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SSPC-Paint 25 BCS

May 1, 1997
Editorial Changes September 1, 2000

SSPC: The Society for Protective Coatings

PAINT SPECIFICATION NO.25 BCS


Zinc Oxide, Alkyd, Linseed Oil Primer for Use Over Blast Cleaned Steel
Type I and Type II
1. Scope
1.1 This specification covers a French process zinc
oxide, raw linseed oil and alkyd primer suitable for use over
blast cleaned steel.

2.3 The Type II primer contains approximately 72% by


volume of nonvolatile film forming solids (pigment and
binder). The theoretical spreading rate for a 50 micrometer
(2.0 mil) dry film thickness is 14.2 mz/L(580ftW.S. gallon).
Actual spreading rates can be significantly lower. On a
calculated basis, the VOC content is 220 g/L (1.9 Iblgal).

1.2 This is an alkyd/linseed oil primer containing 30%


more alkyd resinthan SSPC Paint 25. It is not recommended for hand cleaned steel.

3. ReferenceStandards
3.1 The standards referenced in this specification are
listed in Sections 3.4 through 3.8 and form a part of this
specification.

1.3 This primer is suitable for exposures in Environmental Zones 1 A(interior, normally dry) and 1 B(exterior,
normally dry), and is intended for brush, roller, or spray
application over steel surfaces prepared in accordance with
SSPC-SP 6/NACE No. 3, Commercial Blast Cleaning, or
SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal, or
better. (See Note 9.6.) It is suitable as ashop primer, field
primer, maintenance primer, or intermediate coat and is to
be applied in accordance with SSPC-PA 1, Shop, Field,
and Maintenance Painting of Steel. If the primed part of the
structure is to be exposed to the weather, it should be
topcoated as soon as practical.

3.2 The latest issue, revision, or amendment of the


referenced standards in effect on the date of invitation to bid
shall govern unless otherwise specified.
3.3 If there is a conflict between the requirements of
any of the cited reference standards and thisspecification,
the requirements of this specification shall prevail.
3.4 SSPC STANDARDS AND JOINT STANDARDS:
Guide 7

2. Description
2.1 This specification contains requirements to ensure
performance that is comparable to that customarily expected from paints containing lead and chromate pigments.
It has fair wetting ability, about 18 hours drying time
and good resistance to weathering before field coating.
The wetting ability of this primer is the result of one third of
the binder being raw linseed oil. Type II has a lower
percentage of volatile organic compounds (VOC) thanType
I. The reduced VOC content of Type II was achieved by
replacing some of the mineral spirits with high flashnaphtha
and by making other minor composition changes. Details of
the compositions are given in Table 1 for Type Iand in Table
2 for Type II.

PA 1
PA Guide3
Paint 25

SP YNACE No. 1
SP 6/NACE No. 3
SP 10/NACE No. 2
11
SP

2.2 The Type I primer contains approximately 65% by


volume of nonvolatile film forming solids (pigment and
binder). The theoretical spreading rate for a 50 micrometer
(2.0 mil) dry film thickness is 12.8 mz/L(520ftW.S. Gallon).
Actual spreading rates can be significantly lower. On a
calculated basis, the VOC content is 270 grams per liter
(2.3 Iblgal).

3.5 AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS (ASTM) STANDARDS:


D 79
185
D
234
D

400
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Guide for the Disposal of LeadContaminated Surface Preparation Debris


Shop, Field, and Maintenance
Painting of Steel
A Guide to Safety in Paint Application
Zinc Oxide, Alkyd, Linseed Oil
Primer for Use Over Hand
Cleaned Steel
White Metal Blast Cleaning
Commercial Blast Cleaning
Near-White Metal Blast
Cleaning
Power Tool Cleaning to Bare
Metal

Specification for Zinc Oxide


Pigments
Test Method for Coarse Particles
in Pigments, Pastes and Paints
SpecificationRaw
for
Linseed Oil

SSPC-Paint 25 BCS
May 1 , 1997
Editorial Changes September 1 , 2000

D 235

562
D 600
D 605
D 607
D 1208
D 1210
D 1296
D 1475
D 1542
D 1640

2369
D

Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent)
Test Method for Consistency of Paints
Using the Stormer Viscometer
Specification for Liquid Paint Driers
Specification for Magnesium Silicate Pigment (Talc)
2832
Specification for Wet Ground Mica Pigments
Test Methods for Common Properties of
Certain Pigments
Test Methods for Fineness of Dispersion
of Pigment-Vehicle Systems
Test Method for Odors of Volatile Solvents and Diluents
Test Method for Density of Paint, Varnish,
Lacquer, and Related Products
Test Methodfor QuantitativeTest for Rosin
in Varnishes
Standard Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature

Test Method for Volatile Content of


Coatings
Test Method for Pigment Content of
Solvent-Reducible Paints
Test Method for Water-Soluble Salts in
Pigments by Measuring the Specific Resistance of the Leachate of the Pigment
Standard Guide for Determining Volatile
and Nonvolatile Content of Paint and
Related Coatings
Test Methodsfor Flash Point of Liquids by
Setaflash Closed-Cup Apparatus
Specification for Natural Red and Brown
Iron Oxide Pigments
Specification for Synthetic Brown Iron
Oxide Pigment
Specification for High-Flash Aromatic
Naphthas
Practice for Sampling Liquid Paints and
Related Pigmented Coatings
Practice for Commercial Packaging
Test Method for Sag Resistance of Paints
Using a Multinotch Applicator

D 2371
2448 D

3278
D
3722
D
3724
D
D
3734
D3925
D 3951
4400
D

TABLE 1
COMPOSITION
SSPC-Paint 25 BCS, Type I

Oxide

TYPICAL
REQUIRED
COMPOSITION
Max. Min.
INGREDIENTS
Wt.%
Wt. %
PIGMENT*: (52.5 f 2 wt. %)
Zinc
2.3
8.4
17.0
15
Iron Oxide(85% minimum Fe&)
Magnesium Silicate
Mica
TOTAL PIGMENT:

ids

VEHICLE: (47.5 f 2 wt. %)


Linseed Raw
Oil
Resin Alkyd

STANDARDS
INGREDIENT
Wt. %

7.9
33.0
9.2
12.0
2.8

39.0
-

10.0
1O0

21 .o
41 .O

Vol. %

FEDERAL
ASTM

Pigment,
D 79, Dry
French Process
D 3722lD
3724
D 605
D 607

21.5
17.3
5.3
52.5

22.2

10.0
19.5

16.2
27.0

D 234

n"R-266,
Type I Class A
Type II Class B

hinner Spirit Mineral


Driers
TOTAL VEHICLE:

1O0

38.0

18.0

34.6

77.8

TOTAL:

D 235
D 600, Non-Lead

47.5
1O0

1O0

The preblended composite pigment shall comply with the following:

REQUIRED
METHOD
PROPERTY
PH

Specific Resistance of Leachate ASTM D 2448

7 to 8

5000 ohm-cmminimum

*See Note 9.3 for supplier of preblended pigment


and Note 9.4 for properties of component pigments.

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SSPC-Paint 25 BCS
May 1, 1997
Editorial Changes September 1, 2000

3.6 FEDERAL SPECIFICATIONS ANDSTANDARDS:

4. Composition

TT-R-266

4.1 Ingredients and proportions shall be as specified


in Table 1 for Type I and in Table 2 for Type II.

Resin, Alkyd: Solutions

FED-STD-141: Paint, Varnish, Lacquer and Related


Materials: Methods of Inspection, Sampling and Testing
Method 301 1
Method 3021
Method 4203
Method 4321
Method 4331
Method 4541

4.2 The primer based on the specified ingredients


shall be uniform, stable in storage, and free from grit and
coarse particles. No rosin or rosin derivatives may be used.
Beneficial additives such as anti-skinning agents, suspending agents, or wetting aids may be added.

Condition in Container
Skinning (Partially Filled Container)
Reducibility and Dilution Stability
Brushing Properties
Spraying Properties
Working Properties and Appearance of Dried Film

4.3 The paint shall conform to the composition (analysis) requirements of Table 3.

5. Properties
5.1 The primers for Type I and Type II shall meet the
requirements of Tables 3 and 4 and of Sections 5.2 through
5.8.

3.7AMERICANNATIONALSTANDARDSINSTITUTE (ANSI) STANDARD:


ANSI 2129.1

5.2 ODOR: The odor shall be normal for the materials


permitted (ASTM D 1296).

Hazardous Industrial Chemicals


-Precautionary Labeling

TABLE 2
COMPOSITION
SSPC-Paint 25 BCS, Type II
REQUIRED
TYPICAL
COMPOSITION
Max.
Min.
Wt. %

INGREDIENT
STANDARDS

INGREDIENTS
Wt.%

Oxide

Vol. %

15.0

Iron Oxide (85% minimum


Fe203)
Magnesium Silicate
Mica
TOTAL PIGMENT:

39.0

33.0
12.0

22.1
17.8
5.4
54.0

8.5
9.9
3.0
23.8

D 3722lD 3724
D 605
D 607

10.3
21.4

17.5
31 .O

D 234

9.7
4.6

8.3

Mineral Spirit Thinner


High Flash Naphtha
Driers
TOTAL VEHICLE:

10.0
1O0

22.5

21 .o 19.4
10.0

TOTAL:

1O0

8.7

FEDERAL
ASTM

Zinc

VEHICLE: (47.5f 2 wt. %)


Linseed Raw
Oil
46.5 SolidsResinAlkyd

2.417.0

Wt. %

D 79, Dry Pigment,


French Process

46.0

76.2

1O0

1O0

D 235
D 3734
D 600, Non-Lead

The preblended composite pigment shall comply with the following:

REQUIRED
METHOD
PROPERTY
7 to 8
PH
SpecificResistance of Leachate ASTM D 24485000ohm-cmminimum

*See Note 9.3 for supplier of preblended pigment and Note


9.4 for properties of component pigments.

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TT-R-266,
Type I Class A
Type II Class B

SSPC-Paint 25 BCS
May 1, 1997
Editorial Changes September 1, 2000

5.3 COLOR: The color shall be typical of the specified


mixture of zinc oxide and red or brown iron oxide.

found in the National Paint and Coating Association (NPCA)


Paint Industry Labeling Guide.

5.4 COMPATIBILITY: There shall be no evidence of


incompatibility of any of the ingredients of the paint when
two volumes of the paint are slowly mixed with one volume
of mineral spirits (FED-STD-141, Method 4203).

6.2MARKINGOFCONTAINERS:
Each container
shall be legibly marked with the following information:
Name: Zinc Oxide, Alkyd, Linseed Oil Primer for Use
Over Blast Cleaned Steel, Type I (or Type II)
Specification: SSPC-Paint 25 BCS
Color: Red or Brown Iron Oxide
Lot Number:
Batch Number:
Stock Number:
Date of Manufacture:
Quantity of Paint in Container:
Information and Warnings as may be required by
Federal and State Laws:
VOC Content:
Manufacturers Name and Address:

5.5 WORKING PROPERTIES: The paint shall be easily applied by brush, roller or spray when tested in accordance with FED-STD-141, Methods 4321,4331, and 4541.
The paint shall show no streaking, running, or sagging
during application or while drying.
5.6 CONDITION IN CONTAINER: The paint shall show
no thickening, curdling, gelling, or hard caking when tested
as specified in FED-STD-141, Method 301 1, after storage
for six months from the date of delivery, in a full, tightly
covered container, at a temperature of 1O-43C (50-1 10F).
5.7 SKINNING: There shall be no skinning in a threequarters filled closed container after 48 hours when tested
in the standard manner specified in FED-STD-141, Method
3021.

6.3PACKAGING: Material shall be packaged and


labeled in accordance with the requirements of ASTM D
3951 unless otherwise specified.
6.4 DIRECTIONS FOR USE: The following directions
for use shall be supplied with each container of paint:

5.8 SALT CONTAMINATION: Content of salt contamination shall have been minimized by the incorporation
of only high purity materials. The specific resistance of the
aqueous leachate of the composite of the pigments in
required proportions shall be a minimum of 5,000 ohm-cm
when tested in accordance with ASTM D 2448.

Directions for Use of Zinc Oxide,


Alkyd, Linseed Oil Primer for Use Over
Hand Cleaned Steel
This paint is intended for use as a primer over steel
surfaces cleaned at least to SSPC-SP 6, Commercial Blast
Cleaning,or toSSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare
Metal in atmospheric exposure. The surfaces shall be free
of all visible oil, grease, dirt, dust, mill scale, rust and paint.

6. Labeling
6.1 Referto ANSI 2129.1 ,HazardousIndustrial Chemicals- Precautionary Labeling. Other guidelines can be

TABLE 3
ANALYSIS

or

Max.
CHARACTERISTICS
Pigment content
Type I
Type II
Volatiles
Type II
Type II
Nonvolatile vehicle
Type II
Type II
Uncombined water
Coarse particles and skins,
as retained on standard
325 mesh screen
Rosin

REQUIREMENTS
Min.
Wt. Yo
Wt. Yo
50.5
52.0

54.5
56.0

D 2371
D 2371

18.8
14.9

D 2369
D 2369

28.2
30.4

1.o
1.5

D 2832
D 2832
D 1208
D 185

D 1542

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FED-STD-141
ASTM

SSPC-Paint 25 BCS
May 1, 1997
Editorial Changes September 1, 2000
setMix paint thoroughly before
use. If the pigment has
tled, pour off most of the liquid. Thoroughly mix pigment
the
withtheremainingliquid,takingcaretoscrapeallthe
pigment off thebottom of thecan. Gradually addthe
poured-off liquid and mix thoroughly. Mixing may be made
easier by transferring the contentsto a larger container or
by pouring the paintto and from another container. Examine bottom of container for unmixed pigment. Screen paint
before applying.
The thinning of paint may change the VOC class. For
roller, brush, orairless spray application, nothinning should
be necessary. Aminimumamountof
thinning maybe
necessary for conventional air spray.
Apply by brush or spray to the specifiedfilm thickness
or, if none is specified, to at least50 micrometers (2 mils)
dry. The surface to be painted shall be dry; the surface
temperature shallbe at least 3C" (5F") abovethe dew point
and the temperatureof the air shall be over 4C (40F). Do
not paint outdoors in rainy weather or if freezing temperatures are expected before the paint dries.
Allow paintatleast
18hoursdrying
timebefore
recoating.

7. Inspection
7.1 All materials (coatings) supplied under this specification are subject to timely inspection
by the purchaser or
his authorized representative.
The purchasershall have the
right to rejectany materials supplied which
are found tobe
defective underthis specification.(See Note9.1.) In case of
dispute, unless otherwise specified,the arbitrationor settlement procedure established in the
procurement documents
shall be followed. If no arbitration procedure established,
is
the procedure specified by the American Arbitration Association shall be used.

7.2 Samples of paints may be requested by the purchaser and shall be supplied upon request along with the
manufacturer's name and identification for the materials.
Samples may be requested at thetime the purchaseorder
is placedor may betaken from unopened containers at the
job site.
7.3 Unless otherwise specified, the sampling shallbe
in accordance with ASTM D 3925.

8. Disclaimer
8.1 While every precaution is taken to ensure that all
information furnished in SSPC standards and specificationsisasaccurate,
complete, andusefulas possible,
SSPC cannot assume responsibility nor incur any obligation resulting from the use of any materials, coatings, or
methods specified therein, or of the specification or standard itself.
8.2 Thisspecificationdoesnotattempttoaddress
problems concerning safety associated with its use. The
user of this specification,as well as theuser of all products
or practices described herein,is responsible for instituting
appropriate health and safety practices and for insuring
compliance with all governmental regulations.

9. Notes
Notes are not a requirement of this specification.

9.1 The procurement documents should establish the


responsibility for samples, testing, andany required affidavit certifying full compliance with the specification.

TABLE 4
PROPERTIES
REQUIREMENTS

Min. CHARACTERISTICS
Consistency* shear rate 200 rpm
Grams
300
Krebs units
95
Density, kg/L (Ib/US gal)
Type I
2.5)
(1
Type II 3.0)
(1
units
Hegman
grind, ofFineness
Drying time, hours
1640
Tack
Dry
1640
point, Flash
(mils)resistance,
mm Sag
(1 0.25

225
86
-

1.50
1.56
3.0

D
D

6
18

00)

(7) O.18

O)

*Consistency 48 hours or more after manufacture

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1210

D 562
D 562

D 1475
D 1475
D

D 3278
D 4400

SSPC-Paint 25 BCS
May 1, 1997
Editorial Changes September 1, 2000
9.2 The extraction of chlorides and other anions from
corrosion pits in severe corrosivity areas of the structure is
recommended.

The calculated resistance for the formula blend using


these purities for the individual paints is 5000 ohm-cm.
9.5 Handle wastes in accordance with federal, state
and local government regulations. See SSPC-Guide 7,
Guide for the Disposal of Lead-Contaminated Surface
Preparation Debris.

9.3 The preblended composite pigment can be obtained from Hoover Color Corporation, P. O. Box 218,
Hiwasse, VA 24347; Phone (703) 980-7233.

9.6 The degrees of surface preparation SSPC-SP 51


NACE No. 1 and SSPC-SP IOINACE No. 2 are better than
SSPC-SP GINACE No. 3 and SSPC-SP 11.

9.4 During the development of SSPC-Paint 25, the


purity of each pigment was measured in accordance with
ASTM D 2448. The specific resistances of the leachate for
the individual pigments were as follows:
French process zinc oxide ....... 20,000 ohm-cm
Iron oxide ..................................... 5,000 ohm-cm
Magnesium silicate ...................... 2,800 ohm-cm
Mica ...........................................
17,000 ohm-cm

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