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Question 1 The combination of obesity centered around the waist, high levels of triglycerides,

low levels of HDL cholesterol, and difficulty metabolizing blood sugar are symptomatic of
inflammation due to C-reactive protein.
metabolic syndrome.
diabetes.
cardiac arrest.
angina pectoris.
Question 2 Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the number _____ killer in Canada.
one
two
three
four
five
Question 3 Women399
experience an increased risk of myocardial infarction or CHD-related death after menopause.
show greater increases in cardiovascular, neuroendocrine, and some metabolic responses in response to
stress than do men.
develop CHD on the average about 20 years earlier than do men.
seem to be protected at young ages against CHD due to their lower levels of HDL cholesterol.
have not been shown to have different risks for CHD than men.
Question 4 Hostility p395
is a potential risk factor for the development of heart disease.
is a predictor of survival of heart disease.
is implicated in diabetes.
has a genetic component.
All of these answers are correct.

Question 5 Hostile individuals


exhibit a weak antagonistic response to sympathetic activity in response to stress
have a prolonged reactivity to stress
have larger and longer-lasting blood pressure responses to anger-arousing situations
show different patterns of immune activation in response to sympathetic activation
All of these answers are correct.
Question 6 Depression may be a risk factor for CHD due to its relationship with
C-reactive protein.
the metabolic syndrome.
both C-reactive protein and the metabolic syndrome.
decreased energy levels.
Depression is not a risk factor for CHD.
Question 7 Which of the following has NOT been found to be associated with delay before
seeking treatment for myocardial infarction?
interpretation of symptoms as mild disorders
being young and white
history of angina or diabetes
experiencing an attack during the daytime
they have all found to be associated with delay before seeking treatment for myocardial infarction
Question 8 Beta-blocking agents are used in cardiac rehabilitation
to activate the parasympathetic nervous system.
to resist the effects of sympathetic nervous system stimulation.
to control the pain of angina pectoris.
when behavioural stress management interventions fail.
to lower levels of LDL cholesterol.

Question 9 Cardiac rehabilitation programs involve


aerobic exercise.
smoking cessation.
reduced alcohol consumption.
aerobic exercise, smoking cessation, and reduced alcohol consumption.
aerobic exercise, smoking cessation only.
Question 10 Cardiac invalidism occurs when
patients and their spouses underestimate the patient's physical abilities.
spouses underestimate the extent of disability.
patients malinger in order to reap secondary gains associated with the sick role.
patients feel that they are unable to control the stressors in their daily lives.
spouses overestimate the patient's physical abilities.