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Dr. Nurul Taufiqu Rochman, M.

Eng,
PhD.
Director, Center for Innovation (LIPI)
Chairman, Indonesian Society for Nano
Founder, Indonesia Nanocenter, PT
Nanotech Group

NANOTEKNOLOGI KINI DAN DI SINI

Impian Nano

NanoBots, Robot yang masuk dalam


pembuluh darah membunuh virus, bakter
dlsb.

Tim Fonseca http://www.nanotech-now.com/Art_Gallery/tim-fonseca.htm

TEKNOLOGI MASA DEPAN

nanotube
cable
elevator
car

GEO
35,786 km =
22,236 miles

earth

Space Elevator

NANO TEKNOLOGI
NANO

Nano-Nano ?

?
iPOD Nano ?

Nano-Karno ?

Nanosains dan Nanoteknologi?


Nanosains?

Ilmu yang mempelajari


tentang sifat-sifat bahan/
objek dan fenomena alam
yang terjadi dalam ukuran di
bawah 100 nanometer (1 nm
=10-9 m).

Nanoteknologi?
Skala meter

VS

Skala nanometer

Perbandingan skala meter dan nanometer,


seperti bumi dan bola pimpong.

Ilmu dan teknik menyusun dan


mengkontrol atom demi atom
atau molekul demi molekul
untuk membuat new world.

1 nanometer = 1 per semilyar meter

1
1 nm =
1.000.000.000
Nol-nya ada SEMBILAN !!!!!

Selamat datang di dunia Nano


1 centimeter
100 mikrometer
10 mikrometer

10 nanometer

1 mikrometer
1 nanometer
100 nanometer

NANO
di alam

Nanoteknologi: Teknologi Masa Mendatang?


Pada kenyataannya, produk dengan sentuhan nanoteknologi sudah
banyak dimanfaatkanpada hari ini!!

Aplikasi Nanocoating
1

11

Aplikasi Nanocoating
2

12

Industri Pembibitan Tanaman


Aplikasi carbon nanotube untuk mempercepat perkecambahan dan
pertumbuhan bibit tanaman tomat (Khodakovskaya et al, 2009).

Fewer Pesticides With


Nanotechnology
In the near future nanostructured catalysts will be available which
will increase the efficiency of pesticides and herbicides, allowing
lower doses to be used.

Nano
Agrochemicals

Nano Fungicide

Timely released
Time controlled
Spatially targeted
Regulated
Responsive and
effective Delivery

Nano Plant Growth Regulator


Source: Syngenta Corporation

Source: http://www.rsc.org/images/pesticide-300_tcm18-60750.jpg

Peranan Nanoteknologi pada Sektor Pertanian


Sepuluh urutan teratas aplikasi nanoteknologi di negara
berkembang (Salamanca-Buentello et al., 2005).
No

Aplikasi

Penyimpanan, produksi, dan


konversi energi

Peningkatan produksi pertanian

Pemurnian air

Diagnosis penyakit

Sistem pengiriman obat

Pengolahan makanan dan


packaging

Pemurnian udara

Konstruksi

Pengamatan kesehatan

10

Deteksi dan pengendalian hama

Contoh
Media penyimpanan hidrogen berbasis
carbon nano tube (CNT), sel surya
berbasis quantum dot, nanomaterial
ringan
Pupuk nano, nanoporos zeolite untuk
meningkatkan efisiensi dosis
penggunaan air dan pupuk,
nanonutrisi, nanopestisida, nanosensor
untuk mengontrol kualitas tanah dan
lain sebagainya
Nanomembran, nano TiO2,
nanomagnet untuk pemurnian air,
desalinasi, dan detoksifikasi
Nanobelt, nanomagnet, nanosensor,
nanopartikel untuk diagnosis penyakit
dan imajinasi
Nanokapsul sebagai media pengiriman
obat ke seluruh tubuh
Nanokomposit, nanopartikel dan
nanoemulsi antimikroorganisme untuk
packaging, fortifikasi, suplemen
Nanodivais untuk pemisahan gas
Nanomolek.ul untuk aspal dan beton
agar lebih tahan terhadap rembesan air
Nanotube untuk pengamatan tingkat
kolesterol
Nanosensor untuk deteksi dan

15

GOING TO NANO-MARKET
Global nano market: 1 trillion US$ (2015)

NANOFOOD: Nanotechnology techniques or


tools are used during cultivation, production,
processing, or packaging of the food

More than 180 applications are in different developing stages and a few of
them are on the market already.
More than 200 companies around the world are today active in research
and development. USA is the leader followed by Japan and China.
By 2010 Asian with more than 50 percent of the world population will be
the biggest market for nanofood with the leading of China.
16

Source: Helmut Kaiser Consultancy (www.hkc22.com/nanofood.html)

Report by the consulting firm Cientifica (2006)

FOOD APPLICATION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY


2006 :

US$ 410 m
food processing $ 100 m
food ingredients $ 100 m
food packaging $ 210 m

2012 :

US$ 5.8 billion (Prediction)


food processing $ 1303 m
food ingredients $ 1475 m
food safety
$ 97 m
food packaging $ 2930 m

The number of companies currently applying nanotechnologies to


food could be as high as 400. These include Altria, Nestle, Kraft,
Heinz and Unilever, as well as small nanotech start-up companies
17

Source: Cientifica (http://cientifica.eu/blog/2006/08/nanotech-and-food-the-real-numbers/

Domba berwajah
hitam

Eliminasi nukleus

Industri Pembibitan Hewan


Telur donor

Proses kloning
domba yang telah
berhasil dilakukan
manusia

Fusi sel dengan


elektrik

Sel
Domba berwajah
putih

Telur yang telah


berfusi dengan sel

Embrio

Embrio implan

Domba berwajah
hitam dengan anak
berwajah putih

18

Industri Obat Hewan

Model nanopartikel yang


digunakan untuk membunuh
virus (sumber:
http://www.abovetopsecret.co
m/forum/thread520595/pg4).

19

Industri Pakan
Pemberian pakan ayam yang mengandung nanopartikel selenium
(Sumber: http://donpatent.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html).

20

Industri Obat Herbal

Beberapa produk obat herbal dengan penambahan


nanopartikel.

21

Aplikasi pada pengembangan infrastruktur pertanian

22

Nanopedia, http://nanopedia.case.edu/NWPage.php?page=nanoagriculture

Aplikasi pada pengembangan infrastruktur pertanian

GREENHOUSE

Pressure Sensor

Smart water pump

Temperature Sensor

Solar Cell
LED lamp

23

Humidity Sensor

Nanoteknologi pada pembenihan


Nano-genetic manipulation
of agricultural crops

Lettuce

Biokatalis

Cis-1,4-polyisoprene
(natural rubber)

Manipulation of the genes


of plants by using
nanoparticles, nanofibres
and nanocapsules, rather
than using viral vectors, to
carry foreign DNA and
chemicals into cells
Sesquiterpene lactone
O

Nootkatone - a key aroma


compound in the peel of grapefruit
24

Pupuk Berbasis
Nanoteknologi
Menstimulasi pertumbuhan
tanaman dengan cepat
Ramah lingkungan
Menggunakan proses slow
release sehingga dapat
mengontrol pupuk dan
menghemat biaya.
25

Core materials: fertilizers


Wall material : polymers, fats, waxes

Common Controlled Release Profiles


Triggered release Release occurs due to a change in
environment, such as pH, temperature, moisture, pressure,
electromagnetic. This is used to achieve immediate, delayed or
pulsatile release profiles.
Sustained release Release occurs for an extended period of
time. This can be used to achieve constant active ingredient
exposure for a fixed period.
Burst release
Combination release profiles

The coating thickness and media temperature (and sometimes


moisture) primarily control the rate of nutrient release26

HYDROGEL for agriculture


New side chain:
Polyacrylic acid

Cellulose backbone

With hydrogel

Without hydrogel

Copolymer cellulose g-PAA

Application of hydrogel SAP for agriculture:


Tong Z [2008], David H [2003], Siemer [1993], Hassan A [2006]

27

Center for Responsible Nanotechnology www.CRNano.org

Revolution of nanotechnology
Nanotechnology

Computers
Automobiles
Railways
Steam Engines
(Middle Ages)

Time
Nanotech revolution will give significant societal impact that equals to 4
previous industrial revolutions in relatively short period.

Outcomes or

Nanotech development Opportunity

Time (R&D effort)

3500

2500

2000

1500

Million Euros

3000

1000

500

Switzerland
Canada
Ireland
Australia
Finland
UK
The Netherlands
Singapore
Taiwan
France
South Korea
Germany
China
EU
United States
Japan

Countries

Sumber: Technology Transfer Centre, 2007

Alokasi dana untuk nanoteknologi


periode 2006-2010
4500

4000

Mencari peluang pengembangan nanoteknologi di Indonesia

Indonesia
POTENSI
Negara dengan populasi terbesar
ke-3 di Asia dan ke-5 di dunia
mencapai 250 juta jiwa
Luas area 1,919,440 km2 dengan
17,508 pulau
Kekayaan energi, SDA, keragaman
flora dan fauna sebagai bahan baku
nanoteknologi.

Nano activities in Indonesia


Nanotechnology development in Indonesia is getting more
active, where many institutions from several ministries
have been involved seriously
Pioneers
Ministry of Research and Technology (LIPI, BATAN, BPPT)
Ministry of Industry (Research Center under MoI)
Ministry of National Education (Universities)
Followers
Ministry of Agriculture (Research Center under MoA)
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (Research Center under
MoEMR)
Coming soon
Ministry of Marine and Fishery
Ministry of Environment
Ministry of Justice and Human Right
Ministry of Health
Ministry of Public works

Nanotechnology development in
Indonesia in brief

~ 2004: Several research centers and Universities have started


nanotechnology researches mainly conducted by young researchers who just
came back from abroad.
2004~2005: The State Ministry of Research and Technology started to identify
research on nanotechnology.
April 2005: Indonesian Society for Nano or Masyarakat Nano Indonesia (MNI)
was established. In order to accelerate development of nanotechnology R&D
in Indonesia, MNI has created programs such as workshops, national and
international conferences, nanotechnology road show, establishing MOU with
universities to collaborate with researches and educate students, also creating
information center for nanotechnology via website.
2005~2008: The State Ministry of Research and Technology gave financial
support for nanotechnology R&D and then research on Nanotechnology has
become significant issue at research centers and universities in Indonesia.
2008~2010: Ministry of Industry in collaboration with MNI made
nanotechnology roadmap for supporting National industry
2010-2011: Ministry of Agriculture has started giving research grant for nano
and proposes nano-center for foods application.
2012~ 2015 Nanotechnology is expected to become national issue

Paradigm shift of Nanotechnology


Development in Indonesia
Limited
interest
Limited
information

<2005
Before MNI

Limited
R&D
NT: Science
fiction

2005-2008
Transition

NT
Research
trend
NTExpect
in the future

Start up
company
National
Issue

2008-2012

2012-2015

Industrial
Roadmap

Nano era in
industry begins

Conducted by:
The Ministry of Industry and Indonesian Society for Nano
(150 industries: Textile, Ceramics, Chemistry, Consumer goods, ICT, Automotive, foods)

Source of technology
11% local

35%

38%
89% import

Although many industries applied nanotechnology in their products, human


resources for nano-based R&D are still few. This is because, the industries
using import technology in their production. Moreover, the nano-products are
only small portion in the production line.

Problems occurred during the implementation of


nanotechnology in national industry

5%

Financial

11%
11%
Human Resources

Etc.

41%
Information

Inform

32%

Technology

Tekno
SDM

Lain-l
Dana

INDONESIA DALAM
PERSPEKTIF NANOTEKNOLOGI:
Cara baru memandang Indonesia kita

Prediksi peningkatan konsumsi dan harga


nanopartikel 2005 - 2010
$1~1000/kg

$10~10.000/kg
$10~10.000/kg
$10~10.000/kg
$100~100.000/kg

Luther, Wolfgang, International Strategy and Foresight Report on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2004).

TONER LASER PRINTER

IMPAK NANO

PASIR BESI

IMPAK NANO

Karang Laut

Bahan baku
Nanokalsium organik

IMPAK NANO

TEMU LAWAK

Nanopartikel
temulawak

IMPAK NANO

KUMIS KUCING

Nanopartikel
kumis kucing

Daun
Gambir
80% supply
kebutuhan dunia

Nanopartikel kitosan dari


limbah cangkang udang
Kosmetik (anti aging, tabir surya
dll)
Obat luka bakar
Penghantar obat, pupuk, pestisida.
Antibakteri, dll

crustaceans

Rumput
Laut

Dominasi supply
kebutuhan dunia

Laptop slim super canggih

Keuntungan
Rp.?

HP mungil super canggih

Keuntungan
Rp.?

Aktor utama industri nano


Institusi riset/
Universitas

388

Strat up/ IKM


462
Ventur bisnis
83
117

Industri besar
0

100

Sumber: Publikasi Cientifica 2003

200

300

400

Jumlah aktor nanoteknologi global

500

WHAT WE ARE DOING

What
we
are
doing
Mesin Penghancur Partikel

Berenergi Tinggi dan Metodanya


No. P00200700207

Pendinginan dengan N2 cair dan


ethanol (-177K)

Termocouple

-1
00
C
Jar
N2 cair

Milling ball

&ethanol

Mesin Penghancur Partikel dengan Gerak Planet yang


Memiliki Sudut dengan Wadah yang dapat Dikondisikan
No. S00200700086 (Terpilih dalam buku 100 inovasi
Indonesia)

Technology Solution and Innovation

Made in Glodok

Alat produksi
nanopartikel ZnO

7
3

11

Product 21 7
samples22 12
No irritation 20
Naturally
Easy to use

5
21
18

13

4
19

21

16

Metode Dan Alat Untuk Memproduksi Nanopartikel Oksida Seng (ZnO)


Dengan Teknologi Busur Api (Arc) Plasma Listrik No. P00201000638
(Mendapat Penghargaan Peringkat I pada Memperingati Hari Kekayaan
200 nm
Intelektual Se-Dunia ke-10 pada 2009 dan Terpilih dalam 104 Inovasi 2012)

10

Foto Instalasi peralatan dan training produksi katekin dengan


metode nanofilter skala 100 kg/ hari di Kab. Lima Puluh Kota.

PRODUK KOSMETIK
NANOHERBAL
Krim siang
Krim malam
Sabun dlsb

LIPI has licensed Patents to PT Gizi Indonesia

PRODUK NANOHERBAL
Kopi Stamina
Beras Nano
Berbagai obat
herbal nano
dlsb

PRODUK TINTA SPIDOL DARI ARANG BATOK


KELAPA

Pengolahan Air Bersih/ minum dari


Air Payau/Laut
Kapasitas
10 ton/hari!

Pemasangan Mesin Pengolah Air Payau di Sumbawa

Turbin angin
pembangkit listrik

Kapasitas
1000 Watt!
Pemasangan Turbin Angin di Sumbawa

Penempatan yang telah dilakukan

Household Use

Street Lamps

Billboards and
Advertisements

Government
Information Board

Communication
Systems

Educational
Institutes

International Experience

Philippine
s

South Korea

Thailand

Myanmar

Mongolia

Syria

Nigeria

Indonesia

Japan

Case Study 4:
Pigments for Paint & Coating Material

Ferric Oxide (Fe2O3)

Function

Physical Description

Physical state
: Solid
Molecular Weight : 159.7 g/mole
Boiling Point
: Decomposes.
Melting Point
: 1565C (2849F)
Solubility
: Insoluble in cold water.
Stability
: The product is stable.
Corrosivity
: Non-corrosive in
presence
of glass.
Polymerization : No.

feedstock of the steel and iron


industries
final polish on metallic jewelry and
lenses, and historically as a cosmetic.
a pigment, under names "Pigment
Brown 6", "Pigment Brown 7", and
"Pigment Red 101".
use in cosmetics.
Nanoparticles of iron(III) oxide are
biocompatible, wide use in biomedical
applications.

Applications

Paint Industries
Biomedical
Polishing jewelry
Cosmetics
Iron and Steel

62

IRON STONE

IRON SAND

PRODUCTS

Black pigment for high temperature paint application


Field test : better than commercial one

Pengecatan Kapal

Red pigment for anti-corrosive


Field test : better than
application
commercial one

FIRST TRIAL IN 6500 DWT SHIP

Anti-corrosive coating
Trial 6500 DWT
Kartini M Nuh Ship
(Gresik, 2013)

Start up of Pigment Industry (2014)


Cimanggis, Depok, 6000 m2.

2nd Technology Incubation in


Cibinong Science City, Bogor
Machine for upscale production

MoU with PT Sigma Utama

OUR SERVICES

Program Beasiswa S2 dan


S1 Tugas Akhir

Technology Solution and Innovation

nano.or.id

Technology Solution and Innovation

PEMBERDAYAAN
MASYARAKAT
(COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT)
NANO CENTER INDONESIA
Pembuatan Sabun Herbal dengan
Bahan Dasar Potensi Lokal dan
menjadikan Tangerang Selatan
sebagai Sentra Body Wash

Pemberdayaan masyarakat
(community development) di kel.
Cilenggang, Serpong, Tangerang Selatan

Penjelasan mengenai produk, manfaat serta


keuntunganya dan pengenalan bahan-bahan
yang diperlukan beserta alatnya.

Nano Center
Indonesia
http://center.nano.or.id

Pelatihan Manajemen Dasar merupakan salah satu


rangkaian dari Program Pemberdayaan Masyarakat

Nano Center
Indonesia
http://center.nano.or.id

PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT TANI DI DESA


KERANGGAN
Program Pemanfaatan daun Singkong untuk
Pembuatan Body Wash

center.nano.or.id

Kerjasama Nano Center Indonesia dengan


Kabupaten Pak-Pak Barat, Sumatera Utara

Program Pengolahan
Gambir menjadi katekin
dan turunan untuk
produk kosmetik dan
sabun

center.nano.or.id

PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT TANI


PENINGKATAN NILAI TAMBAH TOMAT DAN TIMUN
Rp 300 rb
Rp 1 jt/ kg

Rp 500 Rp
3.000/kg

center.nano.or.id

MEDIA

Media masa

Metro TV

BJ Habibie Technologi
Award 2014

Penghargaan Toray Award pada 2008, dan Habibie Award pada


2009 serta HKI Award 2010 pada Memperingati hari Kekayaan
Intelektual sedunia ke 10 Kementrian HumHam
.

NANOCENTER INDONESIA
Office:
Kawasan PUSPIPTEK Serpong Gd. 410
Balai Inkubator Teknologi BPPT
P/F : (021) 7587 0479 or 081381913415
E-mail : nurul@nano.or.id
Website : http:// center.nano.or.id

NANOTECHNOLOGY:
THE LAST TRAIN FOR INDONESIA!!!