A B) 4
1 tan2
2
2 tan

( A B)
2 AB
+ 8 tan
3= 0
3 tan

2
2

tan

( A B) 1
=
2
3

( 3 as

AB
is acute angle)
2

ab
C 1
cot =
a+b
2 3
(by Napiers analogy)
63
C 1
cot =
6+3
2 3

cot

C
= 1 C = 90
2

Aakash Educational Services Ltd. Regd. Office: Aakash Tower, Plot No.-4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.011-47623456

458

Trigonometry

## Solutions of Success Achiever (Part-I)

Area of ABC =

1
6 3 = 9 sq. units
2

1
hypotenuse
2

3 5
2

Q (0, 24)

(9, 12)

## The radius of the incircle

r=

(18 24 ) 2
18.24
=
=
=6
s 2 (18 + 24 + 30 )
72

which shows that the coordinates of incentre is (6, 6) and that of orthocentre is (0, 0).

P
(18, 0)

18 24
= (6, 8).
Centroid is ,
3 3

## The area of the formed by I, G and circumcentre is

6 6 1
1
9 12 1
= 3 sq units.
2
6 8 1

I (6, 6)

G (6, 8)

(9, 12)

Also
r1 =

, r =
, r2 =
3
S a
S c
Sb

18.24
18 + 24 + 30
= 216, S =
= 36
2
2

r1 =

216
216
216
= 12, r2 =
= 18, r3 =
= 36
36 18
36 24
36 30

We observe that
(2r2)2 = 3r1 r3
3r1, 2r2, r3 from G.P.
We know that the greatest angle is opposite to the largest side, hence
cosC =

a 2 + b 2 c 2 36 + 100 196
60
1
=
=
=
2ab
2 6 10
2 6 10
2

C = 120
Aakash Educational Services Ltd. Regd. Office: Aakash Tower, Plot No.-4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.011-47623456

## Solutions of Success Achiever (Part-I)

Trigonometry

459

cos A =

We have

cos B =

b 2 + c 2 a 2 100 + 196 36 13
=
=
2bc
2 10 14
14

c 2 + a 2 b 2 196 + 36 100 11
=
=
2ca
2 14 6
14

1
2
The sides of the pedal triangle are given by
cos C =

a = a cos A = 6

13 39
=
14
7

b = b cos A = 10

11 55
=
14
7

c = c cos C = 14

1
= 7 (as triangle is obtuse angled triangle)
2

We have
a
b
c
=
=
= 2R
sin A sin B sin C

2R =

=
R=

a
b
6
=
=
sin A
132
1 cos 2 A
1
142
6 14
27

2 14
3

28
3

14
3

## Circum radius of the pedal triangle = radius of the nine-point circle =

R
7
=
2
3

We have
b sin A 7 sin150
sin B =
=
=
a
8

1
2 = 7 <1
8
16

There exists two values of B, one acute and other obtuse, say B1 and B2
As 7 < 8

b <a
B < A, obtuse
B cannot be obtuse

only acute value of B is possible and hence only one triangle is possible
Here a : b : c = sinA : sinB : sinC
we can construct infinitely many triangles with the given information as we can get any ratio of sides from
the conditions.
Aakash Educational Services Ltd. Regd. Office: Aakash Tower, Plot No.-4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.011-47623456

460

Trigonometry

We have

b sin A = 7

3 21
1
=
=5 >5=a
4
4
4

b sin A
>1
a

## sinB > 1, which is impossible

No triangle can be constructed from the given information.
We have
b sin A = 8 sin 30 = 8

1
=4<6=a
2

b sin A
<1
a

## sinB < 1 which is possible

There exists two value of B, acute and obtuse say B1 and B2
Since a = 6 < 8 = b
Two value of B and possible and here two triangle can be constructed.
In ABD, let AB = x
sin

BD
x
1 BD
=
=

BD =
6
x
x
2
2

## then in BCE, then tan

5 EC
=
EC = BE (2 + 3 )
12 BE

Let BE = y EC = y (2 + 3 )
CF = CE + EF = y (2 + 3 ) +

5/12
/3

/6

B
D

E
F

x
2

AF = AD + DF = x cos + BE
6

AF = x

3
+y
2

Now in ACF

tan =
3

y (2 + 3 ) +
x

x
2

3
+y
2

Aakash Educational Services Ltd. Regd. Office: Aakash Tower, Plot No.-4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.011-47623456

## Solutions of Success Achiever (Part-I)

3=

y (2 + 3 ) +
x

Trigonometry

461

x
2

3
+y
2

3x
x
+ y 3 = 2y + y 3 +
2
2
x = 2y
y =

x
2

## Again in BCE, cos

BC =

BC =

x
x
x
3+ 3
(2 + 3 ) +
=
2
2
2

5 BE
=
12 BC

BE
5
cos
12

y
3 1
2 2

x
.( 2 2 )
BC = 2
3 1

BC =

BC =

x 2
3 1

x 2
( 3 + 1)
2

5 2
( 3 + 1)x
4

Aakash Educational Services Ltd. Regd. Office: Aakash Tower, Plot No.-4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.011-47623456