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MuammerYILDIZ
ElectricalGenerator

Update52010Anewdesign...patented...

ThisdeviceclaimstoproduceoverunityapparentlybymeansofHomopolarGenerators.

http://www.muammeryildiz.com
http://muammeryldz54.spaces.live.com/PersonalSpace.aspx?_c02_owner=1
WO204/091083
ASystemwhichGeneratesElectricalPowerviaanAccumulatorthatProvidestheInitialMotionfortheSystem
MuammerYILDIZ
Abstract
Thisisaportablesystemthatgenerateselectricalpowerviaanaccumulatorthatprovidestheinitialmotionforthesystem.Twobatteriesareusedinthis
systemandthesystemiskeptworkingviatheinitialmotionprovidedbythesebatteries.Thereisnoneedforanothertransformer.Thisdeviceworks
usingitsownmechanismandthereisnoneedforadditionaldevices.Inthisway,acontinuouselectricalpowergenerationispossible.Thisdevicecan
workwithoutconnectingittoanetworksoitispossibletouseitatplaceswhereelectricitydoesnotexist.Moreover,whenconnectedtotheentryofa
building,theneedforanetworkisavoided.Thissystemgenerateselectricalpowerindependentofanetwork.
Description
Asystemwhichgenerateselectricalpowerviaanaccumulatorthatprovidestheinitialmotionforthesystem.
Thisisaportablesystemthatgenerateselectricalpowerviaanaccumulatorthatprovidestheinitialmotionforthesystem.
Alreadyexistingsystemscangenerateelectricalpowerofwhosedurationdependsonthelifetimeofthebattery.Inthesesystems,thebatteryhastobe
reloadedinordertorestartthesystem.12Velectricalpowerprovidedbythebatteriesusedincarsareincreasedto220Vviatransformers.
Twoaccumulatorsareusedinoutinvention.Thesystemworksonacontinuousbasisafterinitialstartupviatheseaccumulators.Thereisnoneedfor
anothertransformer.Oursystem,whichgenerateselectricalpower,doesnotneedanyotherdevicesanditkeepsongeneratingenergyviaitsown
mechanism.Also,thesystemworkswithoutconnectingittoanetwork.Thus,itcanbeusedatanyplacewherenoelectricityexists.Nevertheless,when
thissystemisconnectedtotheentryofthebuildings,thereisnoneedforanadditionalnetwork.Thesystemcanproduceelectricalpowerindependent
ofanetwork.
Belowaretheexplanationsofthefiguresthatprovideabetterunderstandingaboutthisinvention.
Figure1Schematicviewofthesystem.

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Numbersontheschema:
1.Accumulator
2.Regulator
3.Biggear
3/1Starterdynamo
4.Smallgear
4/12.Feedbackdynamo
5.Smallgear
5/123.Feedbackdynamo
6.Contactor
7/12.Commitatris[Commutator]
8.19DCinput
9.24DCinput
10.580DCoutput
11.Switch
12.Shunt
13.Rectifier
14.Capacitor
15.2.5mmcable
16.Collctor
17.Charcoal[Carbon]
18.Fixingclamps(+)
19.Fixingclamps()
20.Lamp
21.Conjector
22.Starterdynamo
23.Feedbackdynamo
24.ACdynamo
25.Magneticswitch
26.Pulley
27.Pulley
28.Vpulley
29.380Vcurrentoutput
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30.220Vcurrentoutput
Thisinventionisasystemthatstartsworkingviathemotionofalternator.Thereexisttwoaccumulators(1),andthefirstmotionprovidedbythe
accumulatoriscarriedtotheregulator.Contractor(6)keepsthestarterdynamoworkingbydisconnectingtheaccumulator(1)oncetheregulator(2)is
putin.Thevoltagecomingfromtheaccumulator(1)passesthroughtheregulatorandthestartdynamo(3/1)startsworkingandthusthefeedback
alternatorsviathegears(4/125/1233).FeedbackdynamostartssendingpureDCcurrenttoregulatorviashunt(12),capacitor(14)anddiode(13).
Itconnectsallthecurrentthatreachestotheregulatorin4secondsandsendstothecontactor(6).Accumulator(1)isputoutbythiscurrentthatreaches
totheregulator.Thiscurrentistransformedtothestarteddynamo(3/1).Therebecomesatransformationwithinthesystem.Incaseofelectricity
shortage,itkeepsonworkingbyusingthecurrentgeneratedbythecommitatris(7/1).
Viathestarterdynamo(3/1),DCisgeneratedinthealternatorswhichareconnectedtothegearsandthiscurrentistransformedtothecommitatris(7/1
2)andDCvoltageisgeneratedatcommitatris(7/12).
SecondSystem
3x24DCvoltageistransformedtothesecondstarterdynamo(22).Oncethestartdynamoworks(22),afeedbackdynamo(23)havingapulleysystem
andafeedbackdynamo(24)generatingalternativecurrentstartsworking.Thefeedbackdynamo(23)startsfeedingbackthefeedbackdynamo(24)
whichgeneratesACisindependentlygenerating6KV,18Amp,50Hzcurrent.Moreover,firstsystemproduces24DCand580DCcurrentonitsown.
Thebiggerthegearsare,themorecurrentisgenerated.
Thissystem,whichissubjecttoourinvention,canbeusedatanyplace.Youcanuseitatplaceswherethereexistsnoelectricity,oratplacessuchas
villages,cities,buildings,greenhouseswherethereisnotnetwork.Moreover,networkisnomoreamust.Insteadofanetwork,youcanuseoursystem.
Thereisnoneedforgasolinewhenthissystemisusedinvehicles.

TechnischeUniversiteitEindhoven[EindhovenTechnicalUniversity]
DepartmentofElectricalEngineering,ElectromechanicsandPower
EUT_JD2005_2.doc(7282005)

ExperimentsonanApparatusIntendedtoGenerateElectricitywithoutPhysicalConnectionstoOtherPowerSources
by

J.J.Duarte
ThistechnicalnoteaimsatdescribingatestIpersonallyconductedinIzmir,TurkeyonJuly17,2005.Thepurposeoftheexperimentwastocheckthe
energybalancewithrespecttoinputandoutputofanapparatus,whichwastheembodimentoftheinventiondescribedininternationalpatentWO
2004/091083A1.
Theapparatuswasconfinedinsideametallicbox,andIwasallowedtoinspecteverythingoutsidethisbox.However,inordertoprotectthecoreideas
oftheinvention,Iwasnotsupposedtocheckallthedetailsoftheinternalparts.Accordingtotheinventortheapparatusispredominantlyamechanical
system,withoutanykindofenergystorageinsidetheboxlikebatteries,accumulators,flywheels,combustionmotors,chemicalorradioactivereactions.
Ibelievetheintentionsoftheinventorwereingoodfaith.
Theexperimentalsetupwasquitesimple,asshownschematicallyinFigure1.Itconsistedofplacingtheboxwithunknowncontents,fromwhichDC
voltagesandcurrentswereexpectedtobegenerated,onatableinthemiddleofaroom.Fromthebox,acablewithtwoterminalcontactswasavailable
forconnectingelectricalloads.Iplacedmeasurementinstrumentsbetweentheboxoutputterminalsandtheload.TheloadconsistedofanordinaryAC
DCinverter,thisinverterbeingconnectedtoanincandescentlamp.Theworkingprincipleoftheinverterandthelamptypewerenotrelevantfor
analyzingtheresults,becausetheoutputpowerdeliveredbytheboxwasmeasuredimmediatelyaftertheoutputterminals.Photographsofthesetupare
includedinAppendixA.
Figure1:ExperimentalSetup

Afterashortstartprocedure,themetallicboxtogetherwiththeleadwerefullyisolatedfromtheenvironment(inwhatconcernsotherphysicalcontacts
likecableconnectionstothepublicmains)duringthewholedurationofthemeasurements.Thissituationisinagreementwiththedescriptiongivenin
theinternationalpatent[WO2004/09183]mentionedabove.Sincetheenergyinputenteringtheapparatuswasquitemodest,asitwillbecomeclear
furtherinthisnote,themainissuewasthentomeasurethedeliveredenergyoutput.
Ihadpreparedthepowermeasurementswithcare,byusingreliableinstrumentsIpersonallybroughtwithmefrommyownuniversitylaboratory.In
ordertomeasuretheDCvoltagedirectlyoutofthepositiveandthenegativeelectricalterminalsIusedtwodifferentvoltmetersinparallel,oneanalog
(constructedwithpermanentmagnetsandwires)andanotherdigital(thatemployselectroniccircuitstoacquireandtodisplaythemeasuredvalues).
Theseinstrumentsarebasedoncompletelydifferentworkingprinciples.AlsoformeasuringtheDCcurrentcomingoutthepositiveterminaland
enteringbackintothenegativeterminal,Iplacedtwoammetersinseries,againoneanalogandtheotherdigital.Ifelectromagneticwaveswould
interferewiththemeasurements,theywoulddisturboneortheotherinstrument,butnotallfourpiecesatthesametimeinthesameway.
Beforestartingtheexperiment,nokindofaudiblenoisewasbeingproducedbytheapparatus.Also,Imeasuredthevoltagedifferencesbetweenthe
internalandexternalconnectionpoints,andnopotentialdifferencesbetweentheinternalandexternalconnectionpoints,andnopotentialswerefound.
SofarasIcouldobserve,theapparatuswascompletelyatrest.
Thestartprocedureconsistedofconnectingasmall12VDCleadacidaccumulatortotwocontactpointsinsidethebox,duringashorttimeinterval(see
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FigureB1inAppendixB).Iobservedthistimeintervalwiththehelpofmyownwatch,anditwasmorethan5seconds,butlessthan10seconds.In
latercalculationsitisreasonabletoconsiderthisstarttimeintervalasbeingequalto8seconds.Afterthat,nootherenergyinputwasconnectedtothe
boxbymeansofcables.
ImmediatelyafterthestartprocedureIcouldhearnoiseasproducedbyrotatingpartsinsidethebox.Theinventorcommunicatedthatastabilizingtime
intervalofabout10minutesshouldberespectedbeforeswitchingontheload(inverterpluslamp).Duringthisintervalitwaspossibletoobserveinboth
voltmetersthatDCvoltagewasbeinggeneratedontheterminals,whichdecayedslowlyfrom12.9VDCto12.5VDC.Thedisplayedvaluesinthe
analoganddigitalinstrumentswereingoodmatch.After10minutesIswitchedontheDCinverter.
InthefollowinghoursIobservedandregisteredbyhandthevaluesofvoltagesandcurrentsdisplayedbytheinstruments.Thedisplayedvalueswere
quitestablethereforeIdecidedtoregisterthemfirstafter15minutes,laterateachhalfhour.
FromtimetotimeIsensedtheinternalpartsintheboxwithmyhands,lookingfortemperaturegradients,butIcouldnotperceiveanynoticeable
temperaturerisewithrespecttotheambient.After5hoursItookthedecisiontostopthemeasurements.
ResultsaregiveninTable1.Thedisplayedvaluesofbothvoltmetersandbothammeterswereingoodagreement(inviewoftheprecisionofthe
instruments),asitcanbeseeninTable1.Forthisreason,IdaretoconcludethattheresultsIveregisteredarereliable,tothebestofmyknowledge.
FromTable1itispossibletoseethatthegeneratedoutputvoltageandcurrentremainedfairlyconstantduringthe5hourstest.
Table1

Remarks:
Sofartheexperimenthasbeendescribed.Thefollowingcommentsaremyownsubjectiveinterpretation.
PowercalculationsbasedontheregisteredvaluesofvoltagesandcurrentsinTable1leadtotheconclusionthatmuchmoreenergyisdeliveredbythe
box,whichwascompletelyisolatedfromtheenvironment,thanthepossibleinitialenergyinputusedtostarttheprocess.Forinstance,theenergy
outputafter5hoursisapproximatelygivenby
(12.25V)x(2.3A)x(5x60x60s)=507kJ
Therefore,inordertoinputthissameamountofenergyintotheboxduringthestartprocedure,thecurrentthatwouldhavebeendrawnfromthesmall
12Vleadacidaccumulatorforthedurationof8secondsisfoundtobe
507kJ/(12V)x(8s)=5280A
whichisphysicallynotpossibletorealizeconsideringthevolumeoftheaccumulatorandthesimpleconnectorcontactsshowninAppendixB!
Consideringtheinventorsassurancethattheapparatusismainlyamechanicaldevice,andthatnokindofenergystoragewasimplementedinsidethe
box,itisntclearwherethemeasuredexcessofenergyoutoftheboxiscomingfromwhetheroutofelectromagneticfieldsorastheresultofsome
anomalyassociatedwithrotatingbodiesintermsofinertia.Thisisamostinterestingphenomenon,whichdeservesfurtherattention.
Afteranalyzingtheresultsindetail,togetherwiththedrawingandexplanationsprovidedbytheinventor(seeAppendixC),itwaspossibletorecognize
fromtheschematicscertainmechanicalstructures,thesocalledhomopolarmachines,turningathighspeedofrotation.
Thisisareallyexcitingideabecausealinkcouldbeestablishedbetweentheapparatusunderobservationandafamousexperimentperformedin1831
byMichaelFaraday,theinventoroftheelectricalmachines.IntheacademicliteraturethisoldexperimentisknownastheParadoxofFaradaysDisk.
Indeed,manyotherscientistshypothesizeaboutthepossibilityofconstructinghomopolarmachineswithefficiencyabove100%(see,forinstance,the
paperofBriceDePalma,"OnthePossibilityofExtractionofElectricalEnergyDirectlyfromSpace"intheacademicjournalSpeculationsinScience
andTechnology,Sept.1990,Vol.13,No.4)[seealso:http://www.rexresearch.com/depalma/depalma.htm].However,uptothepresenttimenobody
hasdemonstratedinaconvincingwayapracticalapplicationoftheprinciple.Perhapstheinventorhasdiscoveredthemissinglinkinthesemachine
whoknows?
Ofcourse,thestraightforwardwaytocheckthispossibilitywouldbetoinspectthecontentsinsidethebox.However,theinventorisonlywillingto
allowthatafterasolidcommitmentwitharesearchinstitutionoranindustrialpartner.
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So,thenextstepwouldbetoexcludethepossibilityofsomekindofconventionalelectrochemicalenergyprocessinginsidetheapparatus.Forthis
purposetherealizationofanotherexperiment,similartotheonedescribedabove,wouldbeadvisable,butnotwithoutlongruntimeofmeasurements.
Theresultsshouldconvincethat,indeed,itisnotpossibletogetthesameenergyoutputwiththebestcommerciallyavailablebattery.Therefore,anew
experimentmaytakemanydays(about4or5)tobeexecuted.
Eindhoven
28July2005
J.J.Duarte

Appendix1
ExperimentalSetup
FigureA1

Globalviewoftheexperimentalsetup,illustratingtheapparatusundertestinsideametallicbox.Inthefrontplanearethemeasurementinstruments.
Theloadisacombinationofaninverter(withcircularshape),connectedtotheboxoutputterminals,andanincandescentlamp.Fourvoltmeters
(multimeters)placedontheboxcover,wereconnectedbytheinventorformonitoringpurposes.
FigureA2

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Contentsinsidethemetallicboxanddifferentviewsofthesetup.
FigureA3

DetailsoftheDCACinverterusedasaload.
FigureA4

Anotherviewoftheembodimentoftheinvention.Themetallicboxhastheexternaldimensions:55cmx38cmx27cm.Thecomponentsinsidethe
box,excludingwireandisolationmaterials,weigh20kg.(Informationprovidedbytheinventor).

AppendixB
Startup
FigureB1

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Preparingthestartupprocess.
FigureB2

Detailsoftheaccumulatorusedforstartup.
http://www.oceanstar.org

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Links:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ybnDsyzBkVideo
http://www.oceanstar.org/german/presse2.html
http://www.oceanstar.org/center.html
www.haber7.com/haber.php?haber_id=71457
http://www.milligazete.com.tr/index.php?action=show&type=news&id=6643
http://www.haberarsivi.com/haber.asp?id=6863
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http://www.inndir.com/haberler.php?id=36997
http://samsun.meb.gov.tr/haberler/yenilenen_mufredat_toplantisi_haziran2005/yenilenen_mufredat_toplantisi_haziran2005.htm?
DIL=1&BELGEANAH=5458&DOSYAISIM=kpy.pdf
http://www.zaman.com.tr/webapptr/haber.do?haberno=130993
http://www.forumca.net/showthread.php?t=63173

Update4302010
ANewDesign...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mI3227d5Css
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OEMJYIQQZTo&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=epLOEaoPMFU&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DkDXvPpa6Q&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EvWxe_RRo8k&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1oh7ymZPESU&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qpvkc3TxLrQ&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zE9sV6_D_NY&feature=related

WO2009019001
DEVICEHAVINGANARRANGEMENTOFMAGNETS
20090212
Inventor(s):YILDIZMUAMMER[TR]+(YILDIZ,MUAMMER)
Alsopublishedas:DE102007037186//EP2153515
Citeddocuments:EP0088909//DE202005020288U//EP0501427//DE2847618//EP1489734

AbstractTheinventionrelatestoadevicehavinganarrangementofmagnetsforgeneratinganalternatingmagneticfieldthatinteractswitha
stationarymagneticfield.Thedevicecomprisesarotor(1)andastator(2)disposedcoaxiallytoarotatablymountedshaft(5).Therotor(1)comprises
oneormorefirstmagnetsequencesandthestator(2)oneormoresecondmagnetsequences.Thefirstandsecondmagnetsequenceseachcomprisetwo
ormoredipolemagnets,thearrangementandorientationofwhichmayvary.
Apparatuswithanarrangementofmagnets
Theinventionrelatestoanapparatustothegenerationofamagneticalternatingfield,whichinteractswithastationarymagneticfield.
Theinteractionofastationarymagneticfieldandamagneticalternatingfieldbecomesalreadyutilizedsincelonger,forexamplewithintherangeof
brushlessDCmotorandmagneticlevitationtransportsystems.
Theinventionisthebasistheobject,animprovedapparatustothegenerationofamagneticalternatingfield,whichinteractswithastationarymagnetic
fieldtocreate.
Thisobjectbecomesbyapparatuswithrotorandstatordissolved,whichcoaxialtorotatablestoredshaftarrangedare,wherebyrotoroneormorefirst
magnetsequencesandstatoroneormoresecondmagnetsequencesexhibits,wherebyoneormorefirstmagnetsequencesineachcasetwoormoreon
outersurfacecoaxialtoshaftorientedfirstcircularcylinderarrangeddipolemagnetscover,whosedipoleaxleswithatangentincludetothescopeofthe
outersurfacebyapoint,atwhichthedipoleaxlesbreakthroughineachcasetheoutersurface,ineachcaseaninclinationangle,whichliesinarangeof
14degreeto90degree,andwhichoneormoresecondmagnetsequencesineachcasetwoormoreononeOutersurfacecoaxialtoshaftorientedsecond
circularcylinderarrangeddipolemagnetscover,whosedipoleaxleswithatangentincludetothescopeoftheoutersurfacebyapoint,atwhichthe
dipoleaxlesbreakthroughineachcasetheoutersurface,ineachcaseaninclinationangle,whichliesinarangeof14degreeto90degree,whereby
exhibitstheoneormoreineachcasefirstmagnetsequencesandtheoneormoresecondmagnetsequencesregardingaverticalplaneapitchangle
arrangedtoashaftaxisoftheshaft,whichliesinarangeof10degreeto80degreeorof280degreeto350degree,andwherebyincludestheoneor
morefirstmagnetsequencesandtheoneormoresecondmagnetsequencesanangleofattack,thatinarangeof0degreeto90degreelies.
Theformulationstheirdipoleaxleswithatangenttothescopeoftheoutersurfacebyapoint,specifiedabove,atwhichthedipoleaxlesbreakthrough
theoutersurface,ineachcaseaninclinationangleineachcaseinclude,inarangeof14thedegreeto90degreeliearetobeunderstoodinsuchaway
thateachofthedipolemagnetsoftherotorandthestatorcanexhibitanindividualinclinationangle.Thesinglelimitationoftherespectiveindividual
inclinationangleisthatitliesinarangeof14degreeto90degree.Thiscoversthecasethattwoexhibitormoredipolemagnetsthesameinclination
angle.Soe.g.isit.alsopossiblethatalldipolemagnetsoftherotorand/orthestatorexhibitthesameinclinationangle.
Theformulationspecifiedabovewherebytheoneorthemorefirstmagnetsequencesandtheoneormoresecondmagnetsequencesregardinga
verticalplaneineachcaseapitchanglearrangedtoashaftaxisoftheshaftexhibittounderstandinarangeof10thedegreeto80degreeorof280
degreeto350degreelieisinsuchawaythateachmagnetsequenceoftherotorandthestatorcanexhibitanindividualpitchangle.Thesingle
limitationoftherespectiveindividualpitchangleisthatitliesinarangeof10degreeto80degreeorof280degreeto350degree.Thiscoversthecase
thattwoormoremagnetsequencesexhibitthesamepitchangle.Soe.g.isit.alsopossiblethatallmagnetsequencesoftherotorand/orthestatorexhibit
thesamepitchangle.
Inthecasethattwomagnetsequencesontherotorand/orthestatorexhibitdifferentpitchangles,itisalsothesemagnetsequencestheassociatedangle
ofattackdifferent.Beyondthatspecifiedtheabovesolvetheproblembyanapparatuswithacoaxialinnerstator,acoaxialrotorarrangedtotheshaft
andacoaxialoutsidestatorarrangedtotheshaft,arrangedtoarotatablestoredshaft,wherebytherotorisconnectedregardingtheinnerstatoratleast
partialradialotherouterarrangedandsolidwiththeshaftandtheoutsidestatorisatleastpartialradialotherouterarrangedregardingtherotor,whereby
theinnerstatortwoormoreexhibitsarrangeddipolemagnets,whichareuniformdistributedoverthecircularcylinderextentandareregardingashaft
axisoftheshaftaxialagainsteachothersooffsetonanoutersurfaceofacircularcylinderthatitselfontheoutersurfaceofthecircularcylindera
treppenfrmigearrangementthatDipolemagnetsresultsinandadjacentdipolemagnetsregardingtheshaftaxisaxialpartlyoverlap,wherebytherotor
twoormoreexhibitslongitudinalserieswithineachcasefourormoreuniformdipolemagnetsdistributedonthecircularcylinderextentonanouter
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surfaceofacircularcylinder,wherebythedipolemagnetsofseriesareappropriateforagainsteachotheralternatesooffsetinaverticalplane
longitudinaltotheshaftaxisandarethedipolemagnetsofadjacentrowsthattheyformaxialtotheshaftaxisazigzagpatternuniformoverthecircular
cylinderextent,andwherebytheoutsidestatortwoormoreexhibitsarrangeddipolemagnetsonanoutersurfaceofacircularcylinder,whichisuniform
ontheoutersurfacedistributed.
Bytheparticulararrangementofthedipolemagnetsoftherotorandthestatorand/or.thestatorscauseformedmagneticfieldsthattherotorbecomes
freefloatingheld.Theapparatusesaccordingtoinventionworksinsuchawayasamagneticbearing.Surprisinglyshownhasitselfthatbytheparticular
arrangementofthedipolemagnetsoftherotorandthestatorand/or.thestatorswithrotationoftherotoramagneticalternatingfieldgeneratedbecomes,
atoalargeextentlosslessrotationoftherotorrelativethestatorand/or.thestatorsallowed.Thiscanbecomeforamultiplicityoftechnicalapplications
utilized,forexampleforaparticularlyfrictionpoorstorageitselfofapreferablyrapidrotaryshaft.Intheensuingdescriptionmathematical,inparticular
geometrictermsbecome,e.g.parallel,vertical,plane,cylinder,angle,etc.used,whichcanberegisteredintechnicaldesigns,butinthepracticedueto
theproductiondeterminedtolerancesneverperfectsatisfiedtobecometobeable.Forthepersonskilledintheartitisclearerthereforethatthis
descriptionistoberegardedonlyasdescriptionofideal.Thedescriptionincludeshowevertacitlyalsosimilardeviceswithgeneralconventional
tolerancesalso.
Theshaftrunsinanaxis,thesocalled.Shaftaxis,andismorerotatablearoundthisaxis.Theshaftpreferablyisasstraightcircularcylindersformed,
wherebythoseformsaxisofrotationofthecircularcylindertheshaftaxis.
Itispossiblethatwithinthefirstand/orsecondmagnetsequencesadjacentdipolemagnetsexhibitthesamepolarity.Itisalsopossiblethatwithinthe
firstand/orsecondmagnetsequencesadjacentdipolemagnetsexhibitadifferentpolarity.
Inapreferedembodimentthepolarityofthetwoisormoredipolemagnetswithinorseveralmagnetsequencesasame.Regardingtheshaftaxisthat
meansthatthenorthpolesofalldipolemagnetspointwithinorseveralmagnetsequenceseithertotheshaftaxisorofitremoteare.Meantorseveral
magnetsequencesaremagnetsequencesinormoreofthefirstmagnetsequencesand/ormagnetsequencesinormoreofthesecondmagnetsequences.
Itisalsopossiblethatthepolarityofalldipolemagnetsoftherotorand/or.thestatorsameis,iscalledthatthenorthpolesofalldipolemagnetsofthe
rotorand/or.thestatoreithertotheshaftaxisshoworofitremoteare.BottompolarityofadipolemagnettheorientationmagneticNordundofsouth
poleofthedipolemagnetbecomesunderstood.
InanotherpreferedembodimentisthepolarityofthetwoormoreDipolemagnetsofamagnetsequencealternate.Itispossiblethatwithinamagnet
sequenceadjacentdipolemagnetsexhibitadifferentpolarity.Inthiscasesuccessivedipolemagnetsofamagnetsequenceshowforexamplethe
sequenceSNSN(N=northpoleS=southpole).Itisalsopossiblethatthechangeofthepolarityisirregular,sothatitselfforexamplethe
sequenceNNSNNSresultsin.
Preferablythedipoleaxlesofthedipolemagnetsparallelplanearrangedverticaltothattotheshaftaxisrun.
Preferablythedistanceofadjacentdipolemagnetsofthetwoisormoredipolemagnetswithinorseveralmagnetsequencesaconstant.Meantorseveral
magnetsequencesaremagnetsequencesinormoreofthefirstmagnetsequencesand/ormagnetsequencesinormoreofthesecondmagnetsequences.
Itispossiblethatthedistanceofadjacentdipolemagnetsiswithintheoneormorefirstmagnetsequencesoftherotorand/orthestatorconstant.Inthis
caseitispossiblethatthedistanceofadjacentdipolemagnetsofthetwodiffersormoredipolemagnetswithintheoneormorefirstmagnetsequences
dipolemagnetsofthetwoadjacentofthedistanceormoredipolemagnetswithintheoneormoresecondmagnetsequences.Itisalsopossiblethatthe
distanceofadjacentdipolemagnetsofthetwoagreesormoredipolemagnetswithintheoneormorefirstmagnetsequencesdipolemagnetsofthetwo
adjacentwiththedistanceormoredipolemagnetswithintheoneormoresecondmagnetsequences.
Itisalsopossiblethattheinclinationangleofthedipoleaxleswithintheoneormorefirstmagnetsequencesand/ortheoneormoreissecondmagnet
sequencesconstant.Preferablytheseconstantinclinationanglesinarangeof14degreeto90degreelies.Thepitchangleofamagnetsequenceindicates
theintersectionanglebetweenatangent,theonecurvetouched,andaverticalplanelongitudinalformedbythetwoormoredipolemagnetswithinthe
magnetsequencetotheshaftaxis.Generallycasecanchangethepitchangleofamagnetsequenceinthecourseofthemagnetsequence.Inaprefered
embodimentthepitchangleofamagnetsequenceisconstant,comparablewiththeslopeofathread.Inthecaseofaconstantpitchanglethetwolieor
moredipolemagnetsofthemagnetsequencewithadevelopmentonastraightone.
Itisprefered,ifexhibitstheoneormorefirstmagnetsequencesthesamepitchangle,firstpitchanglementioned.Furtheritisprefered,ifexhibitsthe
oneormoresecondmagnetsequencesthesamepitchangle,secondpitchanglementioned.
Theangleofattackbetweenafirstmagnetsequenceandasecondmagnetsequenceindicatestheintersectionanglebetweenafirsttangent,theone
curvetouched,andasecondtangent,theonecurvetouchedformedformedbythetwoormoredipolemagnetswithinthefirstmagnetsequencebythe
twoormoredipolemagnetswithinthesecondmagnetsequenceforadevelopmentofthefirstandsecondmagnetsequences.Generallycasecanchange
theangleofattackinthecourseofthemagnetsequences.
Inapreferedembodimenttheangleofattackbetweenafirstmagnetsequenceandasecondmagnetsequenceisconstant.Inthiscaseistherespective
pitchanglesofthefirstmagnetsequenceandthesecondmagnetsequenceconstant.
Inaparticularlypreferedembodimentasingle,constantangleofattackexistsforallfirstandsecondmagnetsequences.Inthiscasetheoneormore
exhibitsfirstmagnetsequencesthesamefirstpitchangleandtheoneormoresecondmagnetsequencesexhibitsthesamesecondpitchangle.
Inapreferedembodimenttwoormorebeginfirstmagnetsequencesatafirstverticalplanearrangedtotheshaftaxisandendatasecondverticalplane
arrangedtotheshaftaxis.Insamewiseisitpossiblethattwoormorebeginsecondmagnetsequencesatafirstverticalplanearrangedtotheshaftaxis
andatasecondverticalplanearrangedtotheshaftaxisend.Itispossiblethatallmagnetsequencesoftherotorand/orthestatoratafirstfrontsurface
oftherotororientedtransversetotheshaftaxisand/or.thestatorbeginandatasecondfrontsurfaceoftherotororientedtransversetotheshaftaxis
and/or.thestatorend.Preferablytheoneormoreisfirstmagnetsequencesand/ortheoneormoresecondmagnetsequencessoarrangedthatgroupsof
twoormoremagnetsequencesareformed.Agroupoftwoormoremagnetsequencesischaracterisedbythefactthatthedistanceofthemagnet
sequencesistoeachothersmallerthanthedistancetomagnetsequences,whichdonotbelongtothegroup.
Inapreferedembodimentanairgapbetweentherotorandthestatorexhibitsagapwidthof0.1mmupto50mm.Particularlypreferedisit,ifthegap
widthexhibitsavaluefrom1mmto5mm.
Inapreferedembodimenttherotorandthestatorinthatpointverticalplaneonearrangedtotheshaftaxiscircularcrosssectionessentiallyexhibit.With
thetermessentiallycircularisstatedthatthecrosssectionduetotheproductiondeterminedtolerancesthegeometricperfectcircularshapedoesnot
comesatisfied,ithoweverclose.
Preferablytheoutersurfaceofthefirstcircularcylindertheouterperipheryoftherotorisumbeschriebenand/ortheinnerperipheryoftherotorin
described.Firstthattheoutersurfaceofthefirstcircularcylindertheouterperipheryoftherotoritumbeschriebenisreferstothecasethattherotorisat
leastpartialradialotherinsidearrangedregardingthestator.Thelatterthattheoutersurfaceofthefirstcircularcylindertheinnerperipheryoftherotor
isindescribed,referstothecasethattherotorisatleastpartialradialotherouterarrangedregardingthestator.
Preferablytheoutersurfaceofthesecondcircularcylindertheouterperipheryofthestatorisumbeschriebenortheinnerperipheryofthestatorin
described.Firstthattheoutersurfaceofthesecondcircularcylindertheouterperipheryofthestatoritumbeschriebenisreferstothecasethattherotor
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isatleastpartialradialotherouterarrangedregardingthestator.Thelatterthattheoutersurfaceofthesecondcircularcylindertheinnerperipheryof
thestatorisindescribed,referstothecasethattherotorisatleastpartialradialotherinsidearrangedregardingthestator.Inapreferedembodimentare
thedipolemagnetsoftherotorand/or.thestatorsoineachcaseontheoutersurfaceofthefirstcircularcylinderand/or.thesecondcircularcylinder
arrangedthattheoutersurfaceofthefirstcircularcylinderand/or.thesecondcircularcylinderthedipolemagnetsoftherotorand/or.thestatornotin
eachcasetouched.Withthetermnoncuttingtouchedisstatedthattherespectiveoutersurfacedoesnotcutthedipolemagnetstouched,buttheir
volume.Itmeansthattherespectiveoutersurfaceconcernsthedipolemagnetsexclusive,i.e.superficialtouched.
Itisparticularlyfavourable,iftherotorand/orthestatorcoverasupportbodyfromnonmagneticmaterialwithrecessestothereceptacleofthedipole
magnets.Thesupportbodyservestoholdthedipolemagnetsatadefinedposition.Thedipolemagnetsareinrecessesofthesupportbodyintendedin
additionfixed.
Inapreferedembodimentthestatorisformedasinnerstator,whichisrotorregardingthestatorformedasinnerstatoratleastpartialradialotherouter
arrangedandsolidwiththeshaftconnected,andtheapparatusexhibitsacoaxialoutsidestatorarrangedtotheshaft,whichisatleastpartialradialother
outerarrangedregardingtherotor.Inadditionthedipolemagnetsinormoresecondmagnetsequencesoftheuniformoverthescopeofthesecond
circularcylinderdistributedandregardingtheshaftaxisaxialagainsteachothersooffsetarewiththispreferedembodimentthatontheoutersurfaceof
thesecondcircularcylinderatreppenfrmigearrangementofthedipolemagnetsresultsandpartlyoverlapsadjacentdipolemagnetsregardingtheshaft
axisaxial.Besidestherotorkexhibitsfirstmagnetsequenceswiththispreferedembodiment,wherebykisawholenumberoflargeorsamefour,and
whichistwoormoredipolemagnetsofthekfirstmagnetsequencessoformedthathertwoormoreonthatOutersurfaceofthefirstcircularcylinder
longitudinalserieswithineachcasekuniformdipolemagnetdistributedonthescopeofthefirstcircularcylindertrain.Beyondthatthedipolemagnets
ofserieslieinaverticalplanelongitudinaltotheshaftaxiswiththispreferedembodiment,andthedipolemagnetsofadjacentrowsareagainsteach
otheralternatesooffsetthattheyformaxialtotheshaftaxisazigzagpatternuniformoverthecircularcylinderextent.Inadditiontheoutsidestatortwo
ormoreexhibitsarrangeddipolemagnetswiththispreferedembodiment,whichareuniformdistributedontheoutersurfaceononetheoutersurfaceof
athirdcircularcylinder.
Inapreferedembodimentthemagnetsoftheinnerstator,therotorandtheoutsidestatoratleastpartlyoverlap.Apartialcoverageoftwomagnetsis
satisfiedifaverticalplanelongitudinaltotheshaftexists,whichrunsbyeachofthetwomagnets.Fromacompletecoverageoftwomagnetsspoken
becomesifforeachpointoneofthetwomagnetsaverticalplanelongitudinaltotheshaftexists,whichrunsbyeachofthetwomagnets.Apartial
coverageofthreemagnetsissatisfiedifaverticalplanelongitudinaltotheshaftexists,whichrunsbyeachofthethreemagnets.Fromacomplete
coverageofthreemagnetsspokenbecomesifforeachpointoftwoofthethreemagnetsaverticalplanelongitudinaltotheshaftexists,whichrunsby
eachofthethreemagnets.Itcanbecomeanengagementfactordefined:withanengagementfactorof0%two/threemagnetsdonotoverlap,withan
engagementfactorof100%overlaptwo/threemagnetscomplete.
Inaparticularlypreferedembodimentoftheapparatusaretheinnerstatorandtherotoraxialarrangedfixedtotheshaftaxisandthemagnetsofthe
innerstatorandtherotoroverlapcomplete.Beyondthattheoutsidestatorisaxialarrangedmovabletotheshaftaxis,sothatthatEngagementfactorof
themagnetsoftheoutsidestatorandthemagnetsoftherotorcontinuousinarangefrom0%to100%changedwillcan.
Themagnetsoftheinnerstator,therotorandtheoutsidestatordefineonemeanthollowcylindereachwithcommonlongitudinalaxis(=theshaftaxis),
arearrangedwithinwhosewallthemagnets.Incaseofapartialcoverageofthethreemagnetsthethreemeanthollowcylinderslieontopofeachother
atleastinaportionthelongitudinalaxisradial.Thisportionthelongitudinalaxisformstherebythelongitudinalaxisofthemeantcylindercavity,whose
longitudinalaxiscoaxialrunstotheshaft.Incaseofacompletecoverageofthemagnetsofthethreedevices(=innerstator,rotorandoutsidestator)
twoofthethreemeanthollowcylindersalwaysradiallieoverorbottomthirdofthethreemeanthollowcylinders.
Preferablytherotorhastheformofadrumoracup,i.e.itpointsanhollowcylinderwithannularcrosssectionand/or.apipesectionup,whoseisaface
byacoaxialcirculardiskcovered.Inthecenterofthecirculardisktherotorexhibitsabore,bywhomtheshaftaxisruns.Thecirculardiskknowsan
additionalringinertial,whichservesforthecompoundoftherotorwiththeshaft,e.g.bymeansofascrewconnection,whichrunsbyaradialborein
thering.Therotorisstationaryconnectedwiththeshaft,iscalledtherelativepositionoftherotorregardingtheshaftremainswitharotationoftheshaft
duringtheintendedoperationoftheapparatusunchanged.Neverthelesstheboltmounting,whichconnectstherotorwiththeshaft,canbecome
dissolved,e.g.tothemaintenance,purification,exchangeofdefectiveparts,etc.Thehollowcylinderoftherotorsurroundstheoutersurfaceofthe
cylindricalinnerstatorbottomformationofanannularairgapbetweentherotorandtheinnerstator.
Itisalsopossiblethatthecirculardisk,whichtakesafaceoffoftherotorhollowcylinderexhibitstwoormoredipolemagnets,whicharearrangedona
circumferenceregardingthecenterofthecirculardisk.Themagneticdipoleaxleofthedipolemagnetsrunsparalleltotheshaftaxis.Abottom
magneticdipoleaxle,orshort:Dipoleaxle,adipolemagnetbecomesastraightoneunderstood,whichconnectsthesouthpoleandthenorthpoleofthe
dipolemagnet.Preferablythedipolemagnetsareuniformdistributedonthecircumference.
Itisparticularlyfavourable,iftheoutsidestatorsurroundshollowcylindricalorthecircletubularrotor.Itispossiblefortheexamplethattheoutside
statortheformofanhollowcylinderand/or.Circularpipeexhibits,whosecentralaxiswiththecentralaxisoftherotorcoincides.Thehollowcylinder
oftheoutsidestatorsurroundstheoutersurfaceofthehollowcylindricalrotorbottomformationofanannularairgapbetweentheoutsidestatorandthe
rotor.
WithapreferedembodimentthedipolemagnetsoftheoutsidestatorexhibitarodshapedgeometryandrunwiththeirStabbzw.Longitudinalaxis
paralleltolongitudinalaxisofthecircularpipe,i.e.paralleltotheaxisoftheshaft(=shaftaxis).Itisprefered,ifthedipolemagnetsoftheoutsidestator
essentiallyextendoverthewholelengthoftheoutsidestatorformedinformofacircularpipe.Essentiallyitcanmeanthattheoutsidestatoratits
facesexhibitsstillanotheredgeoracoverdisk,atwhichthedipolemagnetsends.Themagneticdipoleaxlesofthedipolemagnetsoftheoutsidestator
preferablylieinaplane,whichrunsrectangulartothelongitudinalaxisofthedipolemagnets.
Itisalsopossiblethatthepreferablyrodshapeddipolemagnetsoftheoutsidestatorarearrangedintheformoformoreringsalongthescopeofthe
outsidestator.Everyoneoftheringsformedfromthedipolemagnetsliesinaplane,whichrunsverticaltotheshaftaxis.Aringtheformeddipole
magnetsareamongthemselvesbybarsfromnonmagneticmaterialfromeachotherseparate.Betweenthesingleringsformedfromthedipolemagnets
annularridgesfromnonmagneticmaterialrunalongthescopeoftheoutsidestator.Preferablytheinsidesofthedipolemagnetsorientedtotheshaft
axislieonanoutersurfaceofacircularhollowcylinder.Itispreferedthatthedipolemagnetringsareuniformoverthefullheightoftheoutsidestator
distributed.
Inapreferedembodimentoftheinventiontheinnerstatorandtheoutsidestatorarefixedarranged.Theinnerstatorandtheoutsidestatorcanbe
assistanceoffastenersand/orguidemeansnotrotatableatamechanicalhousingtothereceptacleoftheapparatusarranged.
Inapreferedembodimenttheshaftpenetratestheinnerstatornot,butisonlywiththerotorconnected.Therotorbecomesheldbythemagneticfieldsof
theapparatusinSchwebe.Thereforeanadditionalmechanicalstorageoftherotorisnotnecessarybymeansofabearing.Theshaftbecomesformedin
thiscasebyapin,whichisdistantoutwardfromthecirculardiskatthefaceoftherotorarrangedattherotor.Inanalternativeembodimentofthe
apparatusextendeditselftheshaftoverthewholelengthoftheapparatus.Theshaftrunsalongthecentralaxisoftheinnerstatorandservesas
additionalmechanicalguidememberoftherotor.Inthiscasetheinnerstatorpointspreferablyabearing,e.g.arollingbearing,up,isrotatably
supportedinwhichtheshaft.
Itisalsopossiblethattherotorandtheoutsidestatorconsistineachcaseoftwohalves.Preferablythesehalvesaresymmetricalineachcaseformed,
concerningaplaneofsymmetry,whichrunsverticaltotheshaftaxis.Thisplaneofsymmetrypenetratessimultaneousalsotheinnerstator,whichis
splitupinthiswayintotwosameprolongedmeanthalves.Intherangethat
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Planeofsymmetryisafastenerarranged,isstationaryfixedbymeansofwhichtheinnerstatoratthemechanicalhousing.Preferablythisfastener
separatesthetwohalvesoftherotorandthetwohalvesoftheoutsidestatorbottomformationfromairgaps.Itisalsopossiblethatthetwohalvesofthe
outsidestatoraremoreslidableconcerningtheshaftaxis.
Inapreferedembodimentthetwohalvesoftheoutsidestatorsymmetricalaresomoreslidabletotheplaneofsymmetrythattheengagementfactorof
themagnetsoftherotorismoreadjustablebythemagnetsoftheoutsidestatorsteplessinarangeofzeropercenttoonehundredpercent.Thate.g.is.
realizablebymeansofathreadedshaftwithtwothreadsmovinginoppositedirections,movinginoppositedirectionsarrangedatwhichthetwohalves
oftheoutsidestatorareinthethreadedportions.Dependinguponadirectionofrotationofthethreadedshaftthetwohalvesoftheoutsidestatormove
awayoneontheothertooorfromeachother.
Anangle[alpha]isdefinedastheanglesbetweenthedipoleaxleofadipolemagnetoftheinnerstatorandatangenttothescopeoftheinnerstator,
wherebythetangentrunsbyapointonthescope,inwhichthedipoleaxlethescopepenetrates.Ananglessisdefinedastheanglesbetweenthedipole
axleofadipolemagnetoftherotorandatangenttothescopeoftherotor,wherebythetangentrunsbyapointonthescope,inwhichthedipoleaxlethe
scopepenetrates.AnangleYisdefinedastheanglesbetweenthedipoleaxleofadipolemagnetoftheoutsidestatorandatangenttothescopeofthe
outsidestator,wherebythetangentrunsbyapointonthescope,inwhichthedipoleaxlethescopepenetrates.Inapreferedembodimentofthe
inventiontheangles[alpha]areappropriate,ssandforyinarangeofvaluesof14[deg.]<[alpha],ss,y<=90[deg.].Itispossiblethatthedipoleaxle
ofadipolemagnetinaplaneverticalrunstotheshaftaxis,whichanangle[alpha],ss,Yof90[deg.]corresponds.
Inthecasethatmentionedtangentrunstothescopeoftheinnerstatorparalleltothetangenttothescopeoftheoutersurfaceofthesecondcircular
cylinder,theangle[alpha]correspondstotheinclinationangle.Inthecasethatmentionedtangentrunstothescopeoftherotorparalleltothetangentto
thescopeoftheoutersurfaceofthefirstcircularcylinder,theanglecorrespondssstotheinclinationangle.
Itisparticularlyfavourable,ifthedipolemagnetsoftheinnerstatorand/ortheoutsidestatorinacuttingplaneverticalexhibitarectangularora
trapezoidalcrosssectiontotheshaftaxis.Furtheritisparticularlyfavourable,ifthedipolemagnetsoftherotorinacuttingplaneverticalexhibita
pointsymmetrical,preferablyacircular,tothemagneticdipoleaxleofthedipolemagnetscrosssection.Inaddition,thereisotherone,nonpoint
symmetricalcrosssectionspossible,e.g.trapezoidal,triangular,orirregularformedcrosssections.
Inanotherpreferedembodimentthedipolemagnetsoftheinnerstatorand/ortheoutsidestatorparallelexhibitthelargestexpansiontotheshaftaxis.It
meansthatthedipolemagnetsoftheinnerstatorand/ortheoutsidestatorageometryexhibitrodshaped.Theexpansionparalleltothedipoleaxleis
smallparallelastheexpansiontotheshaftaxis.Itispossiblethatalldipolemagnetsoftheinnerstatorasameoutershape,i.e.thesamegeometry,
exhibit.Itisalsopossiblethatalldipolemagnetsoftheoutsidestatorasameoutershape,i.e.thesamegeometry,exhibit.Itisalsopossiblethatall
dipolemagnetsoftherotorasameoutershape,i.e.thesamegeometry,exhibit.Withoutershapeand/or.Geometryareonlytheouterdimensionsmeant
themagneticorientation,i.e.thelayerofthemagneticnorthpoleandthemagneticsouthpole,isindependentofitandcanindividualfrommagnetto
magnetvary.
Inapreferedmagnetassemblyoftheapparatusthemagnetsoftheinnerstator,therotorandtheoutsidestatoraresameineachcaseoriented,sothat
theyrepelthemselvesineachWinkellageoftherotor.Fortheexamplethatpointsnorthpoleoutward,withalldipolemagnetsontherotorthatnorth
poleinwardandthatsouthpoleoutward,andwithalldipolemagnetsontheoutsidestatorthatsouthpoleinwardwithalldipolemagnetsontheinner
stator.
Otherfeatures,detailsandadvantagesoftheinventionresultfromtheensuingdescriptionofseveralembodimentsofapparatusesaccordingtoinvention
onthebasisthedesigns.
Fig.1a,1barecrosssectionsofastatorwithamagnetsequence

Fig.2a,2barecrosssectionsofstatorswithmultiplemagnetsequences

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Fig.3a,3bdevelopmentsofoutersurfacesofstators

Fig.4developmentsofoutersurfacesofastatorandarotor

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Fig.5a5casideviewandcrosssectionsofastator

Fig.6a6fshows,alongitudinalsectionandcrosssectionsofarotorFig.7a7dviewsandacrosssectionofastator

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Fig.8a8dshowsandacrosssectionofastator

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Fig.9a9hillustratethepitchangle

Fig.10illustratesoftherelationshipbetweenMagnetsequencesandmagnetrowsoftherotor

Fig.11isarepresentationofanapparatusaccordingtoinventionwithonerotorandtwostators

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Fig.12aanobliqueviewoftheinnerstatoroftheapparatusafterFig.11withoutmagnets(=statorcore)

Fig.12baschematicrepresentationoftheinnerstatoroftheapparatusafterFig.11,verticaltotheshaftaxis
Fig.13adevelopmentofthemagnetassemblyontheinnerstatoroftheapparatusafterFig.11

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Fig.14asectionbytheinnerstatoroftheapparatusafterFig.11,alonginFig.12bindicatedlineAA

Fig.15aaviewofthefasteneroftheapparatusafterFig.11,verticaltotheshaftaxis

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Fig.15baviewofthefasteneroftheapparatusafterFig.11,towardtheshaftaxis
Fig.16anobliqueviewoftherotoroftheapparatusafterFig.11

Fig.17aaschematicviewoftheinnerstatorandtherotoroftheapparatusafterFig.11Fig.17baschemeofpossibleinclinationanglesofthedipole
magnetsoftherotoroftheapparatusafterFig.11

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Fig.18aadevelopmentofthemagnetassemblyoftherotoroftheapparatusafterFig.11,alonginFig.16directionindicatedXY

Fig.18badetailviewofthedevelopmentinaccordancewithFig.18a

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Fig.19aalongitudinalsectionbyamechanicalhousingtothereceptacleoftheapparatusafterFig.11
Fig.19basectionbytheoutsidestatoroftheapparatusafterFig.11,verticaltotheshaftaxis

Fig.20isanobliqueviewoftheoutsidestatorandthemechanicalhousingtothereceptacleoftheapparatusafterFig.11

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Fig.21aschemeofthemagnetassemblyonthestatorsandtherotoroftheapparatusafterFig.11,shownassectionalongthatShaftaxis

Fig.22aschemeofthemagnetassemblyonthestatorsandtherotorthatApparatusafterFig.11,shownassectionalonginFig.11indicatedlineBB

Fig.23aisaschematicrepresentationofadipolemagnetoftheoutsidestatoroftheapparatusafterFig.11

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Fig.23bisaschematicrepresentationofadipolemagnetoftheinnerstatoroftheapparatusafterFig.11and
Fig.23cisaschematicrepresentationofadipolemagnetoftherotoroftheapparatusafterFig.11.Fig.1ashowsacrosssectionofastator2,whereby
thecuttingplaneorthogonaltotheshaftaxis50runs.Thestator2exhibitsacircularcrosssection.Thestator2coversamagnetsequenceofdipole
magnet8.Themagneticdipoleaxle80oneofthesedipolemagnets8liesinthecuttingplane.Thedipolemagnet8isonanoutersurfaceM2ofa
coaxialfirstcircularcylinderarrangedorientedtotheshaftaxis50.TotheoutersurfaceM2atangentlongitudinalinthecuttingplaneis81placed,
thosetheoutersurfaceM2atthepointtouched,atwhichthedipoleaxle80breaksthroughtheoutersurface.Theanglebetweenthedipoleaxle80and
thetangent81istheinclinationangleA,whichamountstointhepresentexample90degree.
Fig.1bshowsadetailofFig.1a.Thedipolemagnet8touchedthosedasheddrawnoutersurfaceM2inthecontactpointsP1,P2.ThescopeUofthe
stator2drawnwithacontinuouslinefollowstheplanarFrontsurfaceofthedipolemagnet8anddeviatesthereforeintherangeofthedipolemagnet8
fromthecylindricaloutersurfaceM2.
Fig.2ashowsacrosssectionofastator2withfirstandasecondmagnetsequence.Thestator2coverstwodipolemagnets8,whicharenexttoeach
otherarranged.Themagneticdipoleaxles80ofthetwodipolemagnets8areappropriateforparallelinthecuttingplaneandrun.Theleftdipolemagnet
8iscomponentofthefirstmagnetsequenceofthestator2,therightdipolemagnet8iscomponentofthesecondmagnetsequenceofthestator2.
Fig.2bshowsacrosssectionofastator2withfirstandasecondmagnetsequence.Thestator2coverstwodipolemagnets8,whicharenexttoeach
otherarranged.Themagneticdipoleaxles80ofthetwodipolemagnets8lieinthecuttingplane,cuttheshaftaxis50andincludeanangle[lambda].
Theleftdipolemagnet8iscomponentofthefirstmagnetsequenceofthestator2,therightdipolemagnet8iscomponentofthesecondmagnet
sequenceofthestator2.
Fig.3ashowsadevelopmentofanoutersurfaceM2ofacylindricalstatorwithamagnetsequenceF2.TheorientationoftheoutersurfaceM2is50
definedbytheindicationoftheshaft5andtheshaftaxis.ThemagnetsequenceF2beginsattheleftsideoftheoutersurfaceM2andendsattheright
sideoftheoutersurfaceM2.Thedipolemagnets8ofthemagnetsequenceF2lieonastraightone.ThearrangementofthemagnetsequenceF2onthe
outersurfaceM2isthestraightonedefinedbyapitchangleb.Thepitchanglebcorrespondstotheintersectionanglebetweenthestraightoneofthe
magnetsequenceF2andaverticalplanelongitudinaltotheshaftaxis50.ThemagnetsequenceF2describesawholeturn(=360degree)initscourse
alongtheshaftaxis50aroundtheshaftaxis50.
Fig.3bshowscorrespondingFig.3aadevelopmentofanoutersurfaceM2ofacylindricalstatorwithamagnetsequenceF2.ComparedwithinFig.
3amagnetsequenceshownisthepitchanglebinFig.3bmagnetsequenceshownF2larger.ThereforethemagnetsequenceF2intheircoursedescribes
anhalfturn(=180degree)alongtheshaftaxis50onlyaroundtheshaftaxis50.
Fig.adevelopmentofanoutersurfaceM2ofastatorwithmagnetsequencesF2andadevelopmentofanoutersurfaceM1thestatorofanassociated
rotorwithmagnetsequencesF1shows4.ThedipolemagnetsofthemagnetsequencesF1,F2lieineachcaseonstraightones.Thosethestator
associatedstraightoneandthosetherotorassociatedstraightoneseparateabottomangleofattackC.
Fig.aplanviewofastator2shows.Thestator2hastheformofacylinder,whoseaxisofrotationliesintheimageplaneandcoincideswiththeshaft
axis50.ThestatorexhibitseightmagnetsequencesF2.Asupportbodyofthestator2surroundsthepolefacesbycylindricaldipolemagnet7ofthe
magnetsequencesF2,whichareinrecessesofthesupportbody.
Fig.5bshowsacrosssectioninFig.representedstator2alongacuttingplaneAA,likeinFig.shown.Inthesectionuniformaretoberecognized
overthescopeofthestator2distributedrecesses22forthedipolemagnets.Everyoneoftherecesses22visibleinthesectionisaseparatemagnet
sequenceF2associated.Relatedtotheshaftaxisofthestator2istherecess22ofamagnetsequenceF2aroundtheangle[delta]oppositetherecess22
ofanadjacentmagnetsequenceF2rotated.Inthepresentembodimenttheangle[delta]amountsto=45degree.TheradiusR2ofthecylindricalstator2
amountstointhepresentembodiment45mm.ThedepthT22ofthecylindricalrecesses22amountstointhepresentembodiment22.22mm,its
diameterD22hase.g.avalueof10mm.
Fig.5cshowsacrosssectioninFig.representedstator2alongacuttingplaneBB,likeinFig.shown.OppositeinFig.5brepresentedsectionare
therecessesaroundanangle[delta]aroundtheshaftaxis50twisted.WithinamagnetsequenceF2adjacentdipolemagnetsare8thusagainsteachother
twistedregardingtheshaftaxis50aroundanangle[delta].Inthepresentembodimenttheangle[delta]amountsto=12degree.
Fig.6ashowsaplanviewofarotor1.Therotor1hastheformofanhollowcylinderwithanheightofH.TheheightofHe.g.amountsto.235mm.
Thewalloftherotor1exhibitsthewallpenetratingholes,whichserve15asrecessesforthereceptacleofthedipolemagnets.Themagnetsequencesof
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therotor1begininadistanceEofthefaceoftherotor1andendinthedistanceEoftheoppositefaceoftherotor1.Inthepresentembodimentthe
distanceEamountsto35mm.ThediameterD15ofthecylindricalrecesses15e.g.amountsto.10mm.Eachrecess15isaretainingmechanismtothe
fixationofthedipolemagnets7associatedusedintotherecesses15.Theretainingmechanismconsistsofathreadedhole150andathreadedpin,which
arepivotedintothethreadedholeandforthefixationofthedipolemagnet7serve.
Fig.6bshowsaviewofontheleftofinFig.6aofrepresentedrotor1.TheouterdiameterD1Aoftherotor1e.g.amountsto.143mm,itsinner
diameterD1Ie.g.93mm.Therotor1exhibitsuniformthreadedholesM6distributedoverthescope,whichareinadistanceDM6oftheouter
peripherymountedatitsface.ThethreadedholesM6canexhibitforexampleametricalISOthreadwithanominaldiameterM6(ISO=international
organizationforstandardization).ThedistanceDM6e.g.amountsto.10mm.ThesethreadedholesM6servetofastenalidonthefaceoftherotor1is5
connectedoverwhichtherotor1withtheshaft.Ateachfacetherotor1e.g.exhibitsacircumferentialgroove16,theirouterdiameterD16.97mm
amountsto.Thisgroove16takesupacorrespondingcircularprojectionofthelid.
Fig.6cshowsathreedimensionalviewinFig.6aofrepresentedrotor1.
Fig.6dshowsalongitudinalsectioninFig.6aofrepresentedrotor1alonginFig.6aindicatedcuttingplaneAA.ThedepthTM6oftheBoreholesM6
mountedinthefacespointsavaluefrome.g.20mmup.ThedepthT16,ofthecircumferentialgrooves16arrangedatthefacese.g.amountsto.2mm,
itswidthB16hasavalueofe.g.2mm.InFig.6daretoberecognizedinvariousrecessesof15threadedholes150,whichflowintotherecesses15.
Adjacentrecesses15ofamagnetsequencee.g.exhibit50towardtheshaftaxisadistanceDF1.11mmamountsto.
Fig.6eshowsacrosssectioninFig.6aofrepresentedrotor1alonginFig.6dindicatedcuttingplaneBB.Inthesectionuniformrecesses15forthe
dipolemagnets,distributedoverthescopeoftherotor1,aretoberecognized.Everyoneoftherecesses15visibleinthesectionisaseparatemagnet
sequenceF1associated.Relatedtotheshaftaxis50oftherotor1therecess15ofamagnetsequenceF1isaroundtheangle[delta]1oppositetherecess
15ofanadjacentmagnetsequenceF1rotated.Inthepresentembodimenttheangle[delta]amountsto=20degree.Adipoleaxleofafirstrecess15and
acentrallongitudinalaxisofathreadedhole150,whichflowstothefirstrecess15adjacentrecess15intoone,includeanangle[delta]2,which
amountstointhepresentembodiment25degree.
Fig.6fshowsacrosssectioninFig.6aofrepresentedrotor1alonginFig.6dindicatedcuttingplaneCC.OppositeinFig.6erepresentedsectionarethe
recesses15aroundanangle[delta]1aroundtheshaftaxis50twisted.WithinamagnetsequenceF1adjacentdipolemagnetsare8thusregardingthe
shaftaxis50aroundanangle[delta]1againsteachothertwisted.Inthepresentembodimenttheangle[delta]amountsto1=12degree.Fig.7ashowsa
planviewofastator2withgrouplikearrangedmagnetsequencesF2.ThreemagnetsequencesF2formineachcaseagroupG.
Fig.7bshowsaviewofontheleftofinFig.7aofstatorshown2.
Fig.7cshowsacrosssectioninFig.7aofstatorshown2alonginFig.7aindicatedcuttingplaneAA.Therecesses22tothereceptacleofthe
cylindricaldipolemagnets8aresoformedthatlongitudinalcentralaxisoftherecesses22,whichareagroupGtheformedmagnetsequencesF2
associatedandareinaverticalcuttingplanearrangedlongitudinaltotheshaftaxis50,areparalleltothecuttingplanerunandtoeachotherparallel.The
straightones,whichtheshaftaxis50cutandbythepointsrun,inwhich,longitudinalinthecuttingplane,longitudinalcentralaxisoftherecesses22
breakthroughthescopeofthestator2acircumscribedcylinder,includewithadjacentrecessesofagroupfrommagnetsequencesanangle[xi].Inthe
presentembodimenttheangle[xi]hasavalueof14.24degree.Theouteredgesimmediateadjacentrecesses22e.g.exhibitaminimumdistance23.1
mmamountedtocan.
Fig.7dshowsathreedimensionalviewinFig.7aofrepresentedstator2.
Fig.8ashowsaplanviewofastator2withgrouplikearrangedmagnetsequencesF2.ThreemagnetsequencesF2formineachcaseagroupG.
ComparedwithinFig.7ashownstator2pointwithinFig.8astatorshown2agroupGtheformedmagnetsequencesF2alargerdistancefromeach
otherup.
Fig.8bshowsaviewofontheleftofinFig.8aofstatorshown2.
Fig.8cshowsacrosssectioninFig.8aofstatorshown2alonginFig.8aindicatedcuttingplaneAA.Therecesses22tothereceptacleofthe
cylindricaldipolemagnets8aresoformedthatlongitudinalcentralaxisoftherecesses22,whichareagroupGtheformedmagnetsequencesF2
associatedandareinaverticalcuttingplanearrangedlongitudinaltotheshaftaxis50,includeparalleltothecuttingplanerunandwithoneanotheran
angle[phi]1.Inthepresentembodimenttheangle[phi]has1avalueof28degree.Immediateneighborswithintherecesses22,whicharethesame
groupGassociated,are22fromeachotherseparatebyabarofthesupportbodyofthestator.ThebarexhibitsawidthJonthescopeofthestator2,as
inFig.8coutlines.InthepresentembodimentthewidthJhasavalueof11,94mm.
Longitudinalcentralaxisoftherecesses22,whicharevariousgroupsGassociated,2includesanangle[phi]atleastwithoneanother.Inthepresent
embodimenttheangle[phi]has2avalueof64degree.
Fig.8dshowsathreedimensionalviewinFig.8aofrepresentedstator2.
Fig.9ato9hshowineachcaseadevelopmentoftheoutersurfaceM1,M2ofarotor1and/or.Stator2.Amagnetsequenceissymbolizedbyanarrow.
Bythearrowdirectionadirectionofamagnetsequencebecomesdefined.Adirectionofamagnetsequenceisofimportance,ifthedipolemagnetsof
themagnetsequenceexhibitacharacteristicpolaritysuccession,whichisdirectioncontrolled.Fortheexampleitcanbeforthepresentinventionof
importancewhetheramagnetsequencewiththreedipolemagnetsexhibitsthepolaritySNNorthepolarityNNS.Theorientationoftheoutersurface
M1,M2is50definedbytheindicationoftheshaftaxis.
Fig.9ashowsapitchangleofb=10degreeofamagnetsequence,whichbeginsattheleftsideoftheoutersurface.Fig.9bshowsapitchangleofb=
80degreeofamagnetsequence,whichbeginsattheleftsideoftheoutersurface.Fig.9cshowsapitchangleofb=280degreeofamagnetsequence,
whichbeginsattherightsideoftheoutersurface.Fig.9dshowsapitchangleofb=350degreeofamagnetsequence,whichbeginsattherightsideof
theoutersurface.Fig.9eshowsapitchangleofb=10degreeofamagnetsequence,whichbeginsattheleftsideoftheoutersurface.Fig.9fshowsa
pitchangleofb=80degreeofamagnetsequence,whichbeginsattheleftsideoftheoutersurface.Fig.9gshowsapitchangleofb=280degreeofa
magnetsequence,whichbeginsattherightsideoftheoutersurface.Fig.9hshowsapitchangleofb=350degreeofamagnetsequence,whichbegins
attherightsideoftheoutersurface.
Fig.10servestheillustrationoftherelationshipbetweenmagnetsequencesF1andmagnetrows701to707ofarotor1.Fig.anoutersurfaceM1ofa
coaxialfirstcircularcylinderZ1orientedtotheshaft5shows10.Therotor1iscoaxial5arrangedtotheshaft.Therotor1coverstwentyeightdipole
magnets7,whichareontheoutersurfaceM1arranged.
Thedipolemagnets7oftherotor1areinfourmagnetsequencesF1withineachcasesevendipolemagnets7arranged.Tothebetterdiscriminationthe
fourmagnetsequencesF1withthenumbersindeeppositionof1to4thanF1itoFI4aredurchnummeriert.Thedipolemagnets7ofthemagnet
sequencesF1itoFI4aresoarrangedand/or.formedthattheysievelongitudinalseries701to707withineachcasefouruniformdipolemagnets7
distributedonthescopeofthefirstcircularcylinderZ1ontheoutersurfaceM1train.Thedipolemagnets7ofseries701to707lieinaverticalplane
longitudinaltothewaveaxle50oftheshaft5.Thedipolemagnetsof7adjacentrowsareagainsteachotheralternatesooffsetthattheyformaxialto
theshaftaxis50azigzagpatternuniformoverthescopeofthecircularcylinderZ1.Asexampleistheuniformzigzagpattern,whichthedipolemagnets
7oftheadjacentrows703and704train,inFig.10withafatlineindicated.
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Fig.aschematicrepresentationofanapparatusaccordingtoinvention,whichexhibitsaninnerstator2,arotor1andanoutsidestator3,points11the
coaxialtoashaftaxis50ofarotatable,rodshapedshaft5arrangedis.Thecylindricalinnerstator2exhibitsineachcaseacirclediscshapedendcap
13withineachcaseaballbearing11atitstwoends.Bymeansoftheseballbearings11theinnerstatoris2coaxial5storedontheshaft.Theshaftisin
atypicalembodimentfromnonmagneticmaterial,e.g.Plastic,madeandexhibitsadiameterof10to40mmandalengthfrom100to400mm.The
innerstator2exhibitsaninnerstatorcore12andwhereuponalongtheoutersurfaceoftheinnerstatorof2arrangedmagnets8.Theinnerstator2is
connectedsolidwithafastener4,whichinamechanicalhousingtothereceptacleoftheapparatus(notshown)isarranged,bymeansofscrew
connections10andbecomesinthiswayfixedheld.
Therotor1,existingfromtwomirrorimageconstructedrotordrumswithineachcaseapipesectionandacirculardisk,is5connectedbymeansof
screwconnections10stationarywiththeshaft.Eachoftherotordrumsexhibitsmagnets7.Itconcernsdipolemagnets7,whosemagneticdipoleaxles
intotheshaft5verticalarrangedplanesrun.Eachoftherotordrumsisbyahollowcylindricalairgapofthatradialinnerstator2andbyanannularair
gapoftheattachmentdisk,arrangedwithintherotordrums,4separate,whichrepresentsaplaneofsymmetryregardingthetworotordrumsoftherotor
1.Inatypicalembodimenttheannularairgapandthehollowcylindricalairgapexhibitineachcaseawidthfrom3to50mm.Inthecirculardisksat
thefacesoftherotordrumslikewisedipolemagnetsare700arranged.
Themassoftherotor1andtheshaft5connectedtherebyisrotationallysymmetricallydistributed,sothatwitharotationaroundtheshaftaxis50no
imbalancearises.
Theoutsidestator3consistsoftwoseparateannularhalves(=statorrings),ineachcasewithframe9,magnets6andmountingelementstothe
attachmentofthemagnets6.Everyonetheframeconsistsofanhollowcylinder,atwhosebothfacesineachcaseanannulardiscarrangedis.Inthis
wayeachofthestatorringsatitsoutsideoutersurfaceandatitstwofacesofonetheframe9coveredandtotheshaftaxisis50withoutframes,i.e.
open.Withintheframes9themagnets6arebetweenthemountingelements.Eachofthetwostatorringsineachcaseoneofthetworotordrumsofthe
rotoris1associated.Eachofthestatorringsis1separatebyanannularairgapwithawidthfrom3to50mmoftheradialrotordrumsoftherotor
arrangedwithinthestatorrings.Themagnetsarrangedattheinsideofthestatorringsandthemagnets8arrangedattheoutsideoftherotor1thusdirect
faceeachother6,onlybytheannularairgapfromeachotherseparate.Eachofthestatorringscanbecomeparalleltheshaftaxis50shifted.Itmeans
thattherelativepositionoftheoutsidestator3andthusthecoverageoftherotorcanbecome1bytheoutsidestatorduringtheoperationofthe
apparatuschangedandadapted.
Withthemagnetsitconcerns6,7,8dipolemagnets.Inapreferedembodimentthedipolemagnetsare6,7,8aspermanentmagnets,e.g.existingfrom
theMaterialenSmCoand/orNdFeB,formed.Itishoweveralsopossiblethatortheseveraldipolemagnetsare6,7,8formedaselectromagnets.The
magneticfluxdensityofthemagnets6,7,8preferablyliesinarangefrom0,4to1,4tesla.
Theframeispreferablyfromnonmagneticmaterial,e.g.Aluminium,madeandexhibitsawallthicknessfrom2to10mm.
Fig12ashowsoutnonmagneticmaterial(e.g.Aluminium,copper)existinginnerstatorcore12oftheinnerstator2.Thecore12exhibitsacircular
cylinder120,onitsoutersurfaceofbarsand/or.Ribs121informofaStrahlenkranzesarrangedare.Everyoneoftheribs121extendeditselfalongthe
centralaxisofthecircularcylinder120ofthebaseofthecylinder120uptoitstopsurface.Theribs121runregardingthecentralaxisofthecircular
cylinder120radialandareuniformdistributedoverthecylinderextent.Inthisway121groovesdevelopand/orbetweenthesingleribs.Grooves122.
Thecircularcylinder120exhibitsacircularborealongitscentralaxistothereceptacleoftheshaft5.Bothinthebaseandinthetopsurfaceofthe
cylinder120isineachcaseadiscshapedrecess,is11partialarrangedinwhichoneoftheballbearingsineachcase.
Thediameterofthestatorcore12amountsto50to500mm,itsheightof100to300mm.Thewidthoftheribs121amountsto<=100mmandapprox.
20percentofthewidthofthegrooves122.Fig12bshowsaschematicrepresentationoftheinnerstator2.Theinnerstator2coverstheinnerstatorcore
12,themagnets8andtheendcaps13.Thesameprolongedmagnets8,whoselengthdimensionissmallerthanthoseofthestatorcorea12selected,are
inattheoutersurfaceofthecircularcylinder120alonglongitudinalgrooves122inserted.Overthecylinderscopeoftheinnerstator2consideredisthe
arrangementofthemagnets8likethatthatafirstmagnetis81flushwiththebaseofthecylinder120finalinserted,andwhichisresidualmagnets8
withaxialdisplacementVregardingtheshaftaxis50soarrangedthatontheoutersurfaceoftheinnerstator2anuniformstairsampleresults.Theaxial
displacementVisuniformlikethatoverthelengthoftheinnerstator2dividedthatalastmagnet810atitsfacewiththetopsurfaceofthecylinder120
locks.DuringthetransitionofthelastmagnetalargestepW,whoselength(never,existsto810tothefirstmagnet81)thefachendisplacement
correspondstoV,ifnindicatesthenumberofthemagnets8.Bothonthetopsurfaceandonthebaseofthecylinder120theinnerstator2exhibitsadisc
shapedendcap13,intotheircentralaxisoneoftheballbearings11isineachcaseineachcase.
Theendcaps13exhibitadiameterof50to500mmandanheightfrom5to20mm.Atypicallengthofthemagnets8,measuredtowardtheshaftaxis
50,amountsto100mm.TheaxialdisplacementVisvariable,dependinguponthenumberofthemagnets.InatypicalarrangementVamountsto
approx.5percentofthelengthofthemagnets8.
Betweenthemagnets8theoutsidesoftheribs121oftheinnerstatorcore12run.Thedimensionsofthemagnets8andtheinnerstatorcore12areso
oneontheothertunedthattheinnerstator2exhibitsanessentiallyuniformoutersurface.
Fig13showsadevelopmentoftheoutersurfaceoftheinnerstator2.Ontheoutersurfacetenmagnetsare8arranged,whichexhibitthesamegeometry
ineachcase.Themagnetsaremoreshorttowardtheshaftaxis50measuredastheoutersurface.Afirstmagnet81isarrangedwithoneofitsfront
surfacesflushwiththebase125oftheinnerstatorcore12finalontheoutersurface.Theresidualninemagnets8arenowtowardtheshaftaxis50in
uniformdisplacementVsoarrangedthatthelastmagnetlocks810withitsrightfaceflushwiththetopsurface126oftheinnerstatorcore12.Inthis
waythetreppenfrmigearrangementofthemagnets8representedinfig13results.
Fig14showsasectionbytheinnerstator2,alongthecuttingplaneAAindicatedinthefig12b.Theinnerstatorcore12exhibitsanhollowcylinder
120,alongitscentralaxistheshaft5runsandatitsoutersurfacealongtheribs121run.Thehollowcylinder120exhibitsadiameterof100mmanda
lengthof170mm.Inthegroovesformedbetweentheribs121magnetsare8used,whichexhibitatrapezoidalcrosssectioninthecuttingplaneAA.
Thedipolemagnets8aresoarrangedthattheirmagneticdipoleaxle80withintherepresentedcuttingplaneAAruns.Anangle[alpha],formedatthe
intersectionofthemagneticdipoleaxle80magnets8andatangent81totheinnerstator2intherangemagnets8,knowsvaluesof14[deg.]to90
[deg.]exhibit.Infig14illustratedcasetheangle[alpha]amountsto=90[deg.].
Fig15apointsthefastener4inaviewverticaltoShaftaxis50.Thefastener4exhibitsaninnerhollowcylinder40withsmallerradiusandanoutside
attachmentannulardisc41withlargerradius.Theinnerhollowcylinders40andtheoutsideattachmentannulardisc41aresolidconnectedwithone
another.Thehollowcylinder40servesthereceptacleandattachmentoftheinnerstator2byscrewconnections10.Theattachmentannulardisc41is
solidconnectedwithamechanicalhousing(notshown)tothereceptacleoftheapparatus.Theattachmentannulardisc41exhibitsscrewconnections10
onitsouterperiphery.
Fig15bshowsthefastener4inaviewtowardtheshaftaxis50.Theattachmentannulardisc41exhibitsfourscrewconnections10onitsscopetothe
attachmentatthemechanicalhousing,thehollowcylinder40exhibitsoveritsscopeamultiplicityofscrewconnections10totheattachmentofthe
innerstator2.Fig16showsaviewoftherotor1,whichis10arrangedstationarybymeansofscrewconnectionsontheshaft5.Therotor1consistsof
twofromeachotherseparatearrangedrotordrums,inwhoseoutersurfacecircularboresaremounted,whoserve7forthereceptacleofthemagnets.
Therotor1doesnotconsistofmagneticmaterial(e.g.AI,cu).Thedistanceoftherotordrumsamountsto15mmtoeachother.Therotordrumsexhibit
anoutsidediameterof165mm,anheightof70mmandawallthicknessof26mm.Eachoftherotordrumsexhibitsaringscheibenfrmigetopsurface
102,inwhichtwoormoreuniformonacircumferenceareregardingthecenterofthetopsurface102distributeddipolemagnets700arranged.The
magneticdipoleaxleofthesedipolemagnets700runsparalleltotheshaftaxis50.
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Fig17ashowsaschematicviewofoneoftherotordrumsoftherotor1andtheinnerstator2,wherebytheviewisverticaltotheshaftaxis50.Therotor
1is10connectedstationarybymeansofscrewconnectionswiththeshaft5.Theshaft5isbymeansofaballbearingofrotatableintheinnerstator2
stored.Therotor1surroundstheinnerstator2trommelbzw.bellshaped.Therotor1exhibitsanhollowcylinder101,whichbecomes102completedon
oftheinnerstator2anoppositesidebythetopsurface.Theretheinnerstator2bythefastener4solid(=notrotatable)heldbecomes,therotatedrotor1
withitshollowcylinder101aroundtheinnerstator2.Thehollowcylinder101oftherotor1isoftheinnerstator2byanannularairgapG1separate.
Thehollowcylinder101oftherotor1exhibitsbores,are7usedintowhommagnets.Thetopsurface102oftherotor1exhibitslikewisebores,are700
usedintowhommagnets.
Fig.17bpointsaschematicrepresentationofthepossibleorientationsofthedipolemagnets7oftherotor1inaviewingdirectionparalleltotheshaft
axis50.Themagneticdipoleaxle70oftherotormagnets7runsinaplane,whichisvertical50arrangedtotheshaftaxis,i.e.withintheimagingplane.
Theanglessbetweenthemagneticdipoleaxle70andatangent71totheouterperipheryofthehollowcylinder101oftherotor1bythepoint,atwhich
thedipoleaxle70breaksthroughtheouterperipheryofthehollowcylinder101,knowsvaluesof14[deg.]to90[deg.]exhibit.
Fig18ashowsadevelopmentoftheoutersurfacesofthetwodrumhalvesoftherotor1alonginFig.16directionindicatedXY.Fig18ashowsonthe
leftoftheleftdrumhalfandontherightoftherightdrumhalf,whichissymmetricalformedtoeachother.Thedevelopmentextendeditselfalongthe
directionxY,likeinfig16indicated.Invertical50planesarrangedtotheshaftaxisrunseries701to708frommagnets7.Everyoneoftheseries701to
708issomewhatoffsettoanadjacentrow,sothattowardtheshaftaxis50azigzagarrangementofthemagnets7arises.
Fig18bshowsanenlargedcutoutofthedevelopmentofthemagnets7representedinfig18a.Thecentersofthemagnets7withintheseries705,706
areinaconstantdistanceffromeachother.Thedistancebetweentwoadjacentrows705,706isasolargeselectedthatinfigthe18billustrated
arrangementwithconstantmagnetdistanceDresults.Twomagnets7051,7052intheseries705are706soarrangedthatthecentersofthethree
magnets7051,regardingthemanassociatedmagnet7061intheadjacentrow,7052,7061stretchagleichschenkeligestrianglewithlegsofthelengthD
andathirdside(base)ofthelengthf.Thisrelationshipappliestoallmagnets7inallseries701to708.Themagnets7cannotonly,asshown,acircular
crosssectiontoexhibit,butalsootherforms,forexamplesquareorhexagonal.
ThedistanceDliesinarangeofapprox.3mmupto50mm.Particularlypreferedisadistanceof5mm.Thedistancefliesinarangeofapprox.10mm
upto70mm.
Fig19apointsalongitudinalsectionbythemechanicalhousingtothereceptacleoftheapparatus,i.e.asectionparalleltotheshaftaxis50.The
mechanicalhousingcoversthefastener4tothereceptacleoftheinnerstator2,guidemeans19totheguideoftheslidablehalvesoftheoutsidestator3,
aswellasatransmissionshaft14rotatablebymeansofacranktothedisplacementofthehalvesoftheoutsidestator3regardingtherotorand/or.inner
stator.Thetransmissionshaft14exhibitstwothreadedrods,whichexhibitthreadsmovinginoppositedirections(Rechtsundlefthandthread)toeach
other.Thusthetwohalvesoftheoutsidestator3canbecomeinsymmetricalmannermovinginoppositedirectionsuniformmovedtoeachotheror
apart.ThoseGuidemeans19sitonthetransmissionshaft14andregardingthefastener4outwardorinwardwillinthiswayproceed.Theframes9of
theoutsidestator3are19solidconnectedwiththeguidemeans.
Themechanicalhousingexhibitsanheightfrom400to600mm,awidthof400mm,andadepthof530mm.
Fig19bshowsasectionbytheoutsidestator3,wherebythecuttingplaneverticaltotheshaftaxis50runs.Theoutsidestator3exhibitsannular
arrangednonmagneticmountingelements18,betweenthosemagnets6arrangedis.Fromreasonsofclaritysomethemagnets6shownareonly
exemplary.Thepersonskilledintheartitisclearerthatthemagnetsare6overthewholecircumferenceoftheoutsidestator3arranged.Themagnets6
andthenotmagneticmountingelements18aresodimensionedthefactthattheyresultinanhollowcylinder,whosecentralaxistowardtheshaftaxis
50runsintheassembledstate.Themagneticdipoleaxles60ofthemagnets6lieinplanes,whichrunverticaltotheshaftaxis50.Anangleybetween
themagneticdipoleaxle60andatangent61totheouterperipheryofthehollowcylindricaloutsidestator3bythepoint,atwhichthemagneticdipole
axle60breaksthroughtheouterperiphery,liesinarangeofvaluesof14[deg.]to90[deg.].Theoutsidestator3is19connectedwiththeguidemeans,
whicharefortheirpart20slidablestoredonattachmentcolumns.
Fig20pointsanobliqueviewofthemechanicalhousingtothereceptacleoftheapparatus.Themechanicalhousingexhibitsahousingplate21a,21b,
whichis20connectedbyfourattachmentcolumnswithoneanotheratbothfacesever.Inthecentralplanebetweenthetwohousingplates21a,21bthe
attachmentdisk4istothereceptacleoftheinnerstator2.Inthecentersofthehousingplates21a,21boneboreeachisfortheexecutionoftheshaft5.
Onthefourattachmentcolumns20theguidemeansare19,atwhichthehalvesoftheoutsidestatorare3fixed,slidablearranged.Likewisebetweenthe
twohousingplates21aand21bthethreadedshaft14(notshown)runstothesymmetricaDisplacementoftheguidemeans19,andthusthehalvesof
theoutsidestator3mountedonit.
Fig21showsascheme,whichtherelativedispositionofthemagnets6oftheoutsidestator3,whichshowsmagnets7oftherotor1andthemagnets8
oftheinnerstator2inapreferedembodiment.Thearrangementreferstoaconstellation,withwhichthetwohalvesoftheoutsidestatortoeachother
areasfar3aspossibleshifted.Inthecaseofthisconstellationacompletecoverageofthethreedescribedmagnetplanarresults.Thatnorthpoleofthe
dipolemagnets6,7,8iswiththeletterN,thatsouthpolewiththeletterSindicated.
TheairgapG1betweentheouterperipheryoftheinnerstator2andtheinnerperipheryoftherotor1,aswellastheairgapG2betweentheouter
peripheryoftherotor1andtheinnerperipheryoftheoutsidestator3canbecomeinanyrangewithawidthfrom3to50mmselected.
Fig22pointsaschematicarrangementofthethreemagnetplanar6,7,8totheshaftaxis50verticalinacuttingplaneBB,asinFig.11indicated.Ina
preferedembodiment2uniformareovertheouterperipheryoftheinnerstatorof2distributedtenmagnets8ontheinnerstator.Themagnets6pointin
thecuttingplaneBB,i.e.verticaltotheshaftaxis50,atrapezoidalcrosssectionup.Eachofthetworotorhalvesexhibitseverfourseriestosixteen
magnetseach7,whichexhibitacircularcrosssectioninacuttingplaneverticaltothetheirmagneticdipoleaxle.Theoutsidestator3exhibitsever
eighteenmagnets6oneachofitstwohalves,whichareuniformoverthescopeeachofthetwostatorhalvesofdistributed.Themagnets6exhibita
trapezoidalcrosssectioninthecuttingplaneBB.InFig.22isapreferedorientationofthedipolemagnets6,7,8shown.Thatnorthpoleofthedipole
magnets6,7,8iswiththeletterN,thatsouthpolewiththeletterSindicated.
Theratioofthenumberofthemagnets8oftheinnerstator2,thenumberofthemagnetrowsonthetworotordrumsoftherotor1andthenumberof
themagnets6onthetwostatorhalvesoftheoutsidestator3becomesapreferedselectedindicatedintableIas.
TableI

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Fig23showsparticularlyfavourabledimensionsoftheusedmagnets.
Fig23ashowsaprefereddimensionmagnets6oftheoutsidestator3.Themagnet6exhibitsalengthof75mmtowardtheshaftaxis50,theheightof
thetrapezoidalcrosssectionamountsto50mm.Thebaselineofthetrapezoidexhibitsalengthof25mmandthosethebaselineoppositesidealengthof
20mm.
Fig23bshowsaprefereddimensionmagnets8oftheinnerstator2.Themagnet8exhibitsalengthof100mmtowardtheshaftaxis50,theheightof
thetrapezoidalcrosssectionamountsto25mm.Thebaselineofthetrapezoidexhibitsalengthof25mmandthosethebaselineoppositesidealengthof
10mm.
Fig23cshowsapreferedembodimentmagnets7oftherotor1.Themagnet7exhibitsacirclecylindricalgeometry,wherebythemagneticdipoleaxis
70withMittelbzw.Longitudinalaxisofthecircularcylindercollapses.Thecylinderexhibitsanheightof20mmandadiameterof20mm.
Concerningthedimensionsofthemagnetsitistobenotedthatwithotherfavourableembodimentstheindicatedlengthspecificationsinarangeof
plus/minus50percentcanvary.Thereishoweveralsoembodimentsmoreconceivable,withwhichthedimensionsofthemagnetslieoutsideofthis
range.
Referencesymbollist
1rotor
2stator,innerstator
3outsidestator
4fastener,disk
5shaft
6dipolemagnetsoftheoutsidestator3
7dipolemagnetsoftherotor1
8dipolemagnets(inner)ofthestator2
9frames
10screwconnection
11ballbearing
12coreoftheinnerstator2(=innerstatorcore)
13endcap
14transmissionshaft
15recessesoftherotor1
16groove
18mountingelements
19guidemeans
20attachmentcolumns
21a,21bhousingplates
22recessesofthestator2
23distanceoftherecesses22
40hollowcylinders
41attachmentannulardisc
50shaftaxis
51plane,verticaltotheshaftaxis50

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60magneticdipoleaxlesofthedipolemagnets6
61tangent
70magneticdipoleaxlesofthedipolemagnets7
71tangent
80magneticdipoleaxlesofthedipolemagnets8
81tangentof101hollowcylindersoftherotor1
102topsurfaceoftherotor1
120circularcylindersoftheinnerstatorcore12
121ribsoftheinnerstatorcore12,122groovesoftheinnerstatorcore12
125baseoftheinnerstatorcore12
126topsurfaceoftheinnerstatorcore12,150threadedhole511firstplane,vertical50512secondplane,verticaltotheshaftaxis,arrangedtotheshaft
axis,50arranged
700dipolemagnets
701708seriesofmagnets7
Ainclinationanglebpitchangleb1offirstpitchanglesb2ofsecondpitchangles
B16widthofthegroove16CangleofattackDdistance
D1Aofoutsidediametersoftherotor1
D11ofinnerdiametersoftherotor1
DM6distance
D15diameteroftherecesses15D16outerdiametersofthegroove16
D22distance
Edistancefdistance
F1firstmagnetsequencesF2secondmagnetsequences
GgroupoffirstmagnetsequencesF1and/or.secondmagnetsequencesF2
G1airgap
G2airgap
HheightofJwidthknumberofthefirstmagnetsequencesF1
M1outersurfaceofthefirstcircularcylinderZ1
M2outersurfaceofthefirstcircularcylinderZ2
M3outersurfaceofthefirstcircularcylinderZ3
M6threadedhole
Nnorthpole
P1,P2ofcontactpoints
R2radius
Ssouthpole
TM6depthofthethreadedholeM6
T16depthofthegroove16
T22depth
Uscope
Vdisplacement
Z1offirstcircularcylinders
Z2ofsecondcircularcylinders
Z3ofthirdcircularcylinders[alpha],ss,[gamma],[delta],[delta]1,[delta]2,[delta],[delta]1,[lambda],[xi],[phi]angles

http://rexresearch.com/yildiz/yildiz.htm

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7/14/2015

MuammerYildiz:OverunityHomopolarElectricalGeneratorPatent,articles

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